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Journal Articles

Concepts and basic designs of various nuclear fuels, 5; Fuels for high temperature gas-cooled reactor and molten salt reactor

Ueta, Shohei; Sasaki, Koei; Arita, Yuji*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 63(8), p.615 - 620, 2021/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The Analytical study of inventories and physicochemical configuration of spallation products produced in Lead-Bismuth Eutectic of Accelerator Driven System

Miyahara, Shinya*; Ohdaira, Naoya*; Arita, Yuji*; Maekawa, Fujio; Matsuda, Hiroki; Sasa, Toshinobu; Meigo, Shinichiro

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 352, p.110192_1 - 110192_8, 2019/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:23.13(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Lead-Bismuth Eutectic (LBE) is used as a spallation neutron target and coolant materials of Accelerator Driven System (ADS), and many kinds of elements are produced as spallation products. It is important to evaluate the release and transport behavior of the spallation products in the LBE. The inventories and the physicochemical composition of the spallation products produced in LBE have been investigated for an LBE loop in the ADS Target Test Facility (TEF-T) in J-PARC. The inventories of the spallation products in the LBE were estimated using the PHITS code. The physicochemical composition of the spallation products in the LBE was calculated using the Thermo-Calc code under the conditions of the operation temperatures of LBE from 350$$^{circ}$$C to 500$$^{circ}$$C and the oxygen concentrations in LBE from 10 ppb to 1 ppm. The calculation showed that the 5 elements of Rb, Tl, Tc, Os, Ir, Pt, Au and Hg were soluble in LBE under the all given conditions and any kinds of compound were not formed in LBE. It was suggested that the oxides of Ce, Sr, Zr and Y were stable as CeO$$_{2}$$, SrO, ZrO$$_{2}$$ and Y$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ in the LBE.

Journal Articles

Progress report of Japanese simulation research projects using the high-performance computer system Helios in the International Fusion Energy Research Centre

Ishizawa, Akihiro*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Imadera, Kenji*; Kasuya, Naohiro*; Kanno, Ryutaro*; Satake, Shinsuke*; Tatsuno, Tomoya*; Nakata, Motoki*; Nunami, Masanori*; Maeyama, Shinya*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 92(3), p.157 - 210, 2016/03

The high-performance computer system Helios which is located at The Computational Simulation Centre (CSC) in The International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) started its operation in January 2012 under the Broader Approach (BA) agreement between Japan and the EU. The Helios system has been used for magnetised fusion related simulation studies in the EU and Japan and has kept high average usage rate. As a result, the Helios system has contributed to many research products in a wide range of research areas from core plasma physics to reactor material and reactor engineering. This project review gives a short catalogue of domestic simulation research projects. First, we outline the IFERC-CSC project. After that, shown are objectives of the research projects, numerical schemes used in simulation codes, obtained results and necessary computations in future.

Journal Articles

Thermal conductivity of U-20 wt.%Pu-2 wt.%Am-10 wt.%Zr alloy

Nishi, Tsuyoshi; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Takano, Masahide; Kurata, Masaki; Arita, Yuji*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 464, p.270 - 274, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:22.25(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Application of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) analysis to molten alloy production process

Ozu, Akira; Tachi, Yoshiaki; Arita, Yuji*

Reza Kenkyu, 42(12), p.913 - 917, 2014/12

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) analysis has been applied to the molten alloy production process, in which simulated metals (Zr, Cu, Sm, Ce) are used instead of nuclear metallic fuels contained minor actinide (MA), with the aim of in-situ monitoring the elementary composition of the surface of the molten alloy in a chamber and vapor particles generated from the surface of the molten alloy. The variation in the ratio of elementary composition of the surface of the molten alloy in the crucible was successfully observed depending on temperature of the crucible. The elementary composition of the vapor particles appeared in the molten alloy chamber was also measured. The practical experimental results show that LIBS technique is very useful for investigating the elementary composition in the process and understanding the behavior of molten alloy in the crucible.

