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Journal Articles

Assessment of failure life evaluation methods for structural discontinuities with fatigue and creep-fatigue tests on multiperforated plate made of Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel

Ando, Masanori; Hirose, Yuichi*; Takano, Masahito*

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 143(6), p.061505_1 - 061505_9, 2021/12

This study compares and assesses the different fatigue and creep-fatigue life evaluation methods by performing tests of perforated plate made of Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel. Multi-perforated plate was subjected to mechanical cyclic loading at 550$$^{circ}$$C, and crack initiation and propagation on the surfaces of the holes were observed. A series of finite element analyses were carried out to predict the number of cycles to failure by the several failure life evaluation methods, and these predictions were then compared with the test results. Several types of evaluation methods that use the elastic FEA were applied.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of the Japanese fatigue test data in Gr.91 for elevated temperature design

Ando, Masanori; Toyota, Kodai; Hashidate, Ryuta; Onizawa, Takashi

Proceedings of ASME 2021 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2021) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2021/07

The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (ASME BPVC) Section III, Division 5 had provided only one design fatigue curve for Grade 91 steel (Gr.91) at 540 $$^{circ}$$C until 2019 version. To overcome this disadvantage, The ASME Section III Working Group had taken an action to incorporate the temperature-dependent design fatigue curves for Gr. 91 developed by Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers into ASME BPVC Section III Division 5. As the results, the temperature dependent design fatigue curves are provided in the 2021 edition of the ASME BPVC. To clear the features of the best fit fatigue curve equation, 305 data stored in the database were analyzed and the statistic values and the values of 95% and 99% lower confidence bound calculated by failure probability assessment were clarified. Moreover, some additional available data of fatigue and creep-fatigue test obtained in Japan are also indicated for considering the creep-fatigue damage evaluation under elevated temperature condition.

Journal Articles

Development of the buckling evaluation method for large scale vessel by the testing of Gr.91 vessel subjected to horizontal and cyclic vertical loading

Okafuji, Takashi*; Miura, Kazuhiro*; Sago, Hiromi*; Murakami, Hisatomo*; Ando, Masanori; Miyazaki, Masashi

Proceedings of ASME 2021 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2021) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2021/07

Buckling evaluation methods capable of evaluating elasto-plastic buckling under axial compression, bending, and shear loads are required for cylindrical vessels of fast reactors to cope with thinning due to increasing diameter and application to the seismic isolation design against huge seismic ground motion. In this study, in order to confirm the applicability of the proposal evaluation method, several buckling tests and FE analyses were carried out using the specimens made of Modified 9Cr-1Mo steel. The buckling modes and strength data in the load region where the interaction of cyclic axial compression, bending and shear buckling could occur were examined. As a result, it was confirmed that the proposal evaluation method estimated the buckling load in the tests conservatively. Moreover, a series of finite element analyzes using a model with residual stress due to welding revealed that the effect of residual stress on buckling strength is negligible in the evaluation method.

Journal Articles

Development of the buckling evaluation method for large scale vessel by the testing of Gr.91 vessel subjected to vertical and horizontal loading

Okafuji, Takashi*; Miura, Kazuhiro*; Sago, Hiromi*; Murakami, Hisatomo*; Ando, Masanori; Miyazaki, Masashi

Proceedings of ASME 2020 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2020) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2020/08

Buckling evaluation methods capable of evaluating elasto-plastic buckling under axial compression, bending, and shear loads are required for cylindrical vessels of fast reactors to cope with thinning due to increasing diameter and application to the seismic isolation design against huge seismic ground motion. In this study, in order to confirm the applicability of the proposal evaluation method, several buckling tests and FE analyses were carried out using the specimens made of Modified 9Cr-1Mo steel. The buckling modes and strength data in the load region where the interaction of axial compression, bending and shear buckling could occur were examined. As a result, it was confirmed that the proposal evaluation method estimated the buckling load in the tests conservatively. In addition, buckling strength evaluated by elasto-plastic buckling analysis had good accuracy compared to each test result by considering the stress-strain relationship and imperfection of test specimen.

