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JAEA Reports

Investigation on soundness of JMTR Facility piping by ultrasonic thickness measurement

Omori, Takazumi; Otsuka, Kaoru; Endo, Yasuichi; Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Ide, Hiroshi

JAEA-Review 2021-015, 57 Pages, 2021/11


The JMTR reactor facility was selected as a decommissioning one in the Medium/Long-Term Management Plan of JAEA Facilities formulated on April 1, 2017. Therefore, the decommissioning plan was submitted to Nuclear Regulation Authority on September 18, 2019, and the approval was obtained on March 17, 2021 after two amendments. Currently, preparations for decommissioning are underway. The JMTR reactor facility has been aged for more than 50 years since the first criticality in March 1968. However, some of the water piping systems has not been updated since its construction, and there is a possibility of pipe wall thinning due to corrosion, etc. Therefore, the integrity of the water piping was investigated for the facilities that circulate cooling water and pump radioactive liquid waste. In this investigation, the main circulation system of the reactor primary cooling system, the pool canal circulation system, the CF pool circulation system, the drainage system of the liquid waste disposal system, and the hydraulic rabbit irradiation system of the main experimental facility were measured for the pipe wall thickness using the Ultrasonic Thickness Measurement (UTM) method. These values satisfied the technical standards for research and test reactor facilities. No loss of integrity is expected to occur during the upcoming decommissioning period. In the future, we will periodically confirm that there is no wall thinning in the piping of the cooling water circulation and the water transmission system during the decommissioning period by using this result as basic data.

Journal Articles

Development and application of a $$^3$$He neutron spin filter at J-PARC

Okudaira, Takuya; Oku, Takayuki; Ino, Takashi*; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Sakai, Kenji; Hiroi, Kosuke; Takahashi, Shingo*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Endo, Hitoshi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 977, p.164301_1 - 164301_8, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:76.41(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Inelastic and quasi-elastic neutron scattering spectrometers in J-PARC

Seto, Hideki; Ito, Shinichi; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Endo, Hitoshi*; Nakajima, Kenji; Shibata, Kaoru; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Kawamura, Seiko; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kawakita, Yukinobu; et al.

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta; General Subjects, 1861(1), p.3651 - 3660, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:80.69(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

J-PARC, Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex provides short pulse proton beam at a repetition rate 25 Hz and the maximum power is expected to be 1 MW. Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments have already been operated or under construction / commissioning. There are 6 inelastic / quasi-elastic neutron scattering spectrometers and the complementary use of these spectrometers will open new insight for life science.

Journal Articles

Nanoscopic structural investigation of physically cross-linked nanogels formed from self-associating polymers

Sekine, Yurina; Endo, Hitoshi*; Iwase, Hiroki*; Takeda, Shigeo*; Mukai, Sadaatsu*; Fukazawa, Hiroshi; Littrell, K. C.*; Sasaki, Yoshihiro*; Akiyoshi, Kazunari*

Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 120(46), p.11996 - 12002, 2016/11

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:32.16(Chemistry, Physical)

The detailed structure of a nanogel formed by self-association of cholesterol-bearing pullulans (CHP) was determined by contrast variation small-angle neutron scattering. The decomposition of scattering intensities into partial scattering functions of each CHP nanogel component, i.e., pullulan, cholesterol, and the cross-term between the pullulan and the cholesterol allows us to investigate the internal structure of the nanogel. The effective spherical radius of the skeleton formed by pullulan chains was found to be about 8.1 nm. In the CHP nanogel, there are about 19 cross-linking points where a cross-linking point is formed by aggregation of trimer cholesterol molecules with the spatially inhomogeneous distribution of the mass fractal dimension of 2.6. The average radius of the partial chains can also be determined to be 1.7 nm. As the result, the complex structure of the nanogels is coherently revealed at the nanoscopical level.

