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Journal Articles

Status of J-PARC accelerators

Hasegawa, Kazuo; Kinsho, Michikazu; Oguri, Hidetomo; Yamamoto, Kazami; Hayashi, Naoki; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Naito, Fujio*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Toyama, Takeshi*; Yamamoto, Noboru*; et al.

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1235 - 1239, 2019/07

After the summer shutdown in 2018, the J-PARC restarted user operation in late October. While beam power to the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) was 500 kW as before the summer shutdown, linac beam current was increased from 40 to 50 mA. Operation of the Main Ring (MR) was suspended due to the modification and/or maintenance of the Superkamiokande (neutrino detector) and Hadron experimental facility. The user operation was resumed in the middle of February for the Hadron experimental facility at 51 kW. But on March 18, one of the bending magnets in the beam transport line to the MR had a failure. It was temporary recovered and restored beam operation on April 5, but the failure occurred again on April 24 and the beam operation of the MR was suspended. In the fiscal year of 2018, the availabilities for the MLF, neutrino and hadron facilities are 94%, 86%, and 74%, respectively.

Journal Articles

Status of J-PARC accelerators

Hasegawa, Kazuo; Kinsho, Michikazu; Oguri, Hidetomo; Yamamoto, Kazami; Hayashi, Naoki; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Naito, Fujio*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Yamamoto, Noboru*; Koseki, Tadashi*

Proceedings of 15th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1317 - 1321, 2018/08

After the summer shutdown in 2017, the J-PARC restarted user operation in late October. The Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) used a spare target and the beam power was limited to 150-200kW. The target was replaced with a new one in the summer shutdown. The beam power was for user operation gradually increased from 300 kW to 500 kW. We have successfully demonstrated 1MW 1hour operation in July 2018. The beam power for the neutrino experimental facility (NU) was 440 kW to 470 kW. The beam was delivered to the hadron experimental facility (HD) from January to February in 2018. The repetition rate of the main ring was shortened from 5.52 to 5.20 seconds, the beam power was increased from 44 to 50 kW. From March 2018, we delivered to the NU at 490 kW stably. In the fiscal year of 2017, the availabilities for the MLF, NU and HD are 93%, 89% and 66%, respectively.

Journal Articles

Performance and status of the J-PARC accelerators

Hasegawa, Kazuo; Hayashi, Naoki; Oguri, Hidetomo; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Naito, Fujio; Koseki, Tadashi; Yamamoto, Noboru; Yoshii, Masahito

Proceedings of 9th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '18) (Internet), p.1038 - 1040, 2018/06

Journal Articles

Status of J-PARC accelerators

Hasegawa, Kazuo; Kinsho, Michikazu; Oguri, Hidetomo; Yamamoto, Kazami; Hayashi, Naoki; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Naito, Fujio*; Hori, Yoichiro*; Yamamoto, Noboru*; Koseki, Tadashi*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1317 - 1321, 2017/12

After the summer shutdown in 2016, the J-PARC restarted user operation late in October for the neutrino experiments (NU) and early in November for the materials and life science experimental facility (MLF). The beam power for the NU was 420 kW in May 2016, but increased to 470 kW in February 2017 thanks to the change and optimization of operation parameters. For the hadron experimental facility (HD), we started beam tuning in April, but suspended by a failure of the electro static septum. After the treatment, we delivered beam at the power of 37 kW. We delivered beam at 150kW for the MLF. In the fiscal year of 2016, the linac, the 3 GeV synchrotron (RCS) and the MLF were stable and the availability was high at 93%. On the contrary, the main ring has several failures and the availabilities were 77% and 84% for NU and HD, respectively.

Journal Articles

Experimental characterization of concrete removal by high-power quasicontinuous wave fiber laser irradiation

Nguyen, P. L.; Daido, Hiroyuki; Yamada, Tomonori; Nishimura, Akihiko; Hasegawa, Noboru*; Kawachi, Tetsuya*

Journal of Laser Applications, 29(4), p.041501_1 - 041501_11, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:51.85(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Performance and status of the J-PARC accelerators

Hasegawa, Kazuo; Hayashi, Naoki; Oguri, Hidetomo; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Naito, Fujio*; Koseki, Tadashi*; Yamamoto, Noboru*; Hori, Yoichiro*

Proceedings of 8th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '17) (Internet), p.2290 - 2293, 2017/06

The J-PARC is a high intensity proton facility and the accelerator consists of a 400 MeV linac, a 3 GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) and a 30 GeV Main Ring Synchrotron (MR). We have taken many hardware upgrades such as front end replacement and energy upgrade at the linac, vacuum improvement, collimator upgrade, etc. The beam powers for the neutrino experiment and hadron experiment from the MR have been steadily increased by tuning and reducing beam losses. The designed 1 MW equivalent beam was demonstrated and user program was performed at 500 kW from the RCS to the neutron and muon experiments. We have experienced many failures and troubles, however, to impede full potential and high availability. In this report, operational performance and status of the J-PARC accelerators are presented.

