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※ 半角英数字
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On the velocity and frequency of disturbance waves in vertical annular flow with different surface tension and gas-liquid density ratio

気液密度比及び表面張力が異なる上向き環状流における擾乱波の速度と周波数について

Zhang, H.*; 梅原 裕太郎*; 吉田 啓之  ; 森 昌司*

Zhang, H.*; Umehara, Yutaro*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Mori, Shoji*

In this study, the characteristics of disturbance waves, including velocity, longitudinal size, and frequency, are comprehensively investigated by conducting gas-liquid upward annular flow experiments in a 5 mm tube through the constant electric current method (CECM). The film thickness time trace is recorded concerning time, and the information on disturbance waves is subsequently extracted. The effect of liquid and gas flow rate, density ratio, and surface tension on the disturbance wave is quantitatively analyzed. A predictive model of the wave velocity based on the shear stress balance of the liquid film is proposed. A physical model for wave frequency prediction is derived on the basis of the mass conservation equation. A simple empirical model with good prediction accuracy of wave frequency is also derived. Compared with existing correlations available in the literature, the newly derived models show better performance under a wide range of flow conditions.

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