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Journal Articles

Guidance for developing fuel design limit of high temperature gas-cooled reactor

Sato, Hiroyuki; Aoki, Takeshi; Ohashi, Hirofumi

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2020/08

The present study aims to propose a guidance that facilitates to determine fuel design limits of commercial HTGR on the basis of licensing experience through the HTTR construction. The guidance consists of a set of FOMs and a process to determine their evaluation criteria. The FOMs are firstly identified to satisfy safety requirements and a basic concept of safety guides established in a special committee under the AESJ with the support of the Research Association of High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor Plant. The development process for the evaluation criteria takes into account not only the top-level regulatory criteria but also design dependent constraints including the performance of fission product containment in physical barriers other than fuel, fuel qualification criteria, design specifications of an instrumentation and control system. As a result, a comprehensive and transparent procedure for designers of prismatic-type commercial HTGR has been developed.

Journal Articles

Methodology development for transient flow distribution analysis in high temperature gas-cooled reactor

Aoki, Takeshi; Sato, Hiroyuki; Ohashi, Hirofumi

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2020/08

The flow distribution analysis, which is a part of thermal hydraulic design of the prismatic-type of the high temperature gas cooled reactor (HTGR) considering unintended flows between graphite blocks, has been performed for steady and conservative conditions. On the other hand, the transient analysis for satisfactorily realistic conditions will be helpful for the design improvement of prismatic-type HTGR. The present study aims to develop the transient flow distribution analysis code and confirm its applicability for the transient flow distribution analysis for prismatic-type HTGRs during anticipated operational occurrences and accidents utilizing experiences on high temperature engineering test reactor (HTTR) design. The calculation model and code were developed and validated for analysis of the unintended flows in the core and the molecular diffusion dominant in beginning air ingress behavior in an air ingress accident.

Journal Articles

Development of a flow network calculation code (FNCC) for high temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGRs)

Aoki, Takeshi; Isaka, Kazuyoshi; Sato, Hiroyuki; Ohashi, Hirofumi

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2020/08

The flow distribution analysis performed in the HTGR design has to take into account the interaction thermal and radiation deformations of the graphite structure, and the gaps between the graphite structures forming unintended flow. In the present study, a user-friendly flow network calculation code (FNCC) has been developed on the basis of experiences of High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) design for HTGR design with enhanced compatibility with other HTGR design codes and with considering graphite block deformation in iteration process without manual control. The validation of FNCC was performed for the one-column flow distribution test. The analytical results using FNCC showed good agreement with the experimental results. It is concluded that FNCC was validate for the analysis of distributions of flowrate and pressure for the flow network model including the unintended flow paths in prismatic-type HTGRs.

Journal Articles

Proliferation resistance evaluation of an HTGR transuranic fuel cycle using PRAETOR code

Aoki, Takeshi; Chirayath, S. S.*; Sagara, Hiroshi*

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 141, p.107325_1 - 107325_7, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The proliferation resistance (PR) of an inert matrix fuel (IMF) in the transuranic nuclear fuel cycle (NFC) of a high temperature gas cooled reactor is evaluated relative to the uranium and plutonium mixed-oxide (MOX) NFC of a light water reactor using PRAETOR code and sixty-eight input attributes. The objective is to determine the impacts of chemical stability of IMF and fuel irradiation on the PR. Specific material properties of the IMF, such as lower plutonium content, carbide ceramics coating, and absence of $$^{235}$$U, contribute to enhance its relative PR compared to MOX fuel. The overall PR value of the fresh IMF (an unirradiated direct use material with a one-month diversion detection timeliness goal) is nearly equal to that of the spent MOX fuel (an irradiated direct use nuclear material with a three-month diversion detection timeliness goal). Final results suggest a reduced safeguards inspection frequency to manage the IMF.

Journal Articles

Research and development for safety and licensing of HTGR cogeneration system

Sato, Hiroyuki; Aoki, Takeshi; Ohashi, Hirofumi; Yan, X. L.

