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Report No.

Possible pathway of zeolite formation through alkali activation chemistry of metakaolin for geopolymer-zeolite composite materials; ATR-FTIR study

Onutai, S.  ; Sato, Junya ; Osugi, Takeshi  

The process of zeolite formation for geopolymer-zeolite composites can be explained using ATR/FTIR spectroscopy. The process consists of the dissolution of silica and alumina precursors from the alkali activation process of metakaolin with NaOH solution. Thereafter, the formation of hydrated aluminosilicate primary units and secondary units occurs. Finally, the units are reorganized and crystallized into the zeolite structure. The increase in the alkali activator concentrations promotes the high dissolution of raw materials. Na cations play an important role in dissolution and synthesis. The higher the alkali activator concentration, the higher the tetrahedron condensation rate and the greater the degree of structure ordering. The phases in alkali activation of metakaolin with different NaOH concentrations (Na/Al) at 1.18, 2.03, and 3.05 were zeolite-A, zeolite-X, and sodalite zeolite. Finally, the possible pathway of zeolite formation was explained and deduced.



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Category:Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear



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