Yan, S. Q.*; Li, X. Y.*; 西尾 勝久; Lugaro, M.*; Li, Z. H.*; 牧井 宏之; Pignatari, M.*; Wang, Y. B.*; Orlandi, R.; 廣瀬 健太郎; et al.
Astrophysical Journal, 919(2), p.84_1 - 84_7, 2021/10
The long-lived Fe (with a half-life of 2.62 Myr) is a crucial diagnostic of active nucleosynthesis in the Milky Way galaxy and in supernovae near the solar system. The neutron-capture reaction Fe(n,)Fe on Fe (half-life=44.5 days) is the key reaction for the production of Fe in massive stars. This reaction cross section has been previously constrained by the Coulomb dissociation experiment, which offered partial constraint on the E1 -ray strength function but a negligible constraint on the M1 and E2 components. In this work, for the first time, we use the surrogate ratio method to experimentally determine the Fe(n,)Fe cross sections in which all the components are included. We derived a Maxwellian-averaged cross section of 27.53.5 mb at = 30 keV and 13.41.7 mb at = 90 keV, roughly 10%-20% higher than previous estimates. We analyzed the impact of our new reaction rates in nucleosynthesis models of massive stars and found that uncertainties in the production of Fe from the Fe(n,)Fe rate are at most 25. We conclude that stellar physics uncertainties now play a major role in the accurate evaluation of the stellar production of Fe.
Bello Garrote, F. L.*; Sahin, E.*; 角田 佑介*; 大塚 孝治*; Grgen, A.*; Orlandi, R.; 他61名*
Physical Review C, 102(3), p.034314_1 - 034314_13, 2020/09
Detailed spectroscopy of neutron-rich odd- Cu isotopes is of great importance for studying the shell evolution in the region of Ni. Excited states in Cu were populated in the decay of Ni isotopes, which were produced by the in-flight fission at RIBF, RIKEN. The Ni isotopes were separated, identified, and implanted in a highly segmented Si detector array for the detection of the -decay electrons, while the delayed rays were detected by an array of HPGe cluster detectors. A level scheme of Cu was built up to 4 MeV, from which the location of the two previously known low-lying isomeric states was clarified. The level structure below 2 MeV was interpreted based on the results of the shell-model calculations and the systematics of odd- Cu isotopes, revealing the evolution of single-particle states in this region.
寺田 典樹*; Qureshi, N.*; Stunault, A.*; Enderle, M.*; Ouladdiaf, B.*; Colin, C. V.*; Khalyavin, D. D.*; Manuel, P.*; Orlandi, F.*; 宮原 慎*; et al.
Physical Review B, 102(8), p.085131_1 - 085131_7, 2020/08
We have determined the magnetic structures in high pressure phase with the giant ferroelectric polarization in DyMnO. For Mn spins, the E-type magnetic ordering is stabilized above 4.0 GPa, which induces the giant ferroelectric polarization through the exchange striction effect. Furthermore, we have elucidate that the lattice distortion generated through the exchange striction for the Dy and Mn bonds can give the significant magnetic field enhancement of ferroelectric polarization in this system.
Dupont, E.*; Astier, A.*; Petrache, C. M.*; Lv, B. F.*; Deloncle, I.*; Kiener, J.*; Orlandi, R.; 牧井 宏之; 西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; et al.
Physical Review C, 101(1), p.014309_1 - 014309_6, 2020/01
Five new 2 levels and one new 3 level were established in Po. The states were populated via the Pb(C, Be) two-proton reaction experiment, performed at the JAEA Tandem in Tokai. A setup combining Ge, LaBr, and Si telescopes was used to detect in-beam -rays and ejectile residues. Two-proton configurations were assigned to all new states. All assignments are strongly supported by shell-model calculations.
