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論文

Horizontal line nodes in Sr$$_2$$RuO$$_4$$ proved by spin resonance

飯田 一樹*; 古府 麻衣子; 鈴木 雄大*; 村井 直樹; 河村 聖子; 梶本 亮一; 稲村 泰弘; 石角 元志*; 長谷川 舜介*; 増田 隆嗣*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(5), p.053702_1 - 053702_5, 2020/05

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:27.71(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We investigated the low-energy incommensurate (IC) magnetic fluctuations in Sr$$_2$$RuO$$_4$$ by the high-resolution inelastic neutron scattering measurements and random phase approximation (RPA) calculations. We observed a spin resonance with energy of $$hbar omega_{rm res}0.56$$ meV centered at a characteristic wavevector $$Q_{rm res}=(0.3,0.3,0.5)$$. The resonance energy corresponds well to the superconducting gap 2$$Delta$$ = 0.56 meV estimated by the tunneling spectroscopy. The spin resonance shows the $$L$$ modulation with a maximum at around $$L = 0.5$$. The $$L$$ modulated intensity of the spin resonance and our RPA calculations indicate that the superconducting gaps regarding the quasi-one-dimensional $$alpha$$ and $$beta$$ sheets at the Fermi surfaces have the horizontal line nodes. These results may set a strong constraint on the pairing symmetry of Sr$$_2$$RuO$$_4$$. We also discuss the implications on possible superconducting order parameters.

論文

Evidence for chiral $$d$$-wave superconductivity in URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ from the field-angle variation of its specific heat

橘高 俊一郎*; 清水 悠晴*; 榊原 俊郎*; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦; 堤 康雅*; 野本 拓也*; 池田 浩章*; 町田 一成*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(3), p.033704_1 - 033704_4, 2016/03

 被引用回数:23 パーセンタイル:13.11(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Low-energy quasiparticle excitations in the heavy-fermion superconductor URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ were investigated by specific heat measurements as a function of temperature, magnetic field and its angle. Experimental results agree with the theoretical model for a superconducting gap with chiral $$d$$-wave symmetry.

論文

Field-orientation dependence of low-energy quasiparticle excitations in the heavy-electron superconductor UBe$$_{13}$$

清水 悠晴*; 橘高 俊一郎*; 榊原 俊郎*; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 網塚 浩*; 堤 康雅*; 町田 一成*

Physical Review Letters, 114(14), p.147002_1 - 147002_6, 2015/04

 被引用回数:26 パーセンタイル:13.94(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Low-energy excitation in the superconducting state of UBe$$_{13}$$ were studied by means of specific-heat measurements in a rotating field. Quite unexpectedly, the magnetic-field dependence of specific heat is linear in field at low fields with an isotropic field-angle dependence. The observation implies that the gap is fully open over the Fermi surfaces, in contrast to the previous expectation.

論文

Pairing symmetry of UPt$$_3$$ probed by thermal transport tensors

井澤 公一*; 町田 洋*; 伊藤 淳史*; 宗 義尚*; 多田 勝哉*; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 木村 憲彰*; 大貫 惇睦; 堤 康雅*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 83(6), p.061013_1 - 061013_8, 2014/06

 被引用回数:17 パーセンタイル:23.28(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Recent advances on the study of the gap symmetry in UPt$$_3$$ by thermal conductivity tensors are reported. The field-angle-resolved thermal conductivity shows spontaneous twofold symmetry breaking i the gap function for the high-field C-phase, indicating the pairing symmetry of UPt$$_3$$ belongs to an $$E_{1u}$$ representation in the $$f$$-wave category.

論文

Anomalous field-angle dependence of the specific heat of heavy-fermion superconductor UPt$$_3$$

橘高 俊一郎*; 安 幸治*; 榊原 俊郎*; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 木村 憲彰*; 大貫 惇睦; 町田 一成*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 82(2), p.024707_1 - 024707_5, 2013/02

 被引用回数:10 パーセンタイル:37.95(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The field-angle variation of the specific heat of the heavy-fermion superconductor UPt$$_3$$ at low temperatures down to 50 mK was investigated. The data show that the unusual upper critical field becomes marked only when the magnetic field is pointed close to the $$c$$-axis. However, the attempt to observe the superconducting gap structure through field-angle dependence of the specific heat failed, because of the small anisotropy compared to the experimental accuracy of 0.5%. It implies that the field-induced excitation of the heavy quasiparticles occur isotropically with respect to the angle.

論文

Twofold spontaneous symmetry breaking in the heavy-fermion superconductor UPt$$_3$$

町田 洋*; 伊藤 淳史*; 宗 義尚*; 井澤 公一*; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 木村 憲彰*; 大貫 惇睦; 堤 康雅*; 町田 一成*

Physical Review Letters, 108(15), p.157002_1 - 157002_5, 2012/04

 被引用回数:61 パーセンタイル:7.71(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The field-orientation dependent thermal conductivity of the heavy-fermion superconductor UPt$$_3$$ was measured down to very low temperatures and under magnetic fields throughout the distinct superconducting phases: $$B$$ and $$C$$ phases. In the $$C$$ phase, a striking twofold oscillation of the thermal conductivity within the basal plane is resolved reflecting the superconducting gap structure with a line of node along the $$a$$ axis. From this result together with the symmetry consideration, the gap function of UPt$$_3$$ is determined as a $$E_{1u}$$ representation characterized by a combination of two line nodes at the tropics and point nodes at the poles.

論文

UPt$$_{3}$$における奇パリティ超伝導状態

藤 秀樹*; 北岡 良雄*; 朝山 邦輔*; 榊原 俊郎*; 天谷 健一*; 池田 昌隆*; 田山 孝*; 網塚 浩*; 木村 憲彰*; 摂待 力生*; et al.

固体物理, 31(9), p.763 - 774, 1996/00

UPt$$_{3}$$は1984年の発見以来、10年以上注目を集め続けている。最大の特徴は磁場中で複数の超伝導相を有することであり、他の超伝導体には見られない特徴である。我々はUPt$$_{3}$$の単結晶を育成し、固相電解を施すことによって世界最高純度の試料を得ることに成功した。この単結晶を用いて核磁気共鳴(NMR)及び磁化による超伝導状態の研究を行った。その結果knight-shiftがBCS理論で予想されるものと異なった温度依存性を示すことが明らかとなった。このことは、Cooper対を形成する電子のスピンが平行であり、奇パリティ超伝導が実現していることを示す直接的な証拠である。

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