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Journal Articles

Magnification of a polarization angle with a Littrow layout brazed grating

Sasao, Hajime; Arakawa, Hiroyuki*; Kubo, Hirotaka; Kawano, Yasunori; Itami, Kiyoshi

Review of Scientific Instruments, 85(8), p.086106_1 - 086106_3, 2014/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:12.4(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Three-dimensional and multienergy $$gamma$$-ray simultaneous imaging by using a Si/CdTe Compton camera

Suzuki, Yoshiyuki*; Yamaguchi, Mitsutaka; Odaka, Hirokazu*; Shimada, Hirofumi*; Yoshida, Yukari*; Torikai, Kota*; Sato, Takahiro; Arakawa, Kazuo*; Kawachi, Naoki; Watanabe, Shigeki; et al.

Radiology, 267(3), p.941 - 947, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:51.64(Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging)

Journal Articles

Identification of errors in the electron density measurements of a tangential interferometer/polarimeter system during a tokamak discharge

Arakawa, Hiroyuki; Kawano, Yasunori; Itami, Kiyoshi

Review of Scientific Instruments, 83(10), p.10E345_1 - 10E345_3, 2012/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:7.64(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

A New method for determining the plasma electron density using three-color interferometer

Arakawa, Hiroyuki; Kawano, Yasunori; Itami, Kiyoshi

Review of Scientific Instruments, 83(6), p.063507_1 - 063507_7, 2012/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:13.42(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A new method for determining the plasma electron density using the fractional fringes on three-color interferometer is proposed. Integrated phase shift on each interferometer is derived without using the temporal history of the fractional fringes. The dependence on the fringe resolution and the electrical noise are simulated on the wavelengths of CO$$_{2}$$ laser. Short-time integrations of the fractional fringes enhance the reliability of this method.

Journal Articles

The Existence of memory effect on hydrogen ordering in ice; The Effect makes ice attractive

Arakawa, Masashi*; Kagi, Hiroyuki; Fernandez-Baca, J. A.*; Chakoumakos, B.*; Fukazawa, Hiroshi

Geophysical Research Letters, 38, p.L16101_1 - L16101_5, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:36.69(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

The existence of ferroelectric ice XI with ordered hydrogen in space becomes of interest in astronomy and physical chemistry because of the strong electrostatic force. However, the influence was believed to be limited because it forms at narrow temperature range. From neutron diffraction experiments, we found that small hydrogen-ordered domains exist at significantly higher temperature and the domains induce the growth of "bulk" ice XI. The small ordered domain is named "memory" of hydrogen ordered ice because it is the residual structure of ice XI. Since the memory exists up to at least 111 K, most of ices in the solar system are hydrogen ordered and may have ferroelectricity. The small hydrogen-ordered domains govern the cosmochemical properties of ice and evolution of icy grains in the universe.

Journal Articles

Structure and properties of ferroelectric ice

Fukazawa, Hiroshi; Arakawa, Masashi*; Kagi, Hiroyuki; Yamauchi, Hiroki; Chakoumakos, B. C.*; Fernandez-Baca, J. A.*

Physics and Chemistry of Ice 2010, p.421 - 428, 2011/03

Whether or not ice in the universe exists as ferroelectric is a question that has attracted interest in astrophysics and physical chemistry, because long-range electrostatic forces, caused by the ferroelectricity, might be an important factor for materials evolution and hydrogen bonding. From neutron diffraction and scattering measurements, we have studied ice with impurities, such as potassium, sodium and lithium, that acted as a catalyst. Time-resolved diffraction experiments show that ferroelectric ice XI with hydrogen-ordered arrangement nucleates and grows with time for about 5 days. We found that the doped ice that has once been converted to ice XI is a stronger ferroelectric ice than that has never been converted. We also show the existence of the ferroelectric ice under high-pressure and its formation from compressed amorphous ice.

