Sato, Hirotaka*; Shiota, Yoshinori*; Morooka, Satoshi; Todaka, Yoshikazu*; Adachi, Nozomu*; Sadamatsu, Sunao*; Oikawa, Kenichi; Harada, Masahide; Zhang, S.*; Su, Y.; et al.
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 50(6), p.1601 - 1610, 2017/12
Kino, Koichi*; Furusaka, Michihiro*; Hiraga, Fujio*; Kamiyama, Takashi*; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Goko, Shinji*; Hara, Kaoru; Harada, Hideo; Harada, Masahide; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 736, p.66 - 74, 2014/02
Hori, Junichi*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*; Fukutani, Satoshi*; Furusaka, Michihiro*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Goko, Shinji*; Harada, Hideo; Hiraga, Fujio*; Igashira, Masayuki*; Kamiyama, Takashi*; et al.
JAEA-Conf 2011-002, p.29 - 34, 2011/09
The neutron capture cross sections of Zr, Tc and Pd have been measured relative to the B(n,) standard cross section by the neutron time-of-flight (TOF) method. Neutron capture rays were measured with a 4 Ge spectrometer as a part of the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction measurement Instrument (ANNRI) installed at the neutron Beam Line No.4 (BL04) of the Material and Life science experimental Facility (MLF) in the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). This paper presents the preliminary results.
Harada, Hideo; Goko, Shinji*; Kimura, Atsushi; Ota, Masayuki*; Oshima, Masumi; Kitatani, Fumito; Toh, Yosuke; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Kin, Tadahiro; Koizumi, Mitsuo; et al.
Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.1547 - 1552, 2011/08
For the improvement of the accuracy on the neutron capture cross sections, a 4 Ge spectrometer was developed. The 4 Ge spectrometer is a unique tool due to its superior energy resolution for studying properties on neutron capture reactions, not only capture cross sections but also resonance identification, -ray intensity distribution, and spin-parity assignment. For example, its performance on the resonance identification was demonstrated using a Ag sample. On the measurement of a -ray intensity distribution for each resonance, the results of U will be shown. Using the 4 Ge spectrometer, the measurements of neutron capture cross sections were started at the J-PARC/MLF/ANNRI. The preliminary results on the measurements of neutron capture cross sections will be discussed mainly based on measurements of neutron capture cross sections for Am, together with related techniques.
Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; Kino, Koichi*; Furusaka, Michihiro*; Hiraga, Fujio*; Kamiyama, Takashi*; Kato, Kiyoshi*; Igashira, Masayuki*; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Mizumoto, Motoharu*; Oshima, Masumi; et al.
Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.1781 - 1784, 2011/08
The project of the comprehensive nuclear data research for the development of the advanced reactor systems had been executed successfully by eight organizations from 2005 to 2009. In this project, we constructed the pulsed neutron beamline that was aimed to obtain neutron capture cross-sections of long-lived fission products and minor actinides accurately. The energy spectra, spatial distributions, and pulses of the beam were studied by measurements and simulation calculations, and they were found to be consistent with those of the beamline design. In this paper, we present the overview of the project and the properties of the neutron beam provided by this beam line.
Kino, Koichi*; Furusaka, Michihiro*; Hiraga, Fujio*; Kamiyama, Takashi*; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Goko, Shinji*; Harada, Hideo; Harada, Masahide; Kai, Tetsuya; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 626-627, p.58 - 66, 2011/01
We measured the energy spectra and spatial distributions of the neutron beam of ANNRI beamline at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex / Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (J-PARC/MLF). Our research team designed and built this beamline to measure nuclear data with high precision. The measurements were performed on three types of beams provided by the beamline in the neutron energy range of 1.5 meV to 10 keV. The energy spectra show a typical feature of para-hydrogen moderator, and the absolute intensities almost agree with predictions based on both a simulation calculation of the JSNS (Japan Spallation Neutron Source) and a neutron transmission calculation of the beamline. The available neutron intensities at 21.5 m are 7.510, 1.610, and 1.110 n/cm/sec in the energy ranges of 1.5-25 meV, 0.9-1.1 eV, and 0.9-1.1 keV, respectively, under the 17.5 kW JSNS operation. The measured spatial distributions of the beams formed by three different collimators are consistent with those expected from the collimator-system design of the beamline. The beam sizes in FWHM are about 29, 14, and 11 mm for the three different beam collimators. The edges of the spatial distributions are relatively sharp, enabling us to measure the nuclear data successfully.
