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論文

Measurement of neutron scattering cross section of nano-diamond with particle diameter of approximately 5 nm in energy range of 0.2 meV to 100 meV

勅使河原 誠; 土川 雄介*; 市川 豪*; 高田 慎一; 三島 賢二*; 原田 正英; 大井 元貴; 河村 幸彦*; 甲斐 哲也; 河村 聖子; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 929, p.113 - 120, 2019/06

ナノダイアモンドは、冷中性子以下のエネルギーにおける反射材として注目されている。ナノダイアモンドを用いた中性子源の高度化には、断面積データの整備が必要である。そのため、この論文では、中性子の透過率の測定から0.2meVから100meVの範囲で全断面積を測定した結果を報告する。測定した全断面積は、エネルギーが低くなるにつれて大きくなり、グラファイトと比較すると0.2meVで約2桁以上高くなることが分かった。その全断面積に占める非弾性散乱の寄与を調べるため、中性子のエネルギー1.2, 1.5, 1.9及び5.9meVで中性子非弾性散乱実験を行った。その結果、測定したエネルギーにおいて、全断面積に占める非弾性散乱の寄与がほぼ無視できることも分かった。さらに、中性子小角散乱実験の結果から、全断面積の高くなる要因として、前方方向、いわゆる小角方向への散乱の寄与が高いことが示された。

論文

Study of the magnetization distribution in a grain-oriented magnetic steel using pulsed polarized neutron imaging

廣井 孝介; 篠原 武尚; 林田 洋寿*; Parker, J. D.*; Su, Y.; 及川 健一; 甲斐 哲也; 鬼柳 善明*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.146 - 151, 2018/12

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:100(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Grain oriented magnetic steel is widely used as a key material for magnetic industrial products. Since magnetic properties of steels are closely related to its magnetic domain structure, observation of the domain structure is important for understanding its magnetic properties. In this study, we attempted to observe the domain structure of a grain oriented steel using polarized pulsed neutron imaging. In the experiment, we first magnetized the sample by applying a magnetic field along the easy-to-magnetize direction via a coil, and confirmed the sample was magnetized almost uniformly from the obtained polarization distribution images. By analyzing the oscillatory behavior in the wavelength dependence of polarization, magnetization of the steel was estimated to be 1.82 T. Then, we removed the field and performed the same measurement. As a result, a striped domain structure was observed, with neighboring domains aligned anti-parallel to each other. From these results, it was demonstrated that our magnetic imaging method could visualize the magnetization and the direction of the domains in the practical steel.

論文

Characteristics of the 2012 model lithium-6 time-analyzer neutron detector (LiTA12) system as a high efficiency detector for resonance absorption imaging

甲斐 哲也; 佐藤 節夫*; 廣井 孝介; Su, Y.; 瀬川 麻里子; Parker, J. D.*; 松本 吉弘*; 林田 洋寿*; 篠原 武尚; 及川 健一; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.496 - 500, 2018/12

 パーセンタイル:100(Physics, Condensed Matter)

The 2012 model lithium-6 time-analyzer neutron detector (LiTA12) system, based on a lithium glass scintillator and multi-anode photomultiplier tube, has the highest neutron efficiency among the detectors for pulsed neutron imaging together with a flexibility of the efficiency by changing the thickness of the lithium glass. The authors expect this detector system could become a main detector system for the energy-resolved neutron imaging system, RADEN, at J-PARC, and have started evaluation of the LiTA12 system. For example, spatial resolution for resonance absorption imaging was evaluated by using a line-pair pattern made by 3 micro meter thick gold on a quartz plate. Less than 1 mm width line pairs were resolved at an 8 Mcps neutron counting rate and around 5 eV neutron energy.

論文

Development of a polarization analysis method for visualization of the magnetic field distribution in a small electric transformer using pulsed polarized neutron imaging

廣井 孝介; 篠原 武尚; 林田 洋寿*; Parker, J. D.*; 及川 健一; Su, Y.; 甲斐 哲也; 鬼柳 善明*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 22, p.011030_1 - 011030_7, 2018/11

We have been developing magnetic imaging method for industrial products using polarized pulsed neutrons. In this presentation, we report observation results of magnetic field distribution in a small electric transformer as a demonstration of our magnetic imaging method. The polarized pulsed neutron imaging experiment was performed at BL22 RADEN at MLF of J-PARC. 9 polarization distribution images were obtained with changing incident polarization and analyzing direction in 3D. By analyzing wavelength dependent polarization position by position, distribution of field strength and direction around the core of the transformer were successfully visualized. Obtained field distribution images were well corresponded with that expected by the simulation and clearly demonstrated a leaked field from the gap of step lap.