Journal Articles

Neutron diffraction study of hydrogen-ordered ice XI; Annealing effect and memory effect

Arakawa, Masashi*; Kagi, Hiroyuki; Fernandez-Baca, J. A.*; Chakoumakos, B. C.*; Fukazawa, Hiroshi

Physics and Chemistry of Ice 2010, p.329 - 338, 2011/03

We measured neutron diffraction profiles of KOD, NaOD, LiOD, Ca(OD)$$_{2}$$, and ND$$_{3}$$-doped ices. Ice XI, which is a hydrogen-ordered phase of normal ice (ice Ih), was observed in the KOD and NaOD-doped ices although Ca(OD)$$_{2}$$ and ND$$_{3}$$-doped ice did not transformed to ice XI. The mass fraction of ice XI to that of the doped ice ($$f$$) was estimated using Rietveld analysis for each doped ice. The $$f$$ value of the doped ice, which had once experienced being ice XI, was larger than that of the doped ice, which had never experienced being ice XI. The large $$f$$ value of the doped ice indicates that small hydrogen-ordered domains remained above the transition temperature between ice XI and Ih. Our results suggest that large amounts of ice on icy bodies in our solar system can transform to ice XI. In this paper, we discussed the existence of the small hydrogen-ordered domains in space and the evolution of icy grain.

Journal Articles

Shielding experiments at high energy accelerators of Fermilab, 3; Neutron spectrum measurements in intense pulsed neutron fields of the 120-GeV proton facility using a current Bonner sphere technique

Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Sanami, Toshiya*; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Arakawa, Hiroyuki*; Shigyo, Nobuhiro*; Mokhov, N.*; Leveling, A.*; Boehnlein, D.*; Vaziri, K.*; Nakamura, Takashi*; et al.

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 1, p.52 - 56, 2011/02

In pbar target station, the pulsed proton beam with the power of around 75 kW and the time structure of 1.6 $$mu$$s pulse width and 2.2 s cycle time bombards the pbar production target and produces high instantaneous intensity neutron (burst neutron) fields. The duration of the burst neutrons, which is less than $$mu$$s, is very severe condition to measure neutron spectra with a conventional Bonner sphere technique with pulse readout electronics because of signal pile-up problem. In this study, we have developed a current readout Bonner sphere technique to measure neutron spectra in a burst neutron field. We have measured the neutron spectra on the pbar target and graphite dump. The neutron spectra obtained with the present technique show generally good agreements with the calculation results using MARS code except difference of the thermal neutron flux due to the geometrical problem.

Journal Articles

Quantitative analysis of cisplatin sensitivity of human esophageal squamous cancer cell lines using in-air micro-PIXE

Tanaka, Naritake*; Kimura, Hitoshi*; Faried, A.*; Sakai, Makoto*; Sano, Takaaki*; Inose, Takanori*; Soda, Makoto*; Okada, Koji*; Nakajima, Masanobu*; Miyazaki, Tatsuya*; et al.

Cancer Science, 101(6), p.1487 - 1492, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:33.54(Oncology)

We examined the intracellular localization of cisplatin, a key chemotherapeutic agent, in esophageal cancer cell lines and determined their sensitivity to cisplatin using in-air micro-PIXE. Two human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cell lines, TE-2 and TE-13, were examined for their response to cisplatin using MTT assay, flow cytometry and DNA fragmentation assays. Real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was also used to evaluate the mRNA expression of multidrug resistance protein 2 (MRP2) in both cell lines. Platinum localizations of intracellular and intranuclear were measured using in-air micro-PIXE. TE-2 cells were more sensitive to cisplatin than TE-13 cells. The results of this study suggest that in-air micro-PIXE could be a useful quantitative method for evaluating the cisplatin sensitivity of individual cells. Finally, we speculate that MRP2 in the cell membrane may play an important role in regulating cisplatin sensitivity of ESCC cells.

