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Journal Articles

Rapid analysis of $$^{90}$$Sr in cattle bone and tooth samples by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

Koarai, Kazuma; Matsueda, Makoto; Aoki, Jo; Yanagisawa, Kayo*; Terashima, Motoki; Fujiwara, Kenso; Kino, Yasushi*; Oka, Toshitaka; Takahashi, Atsushi*; Suzuki, Toshihiko*; et al.

Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 36(8), p.1678 - 1682, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Chemistry, Analytical)

Rapid analysis of $$^{90}$$Sr in bone and tooth samples of cattle were achieved by an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) coupled with mass shift and solid phase extraction techniques. Limit of detection (LOD) in the ICP-MS measurement of 0.1 g samples was lower than that of the radioactivity measurement. Analytical time of the ICP-MS method was reduced from 20 days to 11 hours, compared with the radiometric method. Therefore, the ICP-MS method can be rapid and useful procedure of $$^{90}$$Sr in small bone and tooth samples derived from terrestrial animals.

Journal Articles

Online solid-phase extraction-inductively coupled plasma-quadrupole mass spectrometry with oxygen dynamic reaction for quantification of technetium-99

Matsueda, Makoto; Yanagisawa, Kayo*; Koarai, Kazuma; Terashima, Motoki; Fujiwara, Kenso; Abe, Hironobu; Kitamura, Akihiro; Takagai, Yoshitaka*

ACS Omega (Internet), 6(29), p.19281 - 19290, 2021/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Online solid-phase extraction-inductively coupled plasma-quadrupole mass spectrometry with oxygen dynamic reaction cell (online SPE-ICP-MS-DRC) was shown to be a thorough automatic analytical system, circumventing the need for human handling. At three stepwise separations (SPE-DRC-Q mass filters), we showed that interference materials allowed the coexistence of abundance ratios of 1.5$$times$$10$$^{-13}$$ for $$^{99}$$Tc/Mo. Using this optimized system, a detection limit of $$^{99}$$Tc was 9.3 pg/L (5.9 mBq/L) for a 50 mL injection and sequential measurements were undertaken at a cycle of 24 min/sample.

JAEA Reports

Development of solid-phase extraction technique for ICP-MS analysis of iodine-129 in environmental samples; Comparative study of anion-exchange and silver ion-supported resins on isolation of Iodine-129 from interference elements

Aoki, Jo; Matsueda, Makoto; Koarai, Kazuma; Terashima, Motoki; Fujiwara, Kenso; Abe, Hironobu

JAEA-Research 2021-002, 20 Pages, 2021/05

JAEA-Research-2021-002.pdf:2.75MB

In order to analyze extremely low concentrations of $$^{129}$$I in environmental samples by ICP-MS with high sensitivity and rapidity, it is necessary to remove interfering elements (Na, Mg, K, Ca, Mo, Cd and In) using a pretreatment method with Solid-phase Extraction Resin. Anion Exchange Resins with amino groups have been widely used as Solid-phase Extraction Resins, while Ag+ Supported Resins have also been widely used in recent years. It is necessary to optimize the pretreatment technique based on characteristics of the resins. In this study, we compared in terms of separation of I from matrix elements (Na, Mg, K, Ca, Mo, Cd and In) for DOWEX1-X8, AG 1-X8 and CL Resin, and investigated their suitability for ICP-MS analysis of $$^{129}$$I in environmental samples. The results of adsorption and elution experiments showed that all resins examined uptake and elute I quantitatively. CL Resin showed the highest removal performance of interfering elements, with 3.1% of Mo remaining, but other interfering elements were removed below the detection limit of ICP-MS. However, the Mo remained after the CL Resin treatment could interfere the ICP-MS measurement of $$^{129}$$I, based on the consideration of ratio of $$^{129}$$I and Mo. The eluate from CL Resin was treated with a Cation exchange resin (DOWEX 50WX8). As a result, Mo in the eluate was removed by up to 98% and the interference from Mo was reduced to measurable level. Therefore, the pretreatment method using CL Resin in combination with DOWEX 50WX8 is effective for ICP-MS analysis of $$^{129}$$I at extremely low concentrations (background level).