論文

Measurements of neutronic characteristics of rectangular and cylindrical coupled hydrogen moderators

甲斐 哲也; 加美山 隆*; 平賀 富士夫*; 大井 元貴; 広田 克也*; 鬼柳 善明*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(3), p.283 - 289, 2018/03

 パーセンタイル:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Extensive simulation calculations were performed in the design studies of the coupled hydrogen moderator for the pulsed spallation neutron source of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Facility (J-PARC). It was indicated that a para-hydrogen moderator had an intensity-enhanced region at the fringe part, and that pulse shapes emitted from a cylindrical para-hydrogen moderator gave higher pulse-peak intensities with narrower pulse widths than those from a rectangular one without penalizing the time-integrated intensities. To validate the peculiar distribution and advantages in pulse shapes experimentally, some measurements were performed at the neutron source of the Hokkaido University electron linear accelerator facility. It was observed that the neutron intensity was enhanced at edges of the para-hydrogen moderators, whereas it decreased at the same part of the ortho-rich-hydrogen moderator, where the dimension of those moderators was 50 mm in thickness and 120 mm in width and height. The spatial distribution and pulse shapes were also measured for a cylindrical coupled para-hydrogen moderator that has the same dimensions as for the coupled moderator employed for J-PARC. The measured results from the cylindrical moderator were consistent with the results obtained in the design studies for the moderator for J-PARC.

論文

Inverse pole figure mapping of bulk crystalline grains in a polycrystalline steel plate by pulsed neutron Bragg-dip transmission imaging

佐藤 博隆*; 塩田 佳徳*; 諸岡 聡; 戸高 義一*; 足立 望*; 定松 直*; 及川 健一; 原田 正英; Zhang, S.*; Su, Y.; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 50(6), p.1601 - 1610, 2017/12

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:20.86(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

A new mapping procedure for polycrystals using neutron Bragg-dip transmission is presented. This is expected to be useful as a new materials characterization tool which can simultaneously map the crystallographic direction of grains parallel to the incident beam. The method potentially has a higher spatial resolution than neutron diffraction imaging. As a demonstration, a Bragg-dip neutron transmission experiment was conducted at J-PARC on beamline MLF BL10 NOBORU. A large-grained Si-steel plate was used. Since this specimen included multiple grains along the neutron beam transmission path, it was a challenging task for existing methods to analyze the direction of the crystal lattice of each grain. A new data-analysis method for Bragg-dip transmission measurements was developed based on database matching. As a result, the number of grains and their crystallographic direction along the neutron transmission path have been determined.

論文

Application of modified REFIT code for J-PARC/MLF to evaluation of neutron capture cross section on $$^{155,157}$$Gd

水山 一仁; 岩本 信之; 岩本 修; 長谷美 宏幸*; 木野 幸一*; 木村 敦; 鬼柳 善明*

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 146, p.11042_1 - 11042_4, 2017/09

 パーセンタイル:100

ガドリニウムは$$^{155,157}$$Gdが非常に大きな中性子捕獲断面積をもつため原子炉の中性子吸収材料として用いられる。しかしながら、$$^{157}$$GdのRPIデータとJENDL-4.0ではばらつきがあることが知られている。原子炉の臨界性は捕獲断面積に敏感であり、RPIのデータはICSBEPにあるガドミニウム溶液体系の臨界性を大きくしてしまうことがわかっている。近年、$$^{155,157}$$Gdの中性子捕獲断面積がJ-PARC/MLFでANNRIを用いた実験で飛行時間法によって測定された。J-PARCの中性子パルスはダブルバンチ構造を持っており、また、高精度な共鳴解析には中性子パルスの時間分解能関数も適切に考慮して行う必要がある。そこで、本研究では、中性子パルスのダブルバンチ構造やANNRI用の時間分解能関数を組み込んだ改良REFITを用いて中性子捕獲断面積の実験データをフィットし、共鳴パラメータを導出する。

論文

Reliability estimation of neutron resonance thermometry using tantalum and tungsten

甲斐 哲也; 廣井 孝介; Su, Y.; 篠原 武尚; Parker, J. D.*; 松本 吉弘*; 林田 洋寿*; 瀬川 麻里子; 中谷 健; 及川 健一; et al.

