Kaya, L.*; Vogt, A.*; Reiter, P.*; Siciliano, M.*; 清水 則孝*; 宇都野 穣; Wang, H.-K.*; Gargano, A.*; Coraggio, L.*; Itaco, N.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 100(2), p.024323_1 - 024323_18, 2019/08
Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; 炭竃 聡之*; Taprogge, J.*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 772, p.483 - 488, 2017/09
A new high-spin isomer in the neutron-rich nucleus Cd was populated in the projectile fission of a U beam at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory at RIKEN. A half-life of T = 6.3(8) ms was measured for the new state which was tentatively assigned a spin/parity of (15). The isomeric state decays via the emission of a 309-keV ray with multipolarity. The experimental results are compared to shell model calculations performed using state-of-the-art realistic effective interactions and to the neighbouring nucleus Cd. The comparison with calculations shows that adjustments of the pairing and multipole parts of the effective interaction derived from the CD-Bonn nucleon-nucleon potential are required in order to describe the properties of nuclei in the region around Sn.
Vaquero, V.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Wimmer, K.*; Gargano, A.*; Tostevin, J. A.*; Chen, S.*; Ncher, E.*; Sahin, E.*; 志賀 慶明*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 118(20), p.202502_1 - 202502_5, 2017/05
Excited states in Sn were populated following one-neutron knockout reaction from an unstable Sn beam at the RIBF laboratory in RIKEN. In addition to the already known rays, additional strength was observed for the first time in the excitation-energy range 3.5-5.5 MeV. Since the neutron separation energy of Sn is low, this observation provides direct evidence for the radioactive decay of neutron-unbound states in this nucleus. The ability of decay to compete with neutron emission was attributed to a mismatch between the wave functions of the initial and final states in the neutron emission case. These findings suggest that in the region south-east of Sn, nuclear structure effects play a significant role in the decay of unbound states, which are instead usually ignored in the evaluation of neutron-emission probabilities in astrophysical simulations.
Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P. A.*; 炭竃 聡之*; Taprogge, J.*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 94(2), p.024303_1 - 024303_8, 2016/08
The decay of the semi-magic nucleus Cd has been studied at the RIBF facility at the RIKEN Nishina Center. The high statistics of the present experiment allowed for a revision of the established level scheme of In and the observation of additional feeding to high lying core-excited states in In. The experimental results are compared to shell-model calculations employing a model space consisting of the full major neutron and proton shells, and good agreement is found.
Jungclaus, A.*; Gargano, A.*; Grawe, H.*; Taprogge, J.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Shimizu, Y.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 93(4), p.041301_1 - 041301_6, 2016/04
For the first time, the decay of excited states in a nucleus situated "south-east" of Sn have been observed, in a region where experimental information is limited to ground-state properties. Six rays from Cd, produced in the fragmentation of a U beam at RIBF at RIKEN. The rays were studied using the EURICA array of Ge detectors. The new experimental information is compared to results from realistic shell-model calculations, which are the first in this region far from stability. Comparison with calculations suggests that at least four out of six new transitions can be attributed to the particle-hole configuration of one neutron in the and one proton hole in the orbits, respectively. This work constitutes an important first step towards the exploration of nuclear structure in this unknown region of the nuclear chart.
Lic, R.*; Mach, H.*; Fraile, L. M.*; Gargano, A.*; Borge, M. J. G.*; Mrginean, N.*; Sotty, C. O.*; Vedia, V.*; Andreyev, A.; Benzoni, G.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 93(4), p.044303_1 - 044303_7, 2016/04
The levels in Sn populated from the decay of In isomers were investigated at the ISOLDE facility of CERN using the newly commissioned ISOLDE Decay Station. The lowest 1/2 state and the 3/2 ground state in Sn are expected to have configurations dominated by the neutron (=0) and (=2) single-particle states, respectively. Consequently, these states should be connected by a somewhat slow -forbidden transition. Using fast-timing spectroscopy we have measured the half-life of the 1/2 315.3-keV state, = 19(10) ps, which corresponds to a moderately fast transition. Shell-model calculations using the CD-Bonn effective interaction, with standard effective charges and factors, predict a 4-ns half-life for this level. We can reconcile the shell-model calculations to the measured value by the renormalization of the effective operator for neutron holes.
