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The $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe cross section from the surrogate ratio method and its effect on the $$^{60}$$Fe nucleosynthesis

Yan, S. Q.*; Li, X. Y.*; 西尾 勝久; Lugaro, M.*; Li, Z. H.*; 牧井 宏之; Pignatari, M.*; Wang, Y. B.*; Orlandi, R.; 廣瀬 健太郎; et al.

Astrophysical Journal, 919(2), p.84_1 - 84_7, 2021/10


The long-lived $$^{60}$$Fe (with a half-life of 2.62 Myr) is a crucial diagnostic of active nucleosynthesis in the Milky Way galaxy and in supernovae near the solar system. The neutron-capture reaction $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe on $$^{59}$$Fe (half-life=44.5 days) is the key reaction for the production of $$^{60}$$Fe in massive stars. This reaction cross section has been previously constrained by the Coulomb dissociation experiment, which offered partial constraint on the E1 $$gamma$$-ray strength function but a negligible constraint on the M1 and E2 components. In this work, for the first time, we use the surrogate ratio method to experimentally determine the $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe cross sections in which all the components are included. We derived a Maxwellian-averaged cross section of 27.5$$pm$$3.5 mb at $$kT$$ = 30 keV and 13.4$$pm$$1.7 mb at $$kT$$ = 90 keV, roughly 10%-20% higher than previous estimates. We analyzed the impact of our new reaction rates in nucleosynthesis models of massive stars and found that uncertainties in the production of $$^{60}$$Fe from the $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe rate are at most 25$$%$$. We conclude that stellar physics uncertainties now play a major role in the accurate evaluation of the stellar production of $$^{60}$$Fe.


Suppressed lattice disorder for large emission enhancement and structural robustness in hybrid lead iodide perovskite discovered by high-pressure isotope effect

Kong, L.*; Gong, J.*; Hu, Q.*; Capitani, F.*; Celeste, A.*; 服部 高典; 佐野 亜沙美; Li, N.*; Yang, W.*; Liu, G.*; et al.

Advanced Functional Materials, 31(9), p.2009131_1 - 2009131_12, 2021/02

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:24.67(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)



Influence of pH, competing ions, and salinity on the sorption of strontium and cobalt onto biogenic hydroxyapatite

Handley-Sidhu, S.*; Mullan, T. K.*; Grail, Q.*; Albadarneh, M.*; 大貫 敏彦; Macaskie, L. E.*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.23361_1 - 23361_8, 2016/03

 被引用回数:42 パーセンタイル:87.89(Multidisciplinary Sciences)



Port-based plasma diagnostic infrastructure on ITER

Pitcher, C. S.*; Barnsley, R.*; Bertalot, L.*; Encheva, A.*; Feder, R.*; Friconneau, J. P.*; Hu, Q.*; Levesy, B.*; Loesser, G. D.*; Lyublin, B.*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 64(2), p.118 - 125, 2013/08

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:37.15(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Diluted ferromagnetic semiconductor Li(Zn,Mn)P with decoupled charge and spin doping

Deng, Z.*; Zhao, K.*; Gu, B.; Han, W.*; Zhu, J. L.*; Wang, X. C.*; Li, X.*; Liu, Q. Q.*; Yu, R. C.*; 後神 達郎*; et al.

Physical Review B, 88(8), p.081203_1 - 081203_5, 2013/08

 被引用回数:66 パーセンタイル:92.87(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We report the discovery of a diluted magnetic semiconductor, Li(Zn,Mn)P, in which charge and spin are introduced independently via lithium off-stoichiometry and the isovalent substitution of Mn$$^{2+}$$ for Zn$$^{2+}$$, respectively. Isostructural to (Ga,Mn)As, Li(Zn,Mn)P was found to be a ${it p}$-type ferromagnetic semiconductor with excess lithium providing charge doping. First-principles calculations indicate that excess Li is favored to partially occupy the Zn site, leading to hole doping. Ferromagnetism with Curie temperature up to 34 K is achieved while the system still shows semiconducting transport behavior.


Nuclear engineering of diagnostic port plugs on ITER

Pitcher, C. S.*; Barnsley, R.*; Feder, R.*; Hu, Q.*; Loesser, G. D.*; Lyublin, B.*; Padasalagi, S.*; Pak, S.*; Reichle, R.*; 佐藤 和義; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 87(5-6), p.667 - 674, 2012/08

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:69.17(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The nuclear engineering infrastructure for port-based diagnostics on ITER is presented, including the equatorial and upper port plug generic designs, the adopted modular concept, the loads and associated load response and the remote handling.


