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Journal Articles

A Terrestrial SER Estimation Methodology Based on Simulation Coupled With One-Time Neutron Irradiation Testing

Abe, Shinichiro; Hashimoto, Masanori*; Liao, W.*; Kato, Takashi*; Asai, Hiroaki*; Shimbo, Kenichi*; Matsuyama, Hideya*; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Kobayashi, Kazutoshi*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 70(8, Part 1), p.1652 - 1657, 2023/08

Single event upsets (SEUs) caused by neutrons is a reliability problem for microelectronic devices in the terrestrial environment. Acceleration tests using white neutron beam provide realistic soft error rates (SERs), but only a few facilities can provide white neutron beam in the world. If single-source irradiation applicable to diverse neutron source can be utilized for the evaluation of the SER in the terrestrial environment, it contributes to solve the shortage of beam time. In this study, we investigated the feasibility of the SER estimation in the terrestrial environment by any one of these measured data with the SEU cross sections obtained by PHITS simulation. It was found that the SERs estimated by our proposed method are within a factor of 2.7 of that estimated by the Weibull function. We also investigated the effect of simplification which reduce the computational cost in simulation to the SER estimation.

Journal Articles

Study of charged particle activation analysis, 2; Determination of boron concentration in human blood samples

Ikebe, Yurie*; Oshima, Masumi*; Bamba, Shigeru*; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Tetsuya; Toyoshima, Atsushi*; Bi, C.*; Seto, Hirofumi*; Amano, Hikaru*; et al.

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 164, p.109106_1 - 109106_7, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:25.41(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) is a radiotherapy for the treatment of intractable cancer. In BNCT precise determination of $$^{10}$$B concentration in whole blood sample before neutron irradiation is crucial for control of the neutron irradiation time and the neutron dosimetry. We have applied the Charged Particle Activation Analysis (CPAA) to non-destructive and accurate determination of $$^{10}$$B concentration in whole blood sample. The experiment was performed at JAEA Tandem Accelerator using an 8 MeV proton beam. The 478 keV $$gamma$$ ray of $$^{7}$$Be produced in the $$^{10}$$B(p,$$alpha$$)$$^{7}$$Be reaction was used to quantify the $$^{10}$$B, and $$gamma$$ rays of $$^{56}$$Co originating from the reaction with Fe in blood was used to normalize the $$gamma$$-ray intensity. The results demonstrated that the present CPAA method can be applied to the determination of the $$^{10}$$B concentration in the blood sample.

Journal Articles

Characteristics of radiation-resistant real-time neutron monitor for accelerator-based BNCT

Nakamura, Takemi; Sakasai, Kaoru; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Takamiya, Koichi*; Kumada, Hiroaki*

Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, 41(2), p.105 - 109, 2016/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Performance of a total absorption clover detector for $$Q_{beta}$$ measurements of neutron-rich nuclei far from the $$beta$$-stability line

Hayashi, Hiroaki*; Shibata, Michihiro*; Asai, Masato; Osa, Akihiko; Sato, Tetsuya; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Kimura, Atsushi; Oshima, Masumi*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 747, p.41 - 51, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:61.51(Instruments & Instrumentation)

To measure $$beta$$-decay energy $$Q_{beta}$$ of short-lived fission products with good accuracy and high efficiency, we have developed a new total absorption clover detector and demonstrated its performance. Using a large-volume clover-type Ge detector having a through-hole in its center, we could measure total absorption spectra of $$beta$$ + $$gamma$$ rays with extremely high efficiency and high energy resolution, and could determine $$Q_{beta}$$ values with $$pm$$30 keV accuracy. Using this detector, we have determined the $$Q_{beta}$$ values of $$^{166}$$Eu and $$^{165}$$Gd for the first time, and of $$^{160-165}$$Eu and $$^{163}$$Gd with better accuracies. In addition, we have observed a new isomeric state in $$^{163}$$Gd, and determined its half-life and excitation energy.