Journal Articles

Annealing effects on hydrogen ordering in KOD-doped ice observed using neutron diffraction

Arakawa, Masashi*; Kagi, Hiroyuki; Fukazawa, Hiroshi

Journal of Molecular Structure, 972(1-3), p.111 - 114, 2010/05

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:17.44(Chemistry, Physical)

We measured the neutron powder diffraction of 0.013 M KOD-doped D$$_{2}$$O ice to investigate the formation process of ice XI, a hydrogen-ordered phase of ice Ih. The doped ice Ih transformed to ice XI after annealing at 57 and subsequently at 68 K. The mass fraction of ice XI to that of the doped ice ($$f$$) was estimated using Rietveld analysis for each sample. The $$f$$ value of the doped ice, which had once experienced being ice XI ($$f$$ = 0.23), was larger than that of the doped ice, which had never experienced being ice XI ($$f$$ = 0.14). Results indicate that small hydrogen-ordered domains remained in the ice Ih, which had once trans- formed to ice XI, and accelerated the phase transition from ice Ih to ice XI. Results further suggest that large amounts of ice on icy bodies in our solar system can transform to ice XI, which might be detectable using infrared telescopes or planetary exploration in the near future.

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the energy recovery linac project in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05

Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.

Journal Articles

A Cubic-anvil high-pressure device for pulsed neutron powder diffraction

Abe, Jun; Arakawa, Masashi*; Hattori, Takanori; Arima, Hiroshi; Kagi, Hiroyuki; Komatsu, Kazuki*; Sano, Asami; Uwatoko, Yoshiya*; Matsubayashi, Kazuyuki*; Harjo, S.; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 81(4), p.043910_1 - 043910_5, 2010/04

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:32.48(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A compact cubic-anvil high-pressure device was developed for in situ neutron powder diffraction studies. In this device, a cubic shaped pressure medium is compressed by six anvils, and neutron beam pass through gaps between the anvils. The first high-pressure experiment using this device was conducted at J-PARC and clearly showed the neutron diffraction patterns of Pb. Combining the cubic-anvil high-pressure device with a pulsed neutron source will prove to be a useful tool for neutron diffraction experiments.

Journal Articles

High pressure experiments with the engineering materials diffractometer (BL-19) at J-PARC

Abe, Jun; Hattori, Takanori; Komatsu, Kazuki*; Arima, Hiroshi; Arakawa, Masashi*; Sano, Asami; Kagi, Hiroyuki; Harjo, S.; Ito, Takayoshi; Moriai, Atsushi; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 215, p.012023_1 - 012023_6, 2010/03

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:82.88

A high-intensity proton accelerator facility named J-PARC has been constructed, and the first neutron beam at J-PARC/MLF was extracted in May of 2008, and user-operation commenced in December of the year. The fist feasibility test of high-pressure neutron experiments were performed with the engineering materials diffractometer "TAKUMI". As results, diffraction profiles of sample embedded in high-pressure devices were obtained. Therefore, it was confirmed that in situ high-pressure neutron diffraction was feasible with the engineering materials diffractometer "TAKUMI".

Journal Articles

Experimental studies of shielding and irradiation effects at high energy accelerator facilities

Nakashima, Hiroshi; Sakamoto, Yukio; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Matsuda, Norihiro; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Nakane, Yoshihiro; Masukawa, Fumihiro; Mokhov, N.*; Leveling, A.*; Boehnlein, D.*; et al.

Nuclear Technology, 168(2), p.482 - 486, 2009/11


 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:47.42(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Experimental studies of shielding and radiation effects have been started using 120-GeV proton synchrotron at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL) under collaboration between FNAL and Japan. The first campaign of the experiment was carried out at the Pbar target station and Numi experimental station at FNAL, using antiproton and neutrino production targets irradiated by 120-GeV protons. The generated secondary particles passing through steel, concrete and rock were measured by activation methods as well as by other detectors such as scintillator with a veto counter, phoswich detector and a Bonner ball counter on trial. Preliminary experimental results are presented.

Journal Articles

Laboratory measurements of infrared absorption spectra of hydrogen-ordered ice; A Step to the exploration of ice XI in space

Arakawa, Masashi; Kagi, Hiroyuki; Fukazawa, Hiroshi

Astrophysical Journal; Supplement Series, 184(1), p.361 - 365, 2009/09

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:52.97(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Infrared absorption spectra of ice were obtained at 4, 60, 100, 140, 160, and 240 K to make spectroscopic observations of hydrogen ordering at low temperatures. A broad peak observed at around 850 cm$$^{-1}$$ (11.7-181 $$mu$$m) was derived from libration of water molecules. The peak width was notably narrower at temperatures less than 140 K. A decrease in the peak width occurring in accordance with the formation of ice with ordered arrangements of hydrogen atoms was suggested from incoherent inelastic neutron-scattering studies. These results are consistent with ordering of hydrogen atoms. Existence of hydrogen-ordered ice in space is the subject of continuing astronomical debate. Our results demonstrate that the ordered ice in space is detectable using infrared telescopes and planetary exploration.

