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論文

Longitudinal spin fluctuations driving field-reinforced superconductivity in UTe$$_2$$

徳永 陽; 酒井 宏典; 神戸 振作; Opletal, P.; 常盤 欣文; 芳賀 芳範; 北川 俊作*; 石田 憲二*; 青木 大*; Knebel, G.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 131(22), p.226503_1 - 226503_7, 2023/12

Our measurements of $$^{125}$$Te NMR relaxations reveal an enhancement of electronic spin fluctuations above $$mu_0H^*sim15$$~T, leading to their divergence in the vicinity of the metamagnetic transition at $$mu_0H_mapprox35$$~T, below which field-reinforced superconductivity appears when a magnetic field ($$H$$) is applied along the crystallographic $$b$$ axis. The NMR data evidence that these fluctuations are dominantly longitudinal, providing a key to understanding the peculiar superconducting phase diagram in $$H|b$$, where such fluctuations enhance the pairing interactions.

論文

Impact of the Ce$$4f$$ states in the electronic structure of the intermediate-valence superconductor CeIr$$_3$$

藤森 伸一; 川崎 郁斗; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 雀部 矩正*; 佐藤 芳樹*; 清水 悠晴*; 仲村 愛*; Maruya, A.*; 本間 佳哉*; et al.

Electronic Structure (Internet), 5(4), p.045009_1 - 045009_7, 2023/11

The electronic structure of the $$f$$-based superconductor $$mathrm{CeIr_3}$$ was studied by photoelectron spectroscopy. The energy distribution of the $$mathrm{Ce}~4f$$ state was revealed by the $$mathrm{Ce}~3d-4f$$ resonant photoelectron spectroscopy. The $$mathrm{Ce}~4f$$ state was mostly distributed in the vicinity of the Fermi energy, suggesting the itinerant character of the $$mathrm{Ce}~4f$$ state. The contribution of the $$mathrm{Ce}~4f$$ state to the density of states (DOS) at the Fermi energy was estimated to be nearly half of that of the$$mathrm{Ir}~5d$$ states, implying that the $$mathrm{Ce}~4f$$ state has aconsiderable contribution to the DOS at the Fermi energy. The $$mathrm{Ce}~3d$$ core-level and $$mathrm{Ce}~3d$$ X-ray absorption spectra were analyzed based on a single-impurity Anderson model. The number of the $$mathrm{Ce}~4f$$ state in the ground state was estimated to be 0.8-0.9, which is much larger than the values obtained in the previous studies (i.e., 0-0.4).

論文

Magnetic and fermi surface properties of semimetals EuAs$$_3$$ and Eu(As$$_{1-x}$$P$$_x$$)$$_3$$

大貫 惇睦*; 軽部 皓介*; 青木 大*; 仲村 愛*; 本間 佳哉*; 松田 達磨*; 芳賀 芳範; 竹内 徹也*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(11), p.114703_1 - 114703_12, 2023/11

Single crystal samples of a series of semimetallic magnet Eu(As$$_{1-x}$$P$$_x$$)$$_3$$ have successfully grown. By measuring magnetization, Hall resistivity and de Haas-van Alphen oscillations, large anomalous Hall resistivity arising from peculiar magnetic phase diagram was identified.

論文

Superconducting spin reorientation in spin-triplet multiple superconducting phases of UTe$$_2$$

金城 克樹*; 藤林 裕己*; 松村 拓輝*; 堀 文哉*; 北川 俊作*; 石田 憲二*; 徳永 陽; 酒井 宏典; 神戸 振作; 仲村 愛*; et al.

Science Advances (Internet), 9(30), p.2736_1 - 2736_6, 2023/07

Superconducting (SC) state has spin and orbital degrees of freedom, and spin-triplet superconductivity shows multiple SC phases because of the presence of these degrees of freedom. However, the observation of spin-direction rotation occurring inside the SC state (SC spin rotation) has hardly been reported. Uranium ditelluride, a recently found topological superconductor, exhibits various SC phases under pressure: SC state at ambient pressure (SC1), high-temperature SC state above 0.5 gigapascal (SC2), and low-temperature SC state above 0.5 gigapascal (SC3). We performed nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and ac susceptibility measurements on a single-crystal uranium ditelluride. The b axis spin susceptibility remains unchanged in SC2, unlike in SC1, and decreases below the SC2-SC3 transition with spin modulation. These unique properties in SC3 arise from the coexistence of two SC order parameters. Our NMR results confirm spin-triplet superconductivity with SC spin parallel to b axis in SC2 and unveil the remaining of spin degrees of freedom in SC uranium ditelluride.