Physics Procedia, 88, p.306 - 313, 2017/06

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:8.64

Neutron resonance thermometry, which measures material temperature by analyzing the Doppler broadening of a neutron resonance peak, is one of the applications of energy-resolved neutron imaging at RADEN of J-PARC. Although this technique is promising, advantages and disadvantages have not been discussed in practical applications. The authors measured neutron transmission rates of tantalum and tungsten foils in a heater chamber up to 300 degrees Celsius at RADEN. The energy-dependent neutron transmission rates with different statistics were obtained after the measurements by selecting arbitrary measuring intervals from one measurement, and the temperatures of the foils were estimated from those transmission rates with different statistics. The reliability of the neutron resonance thermometry with statistical accuracy, irradiation time and spatial resolution are discussed.

論文

Time-of-flight neutron transmission imaging of martensite transformation in bent plates of a Fe-25Ni-0.4C alloy

Su, Y.; 及川 健一; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 廣井 孝介; Harjo, S.; 川崎 卓郎; Gong, W.; Zhang, S. Y.*; Parker, J. D.*; et al.

Physics Procedia, 88, p.42 - 49, 2017/06

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:14.69

The influences of bending deformation and subsequent subzero treatment on the martensite transformation behaviors in a metastable austenitic alloy Fe-25Ni-0.4C were investigated by the time-of-flight (TOF) neutron Bragg-edge transmission (BET) imaging method. Two-dimensional (2D) maps of martensite phase volume fractions and texture variations due to residual stress and lowering the temperature of the bent samples before and after subzero treatment were obtained by Bragg-edge spectral analysis. The obtained phase volume fractions were quantitatively compared with those determined by neutron diffraction.

論文

Development of multi-colored neutron talbot-lau interferometer with absorption grating fabricated by imprinting method of metallic glass

關 義親; 篠原 武尚; Parker, J. D.*; 矢代 航*; 百生 敦*; 加藤 宏祐*; 加藤 秀実*; Sadeghilaridjani, M.*; 大竹 淑恵*; 鬼柳 善明*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 86(4), p.044001_1 - 044001_5, 2017/03

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:18.97(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

パルス中性子源において効率的な位相イメージングを行うために、複数波長で機能する多色Talbot-Lau干渉計を設計・開発した。J-PARC物質・生命科学実験施設のエネルギー分解型中性子イメージング装置「螺鈿」において、中心波長0.25, 0.50, 0.75nmそれぞれに由来する異なるビジビリティーのモアレ縞を同一セットアップで確認することで、その動作原理の実証を行った。さらに、入射波長の波長分解能を18%から50%まで変化させながら、モアレ縞のビジビリティーの減衰を測定し、高波長分解能が実現できるパルスビームの利点を示した。さらに、中心波長0.5nmを用いて、アルミニウム、鉛、銅のロッドをテストサンプルとしたイメージングも行い、吸収像に加えて、境界がエンハンスされた微分位相像、ビジビリティー像も取得することに成功した。この干渉計では、アナライザー用吸収格子の製作方法として、初めて金属ガラスのインプリント法を採用した。中心波長でのモアレ縞のコントラストは68%と良好であり、従来のガドリニウムの斜め蒸着法を用いた格子と比較すると、形状の精密なコントロールが可能である。

論文

A Comparative study of the crystallite size and the dislocation density of bent steel plates using Bragg-edge transmission imaging, TOF neutron diffraction and EBSD

及川 健一; Su, Y.; 友田 陽*; 川崎 卓郎; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 廣井 孝介; Zhang, S.*; Parker, J. D.*; 佐藤 博隆*; et al.

Physics Procedia, 88, p.34 - 41, 2017/00

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:14.69

TOFブラッグエッジ透過イメージング法を用い、塑性変形させた曲げ鉄鋼試料の微細構造を解析し、得られた結果を中性子回折法及びEBSD法により比較検証を行った。その結果、テキスチャ等は非常に良い一致を示したが、結晶子サイズを中性子回折法による消衰効果から見積もることはうまく行かなかった。そこで、回折プロファイルのブロードニング幅解析から結晶子サイズを求めることを試み、またEBSD法から結晶歪みの解析結果も合わせて再検討を行った。

論文

Time-of-flight neutron Bragg-edge transmission imaging of microstructures in bent steel plates

Su, Y.; 及川 健一; Harjo, S.; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 原田 正英; 廣井 孝介; Zhang, S.*; Parker, J. D.*; 佐藤 博隆*; et al.