Harada, Hideo; Oshima, Masumi; Kimura, Atsushi; Goko, Shinji*; Ota, Masayuki*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Kin, Tadahiro; Kitatani, Fumito; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Nakamura, Shoji; et al.
JAEA-Conf 2010-005, p.9 - 14, 2010/12
The neutron-nucleus reaction instrument (NNRI) was installed at the J-PARC MLF BL04, which was designed for measuring neutron cross sections with a neutron time-of-flight technique. This includes two kinds of capture -ray spectrometers: the 4 Ge spectrometer and the NaI spectrometers. The measurements of neutron capture cross sections for minor actinides and fission products have been started at the NNRI using these spectrometers since 2009. In this paper, the preliminary results and future perspectives are discussed.
Goko, Shinji*; Kimura, Atsushi; Harada, Hideo; Oshima, Masumi; Ota, Masayuki*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Kin, Tadahiro; Kitatani, Fumito; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Nakamura, Shoji; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 47(12), p.1097 - 1100, 2010/12
To obtain the accurate nuclear data of minor actinides required for a nuclear transmutation system or an innovative nuclear fuel cycle system, measurement of neutron-capture cross section of Cm was performed using NNRI installed at beam line No.4 (BL04) of MLF in J-PARC. Using "4 Ge spectrometer" that is a component of NNRI, neutron time of flight spectra and prompt ray spectra were measured. Then neutron-capture cross section ratios of Cm resonances were derived and compared with the evaluated values of JENDL-3.3. The previous experimental data was measured using a nuclear explosion as a pulsed neutron source, and the present result is the first time in the world that such measurements have been carried out at an accelerator facility. By developing techniques for more detailed analysis and improvement of the experimental conditions, the absolute values of capture cross section are expected to be obtained.
Oku, Takayuki; Yamada, Satoru; Sasao, Hajime*; Suzuki, Junichi; Shinohara, Takenao*; Hirota, Katsuya*; Ikeda, Kazuaki*; Tsuzaki, Tsuyoshi*; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; Furusaka, Michihiro*; et al.
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 385-386(2), p.1225 - 1228, 2006/11
We have developed a magnetic neutron lens based on an extended Halbach-type permanent sextupole magnet with magnet pieces of NEOMAX-44H, -35EH and high saturation magnetization material, permendule. The aperture size of the magnet is 35 mm in diameter and the magnet length is 2,400 mm. The magnet generates a sextupole magnetic field with a gradient coefficient =10,600 T/m inside the aperture, where is a distance from the magnet center axis. To prevent neutrons from hitting and reflecting at the inner surface of the magnet, the surface is covered with cadmium (Cd) sheets and also Cd pinhole slits with size of 30 mm in diameter are positioned in series inside the magnet aperture, resulting in the effective diameter of 30 mm. The neutron focusing property of the magnet is investigated by using pulsed polarized neutrons. The obtained results are discussed with the precise simulation results. Its application to the focusing-geometry small-angle neutron scattering experiments is also discussed.
Sakai, Kenji; Kinoshita, Hidetaka; Kai, Tetsuya; Oi, Motoki; Kaminaga, Masanori; Kato, Takashi; Furusaka, Michihiro*
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 385-386(2), p.1324 - 1326, 2006/11
A general control system of MLF (MLF-GCS) is required to control all the subsystems of MLF including in the muon and neutron target, moderator, target station, experimental hall, and so on. It is an independent system, but it has to work closely with the control systems of accelerator and other facilities in J-PARC. A conceptual design of MLF-GCS has already been conducted and detailed designs are now in progress. This paper reports an overview and the development status of MLF-GCS.