論文

Neutron reflectometry analysis of condensed water layer formation at a solid interface of epoxy resins under high humidity

Liu, Y.*; 宮田 登*; 宮崎 司*; 春藤 淳臣*; 川口 大輔*; 田中 敬二*; 青木 裕之

Langmuir, 39(29), p.10154 - 10162, 2023/06

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Water absorbed by epoxy resins from a humid atmosphere considerably influences their structure and properties. Examining the effects of absorbed water on epoxy resins at their interfaces with solid substrates is crucial because of their adhesive applications in various fields. The spatial distribution of absorbed water in epoxy resin thin films under high humidity was investigated in this study by neutron reflectometry. Water molecules were found to accumulate at the SiO$$_{2}$$/epoxy resin interface after exposure at a relative humidity of 85% for 8 h. The formation of an ca.1 nm-thick condensed water layer was observed, and the thickness of this layer varied with curing conditions of epoxy systems. Furthermore, the water accumulation at the interface was noted to be affected by high-temperature and high-humidity environments. The formation of the condensed water layer is presumed to be related to the features of the polymer layer near the interface. The construction of the interface layer of epoxy resin would be affected by the interface constraint effect on the cross-linked polymer chain during the curing reaction. This study provides essential information for understanding the factors influencing the accumulation of water at the interface in epoxy resins. In the practical application, the process of improving the construction of epoxy resin near the interface would be a reasonable solution to resist the water accumulation in the interface.

論文

Low-temperature magnetic fluctuations investigated by $$^{125}$$Te-NMR on the uranium-based superconductor UTe$$_2$$

藤林 裕己*; 金城 克樹*; 仲嶺 元輝*; 北川 俊作*; 石田 憲二*; 徳永 陽; 酒井 宏典; 神戸 振作; 仲村 愛*; 清水 悠晴*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(5), p.053702_1 - 053702_5, 2023/05

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

To investigate the static and dynamic magnetic properties on the uranium-based superconductor UTe$$_2$$, we measured the NMR Knight shift $$K$$ and the nuclear spin lattice relaxation rate 1/$$T_1$$ in $$H//a$$ by $$^{125}$$Te-NMR on a $$^{125}$$Te-enriched single-crystal sample. 1/$$T_1$$$$T$$ in $$H//a$$ is much smaller than 1/$$T_1$$$$T$$ in $$H //b$$ and c, and magnetic fluctuations along each axis are derived from the 1/$$T_1$$$$T$$ measured in $$H$$ parallel to all three crystalline axes. The magnetic fluctuations are almost identical at two Te sites and isotropic at high temperatures, but become anisotropic below 40 K, where heavy-fermion state is formed.

論文

Large reduction in the $$a$$-axis knight shift on UTe$$_2$$ with $$T_c$$ = 2.1 K

松村 拓輝*; 藤林 裕己*; 金城 克樹*; 北川 俊作*; 石田 憲二*; 徳永 陽; 酒井 宏典; 神戸 振作; 仲村 愛*; 清水 悠晴*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(6), p.063701_1 - 063701_5, 2023/05

Spin susceptibility in the superconducting (SC) state was measured in the higher-quality sample of uranium-based superconductor UTe$$_2$$ by using Knight-shift measurements for a magnetic field $$H$$ along all three crystalline axes. In the higher-quality sample, the SC transition temperature $$T_c$$ is about 2.1 K, and the residual electronic term in the specific heat is almost zero. The NMR linewidth becomes narrower and is almost half of that in the previous sample with $$T_csim$$1.6 K when $$H//a$$ and $$c$$. Although the Knight-shift behavior was not so different from the previous results for $$H//b$$, and $$c$$, a large reduction in Knight shift along the $$a$$ axis was observed, in contrast with the previous $$a$$-axis Knight shift result. We discuss the origin of the difference between the previous and present results, and the possible SC state derived from the present results.