Materials Science and Engineering A, 675, p.19 - 31, 2016/10

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:28.67(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

Neutron Bragg-edge transmission imaging makes it possible to quantitatively visualize the two-dimensional distribution of microstructure within a sample. In order to examine its application to engineering products, time-of-flight Bragg-edge transmission imaging experiments using a pulsed neutron source were performed for plastically bent plates composed of a ferritic steel and a duplex stainless steel. The non-homogeneous microstructure distributions, such as texture, crystalline size, phase volume fraction and residual elastic strain, were evaluated for the cross sections of the bent plates. The obtained results were compared with those by neutron diffraction and electron back scatter diffraction, showing that the Bragg-edge transmission imaging is powerful for engineering use.

論文

Current activities and future plans for nuclear data measurements at J-PARC

木村 敦; 原田 秀郎; 中村 詔司; 岩本 修; 藤 暢輔; 小泉 光生; 北谷 文人; 古高 和禎; 井頭 政之*; 片渕 竜也*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 51(12), p.180_1 - 180_8, 2015/12

 パーセンタイル:100(Physics, Nuclear)

In order to improve the data accuracy of neutron-capture cross sections of minor actinides (MAs) and long-lived fission products (LLFPs), a new experimental instrument named "Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction measurement Instrument (ANNRI)" has been constructed in the Materials and Life science experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), and measurements of neutron-capture cross sections of MAs, LLFPs and some stable isotopes with high intensity pulsed neutrons have been started. The analyses for $$^{244}$$Cm, $$^{246}$$Cm, $$^{241}$$Am and $$^{237}$$Np were finished; those for $$^{129}$$I, $$^{107}$$Pd, $$^{99}$$Tc, $$^{93}$$Zr and some stable isotopes are in progress. These results will make significant contributions in the field of developing innovative nuclear systems.

論文

Custom-made shutter block for imaging instrument "RADEN" at J-PARC

及川 健一; 原田 正英; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 大井 元貴; 鬼柳 善明*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.036002_1 - 036002_5, 2015/09

日本の伝統工芸から名付けられたRADENは、J-PARCのMLFに提案されたエネルギー分析型のイメージング実験装置である。この装置では、従来型のラジオグラフィやトモグラフィに加え、TOF法による中性子波長解析を利用することで、ブラッグエッジや共鳴吸収、偏極中性子を用いたイメージング実験が可能になる。装置建設は2013年1月に開始され、オンビームコミッショニングは2014年11月より開始の予定である。本装置における中性子強度や分解能やビーム視野の柔軟性を最大限に高めるため、中性子シャッターを新規に設計・製作を行い、インストールを行った。

論文

Misassigned neutron resonances of $$^{142}$$Nd and stellar neutron capture cross sections

片渕 竜也*; 松橋 泰平*; 寺田 和司; 井頭 政之*; 水本 元治*; 廣瀬 健太郎; 木村 敦; 岩本 信之; 原 かおる*; 原田 秀郎; et al.

Physical Review C, 91(3), p.037603_1 - 037603_5, 2015/03

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:72.21(Physics, Nuclear)

Time-of-flight spectra of the neutron capture events of $$^{142}$$Nd were measured using a spallation neutron source at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. The first six resonances of $$^{142}$$Nd reported in a previous work were not observed. The experimental results and cross-search of resonance energies in nuclear data libraries suggested that resonances of impurity nuclide $$^{141}$$Pr have been mistakenly assigned as $$^{142}$$Nd in the previous experiment. To investigate the impact of non-existence of the resonances to the s-process nucleosynthesis model, the Maxwellian averaged neutron capture cross sections with and without the misassigned resonances were compared.

論文

Response function for the measurement of (n,$$gamma$$) reactions with the ANNRI-Cluster Ge detectors at J-PARC

原 かおる; 後神 進史*; 原田 秀郎; 廣瀬 健太郎; 木村 敦; 金 政浩*; 北谷 文人; 小泉 光生; 中村 詔司; 藤 暢輔; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2014-002, p.88 - 92, 2015/02

Recently, neutron shields of a large Ge detector array at the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) in the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) were modified to suppress the background from boron rubber sheets to enriched $$^{6}$$LiF tiles. For the new experimental set-up, efficiencies and response functions of the cluster Ge detectors with the BGO anti-coincidence detectors were measured with $$gamma$$-rays from standard sources and prompt $$gamma$$-rays from the $$^{28}$$Si(n,$$gamma$$) and $$^{35}$$Cl(n,$$gamma$$) reactions. The simulation parameters were adjusted with the EGS5 code so as to reproduce the data set of efficiencies and response functions. Based on this information, a pulse height weighting function will be deduced in the energy range of 0.1-10 MeV.