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 360, p.110493_1 - 110493_8, 2020/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

JAEA has been conducting research and development with a central focus on the utilization of HTTR, the first HTGR in Japan, towards the realization of industrial use of nuclear heat. On the basis of licensing experience through the HTTR construction, JAEA initiated an activity to establish an international safety standard for licensing of commercial HTGR cogeneration systems fully taking into account safety features of HTGRs. We have developed a roadmap towards licensing of commercial HTGR cogeneration systems. A test plan using the HTTR to support the establishment of safety standards and safety analysis methods are also presented. In addition, we confirmed that a vessel cooling system, a passive air-cooled decay heat removal system, satisfies the safety requirement.

Journal Articles

Study of SiC-matrix fuel element for HTGR

Mizuta, Naoki; Aoki, Takeshi; Ueta, Shohei; Ohashi, Hirofumi; Yan, X. L.

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 5 Pages, 2019/05

Enhancement of safety and cooling performance of fuel elements are desired for a commercial High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR). Applying sleeveless fuel elements and dual side directly cooling structures with oxidation resistant SiC-matrix fuel compact has a possibility of improving safety and cooling performance at the pin-in-block type HTGR. The irradiated effective thermal conductivity of a fuel compact is an important physical property for core thermal design of the pin-in-block type HTGR. In order to discuss the irradiated effective thermal conductivity of the SiC-matrix fuel compact which could improve the cooling performance of the reactor, the maximum fuel temperature during normal operation of the pin-in-block type HTGR with dual side directly cooling structures are analytically evaluated. From these results, the desired irradiated thermal conductivity of SiC matrix are discussed. In addition, the suitable fabrication method of SiC-matrix fuel compact is examined from viewpoints of the sintering temperature, the purity and the mass productivity.

Journal Articles

Magnetic, thermal, and neutron diffraction studies of a coordination polymer; bis(glycolato)cobalt(II)

Nakane, Tomohiro*; Yoneyama, Shota*; Kodama, Takeshi*; Kikuchi, Koichi*; Nakao, Akiko*; Ohara, Takashi; Higashinaka, Ryuji*; Matsuda, Tatsuma*; Aoki, Yuji*; Fujita, Wataru*

Dalton Transactions (Internet), 48(1), p.333 - 338, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:74.85(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Conceptual plant system design study of an experimental HTGR upgraded from HTTR

Ohashi, Hirofumi; Goto, Minoru; Ueta, Shohei; Sato, Hiroyuki; Fukaya, Yuji; Kasahara, Seiji; Sasaki, Koei; Mizuta, Naoki; Yan, X.; Aoki, Takeshi*

Proceedings of 9th International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology (HTR 2018) (USB Flash Drive), 6 Pages, 2018/10

Conceptual design study of an experimental HTGR is performed to upgrade the plant system from Japanese High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) to a commercial HTGR. Safety systems of HTTR are upgraded to demonstrate the commercial HTGR concept, such as a passive reactor cavity cooling system, a confinement, etc. An intermediate heat exchanger (IHX) is replaced by a steam generator (SG) for a process heat supply to demonstrate the technology for a commercial use. This paper describes the conceptual design study results of the plant system of the experimental HTGR.

Journal Articles

Precise determination of $$^{12}_{Lambda}$$C level structure by $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy

Hosomi, Kenji; Ma, Y.*; Ajimura, Shuhei*; Aoki, Kanae*; Dairaku, Seishi*; Fu, Y.*; Fujioka, Hiroyuki*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Imoto, Wataru*; Kakiguchi, Yutaka*; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2015(8), p.081D01_1 - 081D01_8, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:28.45(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Level structure of the $$^{12}_{Lambda}$$C hypernucleus was precisely determined by means of $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy. We identified four $$gamma$$-ray transitions via the $$^{12}$$C$$(pi^{+},K^{+}gamma)$$ reaction using a germanium detector array, Hyperball2. The spacing of the ground-state doublet $$(2^{-}, 1^{-}_{1})$$ was measured to be $$161.5pm0.3$$(stat)$$pm0.3$$ (syst)keV from the direct $$M1$$ transition. Excitation energies of the $$1^{-}_{2}$$ and $$1^{-}_{3}$$ states were measured to be $$2832pm3pm4$$, keV and $$6050pm8pm7$$, keV, respectively. The obtained level energies provide definitive references for the reaction spectroscopy of $$Lambda$$ hypernuclei.