論文

Field induced multiple superconducting phases in UTe$$_2$$ along hard magnetic axis

酒井 宏典; 常盤 欣文; Opletal, P.; 木俣 基*; 淡路 智*; 佐々木 孝彦*; 青木 大*; 神戸 振作; 徳永 陽; 芳賀 芳範

Physical Review Letters, 130(19), p.196002_1 - 196002_6, 2023/05

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:92.4(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

$$T_{rm c}$$=2.1Kのウラン2テルル化物単結晶における超伝導相図を磁気困難軸である結晶$$b$$軸方向に磁場をかけて調べた。電気抵抗と交流帯磁率を同時に測定した結果、低磁場超伝導(LFSC)相と高磁場超伝導(HFSC)相が、対照的な磁場-角度依存性をもつことがわかった。結晶の純良性が上がったことにより、LFSC相の上部臨界磁場は上昇したものの、HFSC相が現れる特徴磁場$$H^{ast}$$は、単結晶の純良性に関わらず、15Tと一定であることがわかった。また、$$H^{ast}$$近傍のLFSC相内に、弱い渦糸ピン留め力で特徴づけられる中間超伝導相を示唆する新たな相線の形跡を捉えた。

論文

Magnetic properties of single crystalline Tb$$_5$$Sb$$_3$$

北折 暁*; 金澤 直也*; 木田 孝則*; 鳴海 康雄*; 萩原 政幸*; 金道 浩一*; 竹内 徹也*; 仲村 愛*; 青木 大*; 芳賀 芳範; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(2), p.024702_1 - 024702_6, 2023/02

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Magnetic properties of Tb$$_5$$Sb$$_3$$ are reported. Unlike previous investigations on a polycrystal showing multiple phase transitions, the present single crystal sample shows a single transition 133 K. It is also shown that the magnetic hysteresis increases at low temperatures.

論文

Change of superconducting character in UTe$$_{2}$$ induced by magnetic field

金城 克樹*; 藤林 裕己*; 北川 俊作*; 石田 憲二*; 徳永 陽; 酒井 宏典; 神戸 振作; 仲村 愛*; 清水 悠晴*; 本間 佳哉*; et al.

Physical Review B, 107(6), p.L060502_1 - L060502_5, 2023/02

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:94.06(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

UTe$$_2$$ is a recently discovered spin-triplet superconductor. One of the characteristic features of UTe$$_2$$ is a magnetic field ($$H$$)-boosted superconductivity above 16 T when H is applied exactly parallel to the $$b$$ axis. To date, this superconducting (SC) state has not been thoroughly investigated, and the SC properties as well as the spin state of this high-$$H$$ SC (HHSC) phase are not well understood. In this letter, we performed AC magnetic susceptibility and nuclear magnetic resonance measurements and found that, up to 24.8 T, the HHSC state has bulk nature and is quite sensitive to the $$H$$ angle and that its SC character is different from that in the low-$$H$$ SC (LHSC) state. The dominant spin component of the spin-triplet pair is along the $$a$$ axis in the LHSC state but is changed in the HHSC state along the $$b$$ axis. Our results indicate that $$H$$-induced multiple SC states originate from the remaining spin degrees of freedom.

論文

Kinetics of the interfacial curing reaction for an epoxy-amine mixture

Yamaguchi, Ko*; 川口 大輔*; 宮田 登*; 宮崎 司*; 青木 裕之; Yamamoto, Satoru*; 田中 敬二*

Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 24(36), p.21578 - 21582, 2022/09

A better understanding of the chemical reaction between epoxy and amine compounds at a solid interface is crucial for the design and fabrication of materials with appropriate adhesive strength. Here, we examined the curing reaction kinetics of epoxy phenol novolac and 4,4'-diaminodiphenyl sulfone at the outermost interface using sum-frequency generation spectroscopy, and X-ray and neutron reflectivity in conjunction with a full atomistic molecular dynamics simulation. The reaction rate constant was much larger at the quartz interface than in the bulk. While the apparent activation energy at the quartz interface obtained from an Arrhenius plot was almost identical to the bulk value, the frequency factor at the quartz interface was greater than that in the bulk. These results could be explained in terms of the densification and orientation of reactants at the interface, facilitating the encounter of the reactants present.