Oku, Takayuki; Suzuki, Junichi; Sasao, Hajime*; Yamada, Satoru; Furusaka, Michihiro*; Adachi, Tomohiro*; Shinohara, Takenao*; Ikeda, Kazuaki*; Shimizu, Hirohiko
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 356(1-4), p.126 - 130, 2005/02
We have developed a magnetic neutron lens (MNL) based on a sextupole magnet. A neutron beam, which is incident to the sextupole magnet, either converges or diverges depending on the neutron spin state. Small-angle neutron scattering in focusing geometry (FSANS) was proposed to improve the q-resolution and/or measuring efficiency. The MNL is considered to be the most suitable focusing device for FSANS experiments using a polarized neutron beam, since it focuses the polarized neutron beam free from neutron attenuation and scattering by substances. Recently, we have developed the MNLs with sufficiently large apertures and strong focusing power for FSANS experiments. In this study, we evaluate the focusing property of the MNLs for the polarized neutron beam, and performed FSANS experiments using the MNL. The obtained results are discussed.
Suzuki, Junichi; Oku, Takayuki; Adachi, Tomohiro*; Shimizu, Hirohiko; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; Kamiyama, Takashi*; Hiraga, Fujio*; Iwasa, Hirokatsu*; Sato, Koichi*; Furusaka, Michihiro*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 529(1-3), p.120 - 124, 2004/08
no abstracts in English
Oku, Takayuki; Suzuki, Junichi; Sasao, Hajime*; Adachi, Tomohiro*; Shinohara, Takenao*; Ikeda, Kazuaki*; Morishima, Takahiro*; Sakai, Kenji*; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; Furusaka, Michihiro*; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 529(1-3), p.116 - 119, 2004/08
As a neutron has a magnetic dipole moment, it is accelerated in a magnetic field gradient. Thus, we can control a neutron trajectory free from neutron beam attenuation and scattering using the magnetic field gradient. A sextupole magnetic field functions as a neutron focusing and defocusing lens depending on the neutron spin state. The neutron focusing effect was experimentally verified using a 6-piece permanent sextupole magnet. For the application in practical neutron scattering experiments, a sextupole magnet with a sufficiently large aperture accompanied with strong focusing power is demanded. Recently, a superconducting sextupole magnet, a Halbach-type permanent sextupole magnet and a sextupole pulse electro-magnet have been developed in a project of the development and application of neutron optics. These magnets will be dedicated to practical uses in neutron scattering experiments. In this paper, current status of the development of the magnetic neutron lenses is reported, and their application in the neutron scattering experiments is discussed.
Oku, Takayuki*; Sakai, Kenji*; Adachi, Tomohiro*; Ikeda, Kazuaki*; Shimizu, Hirohiko*; Maruyama, Ryuji*; Hino, Masahiro*; Tasaki, Seiji*; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; Kamiyama, Takashi*; et al.
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 335(1-4), p.226 - 229, 2003/07
no abstracts in English
Maekawa, Fujio; Tamura, Masaya; Kawai, Masayoshi*; Furusaka, Michihiro*; Watanabe, Noboru
Proceedings of ICANS-XVI, Volume 3, p.1247 - 1255, 2003/07
A method for neutron-beam-line shielding calculation with a Monte Carlo code was newly developed. In the first step, components inside the biological shield such as a target-moderator-reflector-assembly and a neutron-beam-line were modeled, and a neutron current distribution along a duct of the neutron-beam-line was calculated. In the second step, decreases of neutron current along the beam-line were regarded as source terms for the beam-line shield, and required beam-line shield thickness was calculated. The most remarkable feature of this method was accurate treatment of the neutron source term distribution along the beam-line in the second step calculation. The followings were evaluated for JSNS by applying this method: (1) neutron-beam-line shield thickness with an empirical formula for estimating shield thickness conveniently, (2) beam stop sizes, (3) dose rates at a sample position when a shutter was closed, and (4) activation level of a To-chopper blade. These results gave conditions for determining the layout of 23 neutron-beam-lines in the experimental hall.
