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論文

Liquid-like thermal conduction in intercalated layered crystalline solids

Li, B.; Wang, H.*; 川北 至信; Zhang, Q.*; Feygenson, M.*; Yu, H. L.*; Wu, D.*; 尾原 幸治*; 菊地 龍弥*; 柴田 薫; et al.

Nature Materials, 17(3), p.226 - 230, 2018/03

 被引用回数:27 パーセンタイル:3.25(Chemistry, Physical)

As a generic property, all substances transfer heat through microscopic collisions of constituent particles. A solid conducts heat through both transverse and longitudinal acoustic phonons, but a liquid employs only longitudinal vibrations. As a result, a solid is usually thermally more conductive than a liquid. In canonical viewpoints, such a difference also serves as the dynamic signature distinguishing a solid from a liquid. Here, we report liquid-like thermal conduction observed in the crystalline AgCrSe$$_{2}$$. The transverse acoustic phonons are completely suppressed by the ultrafast dynamic disorder while the longitudinal acoustic phonons are strongly scattered but survive, and are thus responsible for the intrinsically ultralow thermal conductivity. This scenario is applicable to a wide variety of layered compounds with heavy intercalants in the van der Waals gaps, manifesting a broad implication on suppressing thermal conduction. These microscopic insights might reshape the fundamental understanding on thermal transport properties of matter and open up a general opportunity to optimize performances of thermoelectrics.

論文

Synthesis, structure, and pressure-induced polymerization of Li$$_{3}$$Fe(CN)$$_{6}$$ accompanied with enhanced conductivity

Li, K.*; Zheng, H.*; 服部 高典; 佐野 亜沙美; Tulk, C. A.*; Molaison, J.*; Feygenson, M.*; Ivanov, I. N.*; Yang, W.*; Mao, H.-K.*

Inorganic Chemistry, 54(23), p.11276 - 11282, 2015/12

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:59.5(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

3重結合における圧力誘起重合は共役二重結合を引き起こすと考えられている。比較的低い圧力において重合を起こす金属シアン化物を探索するために、無水のLi$$_{3}$$Fe(CN)$$_{6}$$を合成し、その結晶構造を調べた。実験の結果、CN$$^{-}$$の不可逆な結合が、工業的な装置でも実現できるほど低い圧力で達成された。それに伴い電気伝導度は3倍に増加し、重合化したLi$$_{3}$$Fe(CN)$$_{6}$$はリチウムイオン電池の電極として使える可能性がある。

口頭

Neutron and X-ray total scattering study on superionic thermoelectric AgCrSe$$_{2}$$

Li, B.; Feygenson, M.*; 尾原 幸治*; Zhang, Q.*; Vaknin, D.*; 山田 武*; Miao, P.*; 神山 崇*; 川北 至信

no journal, , 

Very recently, superionic AgCrSe$$_{2}$$ was reported as a new thermoelectric material because of its record-low thermal conductivity. To understand the origin of such low thermal conductivity, we measured the powder sample of AgCrSe$$_{2}$$ at NOMAD of Spallation Neutron Source and BL04B2 of SPring-8. The diffraction data and pair distribution functions were obtained as a function of temperature from both neutron and X-ray experiments. In this presentation, I will report the crystal structure and local structure of this compound. This compound undergoes a second-order transition at 170$$^{circ}$$C from R-3m to R3m and can be described by 2D Ising model. The lattice constant c and Debye-Waller factor U11 of Ag exhibit significant change at the transition. The weaker Ag-Se bonding is seen from the pair distribution functions above this transition. At the same time, the pair distribution function beyond $$sim$$ 80 Angstrom becomes very different above this transition. This implies there is mesoscale inhomogenousity and might be related to the low thermal conductivity.

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