Journal Articles

Perpendicular magnetic anisotropy with enhanced orbital moments of Fe adatoms on a topological surface of Bi$$_2$$Se$$_3$$

Ye, M.*; Kuroda, Kenta*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Saito, Yuji; Okamoto, Kazuaki*; Zhu, S.-Y.*; Shirai, Kaito*; Miyamoto, Koji*; Arita, Masashi*; Nakatake, Masashi*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Condensed Matter, 25(23), p.232201_1 - 232201_5, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:50.94(Physics, Condensed Matter)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Research on decommissioning of nuclear facilities, 2; Study on optimum scenario using the AHP (Joint research)

Shibahara, Yuji; Ishigami, Tsutomu; Morishita, Yoshitsugu; Yanagihara, Satoshi*; Arita, Yuji*

JAEA-Technology 2012-038, 72 Pages, 2013/01

JAEA-Technology-2012-038.pdf:3.68MB

To implement a decommissioning project reasonably, it is necessary and important to beforehand evaluate project management data as well as to select an optimum dismantling scenario among various scenarios postulated. Little study on the subject of selecting an optimum scenario has been carried out, and it is one of the most important subjects in terms of decision making. In FY 2009, Japan Atomic Energy Agency and University of Fukui launched the joint research of a decision making method which is important to determine a decommissioning plan. The purpose of this research is to construct a methodology for selecting an optimum dismantling scenario among various scenarios postulated based on calculated results of project management data for FUGEN. Project management data for several dismantling scenarios postulated at FUGEN were evaluated based on actual dismantling work for feedwater heater at FUGEN, and an optimum scenario was discussed using the AHP, one of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis Method. This report describes the results of the joint research in FY 2010.

Journal Articles

Emergent rank-5 nematic order in URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$

Ikeda, Hiroaki*; Suzuki, Michito; Arita, Ryotaro*; Takimoto, Tetsuya*; Shibauchi, Takasada*; Matsuda, Yuji*

Nature Physics, 8(7), p.528 - 533, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:124 Percentile:96.63(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The origin of the hidden-order phase transition of URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ has been a long-standing mystery in condensed matter physics. We examine the complete set of multipole correlations allowed in URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ based on a first-principles theoretical approach. The results uncover that the hidden-order parameter is a rank-5 multipole (dotriacontapole) order with nematic $$E$$$$^{-}$$ symmetry. This naturally provides comprehensive explanations of all key features in the hidden-order phase including anisotropic magnetic excitations, nearly degenerate antiferromagnetic-ordered state, and spontaneous rotational symmetry breaking.

Journal Articles

Immobilization of alkyl chain molecules on oxide surface using phosphonic acid as an anchor

Narita, Ayumi; Baba, Yuji; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Shimoyama, Iwao; Hirao, Norie; Yaita, Tsuyoshi

e-Journal of Surface Science and Nanotechnology (Internet), 10, p.367 - 373, 2012/07

To apply organic thin films as new devices, it is important to immobilize organic molecules on oxide surfaces. In this study, we investigated the formation of organic self-assembled monolayer on the oxide surface. Decyl phosphonic acid (DPA) molecules were used as the adsorbed molecule on the surface. The DPA film was prepared by immersing the sapphire substrate in DPA ethanol solution. The sample was measured by XPS using synchrotron soft X-ray. For the P 1s XPS spectra of the DPA powder and the DPA film on the sapphire surface, a single peak was observed and the binding energies of the two samples were almost the same. And we measured the sample by the total reflection (TR) XPS, which is highly surface sensitive method. Compared with the normal XPS, the intensity of the C 1s peak in TR-XPS was enhanced. As a result, it was elucidated that the phosphonic acid of the DPA molecule was located at the lower side, while the alkyl chain was located at the upper side on the surface.

Journal Articles

Quasiparticle interference on the surface of Bi$$_{2}$$Se$$_{3}$$ induced by cobalt adatom in the absence of ferromagnetic ordering

Ye. M.*; Eremeev, S. V.*; Kuroda, Kenta*; Krasovskii, E. E.*; Chulkov, E. V.*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Saito, Yuji; Okamoto, Kazuaki*; Zhu, S. Y.*; Miyamoto, Koji*; et al.

Physical Review B, 85(20), p.205317_1 - 205317_5, 2012/05

 Times Cited Count:54 Percentile:90.06(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Structure determination of self-assembled monolayer on oxide surface by soft-X-ray standing wave

Baba, Yuji; Narita, Ayumi; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Shimoyama, Iwao; Hirao, Norie; Entani, Shiro; Sakai, Seiji

e-Journal of Surface Science and Nanotechnology (Internet), 10, p.69 - 73, 2012/04

We report on the first results for the geometrical determination of adsorbed atoms on an oxide by a soft-X-ray sanding wave method. The samples investigated were alkyl phosphonic acid (C10) adsorbed on a sapphire surface, which is one of the candidate systems for organic self-assembled monolayer (SAM) on oxides. The surface was irradiated by synchrotron soft X-rays from the surface normal. The intensity of photoelectrons was plotted as a function of the photon energy. We observed clear profiles of the photoelectron intensity due to the standing wave from the substrate. Compared with the simulation using the crystal parameters, it was found that the phosphorus atoms are located at 0.11 nm from the surface, while the constant height was not observed for carbon atoms. The results are in consistent with the results by XPS and NEXAFS; the molecules form SAM on the sapphire surface with phosphonic acids and alkyl chains are located at the upper side.

