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Petrophysical properties of representative geological rocks encountered in carbon storage and utilization

Hu, Q.*; Wang, Q. M.*; Zhang, T.*; Zhao, C.*; Iltaf, K. H.*; Liu, S. Q.*; 深津 勇太

Energy Reports (Internet), 9, p.3661 - 3682, 2023/12

This study evaluates petrophysical properties of representative geological rocks in the context of injectivity, storage space, and caprock integrity for effective utilization and long-term storage of carbon dioxide. A total of 10 geological rocks were selected as representative storage media for consideration as saline aquifers & depleted oil and gas reservoirs, basalts, and cap rocks, as well as utilization in organic-rich shale and coal seams. An integrated suite of laboratory tests, including liquid immersion porosimetry, gas expansion porosimetry, grain size distribution, mercury intrusion porosimetry, and gas diffusion, were performed on these various rock samples. The results exhibit a disparity of petrophysical properties among two broad groups of rocks: rocks selected for possible storage of CO$$_{2}$$ have porosities of $$sim$$10-25%, permeabilities of $$sim$$10$$^{-16}$$-10$$^{-13}$$ m$$^{2}$$, $$mu$$m-sized pore-throat size distribution, and mostly good pore connectivity; in contrast, the potential caprocks have porosities of $$sim$$0.5-5%, permeabilities of $$sim$$10$$^{-20}$$-10$$^{-18}$$ m$$^{2}$$, pore throat sizes of $$<$$50 nm, and probably poorly connected pore networks. An understanding of the measured facets of pore structure and contribution of fractures is also critical in the context of different testing principles and data interpretation of petrophysical analyses, as well as observational scales in the laboratory and field, and therefore reliable confidence of CO$$_{2}$$ storage and utilization performance. Our work further illustrates the controlling influence of grain size distribution and geological processes on pore size distribution and pore connectivity for a wide range of rock types and lithologies, and particularly presents the extent and behavior of CO$$_{2}$$ gas diffusion with a custom-designed apparatus for a holistic understanding of various petrophysical attributes of widely different geological rocks.


Pressure-modulated magnetism and negative thermal expansion in the Ho$$_2$$Fe$$_{17}$$ intermetallic compound

Cao, Y.*; Zhou, H.*; Khmelevskyi, S.*; Lin, K.*; Avdeev, M.*; Wang, C.-W.*; Wang, B.*; Hu, F.*; 加藤 健一*; 服部 高典; et al.

Chemistry of Materials, 35(8), p.3249 - 3255, 2023/04

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Chemistry, Physical)



Structure of an aqueous RbCl solution in the gigapascal pressure range by neutron diffraction combined with empirical potential structure refinement modeling

Zhang, W. Q.*; 山口 敏男*; Fang, C. H.*; 吉田 亨次*; Zhou, Y. Q.*; Zhu, F. Y.*; 町田 真一*; 服部 高典; Li, W.*

Journal of Molecular Liquids, 348, p.118080_1 - 118080_11, 2022/02

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:37.82(Chemistry, Physical)

3mol/kgのRbCl水溶液におけるイオンの水和・会合と水素結合した水の構造を、298K/0.1MPa, 298K/1GPa, 523K/1GPa, 523K/4GPaにおける中性子回折と経験的ポテンシャル構造精密化モデリングにより調べた。その結果、構造パラメータは温度と圧力に依存していることがわかった。高圧・高温条件では、Rb$$^+$$とCl$$^-$$の第二水和層がより明確になる。第一水和層におけるRb$$^+$$の平均酸素配位数は、配位距離を0.290nmから0.288nmに縮めながら、常圧では6.3だったのが、4GPaでは8.9に増加した。第一水和シェルのCl$$^-$$の平均酸素配位数は、常圧で5.9、4GPaで9.1と圧力により増加し、対応する配位距離は0.322nmから0.314nmへと減少した。Rb$$^+$$と中心の水分子の第一溶媒和シェルにおける水双極子の配向は圧力に敏感であるが、Cl$$^-$$の第一溶媒和シェルにおける水双極子の配向は温度圧力によらずあまり変化しなかった。Rb$$^+$$-Cl$$^-$$の隣接イオンペアの数は、温度が高くなると減少し、圧力が高くなると増加する。水分子は密に詰まっており、極限状態では水分子の四面体水素結合ネットワークはもはや存在しない。


The $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe cross section from the surrogate ratio method and its effect on the $$^{60}$$Fe nucleosynthesis

Yan, S. Q.*; Li, X. Y.*; 西尾 勝久; Lugaro, M.*; Li, Z. H.*; 牧井 宏之; Pignatari, M.*; Wang, Y. B.*; Orlandi, R.; 廣瀬 健太郎; et al.