JAEA Reports

Disassembly of JT-60 tokamak device and ancillary facilities for JT-60 tokamak

Okano, Fuminori; Ichige, Hisashi; Miyo, Yasuhiko; Kaminaga, Atsushi; Sasajima, Tadayuki; Nishiyama, Tomokazu; Yagyu, Junichi; Ishige, Yoichi; Suzuki, Hiroaki; Komuro, Kenichi; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2014-003, 125 Pages, 2014/03

JAEA-Technology-2014-003.pdf:13.32MB

The disassembly of JT-60 tokamak device and its peripheral equipments, where the total weight was about 5400 tons, started in 2009 and accomplished in October 2012. This disassembly was required process for JT-60SA project, which is the Satellite Tokamak project under Japan-EU international corroboration to modify the JT-60 to the superconducting tokamak. This work was the first experience of disassembling a large radioactive fusion device based on Radiation Hazard Prevention Act in Japan. The cutting was one of the main problems in this disassembly, such as to cut the wielded parts together with toroidal field coils, and to cut the vacuum vessel into two. After solving these problems, the disassembly completed without disaster and accident. This report presents the outline of the JT-60 disassembly, especially tokamak device and ancillary facilities for tokamak device.

JAEA Reports

Disassembly of JT-60 tokamak device

Okano, Fuminori; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Sakasai, Akira; Hanada, Masaya; Ichige, Hisashi; Miyo, Yasuhiko; Kaminaga, Atsushi; Sasajima, Tadayuki; Nishiyama, Tomokazu; Yagyu, Junichi; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2013-031, 42 Pages, 2013/11

JAEA-Technology-2013-031.pdf:18.1MB

The disassembly of JT-60 tokamak device and its peripheral equipments, where the total weight was about 6200 tons, started in 2009 and accomplished in October 2012. This disassembly was required process for JT-60SA project, which is the Satellite Tokamak project under Japan-EU international corroboration to modify the JT-60 to the superconducting tokamak. This work was the first experience of disassembling a large radioactive fusion device based on Radiation Hazard Prevention Act in Japan. The cutting was one of the main problems in this disassembly, such as to cut the wielded parts together with toroidal field coils, and to cut the vacuum vessel into two. After solving these problems, the disassembly completed without disaster and accident. This report presents the outline of the JT-60 disassembly, especially tokamak device.

Journal Articles

Assembly study for JT-60SA tokamak

Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Arai, Takashi; Hasegawa, Koichi; Hoshi, Ryo; Kamiya, Koji; Kawashima, Hisato; Kubo, Hirotaka; Masaki, Kei; Saeki, Hisashi; Sakurai, Shinji; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(6-8), p.705 - 710, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:61.45(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Ground-state configuration of the $$N=157$$ nucleus $$^{259}$$No

Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sakama, Minoru*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; Ishii, Yasuo; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Ishii, Tetsuro; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; et al.

Physical Review C, 87(1), p.014332_1 - 014332_6, 2013/01

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:44.03(Physics, Nuclear)

The spin-parity and neutron configuration of the ground state of $$^{259}$$No have been identified through $$alpha$$-decay spectroscopy. The $$^{259}$$No is the nucleus with the largest neutron number whose spin-parities and single-particle configurations have ever been identified. The neutron 9/2$$^{+}$$[615] configuration was assigned to the ground state of $$^{259}$$No as well as to the 231.4 keV level in $$^{255}$$Fm. This allowed us to establish energy spacings and order of the neutron single-particle orbitals in such heaviest nuclear region. The appearance of the 9/2$$^{+}$$[615] ground state at $$N$$=157 implies that the order of the neutron orbitals between the $$N$$=152 and 162 deformed shell gaps should change considerably with increasing neutron number.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of the white neutron beam spectrum for single-event-effects testing at the RCNP cyclotron facility

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Fukuda, Mitsuhiro*; Sakamoto, Yukio; Tamii, Atsushi*; Hatanaka, Kichiji*; Takahisa, Keiji*; Nagayama, Keiichi*; Asai, Hiroaki*; Sugimoto, Kenji*; Nashiyama, Isamu*

Nuclear Technology, 173(2), p.210 - 217, 2011/02

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:89.32(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The 30 $$^{circ}$$ white neutron beam at RCNP facility has been characterized as a prove suitable for testing of single event effects (SEEs) in semiconductors in the neutron energy range from 1 to 300 MeV using the 392-MeV proton incident reaction on a 6.5-cm-thick tungsten target. The neutron spectrum in measurements were demonstrated to provide a neutron spectrum similar to the terrestrial one at sea level, but with an enhancement in the intensity of a factor of 1.5$$times$$10$$^{8}$$. The average neutron intensity and spectrum from 10 to 300 MeV at RCNP were almost same as those at WNR. The calculated RCNP neutron flux using PHITS generally agreed with the measured RCNP data within a factor of two. As the neutron density per pulse for RCNP is 500 times lower than that for WNR, the pileup probability of single-event transient currents and false multiple-bit upsets is reduced. Such conditions at RCNP are suitable for accelerated SEE testing to get meaningful results in realistic time frame.

