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Journal Articles

Spiral spin cluster in the hyperkagome antiferromagnet Mn$$_{3}$$RhSi

Shamoto, Shinichi; Yamauchi, Hiroki; Iida, Kazuki*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Hall, A. E.*; Chen, Y.-S.*; Lee, M. K.*; Balakrishnan, G.*; Chang, L.-J.*

Communications Physics (Internet), 6, p.248_1 - 248_6, 2023/09

We show that the local spin correlation order has a spiral structure by neutron scattering measurement of a Mn$$_{3}$$RhSi single crystal. The possible origins of the magnetic cluster formation are discussed in terms of the Lifshitz invariant and the Griffiths phase, and compared with the room-temperature skyrmion phase of Co$$_{7}$$Zn$$_{7}$$Mn$$_{6}$$ and non-Fermi liquid behavior of $$beta$$-Mn.

Journal Articles

Magnon mode transition in real space

Iida, Kazuki*; Kodama, Katsuaki; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Chang, L.-J.*; Shamoto, Shinichi

Scientific Reports (Internet), 12, p.20663_1 - 20663_7, 2022/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Spin excitation of an ilmenite FeTiO$$_{3}$$ powder sample is measured by time-of-flight inelastic neutron scattering. The dynamic magnetic pair-density function $$D_{M}(r,E)$$ is obtained from the dynamic magnetic structure factor $$S_{M}(Q,E)$$ by the Fourier transformation.

Journal Articles

Magnetic properties and electronic configurations of Mn ions in the diluted magnetic semiconductor Ba$$_{1-x}$$K$$_x$$(Zn$$_{1-y}$$Mn$$_y$$)$$_2$$As$$_2$$ studied by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism and resonant inelastic X-ray scattering

Suzuki, Hakuto*; Zhao, G.*; Okamoto, Jun*; Sakamoto, Shoya*; Chen, Z.-Y.*; Nonaka, Yosuke*; Shibata, Goro; Zhao, K.*; Chen, B.*; Wu, W.-B.*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(6), p.064710_1 - 064710_5, 2022/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Magnetic Bragg peak enhancement under ultrasound injection

Shamoto, Shinichi*; Akatsu, Mitsuhiro*; Matsuura, Masato*; Kawamura, Seiko; Harii, Kazuya*; Ono, Masao*; Chang, L.-J.*; Ito, Takashi; Nemoto, Yuichi*; Ieda, Junichi

Physical Review Research (Internet), 4(1), p.013245_1 - 013245_7, 2022/03

Ultrasound injection effect on a magnetic Bragg peak of yttrium iron garnet has been studied by quasielastic neutron scattering. The magnetic Bragg peak is vastly enhanced with decreasing temperature. The energy width increases proportionally to the square root of the sample temperature increase induced by the ultrasound injection. Because the magnetic Bragg peak is enhanced by the lattice vibration, the enhancement is expected to relate to the spin-lattice coupling closely. An observed sharp drop above 100 K in the longitudinal mode suggests the degradation of the spin-lattice coupling. It is consistent with the decline of spin Seebeck effect with increasing temperature above 100 K, proving the degradation mechanism by the spin-lattice coupling.

Journal Articles

Grain-size-dependent microstructure effects on cyclic deformation mechanisms in CoCrFeMnNi high-entropy-alloys

Luo, M.-Y.*; Lam, T.-N.*; Wang, P.-T.*; Tsou, N.-T.*; Chang, Y.-J.*; Feng, R.*; Kawasaki, Takuro; Harjo, S.; Liaw, P. K.*; Yeh, A.-C.*; et al.

Scripta Materialia, 210, p.114459_1 - 114459_7, 2022/03

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:92.76(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

Journal Articles

Modelling and simulation of the source term for a sodium cooled fast reactor under hypothetical severe accident conditions; Final report of a coordinated research project

Arokiaswamy, J. A.*; Batra, C.*; Chang, J. E.*; Garcia, M.*; Herranz, L. E.*; Klimonov, I. A.*; Kriventsev, V.*; Li, S.*; Liegeard, C.*; Mahanes, J.*; et al.