Journal Articles

Chemical form consideration of released fission products from irradiated fast reactor fuels during overheating

Sato, Isamu; Tanaka, Kosuke; Koyama, Shinichi; Matsushima, Kenichi*; Matsunaga, Junji*; Hirai, Mutsumi*; Endo, Hiroshi*; Haga, Kazuo*

Energy Procedia, 82, p.86 - 91, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:22.25(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Experiments simulating overheating conditions of fast reactor severe accidents have been previously carried out with irradiated fuels. For the present study, the chemical forms of the fission products (FPs) included in the irradiated fuels were evaluated by thermochemical equilibrium calculations. At temperatures of 2773 K and 2973 K, the most stable forms of Cs, I, Te, Sb, Pd and Ag are gaseous compounds. Cs and Sb detected in the thermal gradient tube (TGT) in the experiments can take gaseous chemical forms of elemental Cs, CsI, Cs$$_{2}$$MoO$$_{4}$$, CsO and elemental Sb, SbO, SbTe, respectively. By comparing experimental results and the estimations, it is seen CsI thermochemically behaves in a manner that traps it in the TGT, while elemental Cs trends to move as fine particles. The moving behavior of the gaseous FPs will obey not only thermochemical principles, but also those of particle dynamics.

Journal Articles

Development of radiation detectors for in-pile measurement

Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Otsuka, Noriaki; Shibata, Hiroshi; Nagata, Hiroshi; Endo, Yasuichi; Matsui, Yoshinori; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

KAERI/GP-418/2015, p.110 - 112, 2015/00

$$gamma$$ irradiation experiments with a $$^{60}$$Co source were carried out for developing Self-Powered Gamma Detectors (SPGDs) with lead (Pb) emitter and Self-Powered Neutron Detectors (SPNDs) with Pt-40%Rh emitter prior to in-core irradiation experiments. The results showed the output currents of the SPGDs were proportional to the $$gamma$$ dose rate in the range from about 200-6000 Gy/h with about 10% accuracy. In the case of SPNDs, the output currents flowed in inverse direction and were an order of magnitude lower compared with that of the SPGDs. These different behaviors of the output currents are considered to be caused by the difference in the emitter sizes and the current component originated at the MI cables.

Journal Articles

Analytical surveillance on production methods of homogeneous and uniform solid materials from spent ion exchange residuum after ion coupled plasma volume-reduction process

Otani, Hiroshi; Mizui, Hiroyuki; Higashiura, Norikazu; Bando, Fumio*; Endo, Nobuyuki*; Yamagishi, Ryuichiro*; Kume, Kyo*

Heisei-25-Nendo Koeki Zaidan Hojin Wakasawan Enerugi Kenkyu Senta kenkyu Nempo, 16, P. 66, 2014/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study on mechanism of inner duct wall failure within fuel subassembly during core disruptive accidents in an LMFBR; Results of parametric analyses for heat transfer

Toyoka, Junichi; Endo, Hiroshi*; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Takahashi, Minoru*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 13(2), p.35 - 50, 2014/05

In the design of future sodium-cooled fast reactor, a design measure to prevent severe re-criticality events even in case of core disruptive accidents is considered. This design adopts inner duct within the fuel sub-assembly that should allow molten fuel ejection out of the core region. The effectiveness of this design is dependent on failure time of the duct and it depends significantly on heat transfer from the melting core materials to the duct. In the previous study by the authors, heat transfer from molten fuel/steel mixture to the inner duct was evaluated with a computer model simulation for an in-pile experiment performed in IGR (Impulse Graphite Reactor) focusing on demonstration of the design effectiveness. In the present study, possible uncertainties in the assumption and model parameters in the previous study were evaluated so that validity of the main conclusion of the previous study could be confirmed and re-enforced. This confirmation consisted of evaluation of necessary fuel-to-steel heat transfer area, effect of hydrodynamic fragmentation of steel droplets, steel-vapor condensation heat transfer onto the duct surface and fuel crust formation. Furthermore, possible effect of variation in fuel designs and transient scenarios to the heat transfer was evaluated changing steel volume fraction as the initial boundary conditions. It was concluded that the previous study was appropriate in representing the realistic situation and the conclusions in the previous study were enforced. An additional set of analysis showed that possible under-estimation of heat transfer from fuel/steel mixture to the duct could be enhanced with a condition where steel volume fraction is less. Future model improvement is preferable for this characteristic.

