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Journal Articles

Detection limit of electron spin resonance for Japanese deciduous tooth enamel and density separation method for enamel-dentine separation

Oka, Toshitaka; Takahashi, Atsushi*; Koarai, Kazuma; Kino, Yasushi*; Sekine, Tsutomu*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; Chiba, Mirei*; Suzuki, Toshihiko*; Osaka, Ken*; Sasaki, Keiichi*; et al.

Journal of Radiation Research (Internet), 63(4), p.609 - 614, 2022/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Biology)

Electron spin resonance (ESR) dosimetry is one of the most powerful tools for radiation dose reconstruction. The detection limit of this technique using human teeth is reported to be 56 mGy or 67 mGy; however, the absorbed dose of Fukushima residents after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP) accident was estimated to be lower than this detection limit. Our aim is to assess the absorbed radiation dose of children in Fukushima Prefecture after the accident; therefore, it is important to estimate the detection limit for their teeth. The detection limit for enamel of deciduous teeth of Japanese children separated by the mechanical method is estimated to be 115.0 mGy. The density separation method can effectively separate enamel from third molars of Japanese people. As we have collected thousands of teeth from children in Fukushima, the present technique may be useful to examine their external absorbed dose after the FNPP accident.

Journal Articles

Development of dose estimation method using wild animal teeth for low dose exposure

Mitsuyasu, Yusuke*; Oka, Toshitaka; Takahashi, Atsushi*; Koarai, Kazuma; Kino, Yasushi*; Okutsu, Kenichi*; Sekine, Tsutomu*; Yamashita, Takuma*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; Chiba, Mirei*; et al.

KEK Proceedings 2021-2, p.91 - 96, 2021/12

We examined whether the ESR dose estimation method could be applied to wild Japanese macaque. In this work, we investigated the enamel preparation protocol and the analytical method of the ESR spectra.

Journal Articles

Rapid analysis of $$^{90}$$Sr in cattle bone and tooth samples by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

Koarai, Kazuma; Matsueda, Makoto; Aoki, Jo; Yanagisawa, Kayo*; Terashima, Motoki; Fujiwara, Kenso; Kino, Yasushi*; Oka, Toshitaka; Takahashi, Atsushi*; Suzuki, Toshihiko*; et al.

Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 36(8), p.1678 - 1682, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:57.42(Chemistry, Analytical)

Rapid analysis of $$^{90}$$Sr in bone and tooth samples of cattle were achieved by an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) coupled with mass shift and solid phase extraction techniques. Limit of detection (LOD) in the ICP-MS measurement of 0.1 g samples was lower than that of the radioactivity measurement. Analytical time of the ICP-MS method was reduced from 20 days to 11 hours, compared with the radiometric method. Therefore, the ICP-MS method can be rapid and useful procedure of $$^{90}$$Sr in small bone and tooth samples derived from terrestrial animals.

Journal Articles

Radioactivity and radionuclides in deciduous teeth formed before the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Takahashi, Atsushi*; Chiba, Mirei*; Tanahara, Akira*; Aida, Jun*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; Suzuki, Toshihiko*; Murakami, Shinobu*; Koarai, Kazuma; Ono, Takumi*; Oka, Toshitaka; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 11(1), p.10355_1 - 10355_11, 2021/05

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:65.73(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

External exposure dose estimation by electron spin resonance technique for wild Japanese macaque captured in Fukushima Prefecture

Oka, Toshitaka; Takahashi, Atsushi*; Koarai, Kazuma; Mitsuyasu, Yusuke*; Kino, Yasushi*; Sekine, Tsutomu*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; Chiba, Mirei*; Suzuki, Toshihiko*; Osaka, Ken*; et al.

Radiation Measurements, 134, p.106315_1 - 106315_4, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:39.71(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The relationship between the CO$$_{2}$$ radical intensity and the absorbed dose (dose response curve) of tooth enamel of Japanese macaque was observed by electron spin resonance and the detection limit of our system was estimated to be 33.5 mGy, which is comparable to the detection limit for human molar teeth. Using the dose response curve, external exposure dose for seven wild Japanese macaques captured in Fukushima prefecture were examined. The results suggest that the external exposure dose for the wild Japanese macaques were ranged between 45 mGy to 300 mGy.

