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論文

Laser-assisted decay spectroscopy and mass spectrometry of $$^{178}$$Au

Cubiss, J. G.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Barzakh, A. E.*; Manea, V.*; Al Monthery, M.*; Althubiti, N. A.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; 他39名*

Physical Review C, 102(4), p.044332_1 - 044332_12, 2020/10

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:79.36(Physics, Nuclear)

A comprehensive study of the isotope $$^{178}$$Au has been made at the CERN-ISOLDE facility, using resonance laser ionization. Two long-lived states in $$^{178}$$Au were identified - a low-spin ground state and a high-spin isomer - each of which were produced as pure beams. Using the ISOLTRAP precision Penning trap, the excitation energy of the isomeric state in $$^{178}$$Au was determined to be $$E^{*} = $$ 189(14) keV. The $$alpha$$-decay fine structure patterns of the two states were studied using the Windmill decay station, providing information on the low-lying states in the daughter nucleus $$^{174}$$Ir. Nuclear spin assignments of $$I(^{178}$$Au$$^{g}) = (2,3)$$ and $$I(^{178}$$Au$$^{m}) = (7,8)$$ are made based on the observed $$beta$$-decay feeding and hyperfine structure intensity patterns.

論文

Hyperfine anomaly in gold and magnetic moments of $$I^{pi}$$ = 11/2$$^{-}$$ gold isomers

Barzakh, A. E.*; Atanasov, D.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Al Monthery, M.*; Althubiti, N. A.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Blaum, K.*; 他39名*

Physical Review C, 101(3), p.034308_1 - 034308_9, 2020/03

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:96.71(Physics, Nuclear)

Hyperfine-structure constants for the $$I^{pi}$$ = 11/2$$^{-}$$ gold isomers $$^{177,191,193,195}$$Au$$^{m}$$ have been measured at CERN-ISOLDE, using the in-source laser resonance-ionization spectroscopy technique. From the measured hyperfine constants the differences between hyperfine anomalies have been deduced. These differential hyperfine anomaly values have been used to determine the hyperfine anomaly relative to the stable $$^{197}$$Au with advanced atomic calculations. Magnetic dipole moments for the gold isomers in question have been deduced, taking into account the corresponding relative hyperfine-anomaly values. It has been shown that the commonly used prescription for the extraction of the magnetic moment values for the gold isotopes should be reconsidered. The magnetic moments calculated by this prescription have been reevaluated by properly accounting for the hyperfine anomaly, which is as large as 10% for several gold isotopes.

論文

Study of medium-spin states of neutron-rich $$^{87,89,91}$$Rb isotopes

Torres, D. A.*; Chapman, R.*; Kumar, V.*; Hadinia, B.*; Hodsdon, A.*; Labiche, M.*; Liang, X.*; O'Donnell, D.*; Ollier, J.*; Orlandi, R.; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 55(9), p.158_1 - 158_21, 2019/09

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.02(Physics, Nuclear)

Excited states of the rubidium isotopes $$^{87,89,91}$$Rb were studied at the INFN Legnaro National Laboratory. Measurements of the $$gamma$$-ray of nuclei produced in binary reactions from the interaction of a beam of 530 MeV $$^{96}$$Zr ions with a $$^{124}$$Sn target were complemented by studies of the $$gamma$$-rays from nuclei produced in the interaction of a beam of 230 MeV $$^{36}$$S ions with a thick $$^{176}$$Yb target. The structure of the yrast states of $$^{87, 89, 91}$$Rb is discussed within the context of spherical shell-model and cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky calculations.

論文

Production of $$pi^0$$ and $$eta$$ mesons in Cu+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}$$=200 GeV

Aidala, C.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他397名*

Physical Review C, 98(5), p.054903_1 - 054903_11, 2018/11

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:56.63(Physics, Nuclear)

Production of $$pi^0$$ and $$eta$$ mesons has been measured at midrapidity in Cu$$+$$Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}$$=200 GeV. Measurements were performed in $$pi^0(eta)rightarrowgammagamma$$ decay channel in the 1(2)-20 GeV/$$c$$ transverse momentum range. A strong suppression is observed for $$pi^0$$ and $$eta$$ meson production at high transverse momentum in central Cu$$+$$Au collisions relative to the $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ results scaled by the number of nucleon-nucleon collisions. In central collisions the suppression is similar to Au$$+$$Au with comparable nuclear overlap. The $$eta/pi^0$$ ratio measured as a function of transverse momentum is consistent with $$m_T$$-scaling parameterization down to $$p_T=$$2 GeV/$$c$$, its asymptotic value is constant and consistent with Au$$+$$Au and $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ and does not show any significant dependence on collision centrality. Similar results were obtained in hadron-hadron, hadron-nucleus, and nucleus-nucleus collisions as well as in $$e^+e^-$$ collisions in a range of collision energies $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=$$ 3-1800 GeV. This suggests that the quark-gluon-plasma medium produced in Cu$$+$$Cu collisions either does not affect the jet fragmentation into light mesons or it affects the $$pi^0$$ and $$eta$$ the same way.

