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Journal Articles

The Energy-resolved neutron imaging system, RADEN

Shinohara, Takenao; Kai, Tetsuya; Oikawa, Kenichi; Nakatani, Takeshi; Segawa, Mariko; Hiroi, Kosuke; Su, Y.; Oi, Motoki; Harada, Masahide; Iikura, Hiroshi; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 91(4), p.043302_1 - 043302_20, 2020/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:21.15(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Temperature dependent characteristics of neutron signals from a current-biased Nb nanowire detector with $$^{10}$$B converter

Vu, TheDang; Iizawa, Yuki*; Nishimura, Kazuma*; Shishido, Hiroaki*; Kojima, Kenji*; Oikawa, Kenichi; Harada, Masahide; Miyajima, Shigeyuki*; Hidaka, Mutsuo*; Oku, Takayuki; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1293, p.012051_1 - 012051_9, 2019/10

Journal Articles

Study on B$$_{4}$$C decoupler with burn-up reduction aiming at 1-MW pulsed neutron source

Oi, Motoki; Teshigawara, Makoto; Harada, Masahide; Ikeda, Yujiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(7), p.573 - 579, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In pulsed neutron sources, a neutron absorber called decoupler is attached to the moderator to sharpen the neutron pulses for achieving good neutron energy resolutions. Cadmium and boron carbide (B$$_{4}$$C) are widely used as the decoupler materials. However, it is difficult to use B$$_{4}$$C in MW-class spallation neutron sources owing to high burn-up, which decreases cut-off energy and increase of helium gas swelling. To solve these issues, we introduce the concept of pre-decoupler to reduce neutron absorption in the B$$_{4}$$C decoupler, which is sandwiched by appropriate neutron absorption materials. Then, we study impacts of the pre-decouplers on B$$_{4}$$C decoupler in terms of burn-up by performing simplified model calculations. It is shown that neutron absorption in B$$_{4}$$C is reduced by 60% by using a Cd pre-decoupler without neutron intensity penalty. Moreover, helium gas swelling in B$$_{4}$$C is restrained to be one-third of the value when not using the pre-decoupler.

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutron scattering cross section of nano-diamond with particle diameter of approximately 5 nm in energy range of 0.2 meV to 100 meV

Teshigawara, Makoto; Tsuchikawa, Yusuke*; Ichikawa, Go*; Takata, Shinichi; Mishima, Kenji*; Harada, Masahide; Oi, Motoki; Kawamura, Yukihiko*; Kai, Tetsuya; Kawamura, Seiko; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 929, p.113 - 120, 2019/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:26.15(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A nano-diamond is an attractive neutron reflection material below cold neutron energy. The total neutron cross section of a nano-diamond was derived from a neutron transmission measurement over the neutron energy range of 0.2 meV to 100 meV because total neutron cross section data were not available. The total cross section of a nano-diamond with particle size of approximately 5 nm increased with a decrease in neutron energy to 0.2 meV. It was approximately two orders of magnitude larger than that of graphite at 0.2 meV. The contribution of inelastic scattering to the total cross section was to be shown negligible small at neutron energies of 1.2, 1.5, 1.9, 2.6, and 5.9 meV in the inelastic neutron scattering measurement. Moreover, small-angle neutron scattering measurements of the nano-diamond showed a large scattering cross section in the forward direction for low neutron energies.

Journal Articles

Observation of simulated fuel debris using synchrotron radiation

Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Harada, Makoto; Takano, Masahide

Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan, 44(2), p.61 - 64, 2019/04

We performed three-dimensional observation of simulated fuel debris using Synchrotron Computed Tomography (CT). CT was used to make the inside of fuel debris clear. The CT observation provides that a clear contrast in the zirconia rich part and concrete rich part. Zirconia heavier than concrete moved to the lower part when crystals precipitate and aggregates near the bottom surface. As a result, phase separation occurs. The phase separation is caused by the difference in the composition ratio of zirconia, and can also be observed difference in crystal growth mode by composition ratio.

Journal Articles

Experimental validation of the brightness distribution on the surfaces of coupled and decoupled moderators composed of 99.8% parahydrogen at the J-PARC pulsed spallation neutron source

Harada, Masahide; Teshigawara, Makoto; Oi, Motoki; Klinkby, E.*; Zanini, L.*; Batkov, K.*; Oikawa, Kenichi; Toh, Yosuke; Kimura, Atsushi; Ikeda, Yujiro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 903, p.38 - 45, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:24.89(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Cavitation damage in double-walled mercury target vessel

Naoe, Takashi; Wakui, Takashi; Kinoshita, Hidetaka; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Haga, Katsuhiro; Harada, Masahide; Takada, Hiroshi; Futakawa, Masatoshi

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 506, p.35 - 42, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:72.34(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

A mercury target vessel made of 316L SS is damaged due to the cavitation caused by the pressure waves in mercury. Cavitation damage reduces the structural integrity of the target front, called "beam window", being major factor to determine the lifetime of target vessel. Aiming at mitigating the cavitation damage by faster mercury flow in narrow channel, we employed a target vessel with a double-walled structure at the beam window along with a gas microbubbles injection. After operating the double-walled target vessel with a beam power of 300 to 500 kW, we cut out the beam window using an annular cutter to examine the damage inside it, and found that damages with maximum pit depth of approximately 25 $$mu$$m distributed in a belt on the specimen facing narrow channel. Furthermore, numerical simulation result showed that the distribution of negative pressure period from beam injection to 1 ms was correlated with the damage distribution in the narrow channel. It was suggested that the cavitation induced by relatively short negative pressure period contributed to the damage formation.