Journal Articles

Nucleoside diphosphate kinase from psychrophilic ${it Pseudoalteromonas}$ sp. AS-131 isolated from Antarctic Ocean

Yonezawa, Yasushi*; Nagayama, Aiko*; Tokunaga, Hiroko*; Ishibashi, Matsujiro*; Arai, Shigeki; Kuroki, Ryota; Watanabe, Keiichi*; Arakawa, Tsutomu*; Tokunaga, Masao*

Protein Journal, 34(4), p.275 - 283, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:13.04(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Nucleoside diphosphate kinase isolated from psychrophilic ${it Pseudoalteromonas}$ sp. AS-131 (ASNDK) was expressed in ${it Escherichia coli}$ and purified to homogeneity. Comparing to mesophilic NDK isolated from ${it Pseudomonas aeruginosa}$, ASNDK exhibited highly elevated thermolability: (1) ${it E. coli}$ expression at 37$$^{circ}$$C as a denatured insoluble form, and (2) 30$$^{circ}$$C lower optimum temperature of enzymatic activity. The subunit structure of ASNDK was suggested to be dimer, as in NDKs isolated from moderate halophiles.

Journal Articles

Structure of a highly acidic $$beta$$-lactamase from the moderate halophile ${it Chromohalobacter}$ sp.560 and the discovery of a Cs$$^{+}$$-selective binding site

Arai, Shigeki; Yonezawa, Yasushi*; Okazaki, Nobuo*; Matsumoto, Fumiko*; Shibazaki, Chie; Shimizu, Rumi; Yamada, Mitsugu*; Adachi, Motoyasu; Tamada, Taro; Kawamoto, Masahide*; et al.

Acta Crystallographica Section D, 71(3), p.541 - 554, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:49.29(Biochemical Research Methods)

The crystal structure of halophilic $$beta$$-lactamase from ${it Chromohalobacter}$ sp.560 (HaBLA) was determined using X-ray crystallography. Moreover, the locations of bound Sr$$^{2+}$$ and Cs$$^{+}$$ ions were identified by anomalous X-ray diffraction. The location of one Cs$$^{+}$$ specific binding site was identified on HaBLA even in the presence of 9-fold molar excess of Na$$^{+}$$ (90 mM Na$$^{+}$$ /10 mM Cs$$^{+}$$). This Cs$$^{+}$$ binding site is formed by two main-chain O atoms and an aromatic ring of a side chain of Trp. An aromatic ring of Trp interacts with Cs$$^{+}$$ by the cation-$$pi$$ interaction. The observation of a selective and high-affinity Cs$$^{+}$$ binding site provides important information that is useful for designing artificial Cs$$^{+}$$ binding sites useful in bioremediation of radioactive isotopes.

Journal Articles

Past, present, and future of Monju

Mukai, Kazuo; Arai, Masanobu; Ito, Kazuhiro; Okawachi, Yasushi

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 56(9), p.554 - 560, 2014/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Structural characteristics of alkaline phosphatase from the moderately halophilic bacterium ${it Halomonas}$ sp.593

Arai, Shigeki; Yonezawa, Yasushi*; Ishibashi, Matsujiro*; Matsumoto, Fumiko*; Adachi, Motoyasu; Tamada, Taro; Tokunaga, Hiroko*; Blaber, M.; Tokunaga, Masao*; Kuroki, Ryota

Acta Crystallographica Section D, 70(3), p.811 - 820, 2014/03

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:57.94(Biochemical Research Methods)

In order to clarify the structural basis of halophilic characteristics of an alkaline phosphatase derived from the moderate halophile ${it Halomonas}$ sp.593 (HaAP), the tertiary structure of HaAP was determined to 2.1${AA}$ resolution by X-ray crystallography. Structural properties of surface negative charge and core hydrophobicity are shown to be intermediate between halophile and non-halophile characteristics, and may explain the unique functional adaptation to a wide-range of salt concentration.

Journal Articles

A Structural mechanism for dimeric to tetrameric oligomer conversion in ${it Halomonas}$ sp. nucleoside diphosphate kinase

Arai, Shigeki; Yonezawa, Yasushi; Okazaki, Nobuo; Matsumoto, Fumiko; Tamada, Taro; Tokunaga, Hiroko*; Ishibashi, Matsujiro*; Blaber, M.; Tokunaga, Masao*; Kuroki, Ryota

Protein Science, 21(4), p.498 - 510, 2012/04

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:39.78(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

In order to clarify the oligomer state of nucleoside diphosphate kinase (NDK) from moderately halophilic ${it Halomonas}$ sp. 593 (HaNDK), the crystal structure of HaNDK was determined by X-ray crystallography. The crystal structures of the wild-type HaNDK and the mutant HaNDK (E134A) showed a dimer and a tetramer, respectively. The higher ordered association of proteins usually contributes to an increase in thermal stability and substrate affinity. The change in the assembly form by a minimum mutation may be an effective way for NDK to acquire molecular characteristics suited to various circumstances.