論文

Measurements of directed, elliptic, and triangular flow in Cu+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$=200 GeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他397名*

Physical Review C, 94(5), p.054910_1 - 054910_18, 2016/11

AA2016-0472.pdf:0.98MB

 被引用回数:16 パーセンタイル:81.37(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of anisotropic flow Fourier coefficients ($$v_n$$) for inclusive charged particles and identified hadrons $$pi^{pm}$$, $$K^{pm}$$, $$p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ produced at midrapidity in Cu+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV are presented. The data were collected in 2012 by the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC). The particle azimuthal distributions with respect to different-order symmetry planes $$Psi_n$$, for $$n=$$1, 2, and 3 are studied as a function of transverse momentum $$p_T$$ over a broad range of collision centralities. Mass ordering, as expected from hydrodynamic flow, is observed for all three harmonics. The charged-particle results are compared with hydrodynamical and transport model calculations. We also compare these Cu+Au results with those in Cu+Cu and Au+Au collisions at the same $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ and find that the $$v_2$$ and $$v_3$$, as a function of transverse momentum, follow a common scaling with $$1/(epsilon_n N_{rm part}^{1/3})$$.

論文

Forward $$J/psi$$ production in U + U collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 193 GeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他397名*

Physical Review C, 93(3), p.034903_1 - 034903_12, 2016/03

AA2015-1022.pdf:0.96MB

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:57.45(Physics, Nuclear)

The invariant yields, $$dN/dy$$, for $$J/psi$$ production at forward rapidity ($$1.2 < |y| < 2.2$$) in U+U collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 193 GeV have been measured as a function of collision centrality. The invariant yields and nuclear-modification factor $$R_{AA}$$ are presented and compared with those from Au + Au collisions in the same rapidity range. Additionally, the direct ratio of the invariant yields from U + U and Au + Au collisions within the same centrality class is presented, and used to investigate the role of $$cbar{c}$$ coalescence. Two different parametrizations of the deformed Woods-Saxon distribution were used in Glauber calculations to determine the values of the number of nucleon-nucleon collisions in each centrality class, $$N_{rm coll}$$, and these were found to give significantly different $$N_{rm coll}$$ values. Results using $$N_{rm coll}$$ values from both deformed Woods-Saxon distributions are presented. The measured ratios show that the $$J/psi$$ suppression, relative to binary collision scaling, is similar in U + U and Au + Au for peripheral and midcentral collisions, but that $$J/psi$$ show less suppression for the most central U + U collisions. The results are consistent with a picture in which, for central collisions, increase in the $$J/psi$$ yield due to $$cbar{c}$$ coalescence becomes more important than the decrease in yield due to increased energy density. For midcentral collisions, the conclusions about the balance between $$cbar{c}$$ coalescence and suppression depend on which deformed Woods-Saxon distribution is used to determine $$N_{coll}$$.

論文

Study of $$Lambda N$$ interaction via the $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of $$^4_{Lambda}$$He and $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F (E13-1st)

山本 剛史*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 杉村 仁志; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.021017_1 - 021017_6, 2015/09

A $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy experiment via the $$(K^-, pi^-)$$ reaction (J-PARC E13-1st) will be performed at the J-PARC Hadron Experimental Facility using a newly developed Ge detector array, Hyperball-J. Spin-dependent $$Lambda N$$ interactions will be studied through the precise measurement of the structure of hypernuclei, $$^4_{Lambda}$$He and $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F. In May 2013, commissioning of whole detector system was carried out and calibration data were taken. In particular, production cross sections of $$Sigma^+$$ and $$^{12}_{Lambda}$$C via the $$(K^-, pi^-)$$ reaction on the CH$$_2$$ target for $$p_K = 1.5$$ and 1.8 GeV/$$c$$ were obtained.

口頭

日本地球惑星科学連合-放射化学会連携による福島第一原子力発電所近傍における事故5年後の土壌中放射性物質の調査概要

佐藤 志彦; 北 和之*; 他39名*

no journal, , 

2011年3月に起こった、東京電力福島第一原子力発電所の事故により、福島県を中心とする陸域に大規模な放射能汚染が起こった。事故後の2011年6月には、日本地球惑星科学連合および日本放射化学会を中心とした有志の研究グループが、汚染状況の把握のための土壌採取のフィールド実験を実施した。これにより初期の汚染状況が明らかとなったが、航空機サーベイ等による汚染状況の把握は継続して行われているものの、実際に土壌を採取して汚染状況の詳細を把握する大規模な調査はそれ以降行われていない。そこで本研究では、福島県内の帰還困難区域を中心として土壌採取のフィールド実験を行い、その分析により現在の汚染状況を把握することを目的に実施した。本研究プロジェクトは、2016年6月から9月にかけての9日間、のべ176名で実施した。福島県内の帰還困難区域を中心として、公共施設等を選定したうえで、各自治体との情報交換を行い、まずはNaIシンチレーターもしくは電離箱を用いて地面から1mおよび5cmの空間線量の測定を行い、専用の採土器を用いて表層より5cmの土壌を採取した。また採取時は5年間の環境中での放射性核種の移動状況を評価するために、土壌は表層部の0.0-2.5cmと、深部の2.5-5.0cmに分けて採取した。

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