Journal Articles

Present fabrication status of spare moderators and reflector in J-PARC spallation neutron source

Teshigawara, Makoto; Harada, Masahide; Oi, Motoki; Takada, Hiroshi

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1021(1), p.012061_1 - 012061_4, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

At the spallation neutron source of J-PARC, the structural material of moderators and reflector, such as an aluminum alloy, is going to reach to the design value (20 DPA) around 2020 by an accumulation of irradiation-damage. We started the fabrication of the spare moderators and reflector in 2013 with following design of two improvements. The invar joints, such as invar-A6061 and invar- SS316L joints were newly developed to utilize them in the cryogenic multi-layered pipe with 5th annular geometry, improving the fabrication procedure much simple. The Gold-Indium-Cadmium (Au-In-Cd) as a decoupler material is also developed to reduce residual radioactivity of the used components significantly for the decoupled moderator. In this presentation, we will report these results and progress of fabrication.

Journal Articles

Recent issues encountered by AMATERAS; A Cold-neutron disk-chopper spectrometer

Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Kofu, Maiko; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Kambara, Wataru*; Aoyama, Kazuhiro*; Wakai, Daisuke*; Harada, Masahide; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1021(1), p.012031_1 - 012031_5, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:4.08

Journal Articles

Implementation of a low-activation Au-In-Cd decoupler into the J-PARC 1 MW short pulsed spallation neutron source

Teshigawara, Makoto; Ikeda, Yujiro; Oi, Motoki; Harada, Masahide; Takada, Hiroshi; Kakishiro, Masanori*; Noguchi, Gaku*; Shimada, Tsubasa*; Seita, Kyoichi*; Murashima, Daisuke*; et al.

Nuclear Materials and Energy (Internet), 14, p.14 - 21, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We developed an Au-In-Cd (AuIC) decoupler material to reduce induced radioactivity instead of Ag-In-Cd one, which has a cut off energy of 1eV. In order to implement it into an actual moderator-reflector assembly, a number of critical engineering issues need to be resolved with regard to large-sized bonding between AuIC and A5083 alloys by the hot isostatic pressing process. We investigated this process in terms of the surface conditions, sizes, and heat capacities of large AuIC alloys. We also show a successful implementation of an AuIC decoupler into a reflector assembly, resulting in a remarkable reduction of radioactivity by AuIC compared to AIC without sacrificing neutronic performance.

Journal Articles

Inverse pole figure mapping of bulk crystalline grains in a polycrystalline steel plate by pulsed neutron Bragg-dip transmission imaging

Sato, Hirotaka*; Shiota, Yoshinori*; Morooka, Satoshi; Todaka, Yoshikazu*; Adachi, Nozomu*; Sadamatsu, Sunao*; Oikawa, Kenichi; Harada, Masahide; Zhang, S.*; Su, Y.; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 50(6), p.1601 - 1610, 2017/12

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:26.28(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 2; Neutron scattering instruments

Nakajima, Kenji; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*; Abe, Jun*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Endo, Hitoshi*; Fujita, Masaki*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Gong, W.*; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12

The neutron instruments suite, installed at the spallation neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reviewed. MLF has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments are in operation for user programs or are under commissioning. A unique and challenging instrumental suite in MLF has been realized via combination of a high-performance neutron source, optimized for neutron scattering, and unique instruments using cutting-edge technologies. All instruments are/will serve in world-leading investigations in a broad range of fields, from fundamental physics to industrial applications. In this review, overviews, characteristic features, and typical applications of the individual instruments are mentioned.

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 1; Pulsed spallation neutron source

Takada, Hiroshi; Haga, Katsuhiro; Teshigawara, Makoto; Aso, Tomokazu; Meigo, Shinichiro; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Naoe, Takashi; Wakui, Takashi; Oi, Motoki; Harada, Masahide; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(2), p.8_1 - 8_26, 2017/09

At the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), a pulsed spallation neutron source provides neutrons with high intensity and narrow pulse width to promote researches on a variety of science in the Materials and life science experimental facility. It was designed to be driven by the proton beam with an energy of 3 GeV, a power of 1 MW at a repetition rate of 25 Hz, that is world's highest power level. A mercury target and three types of liquid para-hydrogen moderators are core components of the spallation neutron source. It is still on the way towards the goal to accomplish the operation with a 1 MW proton beam. In this paper, distinctive features of the target-moderator-reflector system of the pulsed spallation neutron source are reviewed.