牧井 宏之; 西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; Orlandi, R.; Lguillon, R.; 小川 達彦; Soldner, T.*; Kster, U.*; Pollitt, A.*; Hambsch, F.-J.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 100(4), p.044610_1 - 044610_7, 2019/10
The prompt fission -ray energy spectrum for cold-neutron induced fission of U was measured in the energy range = 0.8 - 20,MeV, by gaining a factor of about 10 in statistics compared to the measurements performed so far. The spectrum exhibits local bump structures at 4,MeV and 6,MeV, and also a broad one at 15,MeV. In order to understand the origins of these bumps, the -ray spectra were calculated using a statistical Hauser-Feshbach model, taking into account the de-excitation of all the possible primary fission fragments. It is shown that the bump at 4,MeV is created by the transitions between the discrete levels in the fragments around Sn, and the bump at 6,MeV mostly comes from the complementary light fragments. It is also indicated that a limited number of nuclides, which have high-spin states at low excitation energies, can contribute to the bump structure around 15,MeV, induced by the transition feeding into the low-lying high-spin states.
Wrzosek-Lipska, K.*; Rezynkina, K.*; Bree, N.*; Zieliska, M.*; Gaffney, L. P.*; Petts, A.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Bastin, B.*; Bender, M.*; Blazhev, A.*; et al.
European Physical Journal A, 55(8), p.130_1 - 130_23, 2019/08
The neutron-deficient mercury isotopes serve as a classical example of shape coexistence, whereby at low energy near-degenerate nuclear states characterized by different shapes appear. The electromagnetic structure of even-mass Hg isotopes was studied using safe-energy Coulomb excitation of neutron-deficient mercury beams delivered by the REX-ISOLDE facility at CERN. The population of 0, 2, and 4 states was observed in all nuclei under study. Reduced matrix elements coupling populated yrast and non-yrast states were extracted, including their relative signs. These are a sensitive probe of shape coexistence and may be used to validate nuclear models. The experimental results are discussed in terms of mixing of two different configurations and are compared with three different model calculations: the Beyond Mean Field model, the Interacting Boson Model with configuration mixing and the General Bohr Hamiltonian. Partial agreement with experiment was observed, hinting to missing ingredients in the theoretical descriptions.
牧井 宏之; 西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; Orlandi, R.; Lguillon, R.*; 小川 達彦; Soldner, T.*; Hambsch, F.-J.*; Ache, M.*; Astier, A.*; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 906, p.88 - 96, 2018/10
Orlandi, R.; Pain, S. D.*; Ahn, S.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Schmitt, K. T.*; Bardayan, D. W.*; Catford, W. N.*; Chapman, R.*; Chipps, K. A.*; Cizewski, J. A.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 785, p.615 - 620, 2018/10
Low-lying neutron-hole states in Sn were populated via the Sn(d,t) reaction at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The triton angular distributions were compared to DWBA calculations and revealed spectroscopic factors compatible with a single-hole nature of the states populated. The data permit to determine the spin-orbit splitting of the strongly bound and neutron orbits below the shell gap, which was compared to the splitting of the weakly bound 3 and 2 orbits above the gap. The comparison revealed a smaller energy splitting of the 3 orbits. All splittings were reproduced using Woods-Saxon calculations, and the lower splitting of the 3 orbits was explained to arise from the large radial extent of the wavefunction and small value of the amplitude at the surface. This result is important to understand at a fundamental level the spin-orbit interaction, and its effects on neutron-rich nuclei.
Jentschel, M.*; Blanc, A.*; de France, G.*; Kster, U.*; Leoni, S.*; Mutti, P.*; Simpson, G.*; Soldner, T.*; Ur, C.*; Urban, W.*; et al.
Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 12(11), p.P11003_1 - P11003_33, 2017/11
A highly efficient array of high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors was developed and operated at the cold neutron beam facility PF1B of the Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL) to carry out nuclear structure studies, via measurements of -rays following neutron-induced capture and fission reactions. The setup consisted of a collimation system producing a pencil beam with a thermal capture equivalent flux of about 10nscm at the target position and negligible neutron halo. The target was surrounded by an array of eight to ten anti-Compton shielded EXOGAM Clover detectors, four to six anti-Compton shielded large coaxial GASP detectors and two standard Clover detectors. For a part of the campaign the array was combined with 16 LaBr:(Ce) detectors from the FATIMA collaboration.