Journal Articles

Anchoring of alkyl chain molecules on oxide surface using silicon alkoxide

Narita, Ayumi; Baba, Yuji; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Shimoyama, Iwao; Hirao, Norie; Yaita, Tsuyoshi

Applied Surface Science, 258(6), p.2034 - 2037, 2012/01

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:21.91(Chemistry, Physical)

In order to apply the organic thin films to electric and optical devices, the immobilization of organic molecules on inorganic substrate is essential. Considering optical devices, it is important to immobilize organic molecules on oxide surfaces, because many of oxides have insulating and transparent properties. In this study, we have investigated the chemical states of the interface between organic molecules with silicon alkoxide and sapphire surfaces by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and near edge absorption fine structure (NEXAFS). Octadecyl-triethoxy-silane (ODTS) molecules which are terminated by silicon alkoxide were adsorbed on sapphire surfaces. On the basis of the Si 1s XPS spectra for monolayer, it is supposed that the chemical bond between silicon alkoxide and the surface is formed. For Si K-edge NEXAFS spectra, the polarization dependence was observed, which suggests that the Si-O bond in ODTS was located perpendicular to the surface.

Journal Articles

Structure determination of self-assembled monolayer on oxide surface by soft-X-ray standing wave

Baba, Yuji; Narita, Ayumi; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Shimoyama, Iwao; Hirao, Norie; Entani, Shiro; Sakai, Seiji

Photon Factory Activity Report 2011, Part B, P. 201, 2012/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Immobilization of alkyl chain molecules with phosphonic acid on oxide surface

Narita, Ayumi; Baba, Yuji; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Shimoyama, Iwao; Hirao, Norie; Yaita, Tsuyoshi

Photon Factory Activity Report 2011, Part B, P. 94, 2012/00

Immobilization of organic molecules on oxide surface has been investigated using phosphonic acid as an anchor. The molecule investigated was decyl-phosphonic acid (DPA). The DPA film was formed by immersing the sapphire substrate in DPA ethanol solution. The results for X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS) showed that the alkyl chain of the DPA molecules is located at the upper side, while the phosphonic acid is the lower side on the surface. The XPS and near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) results indicated that the DPA film became homogeneous monolayer by heating at 250$$^{circ}$$C. It is concluded that the phosphonic acid is an excellent anchor that immobilizes the organic molecules on an oxide surface.

Journal Articles

J-ACTINET activities of training and education for actinide science research

Minato, Kazuo; Konashi, Kenji*; Yamana, Hajimu*; Yamanaka, Shinsuke*; Nagasaki, Shinya*; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*; Sato, Seichi*; Arita, Yuji*; Idemitsu, Kazuya*; Koyama, Tadafumi*

Proceedings of International Conference on Toward and Over the Fukushima Daiichi Accident (GLOBAL 2011) (CD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2011/12

Actinide science research is indispensable to maintain sustainable development of innovative nuclear technology. For actinide science research, special facilities with containment and radiation shields are needed to handle actinide materials. The number of facilities for actinide science research has been decreased, especially in universities, due to the high maintenance cost. J-ACTINET was established in 2008 to promote and facilitate actinide science research and to foster many of young scientists and engineers in actinide science. The research program was carried out, through which young researchers were expected to learn how to make experiments with advanced experimental tools and to broaden their horizons. The summer schools and computational science school were held to provide students and young researchers with the opportunities to come into contact with actinide science research. The overseas dispatch program was also carried out.

JAEA Reports

Research on decommissioning of nuclear facilities (Joint research)

Shibahara, Yuji; Ishigami, Tsutomu; Morishita, Yoshitsugu; Yanagihara, Satoshi; Arita, Yuji*

JAEA-Technology 2011-021, 35 Pages, 2011/07

JAEA-Technology-2011-021.pdf:4.52MB

To implement reasonable decommissioning of nuclear facilities, it is necessary and important to beforehand evaluate project management data as well as to select optimum dismantling scenario among various scenarios postulated. Little study on the subject of selecting an optimum scenario has been carried out, and it is one of the most important subjects in terms of decision making. In FY2009, Japan Atomic Energy Agency and University of Fukui launched the joint research of a decision making method which is important to determine a decommissioning plan. The purpose of the research is to construct a methodology for selecting optimum dismantling scenario among various scenarios postulated based on calculated results of project management data for Fugen. Project management data for several dismantling scenarios postulated at Fugen were evaluated based on actual dismantling work for feed water heater at Fugen, and an optimum scenario was discussed using the multi-criteria decision analysis. This report describes the results of the joint research in FY2009.