Journal Articles

Multiple-wavelength neutron holography with pulsed neutrons

Hayashi, Koichi*; Oyama, Kenji*; Happo, Naohisa*; Matsushita, Tomohiro*; Hosokawa, Shinya*; Harada, Masahide; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Nitani, Hiroaki*; Shishido, Toetsu*; Yubuta, Kunio*

Science Advances (Internet), 3(8), p.e1700294_1 - e1700294_7, 2017/08

Journal Articles

Mitigation technologies for damage induced by pressure waves in high-power mercury spallation neutron sources, 4; Measurement of pressure wave response and microbubble effect on mitigation in mercury target at J-PARC

Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Naoe, Takashi; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Haga, Katsuhiro; Wakui, Takashi; Harada, Masahide; Takada, Hiroshi

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(7), p.733 - 741, 2017/07

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:29.13(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A mercury target system has been operated to produce neutron beams at the spallation neutron source in the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). Pressure waves are generated in mercury by rapid heat generation at the time of high-intensity short-pulse proton beam injection. Not only they cause cyclic stress but also induce the cavitation damage on the target vessel made from type 316L stainless steel. Reduction of these pressure waves is very important issue to ensure enough lifetime of the target vessel. To solve the issue, we have been developing the technique to inject microbubbles into mercury. In this study, we installed a microbubble generator in the mercury target vessel, and investigate the effect of proton beam condition and the microbubbles on the pressure wave mitigation by measuring the displacement velocity of the target vessel with an in-situ diagnostic system. As a result, we observed that the peak displacement velocity of the target vessel decreased down to 1/3 and 2/3 for the injected gas fractions of 0.4% and 0.1%, respectively.

Journal Articles

Neutron flux spectrum revealed by Nb-based current-biased kinetic inductance detector with a $$^{10}$$B conversion layer

Miyajima, Shigeyuki*; Shishido, Hiroaki*; Narukami, Yoshito*; Yoshioka, Naohito*; Fujimaki, Akira*; Hidaka, Mutsuo*; Oikawa, Kenichi; Harada, Masahide; Oku, Takayuki; Arai, Masatoshi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 842, p.71 - 75, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:14.05(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Impact of PHITS spallation models on the neutronics design of an accelerator-driven system

Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nishihara, Kenji; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Hashimoto, Shintaro; Matsuda, Norihiro; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Harada, Masahide; Maekawa, Fujio

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(10), p.1585 - 1594, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:14.02(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Time-of-flight neutron Bragg-edge transmission imaging of microstructures in bent steel plates

Su, Y.; Oikawa, Kenichi; Harjo, S.; Shinohara, Takenao; Kai, Tetsuya; Harada, Masahide; Hiroi, Kosuke; Zhang, S.*; Parker, J. D.*; Sato, Hirotaka*; et al.

Materials Science & Engineering A, 675, p.19 - 31, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:23.47(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

JAEA Reports

Measurement of high-energy neutron fluxes and spectra around the J-PARC mercury spallation neutron target using multi-foil activation method

Kasugai, Yoshimi; Harada, Masahide; Kai, Tetsuya; Oi, Motoki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Maekawa, Fujio

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-033, 28 Pages, 2016/03


The high-energy neutron fluxes and spectra around the mercury spallation neutron source at MLF of J-PARC were measured by the multi-foil activation method. The threshold energies of neutron reactions utilized in this experiment covered from 0.1 to 50 MeV. The foil irradiation was carried out on the first beam-run of MLF from May 30th to 31th, 2008. After the irradiation, the induced radioactivity of each foil was measured using an HPGe detector, and the neutron-induced reaction-rate distribution around the mercury target was determined. Using these data, the high-energy neutron fluxes and spectra were deduced with unfolding method in which the neutron spectra calculated with PHITS code were used as the initial-guess spectra. By comparison between the initial and the unfolded spectra, it was shown that most of the calculation results, which had been the basis of the neutronics design of the MLF target assembly, were consistent with the experimental data within $$pm$$30%.

Journal Articles

Custom-made shutter block for imaging instrument "RADEN" at J-PARC

Oikawa, Kenichi; Harada, Masahide; Shinohara, Takenao; Kai, Tetsuya; Oi, Motoki; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.036002_1 - 036002_5, 2015/09

RADEN, named after the Japanese decorative craft arts, is an energy-resolved neutron imaging instrument proposed to the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at J-PARC. This instrument provides various imaging fields for not only conventional radiography/tomography, but also Bragg-edge, resonance absorption and polarized neutron with good energy resolution by means of Time-of-Flight method. Construction of the instrument at BL22 started in January 2013, and on-beam commissioning will be start in November 2014. To maximize flexibility of neutron brightness, beam divergence and field of view at the sample position, an original shutter block that has a single shutter insert was replaced by a new one with three inserts.

230 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)