IAEA-TECDOC-2006, 380 Pages, 2022/00

The IAEA coordinated research project on "Radioactive Release from the Prototype Sodium Cooled Fast Reactor under Severe Accident Conditions" was devoted to realistic numerical simulation of fission products and fuel particles inventory inside the reference sodium cooled fast reactor volumes under severe accident conditions at different time scales. The scope of analysis was divided into three parts, defined as three work packages (WPs): (1) in-vessel source term estimation; (2) primary system/containment system interface source term estimation; and, (3) in-containment phenomenology analysis. Comparison of the results obtained in WP-1 indicates that the release fractions of noble gases and cesium radionuclides, and fractions of radionuclides released to the cover gas are in a good agreement. In the analysis using a common pressure history in WP-2, the results were in good agreement indicating that the accuracy of the analysis method of each institution is almost the same. The standalone case, which uses a set of pre-defined release fractions, was defined for WP-3 which enables to decouple this part of analysis from previous WPs. There is broad consensus among the predicted results by all the participants in WP-3.

Journal Articles

Spin-flop phase in a honeycomb antiferromagnet Mn$$_{0.84}$$Mg$$_{0.16}$$TiO$$_{3}$$

Shamoto, Shinichi; Yamauchi, Hiroki; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Lee, M. K.*; Chang, L.-J.*; Garlea, V. O.*; Hwang, I. Y.*; Lee, K. H.*; Chung, J.-H.*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(9), p.093703_1 - 093703_4, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Gallium-effect in a lead-free solder for silver-sheathed superconducting tape

Shamoto, Shinichi; Lee, M. K.*; Fujimura, Yuki; Kondo, Keietsu; Ito, Takashi; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Yasuda, Satoshi; Chang, L.-J.*

Materials Research Express (Internet), 8(7), p.076303_1 - 076303_6, 2021/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Pb, Ga, and Ga doped lead free Sn-Ag-Cu solders are used to study the gallium effect for the low joint resistivity with silver sheathed DI BISCCO type H tapes. The results are reported.

Journal Articles

Preferential elimination of Ba$$^{2+}$$ through irreversible biogenic manganese oxide sequestration

Tani, Yukinori*; Kakinuma, Satomi*; Chang, J.*; Tanaka, Kazuya; Miyata, Naoyuki*

Minerals (Internet), 11(1), p.53_1 - 53_14, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:48.4(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

In this study, we examined the Ba$$^{2+}$$ sequestration potential of enzymatically active biogenic Mn oxides (BMOs) with and without exogenous Mn$$^{2+}$$. The BMOs readily oxidized exogenous Mn$$^{2+}$$ to produce another BMO phase, and subsequently sequestered Ba$$^{2+}$$ at a pH of 7.0, with irreversible Ba$$^{2+}$$ sequestration as the dominant pathway. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analyses demonstrated alteration from turbostratic to tightly stacked birnessite through possible Ba$$^{2+}$$ incorporation into the interlayer.

Journal Articles

Enhancement of fatigue resistance by overload-induced deformation twinning in a CoCrFeMnNi high-entropy alloy

Lam, T.-N.*; Lee, S. Y.*; Tsou, N.-T.*; Chou, H.-S.*; Lai, B.-H.*; Chang, Y.-J.*; Feng, R.*; Kawasaki, Takuro; Harjo, S.; Liaw, P. K.*; et al.

Acta Materialia, 201, p.412 - 424, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:31 Percentile:92.44(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

High-temperature short-range order in Mn$$_3$$RhSi

Yamauchi, Hiroki; Sari, D. P.*; Watanabe, Isao*; Yasui, Yukio*; Chang, L.-J.*; Kondo, Keietsu; Ito, Takashi; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Hagihara, Masato*; Frontzek, M. D.*; et al.

Communications Materials (Internet), 1, p.43_1 - 43_6, 2020/07

High-temperature short-range order is discovered up to 720 K in Mn$$_3$$RhSi by complementary use of neutron scattering and muon spin relaxation measurements.

