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Optical selection rules of the magnetic excitation in the $$S$$ = $$frac{1}{2}$$ one-dimensional Ising-like antiferromagnet BaCo$$_{2}$$V$$_{2}$$O$$_{8}$$

Kimura, Shojiro*; Onishi, Hiroaki  ; Okutani, Akira*; Akaki, Mitsuru*; Narumi, Yasuo*; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Okunishi, Koichi*; Kindo, Koichi*; He, Z.*; Taniyama, Tomoyasu*; Ito, Mitsuru*

In this study, we clarify the selection rules of optical transitions from the ground state to the magnetic excited states in the quasi-one-dimensional quantum Ising-like antiferromagnet BaCo$$_{2}$$V$$_{2}$$O$$_{8}$$ with spin $$S$$ = $$frac{1}{2}$$ using the high-field electron spin resonance measurement with illuminating polarized electromagnetic waves. We demonstrate that the unconventional magnetic excitation via the pair creation of quasipaticles at wave numbers $$q_{z}=pi/2$$ and $$pi$$ in the field-induced quantum critical state can couple with both oscillating magnetic and electric fields. Our density matrix renormalization group calculations indicate that the observed selection rules can be explained by two- and four-fold periodical spin interactions, originating from the screw chain structure in BaCo$$_{2}$$V$$_{2}$$O$$_{8}$$, in addition to the magnetoelectric coupling between spins and electric dipoles.



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Category:Materials Science, Multidisciplinary



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