JAEA Reports

Annual report of Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center (April 1, 2013 - March 31, 2014)

Sato, Takeshi; Muto, Shigeo; Akiyama, Kiyomitsu; Aoki, Kazufumi; Okamoto, Akiko; Kawakami, Takeshi; Kume, Nobuhide; Nakanishi, Chika; Koie, Masahiro; Kawamata, Hiroyuki; et al.

JAEA-Review 2014-048, 69 Pages, 2015/02

JAEA-Review-2014-048.pdf:13.91MB

JAEA was assigned as a designated public institution under the Disaster Countermeasures Basic Act and under the Armed Attack Situations Response Act. Based on these Acts, the JAEA has the responsibility of providing technical support to the national government and/or local governments in case of disaster responses or response in the event of a military attack, etc. In order to fulfill the tasks, the JAEA has established the Emergency Action Plan and the Civil Protection Action Plan. In case of a nuclear emergency, NEAT dispatches specialists of JAEA, supplies the national government and local governments with emergency equipment and materials, and gives technical advice and information. In normal time, NEAT provides various exercises and training courses concerning nuclear disaster prevention to those personnel taking an active part in emergency response institutions of the national and local governments, police, fire fighters, self-defense forces, etc. in addition to the JAEA itself. The NEAT also researches nuclear disaster preparedness and response, and cooperates with international organizations. In the FY2013, the NEAT accomplished the following tasks: (1) Technical support activities as a designated public institution in cooperation with the national and local governments, etc. (2) Human resource development, exercise and training of nuclear emergency response personnel for the national and local governments, etc. (3) Researches on nuclear disaster preparedness and response, and sending useful information (4) International contributions to Asian countries on nuclear disaster preparedness and response in collaboration with the international organizations

Journal Articles

Magnetic-field-induced charge order in the filled skutterudite SmRu$$_{4}$$P$$_{12}$$; Evidence from resonant and nonresonant X-ray diffraction

Matsumura, Takeshi*; Michimura, Shinji*; Inami, Toshiya; Hayashi, Yuya*; Fushiya, Kengo*; Matsuda, Tatsuma*; Higashinaka, Ryuji*; Aoki, Yuji*; Sugawara, Hitoshi*

Physical Review B, 89(16), p.161116_1 - 161116_5, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:42.82(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The antiferromagnetic ordered phase below $$T_{rm MI}$$ = 16.5 K and the unresolved intermediate phase between $$T_{rm MI}$$ and $$T^*$$ (= 14 K) in SmRu$$_4$$P$$_{12}$$ have been studied by resonant and nonresonant X-ray diffraction. In the intermediate phase, nonresonant Thomson scattering with $$q$$ = (1,0,0) is induced by applying a magnetic field. This phenomena is caused by atomic displacements reflecting the charge order in the $$p$$ band, as predicted theoretically. Simultaneously, the antiferromagnetic moment of Sm is enhanced along the field direction, which is considered to reflect the staggered ordering of the $$Gamma_7$$ - $$Gamma_8$$ crystal-field states. The present results show that the orbital-dependent $$p$$ - $$f$$ hybridization in association with the nesting instability in the $$p$$ band gives rise to the unconventional charge order similarly with PrRu$$_4$$P$$_{12}$$ and PrFe$$_4$$P$$_{12}$$.