Journal Articles

Development of the external pressure charts of 2 $$^{1}/_{4}$$Cr-1Mo and Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel at elevated temperature design

Ando, Masanori; Okajima, Satoshi; Imo, Kazumichi*

Proceedings of 2019 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2019) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2019/07

For the required thickness estimation against buckling in the elevated temperature design, the external pressure chart for two kinds of ferritic steel, 2 $$^{1}/_{4}$$Cr-1Mo and Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel, was developed. On the basis of the guideline described in the ASME BPVC Section II, Part D, Mandatory Appendix 3 with mechanical and physical properties provided in the JSME fast reactor code, the external pressure charts for each material were constructed. As the result, three external pressure charts with digital values were proposed for elevated temperature design. And the rationalization effect from the current alternative using was evaluated by the sample problem. This proposal resolves the two issues. One is alternative use of inferior material strength chart over the 150$$^{circ}$$C. The other is the external pressure chart above 480$$^{circ}$$C for these ferritic steels are not available.

Journal Articles

Effect of 3-D initial imperfections on the deformation behaviors of head plates subjected to convex side pressure

Yada, Hiroki; Ando, Masanori; Tsukimori, Kazuyuki; Ichimiya, Masakazu*; Anoda, Yoshinari*

Proceedings of 2018 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2018), 9 Pages, 2018/07

Containment vessel (CV) of nuclear power plants is an important structure to prevent radioactive release, however, the safety margin of the CV against pressure are not numerically clarified. The head plate structure is included in CV boundary of fast reactor. In order to develop the evaluation method of the ultimate strength of the head plate structure at beyond the specified limit, pressure failure tests and finite element analysis (FEA) of the head plates subjected to convex side pressure were performed. In the test of the relative thin thickness head plate, non-axisymmetric deformations was observed in post buckling behavior and failure pressure was lower than other cases. To evaluate non-axisymmetric deformations in the test, FEA using 3-D solid model constructed by precise dimensions of the test specimen, moreover, FEA using simplified model with uniform or non-uniform thickness were performed. Through analyses, the feature of the post buckling behavior was discussed.

Journal Articles

Application of JSME Seismic Code Case by elastic-plastic response analysis to practical piping system

Otani, Akihito*; Kai, Satoru*; Kaneko, Naoaki*; Watakabe, Tomoyoshi; Ando, Masanori; Tsukimori, Kazuyuki*

Proceedings of 2018 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2018), 10 Pages, 2018/07

This paper demonstrates an application result of the JSME Seismic Code Case to an actual complex piping system. The secondary coolant piping system of Japanese Fast Breeder Reactor, Monju, was selected as a representative of the complex piping systems. The elastic-plastic time history analysis for the piping system was performed and the piping system has been evaluated according to the JSME Seismic Code Case. The evaluation by the Code Case provides a reasonable result in terms of the piping fatigue evaluation that governs seismic integrity of piping systems.

Journal Articles

Leak rate tests of penetrate cracked head plates and modeling of head plate thickness distribution for 3-D analyses

Tsukimori, Kazuyuki*; Yada, Hiroki; Ando, Masanori; Ichimiya, Masakazu*; Anoda, Yoshinari*

Proceedings of 12th International Conference on Asian Structure Integrity of Nuclear Components (ASINCO-12) (CD-ROM), p.105 - 121, 2018/04

In FBR plants the head plate constitutes a part of the boundary of the containment vessel (CV), therefore, it is an important issue if the function as the boundary is maintained or not in the severe accident. And also it is important to evaluate the leak rate from the penetrated crack of the head plate, in order to estimate the effect of released fission product out of CV. Authors conducted pressure endurance tests of head plate specimens subjected to external pressure, which covered post-buckling behaviors and until crack penetration. In this paper leak rate test results at several pressure levels are introduced and the tendency of leak rate behaviors with relation of the penetrate crack length and the pressure level are discussed. Also, the modeling of head plate thickness distribution for 3-D analyses based on the detailed 3-D measurement data of specimens is discussed, which possibly relates to the 3-D deformation patterns observed in the tests and the length of penetration cracks.