Wilson, G. L.*; 武山 美麗*; Andreyev, A. N.; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Catford, W. N.*; Ghys, L.*; 羽場 宏光*; Heberger, F. P.*; Huang, M.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 96(4), p.044315_1 - 044315_7, 2017/10
The exotic decay process of -delayed fission has been studied in the neutron-deficient isotope Am at RIKEN, Japan. The Am nuclei were produced in the complete fusion reaction Pb(Al,4n)Am and separated by using the GARIS gas-filled recoil ion separator. A lower limit for the -delayed fission probability larger than 0.30 was deduced, which so far is the highest value among all known nuclei exhibiting this decay mode.
Shand, C. M.*; Podolyk, Zs.*; Grska, M.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Nowacki, F.*; Otsuka, T.*; Sieja, K.*; Tostevin, J. A.*; Tsunoda, T.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 773, p.492 - 497, 2017/10
Low-lying states in neutron-rich Zn nuclei were measured for the first time via in-beam -ray spectroscopy at RIKEN. These include the 4 to 2 in Zn and the 2 to 0 and 4 to 2 in Zn. The reduced E() energies and increased E(4)/E(2) ratios at =52,54 compared to Zn attest that the magicity is confined just on the neutron number =50 only. The levels observed in Zn suggest the onset of deformation towards heavier Zn isotopes. The data were compared to state-of-the-art shell model calculations.
牧井 宏之; 西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; Orlandi, R.; Lguillon, R.; 小川 達彦; Soldner, T.*; Hambsch, F.-J.*; Astier, A.*; Pollitt, A.*; et al.
EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.04036_1 - 04036_4, 2017/09
Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; 炭竃 聡之*; Taprogge, J.*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 772, p.483 - 488, 2017/09
A new high-spin isomer in the neutron-rich nucleus Cd was populated in the projectile fission of a U beam at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory at RIKEN. A half-life of T = 6.3(8) ms was measured for the new state which was tentatively assigned a spin/parity of (15). The isomeric state decays via the emission of a 309-keV ray with multipolarity. The experimental results are compared to shell model calculations performed using state-of-the-art realistic effective interactions and to the neighbouring nucleus Cd. The comparison with calculations shows that adjustments of the pairing and multipole parts of the effective interaction derived from the CD-Bonn nucleon-nucleon potential are required in order to describe the properties of nuclei in the region around Sn.
Flavigny, F.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Delaroche, J.-P.*; Girod, M.*; Libert, J.*; Rodriguez, T. R.*; Authelet, G.*; 馬場 秀忠*; Calvet, D.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 118(24), p.242501_1 - 242501_6, 2017/06
The first -ray spectroscopy of very neutron rich Kr isotopes was carried out at the RIBF at RIKEN Nishina center. Excited states in these isotopes were populated via (p,2p) reactions using radioactive Rb beams accelerated to 220 MeV/nucleon. The new data show a significant increase in deformation beyond N=60, as well as competing configurations (shape-coexistence) at low energy. The data were compared with beyond-mean-field calculations which predict level energies in good agreement with observation, and suggest oblate-prolate shape coexistence.
Vaquero, V.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Wimmer, K.*; Gargano, A.*; Tostevin, J. A.*; Chen, S.*; Ncher, E.*; Sahin, E.*; 志賀 慶明*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 118(20), p.202502_1 - 202502_5, 2017/05
Excited states in Sn were populated following one-neutron knockout reaction from an unstable Sn beam at the RIBF laboratory in RIKEN. In addition to the already known rays, additional strength was observed for the first time in the excitation-energy range 3.5-5.5 MeV. Since the neutron separation energy of Sn is low, this observation provides direct evidence for the radioactive decay of neutron-unbound states in this nucleus. The ability of decay to compete with neutron emission was attributed to a mismatch between the wave functions of the initial and final states in the neutron emission case. These findings suggest that in the region south-east of Sn, nuclear structure effects play a significant role in the decay of unbound states, which are instead usually ignored in the evaluation of neutron-emission probabilities in astrophysical simulations.