Journal Articles

Developments of in-situ SEOP polarized $$^{3}$$He neutron spin filter in Japan

Kira, Hiroshi; Sakaguchi, Yoshifumi; Oku, Takayuki; Suzuki, Junichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Arai, Masatoshi; Endo, Yasuo; Chang, L.-J.; Kakurai, Kazuhisa; Arimoto, Yasushi*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 294, p.012014_1 - 012014_5, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:95.11

Journal Articles

Applications of $$^{3}$$He neutron spin filters on the small-angle neutron scattering spectrometer SANS-J-II

Sakaguchi, Yoshifumi; Kira, Hiroshi; Oku, Takayuki; Shinohara, Takenao; Suzuki, Junichi; Sakai, Kenji; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Aizawa, Kazuya; Arai, Masatoshi; Noda, Yohei; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 294(1), p.012017_1 - 012017_7, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:66.94

Journal Articles

Structure of glasses for $$^{3}$$He neutron spin filter cells

Sakaguchi, Yoshifumi; Kira, Hiroshi; Oku, Takayuki; Shinohara, Takenao; Suzuki, Junichi; Sakai, Kenji; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Suzuya, Kentaro; Aizawa, Kazuya; Arai, Masatoshi; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 294(1), p.012004_1 - 012004_7, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:66.94

Journal Articles

Development and test of SEOP neutron spin filter in Japan

Kira, Hiroshi; Sakaguchi, Yoshifumi; Oku, Takayuki; Suzuki, Junichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Arai, Masatoshi; Kakurai, Kazuhisa; Endo, Yasuo; Arimoto, Yasushi*; Ino, Takashi*; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 406(12), p.2433 - 2435, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:37.86(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Journal Articles

Research on glass cells for $$^{3}$$He neutron spin filters

Sakaguchi, Yoshifumi; Kira, Hiroshi; Oku, Takayuki; Shinohara, Takenao; Suzuki, Junichi; Sakai, Kenji; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Suzuya, Kentaro; Aizawa, Kazuya; Arai, Masatoshi; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 406(12), p.2443 - 2447, 2011/06

Journal Articles

Research on glass cells for $$^{3}$$He neutron spin filters

Sakaguchi, Yoshifumi; Kira, Hiroshi; Oku, Takayuki; Shinohara, Takenao; Suzuki, Junichi; Sakai, Kenji; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Suzuya, Kentaro; Aizawa, Kazuya; Arai, Masatoshi; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 406(12), p.2443 - 2447, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:17.16(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Journal Articles

Characterization of glasses for $$^{3}$$He neutron spin filter cells

Sakaguchi, Yoshifumi; Kira, Hiroshi; Oku, Takayuki; Shinohara, Takenao; Suzuki, Junichi; Sakai, Kenji; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Suzuya, Kentaro; Arai, Masatoshi; Takeda, Masayasu; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 634(1, Suppl.), p.S122 - S125, 2011/04

Journal Articles

Development of equipment(2) of MOX pellet finishing and inspection for FBR fuel

Suzuki, Yoshihiro*; Arai, Yasushi*

FAPIG, (182), p.9 - 14, 2011/02

Plan of plutonium use in nuclear reactors to make good use of uranium resource is making progress in Japan for FBR and LWR. Among these reactors, for FBR Monju, MOX fuel has been produced in JAEA MOX fuel plant from 1988. And the start of MOX fuel production in JNFL plant for LWR was decided and the plant construction started in 2010. Fuji Electric has designed and manufactured the production equipment of MOX fuel for FBR from 1990s. As a recent result Fuji Electric supplied equipment(2) of MOX pellet finishing and inspection to JAEA in February 2010. In this document we introduce the summary of equipment(2) of MOX pellet finishing and inspection.

Journal Articles

Dimer-tetramer assembly of nucleoside diphosphate kinase from moderately halophilic bacterium ${it Chromohalobacter salexigens}$ DSM3043; Both residues 134 and 136 are critical for the tetramer assembly

Tokunaga, Hiroko*; Izutsu, Kenichi*; Arai, Shigeki; Yonezawa, Yasushi; Kuroki, Ryota; Arakawa, Tsutomu*; Tokunaga, Masao*

Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 46(2), p.129 - 135, 2010/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:22(Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology)

Both wild-type nucleoside diphosphate kinase from moderately halophilc ${it Chromohalobacter salexigens}$ (CsNDK (GNE), GNE represents Gly134-Asn135-Glu136) and mutant CsNDK (ANE), both of which have a neutral amino acid at residue 134, were found to form a dimer. These constructs contain Glu136, which may also cause steric barrier and charge repulsion. A double mutant, CsNDK (ANT), having Thr at 136 resulted in stable tetrameric assembly, supporting the above notion. A mutant CsNDK (GNT) reverted, however, to a dimer again, indicating that the introduced Ala residue at 134th in the double mutant generated a hydrophobic cluster consisting of the Ala residues and thereby stabilized dimer-dimer association of CsNDK assembly, while Gly destabilized it due to the loss of this cluster. Based on these observations, it is evident that both residues 134 and 136 contribute to the subunit assembly of CsNDK.

62 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)