Journal Articles

Basic concept of JT-60SA tokamak assembly

Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Arai, Takashi; Kawashima, Hisato; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Hoshi, Ryo; Kobayashi, Kaoru; Sawai, Hiroaki; Masaki, Kei; Sakurai, Shinji; Shibama, Yusuke; et al.

Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research SERIES, Vol.9, p.276 - 281, 2010/08

The JT-60 SA project is a combined project of JA-EU satellite tokamak program under the Broader Approach (BA) agreement and JA domestic program. Major components of JT-60SA for assembly are vacuum vessel (VV), superconducting coils (TF coils, EF coils and CS coil), in-vessel components such as divertor, thermal shield and cryostat. An assembly frame (with the dedicated cranes), which is located around the tokamak, is adopted to carry out effectively the assembly of tokamak components in the tokamak hall, independently of the facility cranes in the building. The assembly frame also provides assembly tools and jigs with jacks to support temporarily the components as well as to adjust the components at right positions. In this paper, the assembly scenario and scequence of the major components such as VV and TFC and the concept of the assembly frame including special jigs and fixtures are discussed.

Journal Articles

Engineering design and R&D of impurity influx monitor (divertor) for ITER

Ogawa, Hiroaki; Sugie, Tatsuo; Kasai, Satoshi*; Katsunuma, Atsushi*; Hara, Hirotsugu*; Takeyama, Norihide*; Kusama, Yoshinori

Fusion Engineering and Design, 83(10-12), p.1405 - 1409, 2008/12

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:66.96(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of the UV and visible impurity influx monitor (divertor) for ITER

Iwamae, Atsushi; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Sugie, Tatsuo; Kasai, Satoshi*; Kusama, Yoshinori

Proceedings of 18th International Toki Conference on Development of Physics and Technology of Stellarator/Heliotrons en route to Demo (ITC-18) (CD-ROM), p.450 - 453, 2008/12

Journal Articles

Spectroscopic measurement system for ITER divertor plasma; Impurity influx monitor (divertor)

Sugie, Tatsuo; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Kasai, Satoshi*; Kusama, Yoshinori

AIP Conference Proceedings 988, p.218 - 221, 2008/04

The detailed design of the Impurity Influx Monitor (divertor) has been carried out to provide the measurement capability in the harsh environment. The potential damaging effects for the first mirrors mounted close to the plasma are the formations of coatings of impurities and the deposition of the dust. Mitigating measures to minimize the degradation of their performance by these effects, such as changes in the reflectivity, are adopted: for example, the plasma is viewed through a small aperture, and baffle plates are inserted in front of the first mirrors. However, it will not be possible to prevent the degradation completely. It is important to know the change of the sensitivity of the optical systems. It is not feasible to install a light source in the vacuum chamber of ITER during operations and so an alternative method is needed. The in-situ calibration system using a micro retro-reflector array has been developed as a possible method.

Journal Articles

$$Q_{beta}$$ measurements of $$^{158,159}$$Pm, $$^{159,161}$$Sm, $$^{160-165}$$Eu, $$^{163}$$Gd and $$^{166}$$Tb using a total absorption BGO detector

Hayashi, Hiroaki*; Akita, Yukinori*; Suematsu, Osamu*; Shibata, Michihiro*; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; Ichikawa, Shinichi; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Osa, Akihiko; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 34(4), p.363 - 370, 2007/12

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:71.46(Physics, Nuclear)

$$Q_{beta}$$ values of $$^{160-165}$$Eu and $$^{163}$$Gd were measured for the first time using a total absorption BGO detector, and the data of $$^{158,159}$$Pm, $$^{159,161}$$Sm, and $$^{166}$$Tb obtained previously were reanalyzed. These nuclei were produced by the proton-induced fission of $$^{238}$$U at the JAEA-Tokai tandem accelerator facility, and separated from the reaction products using an on-line isotope separator. The deduced mass excesses and two-neutron separation energies were compared with those of atomic mass evaluations and theoretical predictions.