Benzoni, G.*; Morales, A. I.*; Watanabe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Coraggio, L.*; Itaco, N.*; Gargano, A.*; Browne, F.*; Daido, R.*; Doornenbal, P.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 751, p.107 - 112, 2015/12
The decays of Mn have been measured at the RIBF facility at RIKEN using the EURICA spectrometer combined with an active stopper consisting of a stack of Si detectors. Half-lives and -delayed neutron emission probabilities have been extracted for these decays, together with first experimental information on excited states populated in Fe. The data indicate a continuously increasing deformation for Fe isotopes up to A=70, and interpreted to be due to the interplay between quadrupole correlation of specific neutron orbitals and the monopole component of the proton-neutron interaction.
Taprogge, J.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; 炭竃 聡之*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 91(5), p.054324_1 - 054324_11, 2015/05
The decay of Cd, produced in relativistic fission of a U beam, was studied at the RIKEN Nishina Center. From the -ray analysis, 31 excited states and 69 ray transitions were established in the level scheme of In, and compared with state-of-the-art shell-model calculations. It was found that the decay of Cd is dominated by Gamow teller transitions, but a non-negligible contribution to the decay is also made by first-forbidden transitions. To estimate the contribution of first-forbidden transitions is important for calculations of the -decay half-lives of nuclei in this region.
Taprogge, J.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Xu, Z. Y.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Ncher, E.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 738, p.223 - 227, 2014/11
The decay of an isomeric state in the neutron-rich nucleus Cd was observed via the detection of internal conversion and Compton electrons. This measurement provided the first experimental information on excited states in this nucleus. The isomer was populated in the projectile fission of a U beam at the RIBF facility at RIKEN. From the measured yields of rays and internal conversion electrons, E3 multipolarity was tentatively assigned to the isomeric transition. A half-life of 3.6(2) ms was determined for this new state which, by comparison with shell-model calculations, was tentatively assigned a spin of (21/2).
Taprogge, J.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; 炭竃 聡之*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 112(13), p.132501_1 - 132501_6, 2014/04
A low-lying state in In, the one-proton hole nucleus with respect to double magic Sn, was observed by its decay to the beta emitting isomer. The new state, which was populated both in the beta decay of Cd and after beta-delayed neutron emission from Cd, was identified, at an excitation energy of 1353 keV, as the previously unknown single-hole state with respect to the Sn core. Exploiting this crucial new experimental information, shell-model calculations were performed to study the structure of experimentally inaccessible =82 isotones below Sn. The results evidence a surprising absence of proton subshell closures along the chain of =82 isotones. This finding bears consequences on the evolution of the =82 shell gap along the r-process path.
Gaio, E.*; Maistrello, A.*; Coffetti, A.*; Gargano, T.*; Perna, M.*; Novello, L.*; Coletti, A.*; 松川 誠; 山内 邦仁
IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 40(3), p.557 - 563, 2012/03
This paper describes the detailed design of the quench protection circuits (QPC) for the superconducting toroidal field (TF) and poloidal field (PF) magnets of the Satellite Tokamak JT-60SA, which will be installed in Naka, Japan. The nominal currents to be interrupted and the maximum reapplied voltages are 25.7 kA and 2.8 kV for the TF QPCs and 20 kA and 5 kV for PF QPCs. The innovative solution proposed in the QPC design is based on a hybrid circuit breaker (CB) composed of a mechanical Bypass Switch for conducting the continuous current, in parallel to a static CB for current interruption. The main choices of the final design are presented and discussed, either to confirm or to update and complete the study performed at the conceptual design level.