Journal Articles

Self-ordering of silicon polymer thin film grown on indium tin oxide surface investigated by X-ray absorption spectroscopy

Mannan, M. A.*; Baba, Yuji; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Shimoyama, Iwao; Hirao, Norie; Narita, Ayumi; Nagano, Masamitsu*; Noguchi, Hideyuki*

Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, 181(2-3), p.242 - 248, 2010/08

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:33.54(Spectroscopy)

The ordering and molecular orientation of polydimethylsilane (PDMS) films grown on indium tin oxide (ITO) surface has been assigned. The orientation of the samples as well as that of the annealed sample was studied by Si K-edge near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy using linearly polarized synchrotron radiation. The Si K-edge NEXAFS spectra for the thick film have at least four resonance peaks of which two peaks are found to be strongly polarization dependent. On the basis of the polarization dependences of the peak intensities, it is revealed that the backbones of the PDMS films are perpendicularly oriented on the ITO surface. The angle between surface and the Si-Si bonds for multilayered film calculated from the helical structure of PDMS molecule was found to be 41.5 $$^{circ}$$ which was almost coincided with the experimentally obtained angle of 40 $$^{circ}$$. It was concluded that PDMS molecules are highly self-ordered on ITO surface.

Journal Articles

Orientation of Si phthalocyanine investigated by X-ray absorption spectroscopy and molecular orbital calculation

Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Baba, Yuji; Shimoyama, Iwao; Honda, Mitsunori; Hirao, Norie; Narita, Ayumi; Deng, J.*

Surface and Interface Analysis, 42(6-7), p.863 - 868, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:2.14(Chemistry, Physical)

Metal phthalocyanines (Pc) have attracted growing attention due to potential application as organic semiconductors or light emitters. Recently it has been pointed out that orientation of Pc molecules is one of key properties that improve the career mobility. We studied orientation property of Si-phthalocyanine thin films using synchrotron radiation. We report on following topics: (1) Orientation analysis using polarized X-rays, (2) Effect of metal substrates and annealing on orientation, (3) Analysis aided by molecular orbital method, and (4) New method to observe chemical-bond directions in nanometer scale using combined techniques of polarized X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy and photoelectron emission microscopy (PEEM).

Journal Articles

Preparation of TRU alloys by electrochemical or lithium reduction method

Nakajima, Kunihisa; Iwai, Takashi; Arai, Yasuo; Kurata, Masaki*; Nakamura, Kinya*; Arita, Yuji*

Proceedings of 10th OECD/NEA Information Exchange Meeting on Actinide and Fission Product Partitioning and Transmutation (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2010/00

Information on phase diagram and thermodynamic data of transuranium (TRU) alloys are required for the development of metallic fuel fabrication technology and fuel design for TRU transmutation. In the present study, TRU alloys were prepared from their mixed oxides to establish these informations. A few grams of mother alloys containing TRU elements were prepared from their mixed oxides in the electrochemical reduction method. However, it was found in the electrochemical reduction of PuO$$_{2}$$ that only the sample surfaces were reduced to metal. It is anticipated that the electrochemical conversion of mixed oxides with high Np and Pu contents into metals are difficult owing to production of low-melting metals. Thus, the Li reduction method was applied to the reduction of mixed oxides with high TRU contents and the alloys with high Np and Pu contents were prepared.

Journal Articles

Real-time observation on surface diffusion and molecular orientations for phthalocyanine thin films at nanometer spacial resolution

Baba, Yuji; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Shimoyama, Iwao; Honda, Mitsunori; Hirao, Norie; Narita, Ayumi; Deng, J.

Surface Science, 603(16), p.2612 - 2618, 2009/08

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:27.24(Chemistry, Physical)

The morphology, electronic structure and ordering for micropatterns of silicon phthalocyanine thin films on gold have been investigated at nanometer scale by photoelectron emission microscopy (PEEM) excited by polarized soft X-rays from synchrotron light source. The incident angle dependences of the X-ray absorption fine structure (XANES) spectra at the silicon K-edge revealed that the molecules of 5-layered films are lying nearly flat on the surface. Clear image of the micropattern was observed by PEEM at room temperature, while the surface diffusion was observed upon heating. On the basis of the photon-energy dependences of the brightnesses in the PEEM images, it was found that the molecules diffusing to the fresh gold surface rather stand-up at 240$$^{circ}$$C. The observed changes in the molecular orientations at nanometer domains are discussed on the basis of the strengths of the molecular-molecular and molecular-surface interactions.

114 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)