Journal Articles

Comparing cyclic tension-compression effects on CoCrFeMnNi high-entropy alloy and Ni-based superalloy

Lam, T.-N.*; Chou, Y.-S.*; Chang, Y.-J.*; Sui, T.-R.*; Yeh, A.-C.*; Harjo, S.; Lee, S. Y.*; Jain, J.*; Lai, B.-H.*; Huang, E.-W.*

Crystals (Internet), 9(8), p.420_1 - 420_8, 2019/08


 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:69.15(Crystallography)

Journal Articles

Understanding competition of polyalcohol dehydration reactions in hot water

Chang, Y. L.*; Sasaki, Takehiko*; Ribas-Ari$~n$o, J.*; Machida, Masahiko; Shiga, Motoyuki

Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 123(7), p.1662 - 1671, 2019/02

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:12.16(Chemistry, Physical)

Dehydration of biomass-derived polyalcohols has recently drawn attention in green chemistry as a prototype of selective reactions controllable in hot water or hot carbonated water, without any use of organic solvents or metal catalysts. Here, we report a free-energy analysis based on first-principles metadynamics and blue-moon ensemble simulations to understand the mechanism of competing intramolecular dehydration reactions of 1,2,5-pentanetriol in hot acidic water. The simulations consistently predict that the most dominant mechanism is the proton-assisted S$$_{rm N}$$2 process, where the protonation of the hydroxyl group by water and the C-O bond breaking and formation occur in a single step. The detailed mechanism found from the simulations shows how the reaction paths are selective in hot water and why the reaction rates are accelerated in acidic environments, thus giving a clear explanation of experimental findings for a broad class of competing dehydration processes of polyalcohols.

Journal Articles

Dirac surface state-modulated spin dynamics in a ferrimagnetic insulator at room temperature

Tang, C.*; Song, Q.*; Chang, C.-Z.*; Xu, Y.*; Onuma, Yuichi; Matsuo, Mamoru*; Liu, Y.*; Yuan, W.*; Yao, Y.*; Moodera, J. S.*; et al.

Science Advances (Internet), 4(6), p.eaas8660_1 - eaas8660_6, 2018/06


 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:83.78(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Cesium, iodine and tritium in NW Pacific waters; A Comparison of the Fukushima impact with global fallout

Povinec, P. P.*; Aoyama, Michio*; Biddulph, D.*; Breier, R.*; Buesseler, K. O.*; Chang, C. C.*; Golser, R.*; Hou, X. L.*; Je$v{s}$kovsk$'y$, M.*; Jull, A. J. T.*; et al.

Biogeosciences, 10(8), p.5481 - 5496, 2013/08

 Times Cited Count:99 Percentile:94.64(Ecology)

Radionuclide impact of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident on the distribution of radionuclides in seawater of the NW Pacific Ocean is compared with global fallout from atmospheric tests of nuclear weapons. Surface and water column seawater samples collected during the international expedition in June 2011 were analyzed for $$^{134}$$Cs, $$^{137}$$Cs, $$^{129}$$I and $$^{3}$$H. The $$^{137}$$Cs, $$^{129}$$I and $$^{3}$$H levels in surface seawater offshore Fukushima varied between 0.002-3.5 Bq/L, 0.01-0.8 $$mu$$Bq/L, and 0.05-0.15 Bq/L, respectively. At the sampling site about 40 km from the coast, where all three radionuclides were analyzed, the Fukushima impact on the levels of these three radionuclides represent an increase above the global fallout background by factors of about 1000, 30 and 3, respectively. The water column data indicate that the transport of Fukushima-derived radionuclides downward to the depth of 300 m has already occurred. The observed $$^{137}$$Cs levels in surface waters and in the water column are in reasonable agreement with predictions obtained from the Ocean General Circulation Model, which indicates that the radionuclides have been transported from the Fukushima coast eastward. Due to a suitable residence time in the ocean, Fukushima-derived radionuclides will provide useful tracers for isotope oceanography studies on the transport of water masses in the NW Pacific Ocean.