Journal Articles

Applicability of Sr resin for ICP-MS measurement of $$^{90}$$Sr in hard tissue samples

Koarai, Kazuma; Matsueda, Makoto; Aoki, Jo; Yanagisawa, Kayo*; Fujiwara, Kenso; Terashima, Motoki; Kitamura, Akihiro; Abe, Hironobu

KEK Proceedings 2020-4, p.180 - 185, 2020/11

Strontium-90 and $$^{90}$$Y, its daughter nuclide, adverse effects on the bone marrow. Monitoring of $$^{90}$$Sr in the bones have been required after the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. However, conventional radioactivity measurement method for $$^{90}$$Sr requires a complicated separation of $$^{90}$$Y and a time-consuming measurement. ICP-MS system has been applied to $$^{90}$$Sr concentration survey of water, soil, and edible part of fish. We applied the ICP-MS system for the bones for the first time. In this study, reference bone (JSAC 0785 fish bone) was used as measurement samples. Sample preparation of the bone was performed using a microwave digestion instrument. After sample preparation, $$^{90}$$Sr was determined using ICP-MS system with cascade separation steps based on on-line column separation and oxygen reaction. Strontium-90 in the bones was successfully separated from Ca, Ba, Y, Zr, Fe, Se, and Ge, which interfered in ICP-MS measurement, in the separation steps.

JAEA Reports

A Study for a fire gas behavior by using a vertical shaft model (Contract research)

Abe, Hironobu; Hatakeyama, Nobuya; Yamazaki, Masanao; Okuzono, Akihiko*; Sakai, Tetsuo*; Inoue, Masahiro*

JAEA-Research 2009-019, 192 Pages, 2020/02

JAEA-Research-2009-019.pdf:8.07MB

Construction of the underground facility is on going at the Horonobe Underground Research Center, a division of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The facility is consisted of three shafts and horizontal drifts at the completion of construction and it is excavated in geological environment with methane gas, so it is important to secure the workers and visitors security in case of fire in the underground. However, it is known that the fire gas such as methane shows a complicated behavior by drift effect and so on and very difficult to predict its behavior, even if under enforced ventilation. In order to construct new prediction method of the fire gas behavior, the model scaled experiments were conducted by using the basic model which consists of shafts and drifts. As a results, fundamental data of the fire gas behavior was grasped and complicated behavior of the fire gas such as three-dimensional backflow and main flow inversion phenomena at the underground structure were ascertained. A new fire gas behavior analysis system has been designed and a prototype system has been programmed which is able to simulate the phenomena noted above. Coupling analysis method is adapted to the system, which consists of mainly one-dimensional ventilation network analysis and simplified computational fluid dynamics program named M-CFD. To minimize calculation time, M-CFD was designed as two-dimensional calculation with simulators multi area analysis system. Using the prototype system, several experimented models representing typical behavior of fire gas have been simulated for model scaled experiments. The system qualitatively reappeared the phenomena such as back flow or main flow inversion, and most of calculations completed in expected time. This indicates appropriateness of the prototype system, but some upgrade such as heat conductivity analysis in the wall rock mass transfer calculation, user friendly interface system and others will be required.

Journal Articles

Amount of radioactive cesium sedimentation in a soil saving dam with 3D laser scanner

Watanabe, Takayoshi; Oyama, Takuya; Ishii, Yasuo; Niizato, Tadafumi; Abe, Hironobu; Mitachi, Katsuaki; Sasaki, Yoshito

KEK Proceedings 2017-6, p.122 - 126, 2017/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

New measurement of the $$^{8}$$Li($$alpha$$,n)$$^{11}$$B reaction in a lower-energy region below the Coulomb barrier

Das, S. K.*; Fukuda, Tomokazu*; Mizoi, Yutaka*; Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Jeong, S. C.*; Ikezoe, Hiroshi*; Matsuda, Makoto; et al.

Physical Review C, 95(5), p.055805_1 - 055805_4, 2017/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:14.2(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Translocation of radiocesium released by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident in Japanese chestnut and chestnut weevil larvae

Sasaki, Yoshito; Ishii, Yasuo; Abe, Hironobu; Mitachi, Katsuaki; Watanabe, Takayoshi; Niizato, Tadafumi

The Horticulture Journal, 86(2), p.139 - 144, 2017/04

To examine the translocation of radiocesium (Cs) scattered by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident that occurred in March 2011 to the Japanese chestnut, we investigated the autoradiography and radiocesium concentration in each part of the Japanese chestnut. The Japanese chestnut fruit has a thin skin between the kernel (cotyledons) and shell; the kernel of the fruit is edible. $$^{137}$$Cs concentration in each part of the fruit was found to be almost the same at about 1.0$$times$$10$$^{4}$$ Bq$$cdot$$kg$$^{-1}$$. Radiocesium concentration in chestnut weevil larvae found on the fruit was approximately one-seventh of that in the kernel.