Li(Zn,Mn)As as a new generation ferromagnet based on a I-II-V semiconductor

Deng, Z.*; Jin, C. Q.*; Liu, Q. Q.*; Wang, X. C.*; Zhu, J. L.*; Feng, S. M.*; Chen, L. C.*; Yu, R. C.*; Arguello, C.*; 後神 達郎*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 2, p.1425_1 - 1425_5, 2011/08

 被引用回数:137 パーセンタイル:93.89(Multidisciplinary Sciences)




亀島 敬; 小瀧 秀行; 神門 正城; 大東 出; 川瀬 啓悟; 福田 祐仁; Chen, L. M.*; 本間 隆之; 近藤 修司; Esirkepov, T. Z.; et al.

no journal, , 



Pore connectivity of clay materials implicated in fluid flow and chemical diffusion

Hu, Q.*; Wang, Q.*; Zhao, C.*; 舘 幸男; 深津 勇太

no journal, , 



Quantifying isolated pore space in geological barrier materials

Hu, Q.*; Wang, Q.*; Oware, P.*; 舘 幸男; 深津 勇太; Illvsky, J.*; Almer, J.*

no journal, , 

Pore connectivity is important in controlling fluid flow and mass transport in porous natural rocks. A different extent of pore connectivity can be reflected in the proportion of isolated pore space not connected to the surface of natural rocks. This work presents the multi-approach and multi-scale laboratory studies to investigating the proportion of isolated pore space of, and its resultant anomalous fluid flow and radionuclide movement in, generic geological barrier materials. The samples include mudstone from Wakkanai formation, Opalinus clay from Mt. Terri as well as granodiorite from Grimisel, salt rock from Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in New Mexico, and welded tuff in Yucca Mountain. The independent quantification of both (1) surface-accessible pore space with various probing fluids (e.g., micron-scale tracer mapping using laser ablation-ICP-MS); and (2) total porosity by small angle X-ray scattering. Our complementary approaches provide a rich toolbox for tackling the pore structure characteristics in geological barrier materials, and associated fluid flow and radionuclide transport.


Realistic modeling approach for tracer migration and retention in fractured crystalline rocks from the Grimsel Test Site

舘 幸男; 伊藤 剛志*; 深津 勇太; 赤木 洋介*; 佐藤 久夫*; Hu, Q.*; Martin, A. J.*

no journal, , 

In order to develop a realistic model and reliable parameters for long-term safety assessments of geological disposal, it is necessary to understand and quantify the effects of heterogeneities found around the fractures on RN transport processes in fractured crystalline rocks. This paper presents a comprehensive approach developed for coupling laboratory tests, microscopic observations and modeling in order to understand and quantify tracer transport processes occurring in natural fracture, using different types of fractured granodiorite sample from the Grimsel Test Site (GTS), Switzerland. Laboratory tests including through-diffusion, batch sorption and flow-through tests using five tracers with different retention properties indicated that tracer retention was consistently in the sequence of HDO $$<$$ Se $$<$$ Cs $$<$$ Ni $$<$$ Eu. Microscale heterogeneities around the fracture were clarified and quantified by coupling X-ray computed tomography and electron probe microanalysis. Realistic model incorporating heterogeneities around the fracture and their properties provided a much better interpretation for breakthrough curves of all tracers.


Fluid flow and chemical transport in shallow and deep mudrocks being implicated by pore geometry and connectivity

Hu, Q.*; Wang, Q.*; Zhao, C.*; Zhang, T.*; 舘 幸男; 深津 勇太

no journal, , 

Fine-grained and clay-rich mudrocks play an important role in the long-term performance of a geological repository for storing high-level nuclear wastes and petroleum production in shale formations. However, low-permeability mudrocks whose pores are poorly interconnected are known to have anomalous diffusion properties that strongly impact long-term net diffusion. The complex pore structure involving predominantly nano-sized pore space is related to compaction and diagenesis from the maturation process of organic matter-rich mudrocks at deep depths, leading to a much smaller effective porosity which could be further partitioned by water- or oil-wet pore networks. Working with shallow clayey sediments of Wakkanai formation around Horonobe underground research center in Hokkaido of Japan and Opalinus clay of Mt. Terri Underground Research Laboratory in Switzerland, as well as various deep shales (Barnett, Eagle Ford and Wolfcamp from Texas, Bakken from North Dakota), using a wide range of sample sizes, this multi-approach and -scale work utilizes a complementary suite of approaches for pore structure characterization (e.g., helium pycnometry, mercury intrusion porosimetry, small angle/X-ray neutron scattering, field emission-scanning electron microscopy), gas diffusion and liquid (including water-, oil-, and bi-wetting) imbibition involving custom-designed tracer recipe followed with micro-scale mapping with laser ablation-ICP-MS. The experimental results show that deep mudrocks has a much smaller effective porosity than the total porosity (as a result of poor pore connectivity) and associated diffusion coefficient, and the effective porosity and diffusion coefficients are also dependent upon the sample sizes used in the measurement.

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