JAEA Reports

Annual report of Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center (April 1, 2012 - March 31, 2013)

Sato, Takeshi; Muto, Shigeo; Okuno, Hiroshi; Katagiri, Hiromi; Akiyama, Kiyomitsu; Okamoto, Akiko; Koie, Masahiro; Ikeda, Takeshi; Nemotochi, Toshimasa; Saito, Toru; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-046, 65 Pages, 2014/02

JAEA-Review-2013-046.pdf:11.18MB

When a nuclear emergency occurs in Japan, the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has the responsibility of providing technical support to the National government, local governments, police, fire stations and nuclear operators etc., because the JAEA has been designated as the Designated Public Institution under the Basic Act on Disaster Control Measures and the Act on Response to Armed Attack Situations, etc.. The Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center (NEAT) of JAEA provides a comprehensive range of technical support activities to an Off-Site Center in case of a nuclear emergency. Specifically, NEAT gives technical advice and information, dispatches specialists as required, and supplies the National Government and local governments with emergency equipments and materials. NEAT provides various exercise and training courses concerning nuclear disaster prevention to those personnel taking an active part in emergency response organizations at normal times. The tasks of NEAT, with its past experiences as a designated public institution including the responses to TEPCO's Fukushima Accident, have been shifted to technical supports to the national government for strengthening its abilities to emergency responses; the NEAT therefore focused on maintenance and operation of its functions, and strengthening its response abilities in cooperation with the national government. This annual report summarized these activities of JAEA/NEAT in the fiscal year 2012.

Journal Articles

Occurrence and potential activity of denitrifiers and methanogens in groundwater at 140 m depth in Pliocene diatomaceous mudstone of northern Japan

Katsuyama, Chie*; Nashimoto, Hiroaki*; Nagaosa, Kazuyo*; Ishibashi, Tomotaka*; Furuta, Kazuki*; Kinoshita, Takeshi*; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Aoki, Kazuhiro; Asano, Takahiro*; Sasaki, Yoshito; et al.

FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 86(3), p.532 - 543, 2013/12

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:70.47(Microbiology)

Anaerobic microbial activity has a major influence on the subsurface environment, and should be considered in subsurface activities including the construction of radioactive waste repositories. We investigated denitrification and methanogenesis in anoxic groundwater from 140 m depth in two boreholes, where the redox potential fluctuated. The average maximum potential denitrification rates, measured under anaerobic conditions in the two boreholes using an $$^{15}$$N tracer. Methanogenesis candidates were detected by 16S rRNA gene analysis. Although the stable isotope signatures suggested that some of the dissolved methane was of biogenic origin, no potential for methane production was evident during the incubations. The groundwater at 140 m depth did not contain oxygen, had an Eh ranging from -144 to 6.8 mV, and was found to be a potential field for denitrification.

Journal Articles

Countermeasures for the corrosion in the water cooling system in Joyo

Shimizu, Shunji; Tobita, Shigeharu; Tobita, Takeshi; Aoki, Shintaro*

UTNL-R-0477, p.11_1 - 11_8, 2011/08

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Analytical work at NUCEF in FY 2006

Sakazume, Yoshinori; Aoki, Hiromichi; Haga, Takahisa; Fukaya, Hiroyuki; Sonoda, Takashi; Shimizu, Kaori; Niitsuma, Yasushi*; Ito, Mitsuo; Inoue, Takeshi

JAEA-Technology 2007-069, 44 Pages, 2008/02

JAEA-Technology-2007-069.pdf:4.55MB

Analysis of the uranyl nitrate solution fuel is carried out at the analytical laboratory of NUCEF (Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Research Facility), which provides essential data for operation of STACY (Static Experiment Critical Facility), TRACY (Transient Experiment Critical Facility) and the fuel treatment system. Analyzed in FY 2006 were uranyl nitrate solution fuel samples taken before and after experiments of STACY and TRACY, samples for the preparation of uranyl nitrate solution fuel, and samples for nuclear material accountancy purpose. The total number of the samples analyzed in FY 2006 was 254. This report summarizes work related to the analysis and management of the analytical laboratory in the FY 2006.