Journal Articles

Development of the irradiation facility for simulating condition of light-water reactor

Kitagishi, Shigeru; Endo, Yasuichi; Okada, Yuji; Hanawa, Hiroshi; Matsui, Yoshinori

UTNL-R-0486, p.7_1 - 7_10, 2014/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Analytical surveillance of the nuclear waste package processing of the spent ion-exchange resin residual

Otani, Hiroshi; Bando, Fumio*; Endo, Nobuyuki*

Heisei-24-Nendo Zaidan Hojin Wakasawan Enerugi Kenkyu Senta kenkyu Nempo, 15, P. 89, 2013/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of multi-purpose MW gyrotrons for fusion devices

Minami, Ryutaro*; Kariya, Tsuyoshi*; Imai, Tsuyoshi*; Numakura, Tomoharu*; Endo, Yoichi*; Nakabayashi, Hidetaka*; Eguchi, Taku*; Shimozuma, Takashi*; Kubo, Shin*; Yoshimura, Yasuo*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 53(6), p.063003_1 - 063003_7, 2013/06

Journal Articles

Development of multi-purpose MW gyrotrons for fusion devices

Minami, Ryutaro*; Kariya, Tsuyoshi*; Imai, Tsuyoshi*; Numakura, Tomoharu*; Endo, Yoichi*; Nakabayashi, Hidetaka*; Eguchi, Taku*; Shimozuma, Takashi*; Kubo, Shin*; Yoshimura, Yasuo*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 53(6), p.063003_1 - 063003_7, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:54.31(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Journal Articles

A Study on mechanism of early failure of inner duct wall within fuel subassembly with high heat flux from molten core materials based on analysis of an EAGLE experiment simulating core disruptive accidents in an LMFBR

Toyoka, Junichi; Endo, Hiroshi*; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Ninokata, Hisashi*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 12(1), p.50 - 66, 2013/03

In the design of JSFR (Japan Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor), a design measure (FAIDUS: Fuel sub-Assembly with an Inner DUct Structure) is considered to prevent severe re-criticality events even in case of core disruptive accidents by molten fuel ejection out of the core region through the duct equipped within the fuel subassembly. Confirming principle effectiveness of such design measure is important. In this study, systematic heat transfer behavior of the ID1 test, which was conducted in IGR (Impulse Graphite Reactor) in Republic of Kazakhstan, was evaluated applying a heat conduction code TAC2D and a reactor safety analysis code SIMMER-III focusing on the clarification of heat transfer from high-temperature mixture of molten fuel and steel to the duct. As a result, the duct failure by high heat flux from the mixture was identified as one of an important mechanism of early duct failure in FAIDUS. It was also suggested from this study that the high heat flux from the mixture is caused by the direct contact of molten steel without the presence of fuel crust on the duct wall. Based on these findings, it is judged that the mechanism of early duct failure with high heat flux obtained in the ID1 test satisfies the required condition to FAIDUS, i.e., the inner duct of FAIDUS should fail at an early phase of core disruptive accident in advance to wrapper tube failure so that produced molten fuel can escape from the core region, and it supports feasibility of the FAIDUS concept.

Journal Articles

Shielding study at the Fukui Prefectural Hospital Proton Therapy Center

Satoh, Daiki; Maeda, Yoshikazu*; Tameshige, Yuji*; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Shibata, Tokushi*; Endo, Akira; Tsuda, Shuichi; Sasaki, Makoto*; Maekawa, Motokazu*; Shimizu, Yasuhiro*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 49(11), p.1097 - 1109, 2012/11

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:65.97(Nuclear Science & Technology)

At the Fukui Prefectural Hospital Proton Therapy Center, neutron doses behind concrete shields and at maze have been measured by using radiation monitors, DARWIN, Wendi-2, a rem meter, and solid state nuclear track detectors. The measured data were compared with the estimations by analytical models and Monte Carlo code PHITS. The analytical model with the parameters employed in shielding design of the facility gave considerably larger estimates than the measured data. This means that the facility was designed with an enough safety margin. The calculation results of PHITS were less than those of the analytical model, and were about 3 times larger than the measured data. From the view point of a safety policy with conservative estimation for shielding design, Monte Carlo simulation is a better tool for estimating radiation safety at accelerator-based proton treatment facilities.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of dose rate reduction in a spacecraft compartment due to additional water shield

Sato, Tatsuhiko; Niita, Koji*; Shurshakov, V. A.*; Yarmanova, E. N.*; Nikolaev, I. V.*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Sihver, L.*; Mancusi, D.*; Endo, Akira; Matsuda, Norihiro; et al.