Takada, Hiroshi; Maekawa, Fujio; Honmura, Shiro*; Yoshida, Katsuhiko*; Teraoku, Takuji*; Meigo, Shinichiro; Sakai, Akio*; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Kanechika, Shuji*; Otake, Hidenori*; et al.
Proceedings of ICANS-XVI, Volume 3, p.1115 - 1125, 2003/07
no abstracts in English
Kawai, Masayoshi*; Furusaka, Michihiro; Li, J.-F.*; Kawasaki, Akira*; Yamamura, Tsutomu*; Mehmood, M.*; Kurishita, Hiroaki*; Kikuchi, Kenji; Takenaka, Nobuyuki*; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; et al.
Proceedings of ICANS-XVI, Volume 3, p.1087 - 1096, 2003/07
In order to establish the technique fabricating a thin target slab with a real size, thin tantalum-clad tungsten slab with a hole for a thermocouple was fabricated with the high-precision machinery techniques and the HIP'ing method. The ultrasonic diagnostic showed that tantalum and tungsten bond was perfect. The HIP optimum condition was certified by means of the small punch test as already reported. The electrolytic coating technique in a molten salt was developed to make a thinner tantalum cladding on a tungsten target with a complicated shape, in order to reduce radioactivity from tantalum in an irradiated target.
Honmura, Shiro*; Teraoku, Takuji*; Yoshida, Katsuhiko*; Takada, Hiroshi; Maekawa, Fujio; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Hino, Ryutaro; Watanabe, Noboru; Furusaka, Michihiro
JAERI-Tech 2003-054, 62 Pages, 2003/06
The JAERI and the KEK are jointly on the way of constructing facilities under the High-Intensity Proton Accelerator Project (J-PARC). The Materials and Life Science Facility is one of major facilities comprising a 1MW pulsed neutron source (JSNS). The neutrons are to be utilized for advanced researches in fields of materials and life science, and so on. In designing helium-vessel, it is important to assure structural integrity of the helium-vessel against earthquakes. It is also important to manufacture accurately neutron view ports. In-vessel components need to be replaced by remote handling after a certain period of operation due to radiation damages. To make the replacement steadily and easily, the helium-vessel has to provide suitable support, positioning and sealing structures. This report describes bases and conditions for deigning the helium-vessel, and summarizes basic structural specifications of the helium-vessel which are determined with structure strength and temperature analyses.
Kawai, Masayoshi*; Furusaka, Michihiro*; Kikuchi, Kenji; Kurishita, Hiroaki*; Watanabe, Ryuzo*; Li, J.*; Sugimoto, Katsuhisa*; Yamamura, Tsutomu*; Hiraoka, Yutaka*; Abe, Katsunori*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 318, p.35 - 55, 2003/05
R&D works for MW class solid target composed of tungsten to produce pulsed intense neutron source has been made in order to construct a future scattering facility. Three methods were investigated to prevent corrosion of tungsten from water; those are hipping, brazing and electric coating in molten salt bath. Hipping condition was optimized to be 1500 degree C in the previous work: here small punch test shows highest load for crack initiation of hipped materials at the boundary of W/Ta. The basic techniques for the other two methods were developed. Erosion test showed that uncovered W is susceptible of flowing water velocity. At high velocity w is easy to be eroded. For solid target design slab type and rod type targets were studied. As long as the optimized neutron performance is concerned, 1MW solid target is better than mercury target.
Maekawa, Fujio; Teshigawara, Makoto; Takada, Hiroshi; Furusaka, Michihiro*; Watanabe, Noboru
JAERI-Tech 2002-035, 68 Pages, 2002/03
no abstracts in English