Journal Articles

Higgs transition from a magnetic Coulomb liquid to a ferromagnet in Yb$$_{2}$$Ti$$_{2}$$O$$_{7}$$

Chang, L.-J.*; Onoda, Shigeki*; Su, Y.*; Kao, Y.-J.*; Tsuei, K.-D.*; Yasui, Yukio*; Kakurai, Kazuhisa; Lees, M. R.*

Nature Communications (Internet), 3, p.992_1 - 992_7, 2012/08

 Times Cited Count:164 Percentile:97.35(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Development of polarized Xe gas target for neutron experiment at J-PARC

Sakai, Kenji; Oku, Takayuki; Shinohara, Takenao; Kira, Hiroshi; Oi, Motoki; Maekawa, Fujio; Kakurai, Kazuhisa; Ino, Takashi*; Arimoto, Yasushi*; Shimizu, Hirohiko*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 340, p.012037_1 - 012037_7, 2012/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:62.67

At the Materials and Life science experimental Facility (MLF) in J-PARC, an experiment of detecting a neutron polarizing ability caused by a neutron-nuclear (n-N) spin correlation term at a resonant peak of $$^{129}$$Xe is planned. The Xe gas having a high polarization under low magnetic field and room temperature by a spin exchange optical pumping (SEOP) technique is expected to become a suitable target for verification of the neutron optical theorem (NOPT). We evaluated measurable quantities based on the NOPT, developed a polarized Xe gas system, and carried out a feasibility test of our apparatus. This paper reports on the present status of the experiment.

Journal Articles

First neutral beam injection experiments on KSTAR tokamak

Jeong, S. H.*; Chang, D. H.*; Kim, T. S.*; In, S. R.*; Lee, K. W.*; Jin, J. T.*; Chang, D. S.*; Oh, B. H.*; Bae, Y. S.*; Kim, J. S.*; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 83(2), p.02B102_1 - 02B102_3, 2012/02

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:68.31(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The first NB (neutral beam) injection system of the KSTAR tokamak was partially completed in 2010 with only 1/3 of its full design capability, and NB heating experiments were carried out during the 2010 KSTAR operation campaign. The ion source is composed of a JAEA bucket plasma generator and a KAERI large multi-aperture accelerator assembly. Before the beam injection experiments, characteristics of the ion source were investigated. A minimum beam divergence angle was 0.8 $$^{circ}$$. The ion species ratio was D$$^{+}$$:D$$_{2}$$$$^{+}$$:D$$_{3}$$$$^{+}$$=75:20:5. The arc efficiency is more than 1.0 A/kW. In the 2010 KSTAR campaign, the deuterium NB power of 0.7-1.5 MW was successfully injected into the KSTAR plasma with the beam energy of 70-90 keV. L-H transitions were observed within a wide range of beam powers relative to a threshold value. In every deuterium NB injection, a burst of D-D neutrons was recorded, and increases in the ion temperature and the plasma stored energy were found.

Journal Articles

Arc discharge characteristics of a long pulse ion source for the KSTAR neutral beam injector

Chang, D. H.*; Jeong, S. H.*; Jin, J. T.*; Chang, D. S.*; Kim, T. S.*; Lee, K. W.*; In, S. R.*; Oh, B. H.*; Bae, Y. S.*; Kim, J. S.*; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.275 - 280, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:27.68(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A long pulse ion source (LPIS) for the neutral beam injector (NBI) has been developed for the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) superconducting tokamak. The arc discharge characteristics of the ion source were investigated on the first KSTAR neutral beam injector (NBI-1). The ion source consists of a magnetic bucket plasma generator with multi-pole cusp fields and a set of prototype tetrode accelerators with circular apertures. Stable and efficient arc plasmas up to an arc power of 70 kW have been produced by using a constant power-mode operation of the arc power supply. The reliable operation region of the arc discharges has been investigated for various filament heating voltages, arc powers, and amounts of injected deuterium gas.

Journal Articles

Event structure and double helicity asymmetry in jet production from polarized $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 84(1), p.012006_1 - 012006_18, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:72.56(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We report on the event structure and double helicity asymmetry ($$A_{LL}$$) of jet production in longitudinally polarized $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. Photons and charged particles were measured by the PHENIX experiment. Event structure was compared with the results from PYTHIA event generator. The production rate of reconstructed jets is satisfactorily reproduced with the next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD calculation. We measured $$A_{LL}$$ = -0.0014 $$pm$$ 0.0037 at the lowest $$P_T$$ bin and -0.0181 $$pm$$ 0.0282 at the highest $$P_T$$ bin. The measured $$A_{LL}$$ is compared with the predictions that assume various $$Delta G(x)$$ distributions.

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