論文

First observation of the de Haas-van Alphen effect and Fermi surfaces in the unconventional superconductor UTe$$_2$$

青木 大*; 酒井 宏典; Opletal, P.; 常盤 欣文; 石塚 淳*; 柳瀬 陽一*; 播磨 尚朝*; 仲村 愛*; Li, D.*; 本間 佳哉*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(8), p.083704_1 - 083704_5, 2022/08

 被引用回数:15 パーセンタイル:96.38(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

de Haas-van Alphen oscillation was successfully observed in an unconventional superconductor UTe$$_2$$ using high-quality single crystals. From this observation, Fermi surfaces of this compound were determined to be cylinders elongated along the c-direction, in consistent with theoretical expectation. However, the extremely large cyclotron effective masses ranging 32 to 57 m$$_0$$, in consistent with the electronic specific heat, far exceed calculated values.

論文

Unconventional superconductivity in UTe$$_2$$

青木 大*; Brison, J.-P.*; Flouquet, J.*; 石田 憲二*; Knebel, G.*; 徳永 陽; 柳瀬 陽一*

Journal of Physics; Condensed Matter, 34(24), p.243002_1 - 243002_41, 2022/06

 被引用回数:36 パーセンタイル:90.23(Physics, Condensed Matter)

The novel spin-triplet superconductor candidate UTe$$_2$$ attracted enormous attention. We review key experimental and theoretical progress which has been achieved in different laboratories. UTe$$_2$$ has been expected to be close to a ferromagnetic instability, showing many similarities to the U-based ferromagnetic superconductors, URhGe and UCoGe. The competition between different types of magnetic interactions and the duality between the local and itinerant character of the 5 f Uranium electrons, as well as the shift of the U valence appear as key parameters in the rich phase diagrams discovered recently under extreme conditions like low temperature, high magnetic field, and pressure. We discuss macroscopic and microscopic experiments at low temperature to clarify the normal phase properties at ambient pressure for field applied along the three axis of this orthorhombic structure.

論文

Single crystal growth and magnetic properties of $$alpha$$-Mn and $$beta$$-Mn

大貫 惇睦*; 青木 大*; 仲村 愛*; 松田 達磨*; 中島 美帆*; 芳賀 芳範; 竹内 徹也*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(6), p.065001_1 - 065001_2, 2022/06

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Single crystals of $$alpha$$-Mn and $$beta$$-Mn are successfully grown. Non-Fermi-liquid relations of the low-temperature resistivity and specific heat are found in the spin-liquid state of $$beta$$-Mn. On the other hand, $$alpha$$-Mn exhibits antiferromagnetic transition.

論文

Single crystal growth and magnetic properties of noncentrosymmetric antiferromagnet Mn$$_3$$IrSi

大貫 惇睦*; 金子 良夫*; 青木 大*; 仲村 愛*; 松田 達磨*; 中島 美帆*; 芳賀 芳範; 竹内 徹也*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(6), p.065002_1 - 065002_2, 2022/06

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:31.68(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Single crystals of Mn$$_3$$IrSi were grown using Bridgman method. Mn$$_3$$IrSi shows a remarkable increase of the electrical resistivity below antiferromagnetic transition temperature accompanied by a large jump of specific heat.

論文

Split Fermi surface properties of noncentrosymmetric compounds Fe$$_2$$P, Ni$$_2$$P, and Pd$$_2$$Si

大貫 惇睦*; 仲村 愛*; 青木 大*; 松田 達磨*; 芳賀 芳範; 播磨 尚朝*; 竹内 徹也*; 金子 良夫*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(6), p.064712_1 - 064712_10, 2022/06

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Fermi surface of noncentrocymmetric Fe$$_2$$P, Ni$$_2$$P and Pd$$_2$$Si was studied by means of de Haas-van Alphen experiments. The splitting energy of Fermi surfaces due to antisymmetric spin-orbit coupling is estimated.