JAEA Reports

Analytical work at NUCEF in FY 2005

Fukaya, Hiroyuki; Aoki, Hiromichi; Haga, Takahisa; Nishizawa, Hidetoshi; Sonoda, Takashi; Sakazume, Yoshinori; Shimizu, Kaori; Niitsuma, Yasushi*; Shirahashi, Koichi; Inoue, Takeshi

JAEA-Technology 2007-005, 27 Pages, 2007/03

JAEA-Technology-2007-005.pdf:1.97MB

Analysis of the uranyl nitrate solution fuel is carried out at the analytical laboratory of NUCEF (Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Research Facility), which provides essential data for operation of STACY (Static Experiment Critical Facility), TRACY (Transient Experiment Critical Facility) and the fuel treatment system. Analyzed in FY 2005 were uranyl nitrate solution fuel samples taken before and after experiments of STACY and TRACY, samples for the preparation of uranyl nitrate solution fuel, and samples for nuclear material accountancy purpose. Also analyzed were the samples from raffinate treatment and its preliminary tests. The raffinate was generated, since FY 2000, during preliminary experiments on U/Pu extraction-pulification to fix the operation condition to prepare plutonium solution fuel to be used for criticality experiments at STACY. This report summarizes work related to the analysis and management of the analytical laboratory in the FY 2005.

Journal Articles

$$^{115}$$In-NQR study of antiferromagnetism and superconductivity in CeRhIn$$_5$$ and CeIn$$_3$$ under pressure

kawasaki, Shinji*; Yashima, Mitsuharu*; kotegawa, Yu*; Mito, Takeshi*; Kawasaki, Yu*; Zheng, G.-Q.*; Kitaoka, Yoshio*; Shishido, Hiroaki*; Araki, Shingo*; Aoki, Dai*; et al.

Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 67(1-3), p.497 - 499, 2006/01

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:85.43(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We report the novel phase diagram of superconductivity (SC) and antiferromagnetism (AFM) in heavy-fermion (HF) pressure ($$P$$)-induced superconductors CeRhIn$$_5$$ and CeIn$$_3$$ through nuclear-quadrupole-resonance (NQR) measurements under $$P$$. The $$P$$-induced superconductivity in CeRhIn$$_5$$ coexists with AFM on a microscopic level in 1.5-1.9 GPa. By contrast, in CeIn$$_3$$, the $$P$$-induced phase separation of AFM and paramagnetism (PM) takes place without any trace of a quantum phase transition. The outstanding finding is that SC sets in at both the phasesmagnetically separated into AFM and PM in 2.28-2.5 GPa.

Journal Articles

Pressure effect on antiferromagnetic ordering in UIn$$_3$$

Haga, Yoshinori; Honda, Fuminori*; Eto, Tetsujiro*; Omi, Gendo*; Kagayama, Tomoko*; Takeshita, Nao*; Mori, Nobuo*; Nakanishi, Takeshi*; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi*; Aoki, Dai*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 71(8), p.2019 - 2021, 2002/08

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:45.92(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Pressure phase diagram of the antiferromagnet UIn3 was constructed from the electrical resistivity measurement under high pressures up to 9 GPa. Neel temperature increases monotonically with increasing pressure from 88 K at ambient pressure to 127 K at 9 GPa. We observed an additional resistive anomaly at 21 K under 1.4 GPa. This anomaly brings about an increase of the residual resistivity. The transition temperature decreases gradually with increasing pressure and disappears around 8 GPa.

Journal Articles

Economic scale of utilization of nuclear

Takehisa, Masaaki*; Tagawa, Seiichi*; Kashiwagi, Masayuki*; Tominaga, Hiroshi*; Ishikawa, Isamu*; Ooka, Norikazu; Kamada, Toshimitsu*; Hosobuchi, Kazunari*; Makuuchi, Keizo; Takeshita, Hidefumi; et al.

Genshiryoku Riyo No Keizai Kibo; NSA/Commentaries, No.9, 139 Pages, 2001/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Chemical effect on X-ray spectra induced by multiple inner-shell ionization, 2

Kawatsura, Kiyoshi*; Takeshima, Naoki*; Terazawa, Norihisa*; Aoki, Yasushi; Yamamoto, Shunya; Nashiyama, Isamu; Narumi, Kazumasa; Naramoto, Hiroshi

JAERI-Review 99-025, TIARA Annual Report 1998, p.188 - 190, 1999/10

no abstracts in English

47 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)