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Allowable cracks related to penetration for part-through cracks in pipes subjected to bending stresses

曲げ応力を受ける配管の未貫通亀裂の貫通に関する許容亀裂

長谷川 邦夫; Li, Y. ; Strnadel, B.*; Udyawar, A.*

Hasegawa, Kunio; Li, Y.; Strnadel, B.*; Udyawar, A.*

周方向未貫通亀裂を有し曲げ応力を受ける配管の塑性崩壊応力はASME Code Section XIに用意された極限荷重評価法で推定される。極限荷重評価法を使って許容亀裂深さが決定され、ASME Code Section XIでは各運転状態における許容欠陥深さが表で用意されている。一方、未貫通亀裂が貫通するときの応力は局所近似極限荷重評価法で推定される。これらの評価法を用いて未貫通亀裂を有する配管の許容欠陥深さを検討した。これらの2つの評価法から各運転状態における許容欠陥深さを比較したところ、局所近似極限荷重評価法から得られる許容欠陥深さは、ほとんどの場合極限荷重評価法からえられる許容欠陥深さより小さいことが明らかになった。ASME Code Section XIで与えられる許容欠陥深さは亀裂の貫通に対して非安全であることが分かった。

Fully plastic collapse stresses for circumferentially part-through cracked pipes subjected to bending stresses are estimated by Limit Load Criteria provided by the ASME Code Section XI. Allowable crack depths were determined by using the Limit Load Criteria and that are tabulated in the ASME Code Section XI for different plant service level conditions. On the other hand, crack penetration bending stresses for part-through cracked pipes were estimated by using the Local Approach of Limit Load Criteria. By using these Criteria, the study presented in this paper obtained allowable crack depths at penetration for circumferentially part-through cracked pipes. Comparing the allowable crack depths obtained by both methods for each service level, it is evident that the allowable crack depths at penetration calculated by the Local Approach of Limit Load Criteria are almost always smaller than those at fully plastic collapse stresses calculated by the Limit Load Criteria. It was found that the allowable crack depths provided by the ASME Code Section XI are less conservative for crack penetrations.

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パーセンタイル:22.02

分野:Engineering, Mechanical

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