論文

Abrupt change in electronic states under pressure in new compound EuPt$$_3$$Al$$_5$$

小泉 尭嗣*; 本多 史憲*; 佐藤 芳樹*; Li, D.*; 青木 大*; 芳賀 芳範; 郷地 順*; 長崎 尚子*; 上床 美也*; 金子 良夫*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(4), p.043704_1 - 043704_5, 2022/04

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A new ternary europium compound EuPt$$_3$$Al$$_5$$ is reported. It orders antiferromagnetically at 12.4 K. Application of hydrostatic pressure varies the transition temperature and the compound becomes non-magnetic above the critical pressure 9 GPa. The pressure-temperature phase diagram is indicative of a possible valence crossover at the critical pressure.

論文

Drastic change in magnetic anisotropy of UTe$$_2$$ under pressure revealed by $$^{125}$$Te-NMR

金城 克樹*; 藤林 裕己*; 仲嶺 元輝*; 北川 俊作*; 石田 憲二*; 徳永 陽; 酒井 宏典; 神戸 振作; 仲村 愛*; 清水 悠晴*; et al.

Physical Review B, 105(14), p.L140502_1 - L140502_5, 2022/04

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:72.4(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

To investigate the normal-state magnetic properties of UTe$$_2$$ under pressure, we perform $$^{125}$$Te nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements up to 2 GPa. Below 1.2 GPa, the b-axis NMR Knight shift shows a broad maximum at the so-called $$T_{chi, max}$$ on cooling, which is consistent with the magnetization measurement under pressure. $$T_{chi, max}$$ decreases with increasing pressure and disappears at the critical pressure $$P_c$$= 1.7 GPa, above which superconductivity is destroyed.

論文

Slow electronic dynamics in the paramagnetic state of UTe$$_2$$

徳永 陽; 酒井 宏典; 神戸 振作; 芳賀 芳範; 常盤 欣文; Opletal, P.; 藤林 裕己*; 金城 克樹*; 北川 俊作*; 石田 憲二*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(2), p.023707_1 - 023707_5, 2022/02

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:93.25(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

ウラン系の強磁性超伝導体で議論されてきた、「強磁性ゆらぎによるスピン三重項超伝導対の形成」および「強磁性ゆらぎを介した磁場による対形成引力の制御」というコンセプトがUTe$$_2$$においても成り立つことを期待させる。しかしその一方、$$_2$$では静的な強磁性秩序は存在せず、低温の磁気状態がこれまでのウラン系強磁性超伝導体にどこまで近いのかという点については疑問を持たれていた。実際、最近の中性子散乱実験では、比較的高温側から反強磁性に近いq=0.57という波数を持った磁気ゆらぎの発達が示されている。本研究では$$^{125}$$Te-NMR実験により低温で非常に遅いゆっくりとした揺らぎが発達する様子を捉えることに成功した。このことはこの系の低温における強い相関の発達を示唆している。

論文

Star-polymer-DNA gels showing highly predictable and tunable mechanical responses

大平 征史*; 片島 拓弥*; 内藤 瑞*; 青木 大輔*; 吉川 祐介*; 岩瀬 裕希*; 高田 慎一; 宮田 完二郎*; Chung, U.-I.*; 酒井 崇匡*; et al.

Advanced Materials, 34(13), p.2108818_1 - 2108818_9, 2022/01

DNA duplexes are ideal crosslinkers for building such gels because of their excellent sequence addressability and flexible tunability in bond energy. However, the mechanical responses of most DNA gels are complicated and unpredictable. The melting curve analysis of the DNA gels reveals the good correspondence between the thermodynamic potentials of the DNA crosslinkers and the presimulated values by DNA calculators. Stress-relaxation tests and dissociation kinetics measurements show that the macroscopic relaxation time of the DNA gels is approximately equal to the lifetime of the DNA crosslinkers over 4 orders of magnitude from 0.1-2000 s. Furthermore, a series of durability tests find the DNA gels are hysteresis-less and self-healable after the applications of repeated temperature and mechanical stimuli.

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