Journal Articles

Creep-fatigue evaluation method for weld joints of Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel, 1; Proposal of the evaluation method based on finite element analysis and uniaxial testing

Ando, Masanori; Takaya, Shigeru

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 323, p.463 - 473, 2017/11

AA2016-0317.pdf:0.77MB

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:15.39(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In the present study, a method for creep-fatigue life evaluation of Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel weld joint was proposed based on finite element analysis (FEA). Since the point of the creep-fatigue life evaluation in the weld joint is a consideration of the metallurgical discontinuities, FEA was performed using a model with three material properties, a base metal (BM), weld metal (WM) and a heat-affected zone (HAZ) formed in the base metal due to the welding heat input, to consider the mutual relationships among them. The material properties of these three materials were collected and utilized in FEA for considering such metallurgical discontinuities. The creep-fatigue life estimated using the proposed evaluation method based on the FEA results were compared with available creep-fatigue test data, and the proposed method was found to predict the number of cycles to failure within a factor of 3.

Journal Articles

Experimental study on the deformation and failure of the bellows structure beyond the designed internal pressure

Ando, Masanori; Yada, Hiroki; Tsukimori, Kazuyuki; Ichimiya, Masakazu*; Anoda, Yoshinari*

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 139(6), p.061201_1 - 061201_12, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:10.91(Engineering, Mechanical)

In this study, in order to develop the evaluation method of the ultimate pressure of the bellows structure subject to the internal pressure beyond the specified, the failure test and finite element analysis (FEA) of the bellows structure were performed. The failure modes were demonstrated through the series of tests, and three kind of failure mode were observed. To simulate the buckling and deformation behavior during the test, the implicit and explicit analyses were performed.

Journal Articles

Experimental study on behaviours of two-ply bellows subjected to pressure and displacement loads

Tsukimori, Kazuyuki; Ando, Masanori; Yada, Hiroki; Ichimiya, Masakazu*; Anoda, Yoshinari*; Arakawa, Manabu*

Transactions of 24th International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology (SMiRT-24) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2017/08

The analytical treatment of Multi-ply bellows behaviours is difficult compared with that of single-ply bellows, since the uncertainty of friction between plies exists. In this study verification was conducted based on experiments by comparing between two-ply and single-ply bellows test results. Following results were obtained. The spring rate of two-ply bellows is approximately twice of that of single-ply bellows, even if internal pressure is loaded. Typical buckling behaviour of bellows, in-plane squirm, was observed in both cases of two-ply and single-ply bellows. The deformation patterns were similar with each other, but the pressure levels of two-ply bellows were approximately twice of those of single-ply bellows. These means the friction force can be ignored practically. As the conclusion, two-ply bellows analyses can be replaced by the analyses of single-ply bellows model with half pressure load and the effort of numerical analysis can be reduced.

Journal Articles

Experimental demonstration of failure modes on bellows structures subject to internal pressure

Ando, Masanori; Yada, Hiroki; Tsukimori, Kazuyuki; Ichimiya, Masakazu*; Anoda, Yoshinari*

Proceedings of 2017 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2017) (CD-ROM), 11 Pages, 2017/07

In this study, in order to develop the evaluation method of the pressure toughness of bellows structure under the beyond design base event, the pressure failure tests and finite element analysis (FEA) of the bellows structure subjected to internal pressure were performed. In the test of five convolutions 0.5 mm-thickness bellows specimen with guard pipe, the maximum pressure was larger than those in the tests without guard pipe specimens and ductile failure was observed. On the other hand, in the test of five convolutions 0.5 mm-thickness bellows specimen without guard pipe, local failure was observed. In the test of the six convolutions 1.0 mm-thickness bellows specimen, ductile failure was observed in the both single and double ply bellows. The maximum pressure obtained in all tests were about 10 times larger than the estimated results of limiting design pressure based on in-plain instability by the EJMA standards.

