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Measurement of jet-medium interactions via direct photon-hadron correlations in Au+Au and $$d$$+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$$ GeV

Acharya, U.*; Hasegawa, Shoichi   ; Imai, Kenichi*; Nagamiya, Shoji*; Sako, Hiroyuki   ; Sato, Susumu  ; Tanida, Kiyoshi   ; PHENIX Collaboration*; 572 of others*

We present direct photon-hadron correlations in 200 GeV/A Au$$+$$Au, $$d$$$$+$$Au and $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ collisions, for direct photon $$p_T$$ from 5 - 12 GeV/$$c$$, collected by the PHENIX Collaboration in the years from 2006 to 2011. We observe no significant modification of jet fragmentation in $$d$$$$+$$Au collisions, indicating that cold nuclear matter effects are small or absent. Hadrons carrying a large fraction of the quark's momentum are suppressed in Au$$+$$Au compared to $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ and $$d$$$$+$$Au. As the momentum fraction decreases, the yield of hadrons in Au$$+$$Au increases to an excess over the yield in $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ collisions. The excess is at large angles and at low hadron $$p_T$$ and is most pronounced for hadrons associated with lower momentum direct photons. Comparison to theoretical calculations suggests that the hadron excess arises from medium response to energy deposited by jets.



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Category:Physics, Nuclear



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