論文

Compact neutron sources for energy and security

上坂 充*; 小林 仁*; 呉田 昌俊; 糠塚 重裕*; 西村 和哉*; 井頭 政之*; 堀 順一*; 鬼柳 善明*; 田儀 和浩*; 關 善親*; et al.

Reviews of Accelerator Science and Technology, 8, p.181 - 207, 2015/00

本報では、小型加速器を用いたエネルギー分野における核データや核物質の測定技術、セキュリティ分野における爆薬や隠匿核物質の探知技術について記す。90keVの静電重水素加速器が非破壊測定のために商業的に利用可能である。核データ測定用途では、静電イオン加速器やLバンドやSバンドの電子線線形加速器が中性子源として使用されている。小型または可搬型のXバンド電子線線形加速器型中性子源は開発中である。小型の陽子線線形加速器中性子源が特に固体中の水分の非破壊測定用途で使用されている。陽子線や重水素加速器を用いて、より中性子源強度を高める努力がいくつかなされている。

論文

Measurements of neutron capture cross sections of $$^{112}$$Sn and $$^{118}$$Sn with J-PARC/MLF/ANNRI

木村 敦; 廣瀬 健太郎; 中村 詔司; 原田 秀郎; 原 かおる; 堀 順一*; 井頭 政之*; 加美山 隆*; 片渕 竜也*; 木野 幸一*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.150 - 153, 2014/05

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:63.98(Physics, Nuclear)

The neutron-capture cross sections of $$^{112}$$Sn and $$^{118}$$Sn were measured by the time-of-flight method in the energy range from 10 meV to 2 keV with an array of germanium detectors in ANNRI at J-PARC. The preliminary results of the neutron-capture cross sections for $$^{112}$$Sn and $$^{118}$$Sn were obtained by normalizing the relative cross sections to the thermal cross section measured by Krane and to the evaluated value of JENDL-4.0 at the 47.05-eV resonance, respectively. Twelve new resonances for $$^{112}$$Sn were observed, whereas the 21.02-, 40.38- and 166-eV resonances for $$^{112}$$Sn and the 289-eV resonance for $$^{118}$$Sn which are listed on JENDL-4.0 and/or ENDF/B VII.1 were not observed. The prompt $$gamma$$-ray distributions gated at the $$^{112}$$Sn and $$^{118}$$Sn resonances were obtained. Twenty-three new prompt $$gamma$$-ray emissions were observed in the $$^{112}$$Sn (n,$$gamma$$) reactions.

論文

Cross section measurements of the radioactive $$^{107}$$Pd and stable $$^{105,108}$$Pd nuclei at J-PARC/MLF/ANNRI

中村 詔司; 木村 敦; 北谷 文人; 太田 雅之; 古高 和禎; 後神 進史*; 原 かおる; 原田 秀郎; 廣瀬 健太郎; 金 政浩*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.143 - 146, 2014/05

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:55.88(Physics, Nuclear)

長寿命放射性核種$$^{107}$$Pd、及び不純物として含まれている安定核種$$^{105,108}$$Pdの中性子捕獲断面積を測定した。J-PARCの物質・生命科学実験施設(MLF)のBL04に整備された中性子核反応実験装置(ANNRI)を用いて、飛行時間法により熱領域から300eVの中性子エネルギーに対して、中性子捕獲断面積を測定した。報告されていた幾つかの共鳴が、$$^{107}$$Pdに起因しないことなど、共鳴に関する新たな知見が得られた。

論文

Capture cross-section measurement of $$^{241}$$Am(n,$$gamma$$) at J-PARC/MLF/ANNRI

原田 秀郎; 太田 雅之; 木村 敦; 古高 和禎; 廣瀬 健太郎; 原 かおる; 金 政浩*; 北谷 文人; 小泉 光生; 中村 詔司; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.61 - 64, 2014/05

 被引用回数:17 パーセンタイル:14.77(Physics, Nuclear)

Accurate determination of the neutron capture cross sections of radioactive nuclei is required in the fields of nuclear waste transmutation study and also nuclear astrophysics. The accurate neutron-nucleus reaction measurement instrument (ANNRI), which was installed in the materials and life science experimental facility (MLF) at the J-PARC, is expected to satisfy these demands. The capture cross section of $$^{241}$$Am was measured using a high efficiency Ge spectrometer installed in the ANNRI. By taking advantage of its high $$gamma$$-ray energy resolution, background components were precisely subtracted. The capture cross section of $$^{241}$$Am was deduced for a neutron energy region between 0.01 and 20 eV. The obtained cross section and the Westcott factor are compared with the preceding experiments and evaluated values.

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