Journal Articles

Development of impurity influx monitor (Divertor) for ITER

Ogawa, Hiroaki; Sugie, Tatsuo; Kasai, Satoshi; Katsunuma, Atsushi*; Hara, Hirotsugu*; Kusama, Yoshinori

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 2, p.S1054_1 - S1054_4, 2007/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement and analysis of the fluctuations and poloidal flow on JFT-2M tokamak

Hoshino, Katsumichi; Ido, Takeshi*; Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Shinohara, Koji; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Kamiya, Kensaku; Kawashima, Hisato; Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro*; Kusama, Yoshinori; Oasa, Kazumi; et al.

Proceedings of 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2006) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2007/03

We report on the potential/density fluctuations in the JFT-2M tokamak. We identified a geodesic acoustic mode (GAM) and its electric field structure. The GAM interacts with the background turbulence in consistent with a drift wave - zonal flow theory. The GAM modulates the turbulence, and the suppression depends on the direction and gradient of the flow velocity in consistent with a theory. During the H-mode, the GAM disappears presumably due to the suppression of the turbulence. We analysed the low frequency potential oscillation during the H-mode. A wavelet analysis showed a low frequency characteristic potential fluctuations (several handred kHz), which disappears in the L-mode and at the occurence of ELM. Observed poloidal flow is about 20 times as large as that of the GAM during the H-mode. If the potential has a spatial inhomogineity, there is a possibility that this low frequency fluctuation comes from the EXB flow or the zonal flow.

Journal Articles

Compatibility of reduced activation ferritic steel wall with high performance plasma on JFT-2M

Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro; Kamiya, Kensaku; Shinohara, Koji; Bakhtiari, M.*; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Kurita, Genichi; Takechi, Manabu; Kasai, Satoshi; Sato, Masayasu; Kawashima, Hisato; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 46(11), p.966 - 971, 2006/11

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:48.51(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Optimization for SEU/SET immunity on 0.15 $$mu$$m fully depleted CMOS/SOI digital logic devices

Makihara, Akiko*; Asai, Hiroaki*; Tsuchiya, Yoshihisa*; Amano, Yukio*; Midorikawa, Masahiko*; Shindo, Hiroyuki*; Kuboyama, Satoshi*; Onoda, Shinobu; Hirao, Toshio; Nakajima, Yasuhito*; et al.

Proceedings of 7th International Workshop on Radiation Effects on Semiconductor Devices for Space Application (RASEDA-7), p.95 - 98, 2006/10

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Design of impurity influx monitor (divertor) for ITER

Ogawa, Hiroaki; Sugie, Tatsuo; Katsunuma, Atsushi*; Kasai, Satoshi

JAEA-Technology 2006-015, 119 Pages, 2006/03

JAEA-Technology-2006-015.pdf:7.26MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Plasma diagnostics in JFT-2M

Kasai, Satoshi*; Kamiya, Kensaku; Shinohara, Koji; Kawashima, Hisato; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Uehara, Kazuya; Miura, Yukitoshi; Okano, Fuminori; Suzuki, Sadaaki; Hoshino, Katsumichi; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 49(2), p.225 - 240, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:24.21(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The diagnostic system of JFT-2M has consisted of about 30 individual diagnostic instruments,which were used to study the plasma production, control, equilibrium, stability, confinement, plasma heating by NBI and/or RF (LH, ICRF, ECH) and current drive by RF. In these instruments, the motional Stark effect (MSE) polarimeter, charge exchanged recombination spectroscopy (CXRS), heavy-ion beam probe (HIBP), time of flight (TOF) neutral particle analyzer, etc. have contributed to make clear the improved mechanism of confinement such as H-mode and High Recycling Steady (HRS) H-mode, and to search the operational region of these modes.The infrared TV camera system and lost ion probe have played a very important role to investigate the heat load onto the walls due to ripple loss particles and escaping ions from core plasma, respectively.

106 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)