Astrophysical Journal, 919(2), p.84_1 - 84_7, 2021/10

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:9.31(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The long-lived $$^{60}$$Fe (with a half-life of 2.62 Myr) is a crucial diagnostic of active nucleosynthesis in the Milky Way galaxy and in supernovae near the solar system. The neutron-capture reaction $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe on $$^{59}$$Fe (half-life=44.5 days) is the key reaction for the production of $$^{60}$$Fe in massive stars. This reaction cross section has been previously constrained by the Coulomb dissociation experiment, which offered partial constraint on the E1 $$gamma$$-ray strength function but a negligible constraint on the M1 and E2 components. In this work, for the first time, we use the surrogate ratio method to experimentally determine the $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe cross sections in which all the components are included. We derived a Maxwellian-averaged cross section of 27.5$$pm$$3.5 mb at $$kT$$ = 30 keV and 13.4$$pm$$1.7 mb at $$kT$$ = 90 keV, roughly 10%-20% higher than previous estimates. We analyzed the impact of our new reaction rates in nucleosynthesis models of massive stars and found that uncertainties in the production of $$^{60}$$Fe from the $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe rate are at most 25$$%$$. We conclude that stellar physics uncertainties now play a major role in the accurate evaluation of the stellar production of $$^{60}$$Fe.


Suppressed lattice disorder for large emission enhancement and structural robustness in hybrid lead iodide perovskite discovered by high-pressure isotope effect

Kong, L.*; Gong, J.*; Hu, Q.*; Capitani, F.*; Celeste, A.*; 服部 高典; 佐野 亜沙美; Li, N.*; Yang, W.*; Liu, G.*; et al.

Advanced Functional Materials, 31(9), p.2009131_1 - 2009131_12, 2021/02

 被引用回数:21 パーセンタイル:81(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)




亀島 敬; 小瀧 秀行; 神門 正城; 大東 出; 川瀬 啓悟; 福田 祐仁; Chen, L. M.*; 本間 隆之; 近藤 修司; Esirkepov, T. Z.; et al.

no journal, , 



Fluid flow and chemical transport in clay-rich media implicated by pore geometry and connectivity

Hu, Q.*; Wang, Q. M.*; Zhao, C.*; Zhang, T.*; Iltaf, H.*; 舘 幸男; 深津 勇太

no journal, , 

Fine-grained and clay-rich mudrocks play an important role in the long-term performance of a geological repository for storing high-level nuclear wastes and petroleum production in shale formations. However, low-permeability mudrocks whose pores are poorly interconnected are known to have anomalous diffusion properties that strongly impact long-term net diffusion. The complex pore structure involving predominantly nano-sized pore space is related to compaction and diagenesis from the maturation process of organic matter-rich mudrocks at deep depths, leading to a much smaller effective porosity. Working with various clay minerals, shallow clayey sediments of Wakkanai formation around Horonobe URL in Japan and Opalinus clay of Mt. Terri URL in Switzerland, as well as various deep shales (Barnett, Eagle Ford and Wolfcamp from Texas), using a wide range of sample sizes, this multi-approach and -scale work utilizes a complementary suite of techniques for pore structure characterization (e.g., mercury intrusion porosimetry, small angle X-ray/neutron scattering, scanning electron microscopy), gas diffusion, batch sorption and column transport. The experimental results show that deep mudrocks has a much poor pore connectivity than the shallow ones, and the effective porosity, diffusion coefficients, sorption coefficients are also dependent upon the sample sizes used in the measurement.


Decimeter-scale laboratory studies of thermal, mechanical, hydrological and chemical processes in near-field systems of generic geological waste repositories

Hu, Q. H.*; Zhang, T.*; Shen, Y. Q.*; 舘 幸男; 深津 勇太; Borglin, S.*; Chang, C.*; Hampton, J.*

no journal, , 

In a deep geological repository of high-level nuclear wastes, the near-field systems consist of waste packages, buffer materials, and natural barrier systems. It is expected that the initial thermal loading after waste emplacement will last several hundred years. It is important to investigate the effects of this thermal loading on the near-field components under in situ stress conditions, in terms of thermal-hydrological-mechanical-chemical (THMC) processes and subsequent radionuclide retention and migration. Preliminary tests have been performed via integrated combinations of buffer materials and host rocks, at nm-dm scales, subjected to a range of elevated temperatures under true-triaxial conditions, which is complemented by a suite of nano-petrophysical characterization approaches such as small-angle neutron/X-ray scattering techniques to quantify total pore space and sample size-dependent effective porosity. For multiple-approach radionuclide retention and migration tests before- and after-THMC experiments, a complementary range of tests will include batch, column, and gas diffusion for granular samples, as well as gas/liquid diffusion and fractured core transport tests for intact rock samples under different temperature and pressure conditions.

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