Cosmic Research, 49(4), p.319 - 324, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:62.86(Engineering, Aerospace)

HZE particle transport codes are the indispensable tool in the shielding design of spacecrafts. We are therefore developing a general-purpose Monte Carlo code PHITS, which can deal with the transports of all kinds of hadrons and heavy ions with energies up to 200 GeV/n in 3-dimensional phase spaces. The applicability of PHITS to space researches has been well verified by comparing the neutron spectra in spacecrafts calculated by the code with the corresponding experimental data. Recently, PHITS was employed in the estimation of radiation fields in the Russian Service Module in ISS. The results of the estimation indicate that PHITS can reproduce experimental data of the dose reduction rates due to water shielding attached on the wall of the Russian crew cabin fairly well. The details of the calculation procedures will be given in the presentation, together with the results of other applications of PHITS to the space exploration.

Journal Articles

Neutron energy spectra at 180$$^{circ}$$ from 140 MeV proton incident reactions

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Satoh, Daiki; Nakane, Yoshihiro; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Endo, Akira; Sakamoto, Yukio; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Tamii, Atsushi*; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.1753 - 1756, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:21.57(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Neutron production cross sections of carbon and iron targets for 140 MeV proton at 180$$^{circ}$$ were measured at the RCNP cyclotron facility. The neutron energy spectra were obtained by using the time-of-flight technique in the energy range above 1 MeV. The results of carbon and iron targets were compared with experimental data for 113 MeV (p,xn) reactions at 150 deg by Meier et al. Our data gave good agreements with them in spite of different incident energies and angles. Calculations were performed with different intranuclear cascade models (Bertini, ISOBAR, and JQMD) implemented in the PHITS code. Calculated results with the ISOBAR and JQMD models roughly agreed with the experimental data for iron targets, although Bertini could not reproduce the high energy neutrons above 10 MeV.

Journal Articles

Impact of the introduction of ICRP publication 103 on neutron dosimetry

Sato, Tatsuhiko; Endo, Akira; Yasuda, Hiroshi*; Niita, Koji*

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 146(1-3), p.183 - 185, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:11.72(Environmental Sciences)

A set of the conversion coefficients from fluence to the effective dose has been calculated for neutrons and protons over wide energy ranges based on the instruction given in ICRP 103, using the PHITS code. The calculated values are generally smaller than those based on ICRP Publication 60, predominantly owing to the revision of $$w$$$$_{R}$$ for those particles. The impact of the introduction of ICRP 103 on the dosimetry for high-energy particles will be discussed by comparing between the ICRP 103- and ICRP 60-based effective doses for aircrews as well as workers in high-energy accelerator facilities.

Journal Articles

Developments of in-situ SEOP polarized $$^{3}$$He neutron spin filter in Japan

Kira, Hiroshi; Sakaguchi, Yoshifumi; Oku, Takayuki; Suzuki, Junichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Arai, Masatoshi; Endo, Yasuo; Chang, L.-J.; Kakurai, Kazuhisa; Arimoto, Yasushi*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 294, p.012014_1 - 012014_5, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:95.64

Journal Articles

Applications of $$^{3}$$He neutron spin filters on the small-angle neutron scattering spectrometer SANS-J-II

Sakaguchi, Yoshifumi; Kira, Hiroshi; Oku, Takayuki; Shinohara, Takenao; Suzuki, Junichi; Sakai, Kenji; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Aizawa, Kazuya; Arai, Masatoshi; Noda, Yohei; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 294(1), p.012017_1 - 012017_7, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:68.37

Journal Articles

Structure of glasses for $$^{3}$$He neutron spin filter cells

Sakaguchi, Yoshifumi; Kira, Hiroshi; Oku, Takayuki; Shinohara, Takenao; Suzuki, Junichi; Sakai, Kenji; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Suzuya, Kentaro; Aizawa, Kazuya; Arai, Masatoshi; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 294(1), p.012004_1 - 012004_7, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:68.37

106 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)