Journal Articles

The Transfer of radiocesium from the bark to the stemflow of chestnut trees (${it Castanea crenata}$) contaminated by radionuclides from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Sasaki, Yoshito; Abe, Hironobu; Mitachi, Katsuaki; Watanabe, Takayoshi; Ishii, Yasuo; Niizato, Tadafumi

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 161, p.58 - 65, 2016/09

AA2015-0311.pdf:1.93MB

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:35.83(Environmental Sciences)

We report the behavior of radiocesium on the tree bark and its transfer into the stemflow of chestnut in a forest in Fukushima. The radiocesium concentration is greatest in $$phi$$2-cm stem, less in $$<$$$$phi$$5-mm stem, and least in the leaves. In the $$phi$$2-cm stem, the radiocesium concentration of the bark was approximately 10 times that of wood. The average Cs-137 concentration of the dissolved fraction of stem flow was about 10 Bq/L; the pH was nearly constant at 5.8. A strong positive correlation was observed between the radiocesium concentration and the electrical conductivity of the dissolved fraction of stemflow; this result suggests that radiocesium and electrolytes have the same elution mechanism from the tree. Some of the particles in the particulate fraction of the stem flow was strongly adsorbed radiocesium.

Journal Articles

Input and output budgets of radiocesium concerning the forest floor in the mountain forest of Fukushima released from the TEPCO's Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Niizato, Tadafumi; Abe, Hironobu; Mitachi, Katsuaki; Sasaki, Yoshito; Ishii, Yasuo; Watanabe, Takayoshi

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 161, p.11 - 21, 2016/09

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:73.09(Environmental Sciences)

Estimations of radiocesium input and output budgets concerning the forest floor in a mountain forest region have been conducted in the north and central part of the Abukuma Mountains of Fukushima, after 2 to 3 year period following the TEPCO Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. The radiocesium input and output associated with surface washoff, throughfall, stemflow, and litterfall processes at the experimental plots have been monitored on a forest floor of evergreen Japanese cedar and deciduous Konara oak forests. The results at both monitoring locations show the radiocesium input to be 4-50 times higher than the output during the rainy season in Fukushima. These results indicate that the radiocesium tend to be preserved in the forest ecosystem due to extremely low output ratios. Thus, the associated fluxes throughout the circulation process are key issues for the projecting the environmental fate of the radiocesium levels.

Journal Articles

Direct measurement of nanoscale lithium diffusion in solid battery materials using radioactive tracer of $$^{8}$$Li

Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Jeong, S.-C.*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Jung, H. S.*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Oyaizu, Mitsuhiro*; Osa, Akihiko; Otokawa, Yoshinori; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 376, p.379 - 381, 2016/06

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:61.4(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Deposition of radioactive caesium in the Fukushima mountain forests by the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant accident

Ishii, Yasuo; Abe, Hironobu; Niizato, Tadafumi

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 3 Pages, 2015/05

As part of the project entitled "Long-Term Assessment of Transport of Radioactive Contaminant in the Environment of Fukushima" (F-TRACE project), JAEA has researched since November 2012 to predict the transport behavior of radioactive caesium, which now Cs-134 and Cs-137 are the main radiological contribution, from contaminated mountain forests to estuary and coast through dam, pond, river etc. based on their investigated data survey data in the Fukushima prefecture. In this study, we report characterization and radio assay of the surface run-off substances obtained (or collected) at the forest observation plots in the Ogi district of Kawauchi-mura and the Yamakiya district of Kawamata-machi, and at the soil-saving dam in the Ogaki district of Namie-machi, Fukishima prefecture, Japan.

Journal Articles

Nanoscale diffusion tracing by radioactive $$^{8}$$Li tracer

Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Jeong, S.-C.*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Oyaizu, Mitsuhiro*; Katayama, Ichiro*; Osa, Akihiko; Otokawa, Yoshinori; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 53(11), p.110303_1 - 110303_4, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:21.42(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

AESJ-KNS exchange work of students and young researchers; Subcommittee on students and young researchers exchange program

Ishibashi, Kenji*; Uesaka, Mitsuru*; Morita, Koji*; Sato, Yasushi*; Iimoto, Takeshi*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Unesaki, Hironobu*; Yamano, Hidemasa

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 55(7), p.403 - 406, 2013/07

Japan-Korea Exchange program has been successful and their joint sessions have been accompanying conferences. With this background, younger generation's communication has been recognized as important role in Japan and Korea's joint cooperation. Thus students and young researchers support program has started. Understanding the achievements and the current status is important, expecting unrelated areas and working groups to show interest and hopefully join this area of work.