Journal Articles

Failure mode of ED and AD type head plates subject to convex side pressure

Yada, Hiroki; Ando, Masanori; Tsukimori, Kazuyuki; Ichimiya, Masakazu*; Anoda, Yoshinari*

Proceedings of 2017 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2017) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2017/07

The head plate that composes the boundary between primary and secondary coolant in intermediate heat exchanger of FBR has an important role when the progress of the BDBE is considered. In order to develop the evaluation method of the pressure toughness of the head plate under the BDBE, the pressure failure tests and finite element analysis of two types of head plate subjected to convex side pressure was performed in this study. It can be concluded that a failure mode of a head plate subjected convex side pressure is circumferential through-wall crack caused by straightening following the bending deformation near the rim.

Journal Articles

Thermal fatigue test on dissimilar welded joint between Gr.91 and 304SS

Wakai, Takashi; Kobayashi, Sumio; Kato, Shoichi; Ando, Masanori; Takasho, Hideki*

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2017/07

This paper describes a thermal fatigue test on a structural model with a dissimilar welded joint. In the present design of JSFR, there may be dissimilar welded joints between ferritic and austenitic steels especially in IHX and SG. Creep-fatigue is one of the most important failure modes in JSFR components. However, the creep-fatigue damage evaluation method has not been established for dissimilar welded joint. To investigate the evaluation method, structural test will be needed for verification. Therefore, a thermal fatigue test on a thick-wall cylinder with a circumferential dissimilar welded joint between Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel and 304SS was performed. Since the coefficients of thermal expansion of these steels were significantly different, buttering layer of Ni base alloy was installed between them. After the completion of the test, deep cracks were observed at the HAZ in 304SS, as well as at HAZ in Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel. There were many tiny surface cracks in BM of 304SS. According to the fatigue damage evaluation based on the finite element analysis results, the largest fatigue damage was calculated at HAZ in 304SS. Large fatigue damage was also estimated at BM of 304SS. Fatigue cracks were observed at HAZ and BM of 304SS in the test, so that analytical results are in a good agreement with the observations. However, though relatively small fatigue damage was estimated at HAZ in Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel, deep fatigue cracks were observed in the test. To identify the cause of such a discrepancy between the test and calculations, we performed a series of finite element analyses. Some metallurgical investigations were also performed.

Journal Articles

Creep-fatigue evaluation method for weld joint of Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel, 2; Plate bending test and proposal of a simplified evaluation method

Ando, Masanori; Takaya, Shigeru

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 310, p.217 - 230, 2016/12

AA2016-0318.pdf:2.62MB

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:14.27(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In the present study, to develop an evaluation procedure and design rules for Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel weld joints, a method for creep-fatigue life evaluation of Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel weld joints was proposed based on the finite element analysis (FEA) results with a series of cyclic plate bending tests of the longitudinal and horizontal seamed plates. The strain concentration and redistribution behaviors were evaluated and failure cycles were estimated using FEA by considering the test conditions and metallurgical discontinuities in the weld joints. The elastic follow-up factors calculated from a comparison of the elastic and inelastic FEA results were determined to be less than 1.5. Based on the estimated elastic follow-up factors obtained via inelastic FEA, a simplified technique using elastic FEA was proposed for evaluating the creep-fatigue life in Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel weld joints.