Chen, S.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Rodriguez, T. R.*; Authelet, G.*; 馬場 秀忠*; Calvet, D.*; Chteau, F.*; Corsi, A.*; Delbart, A.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 95(4), p.041302_1 - 041302_6, 2017/04
Neutron-rich isotopes of selenium, Se, where studied via in beam -ray spectroscopy after nucleon removal reactions at RIBF in RIKEN. The low-energy excitations of these nuclei were investigated using - coincidences, and the first and second excited 2 states were found at remarkably low energies. The analysis and comparison with self-consistent beyond-mean field calculations suggest that both shape coexistence and triaxiality are needed to describe these isotopes.
Morales, A. I.*; Benzoni, G.*; Watanabe, H.*; 角田 佑介*; Otsuka, T.*; 西村 俊二*; Browne, F.*; Daido, R.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Fang, Y.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 765, p.328 - 333, 2017/02
The level schemes of neutron-rich isotopes Co and Ni were populated in the decay of Fe and studied using -delayed -ray spectroscopy of the decay, at the RIBF in RIKEN, Japan. The experimental results were compared to state-of-the-art shell-model calculations, and indicate a dominance of prolate deformation in the low-lying states, coexisting with spherical states. The decay of the isobars is shown to progress in accordance to a new type of shell evolution, the so-called Type II, which involves many particle-hole excitations across energy gaps.
Paul, N.*; Corsi, A.*; Obertelli, A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Authelet, G.*; 馬場 秀忠*; Bally, B.*; Bender, M.*; Calvet, D.*; Chteau, F.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 118(3), p.032501_1 - 032501_7, 2017/01
The first measurement of rays emitted by the very neutron rich nuclei Mo (Z=42) and Zr (Z=40) was carried out at the RIBF facility at RIKEN. These data shine light on the postulated N=70 harmonic oscillator shell. If the spin-orbit splitting which gives rise to the N=82 shell gap is reduced in very neutron-rich nuclei, the harmonic oscillator gap at N=70 should open instead. However, both the measured energy of the first excited state Mo and Zr, respectively 235(7) keV and 185(11) keV, and their E(4)/E(2) ratio, indicate that these nuclei are good rotors, and exclude the shell stabilization scenario at Z=40 and N=70. These results were compared to state-of-the-art density functional theoretical calculations using Gogny and Skyrme effective interactions.
Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P. A.*; 炭竃 聡之*; Taprogge, J.*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 94(2), p.024303_1 - 024303_8, 2016/08
The decay of the semi-magic nucleus Cd has been studied at the RIBF facility at the RIKEN Nishina Center. The high statistics of the present experiment allowed for a revision of the established level scheme of In and the observation of additional feeding to high lying core-excited states in In. The experimental results are compared to shell-model calculations employing a model space consisting of the full major neutron and proton shells, and good agreement is found.
Jungclaus, A.*; Gargano, A.*; Grawe, H.*; Taprogge, J.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Shimizu, Y.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 93(4), p.041301_1 - 041301_6, 2016/04
For the first time, the decay of excited states in a nucleus situated "south-east" of Sn have been observed, in a region where experimental information is limited to ground-state properties. Six rays from Cd, produced in the fragmentation of a U beam at RIBF at RIKEN. The rays were studied using the EURICA array of Ge detectors. The new experimental information is compared to results from realistic shell-model calculations, which are the first in this region far from stability. Comparison with calculations suggests that at least four out of six new transitions can be attributed to the particle-hole configuration of one neutron in the and one proton hole in the orbits, respectively. This work constitutes an important first step towards the exploration of nuclear structure in this unknown region of the nuclear chart.