Journal Articles

Basic characteristics of a newly developed Si/CdTe Compton camera for medical imaging

Kawachi, Naoki; Watanabe, Shigeki; Sato, Takahiro; Arakawa, Kazuo; Takeda, Shinichiro*; Ishikawa, Shinnosuke*; Aono, Hiroyuki*; Watanabe, Shin*; Yamaguchi, Mitsutaka*; Takahashi, Tadayuki*; et al.

2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (CD-ROM), p.1540 - 1543, 2008/10

Journal Articles

Monte Carlo simulation of multi-head Si/CdTe Compton camera for medical imaging

Yamaguchi, Mitsutaka*; Kawachi, Naoki; Watanabe, Shin*; Odaka, Hirokazu*; Takeda, Shinichiro*; Ishikawa, Shinnosuke*; Aono, Hiroyuki*; Takahashi, Tadayuki*; Arakawa, Kazuo; Nakano, Takashi*

2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (CD-ROM), p.4000 - 4002, 2008/10

Journal Articles

Performance of a phoswich detector composed of an inner NaI(Tl) crystal and surrounding NE102A plastic scintillator for neutron spectrometry

Watanabe, Takehito*; Arakawa, Hiroyuki*; Kajimoto, Tsuyoshi*; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Satoh, Daiki; Kunieda, Satoshi; Noda, Shusaku*; Shigyo, Nobuhiro*; Ishibashi, Kenji*; Nakamura, Takashi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 587(1), p.20 - 28, 2008/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:14.14(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have developed a phoswich detector for neutron spectrometry, which adopts a reversed configuration of slow- and fast-decay-time scintillators in its inner and surrounding outer regions, respectively, in the detection of recoil protons from a hydrogenous radiator. The phoswich detector consists of an inner slow, NaI(Tl) scintillator, and an outer fast, plastic scintillator. The response functions of the phoswich detector were measured for neutron energies ranging from 100 to 350 MeV. The experiment used the recoil-proton method and pulse-shape discrimination with the two-gate integration technique using a spallation neutron source at the WNR facility of the LANSCE. To evaluate the effectiveness of the phoswich configuration, full energy deposition fraction was calculated. The calculation confirmed that the phoswich detector with a reversed configuration is useful for neutron measurements.

Journal Articles

The Status of the J-PARC RCS beam monitor system

Hayashi, Naoki; Hiroki, Seiji; Saha, P. K.; Saeki, Riuji; Toyokawa, Ryoji*; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Arakawa, Dai*; Hiramatsu, Shigenori*; Lee, S.*; et al.

Proceedings of 5th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 33rd Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan (CD-ROM), p.243 - 245, 2008/00

The J-PARC RCS has been beam commissioned since fall 2007. During such a short period, the following items have been established. Establishment of the injection orbit, beam circulation, acceleration up to 3GeV, optics parameters measurements and it achieved 50 kW beam power (4$$times$$10$$^{12}$$ ppb). The beam monitor system has an important role for smooth beam commissioning. This paper describes the status of the beam monitor system, BPM, Injection monitors, IPM, current monitor, tune meter and BLM of the RCS.

Journal Articles

Design of pencil beam formation system for high-accuracy carbon-ion microsurgery

Arakawa, Kazuo; Oikawa, Masakazu*; Shimada, Hirofumi*; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Nakano, Takashi*; Yusa, Ken*; Kato, Hiroyuki*; Sato, Takahiro; Agematsu, Takashi; Kashiwagi, Hirotsugu; et al.

Proceedings of 4th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 32nd Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan (CD-ROM), p.279 - 281, 2007/00

no abstracts in English

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