Journal Articles

Development of a resonant laser ionization gas cell for high-energy, short-lived nuclei

Sonoda, Tetsu*; Wada, Michiharu*; Tomita, Hideo*; Sakamoto, Chika*; Takatsuka, Takaaki*; Furukawa, Takeshi*; Iimura, Hideki; Ito, Yuta*; Kubo, Toshiyuki*; Matsuo, Yukari*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 295, p.1 - 10, 2013/01

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:86.48(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Tilted-foil technique for producing a spin-polarized radioactive isotope beam

Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Mihara, Mototsugu*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Jeong, S. C.*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Momota, Sadao*; Hashimoto, Takashi*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Matsuta, Kensaku*; Ishiyama, Hironobu*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 48(5), p.54_1 - 54_10, 2012/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:18.46(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

GEM-MSTPC; An Active-target type detector in low-pressure He/CO$$_{2}$$ mixed gas

Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Yamaguchi, Kanako*; Mizoi, Yutaka*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Das, S. K.*; Hashimoto, Takashi*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Oyaizu, Mitsuhiro*; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 7(3), p.C03036_1 - C03036_14, 2012/03

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:33.72(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We developed an active-target type gas counter operating with low He/CO$$_{2}$$ (10%) detector gas for application in studying low-energy nuclear reactions using radioactive beams. A 400-$$mu$$m-thick gas electron multiplier (THGEM) was used as the proportional counter for high injection rate capability. We examined the gas gain stability and the influence of ion feedback on particle tracks at high beam injection rates of up to 10$$^{5}$$ particles per second (pps) using a low-energy $$^{12}$$C beam. From the result of this examination, we found that the THGEM was found to be applicable for our active target at high injection rates of up to 10$$^{5}$$ pps.

Journal Articles

Low-background prebunching system for heavy-ion beams at the Tokai radioactive ion accelerator complex

Okada, Masashi*; Niki, Kazuaki*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Jeong, S. C.*; Katayama, Ichiro*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Oyaizu, Mitsuhiro*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; et al.

Physical Review Special Topics; Accelerators and Beams, 15(3), p.030101_1 - 030101_10, 2012/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:10.62(Physics, Nuclear)

JAEA Reports

Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project; Research and development plan (H22-H26)

Iwatsuki, Teruki; Sato, Haruo; Nohara, Tsuyoshi; Tanai, Kenji; Sugita, Yutaka; Amano, Kenji; Yabuuchi, Satoshi; Oyama, Takuya; Amano, Yuki; Yokota, Hideharu; et al.

JAEA-Research 2011-009, 73 Pages, 2011/06

JAEA-Research-2011-009.pdf:4.41MB

The research and development plan in Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory are summarized according to the 2nd Midterm Plan till 2014 fiscal year of JAEA. In this midterm, galleries and the infrastructures for the research and development up to the depth of 350 m are constructed by Private Financial Initiative (PFI). Additionally Phase 3: Operation phase at the galleries begins in parallel to Phase 2: Construction phase. In these phases various research and development including collaboration with other institutes are conducted at the galleries. Generallic applicable techniques on the subject of the investigation of geological environment, facility construction in deep underground and the reliability of geological deposal are developed during the phase. The feasibility and reliance of various technologies concerning geological disposal is demonstrated by widely opening the outcome to the public in the society.

JAEA Reports

Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project; Synthesis of phase I investigations 2001 - 2005, volume "Geoscientific research"

Ota, Kunio; Abe, Hironobu; Kunimaru, Takanori

JAEA-Research 2010-068, 370 Pages, 2011/03

JAEA-Research-2010-068.pdf:47.73MB

The Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL) Project is a comprehensive research and development project aimed at studying the host sedimentary formations at Horonobe in Hokkaido, northern Japan. In phase I, following the selection of the URL area and site in Horonobe, stepwise surface-based investigations were carried out from March 2001 to March 2005. The relevant surface-based investigation techniques were developed and the design and safe construction plans for the URL finalised. Integration of the results ensures that the phase I goals were successfully achieved and identifies key issues that need to be addressed in phases II and III. More importantly, efforts have been made to summarise as many lessons learnt from the phase I investigations as possible to form a "knowledge base" that will reinforce the technical basis for both implementation and the formulation of safety regulations. The present report summarises the results of the phase I geoscientific research.

119 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)