Journal Articles

A Screening method for prevention of ratcheting strain derived from movement of temperature distribution

Okajima, Satoshi; Wakai, Takashi; Ando, Masanori; Inoue, Yasuhiro*; Watanabe, Sota*

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 138(5), p.051204_1 - 051204_6, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:18.02(Engineering, Mechanical)

Journal Articles

Experimental study on ultimate strength of single and double type bellows under internal pressure

Ando, Masanori; Yada, Hiroki; Tsukimori, Kazuyuki; Ichimiya, Masakazu*; Anoda, Yoshinari*

Proceedings of 2016 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2016) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2016/07

To clarify the progress of the events under the beyond design basis events, it is necessary to evaluate the pressure toughness of containment vessel adequately. The containment vessel of fast reactor is composed of the various structures, and one of the thinnest boundary structures is bellows structure to absorb the thermal expansion of the coolant piping penetrating the containment vessel. In addition to the containment vessel boundary, evaluating the pressure toughness of reactor coolant and gas boundary is also important because of same reason of that in the containment vessel boundary. In the primary coolant and gas boundary, the cover gas bellows of the intermediate heat exchanger in fast reactor is one of the thinnest structures and has important role when the progress of the BDBE is considered. Therefore, in order to develop the evaluation method of the pressure toughness of bellows structure under the BDBE, the pressure failure tests and finite element analysis of the bellows structure subjected to internal pressure were performed in this study.

Journal Articles

Experimental study on ultimate strength of a ellipsoidal dished head plate under pressure on convex surface

Yada, Hiroki; Ando, Masanori; Tsukimori, Kazuyuki; Ichimiya, Masakazu*; Anoda, Yoshinari*

Proceedings of 2016 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2016) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2016/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study on behaviours of multi-ply bellows subjected to pressure and displacement loads

Tsukimori, Kazuyuki; Ando, Masanori; Yada, Hiroki

Transactions of 23rd International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology (SMiRT-23) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2015/08

Multi-ply bellows is widely used because its flexibility and pressure tightness. However, the analytical treatment of its behaviours is difficult compared with that of single-ply bellows, since the uncertainty of friction between plies exists. In this paper the strength evaluation equations of multi-ply bellows are examined and the friction effect between plies is investigated through simplified models and detailed FEM analyses of two-ply bellows for example including the effect of material plasticity and internal pressure. Mainly following results are obtained. (1) The behaviours of two-ply bellows without friction can be analysed approximately by using single-ply bellows model even in the elastic-plastic region. The effort of numerical analysis can be reduced if two-ply bellows analyses can be replaced by the analyses of single-ply bellows model. (2) The effect of friction is relatively small up to about 0.4 by friction coefficient. Therefore, the behaviours of two-ply bellows can be evaluated practically ignoring friction effect. (3) The strength of multi-ply bellows against pressure, i.e. buckling, can be evaluated conservatively by assuming no friction, even if considered the internal pressure with friction. Therefore, the evaluation method without friction is recommended for design.

Journal Articles

Creep-fatigue tests of double-end notched bar made of Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel

Shimomura, Kenta; Kato, Shoichi; Wakai, Takashi; Ando, Masanori; Hirose, Yuichi*; Sato, Kenichiro*

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2015/05

This paper describes experimental and analytical works to confirm that the design standard for SFR components sufficiently covers possible failure mechanisms. Creep-fatigue damage evaluation method in JSME design standard for SFR components has been constructed based on experiments and/or numerical analyses of conventional austenitic stainless steels, such as 304SS. Since the material characteristics of Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel are substantially different from those of austenitic stainless steels, it is required to verify the applicability of the design standards to the SFR components made of Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel. A series of uni-axial creep-fatigue tests were conducted using double-ended notch bar specimens made of Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel under displacement controlled condition with 30 minute holding. The curvature radii of the specimens were 1.6mm, 11.2mm and 40.0mm. The specimen having 1.6mm notch and 11.2mm notch failed from outer surface but the specimen having 40.0mm notch showed obvious internal crack nucleation. In addition, though total duration time of the creep-fatigue test was only 2,000 hours, a lot of creep voids and inter granular crack growth were observed. To clarify the cause of such peculiar failure, some additional experiments were performed, as well as some numerical analyses. We could point out that such a peculiar failure aspect might result from corresponding stress distribution in the cross section. As a result of a series of investigations, possible causes of such peculiar failure could be narrowed down. A future investigation plan was proposed to clarify the most significant cause.

116 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)