Journal Articles

High speed inspection of the defect inside concrete by using laser technologies

Hasegawa, Noboru

Kagaku, 71(3), p.72 - 73, 2016/02

In Japan, the deterioration of the infrastructure built in the high economic growth period (1954-1979) becomes big social problem. We have developed the inspection method of the defect in the concrete by using the laser technologies. We have succeeded to demonstrate the high-speed inspection of a mock-defect in concrete by using the high repetition rate impact laser and laser vibrograph. The repetition rate of inspection was improved to be 25 Hz. We commented about this measurement technique.

Journal Articles

Dynamics of spallation during femtosecond laser ablation studied by time-resolved reflectivity with double pump pulses

Kumada, Takayuki; Otobe, Tomohito; Nishikino, Masaharu; Hasegawa, Noboru; Hayashi, Terutake*

Applied Physics Letters, 108(1), p.011102_1 - 011102_4, 2016/01

AA2015-0725.pdf:1.07MB

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:56.66(Physics, Applied)

The dynamics of photomechanical spallation during femtosecond laser ablation of fused silica was studied by time-resolved reflectivity with double pump pulses. Oscillation of reflectivity was caused by interference between the probe pulses reflected at the sample surface and the spallation layer, and was enhanced when the surface is irradiated with the second pump pulse within a time interval of several picoseconds after the first pump pulse. However, as the time-interval was increased, the oscillation amplitude decreased with an exponential decay time of 10 ps. The oscillation disappeared when the interval exceeded 20 ps. This result suggests that the formation time of the spallation layer is approximately 10 ps.

Journal Articles

Observation of surface modification of multi-layered mirror induced by soft X-ray laser pulse

Nishikino, Masaharu; Ishino, Masahiko; Ichimaru, Satoshi*; Hatayama, Masatoshi*; Hasegawa, Noboru; Kawachi, Tetsuya

Reza Gakkai Dai-483-Kai Kenkyukai Hokoku; Tanhacho Ryoshi Bimu Hassei To Sono Oyo, p.25 - 28, 2015/12

X-ray ablation has been recently achieved using plasma soft X-ray lasers (SXRLs), laser plasma soft X-rays, and X-ray free electron lasers. In order to study the interactions between picosecond SXRL beams and material and multi-layered structure surfaces were irradiated with SXRL pulse. Following irradiation, the substrate surface was observed using a scanning electron microscope and an atomic force microscope. The surface modifications caused by the SXRL beam were clearly seen. The multi-layered mirror is the important component for the EUV lithography. Then, we have started the damage test of multi-layered structure, and the surface modifications caused by the SXRL pulse irradiations were confirmed.

Journal Articles

Construction of a magnetic bottle spectrometer and its application to pulse duration measurement of X-ray laser using a pump-probe method

Namba, Shinichi*; Hasegawa, Noboru; Kishimoto, Maki; Nishikino, Masaharu; Ishino, Masahiko; Kawachi, Tetsuya

AIP Advances (Internet), 5(11), p.117101_1 - 117101_10, 2015/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

To characterize the temporal evolution of ultrashort X-ray pulses emitted by laser plasmas using a pump-probe method, a magnetic bottle time-of-flight electron spectrometer is constructed. The design is determined by numerical calculations of a mirror magnetic field and of the electron trajectory in a flight tube. The performance of the spectrometer is characterized by measuring the electron spectra of xenon atoms irradiated with a laser-driven plasma X-ray pulse. In addition, as a preliminary experiment, two-color above-threshold ionization (ATI) is conducted, in which xenon atoms are simultaneously irradiated with an X-ray laser pump and an IR laser probe. The correlation in the intensity of the Auger sideband spectra and in the time delay of the two laser pulses yields an X-ray pulse width of 5.7 ps, in good agreement with the value obtained using an X-ray streak camera.

Journal Articles

Polarization of amplified spontaneous emission in a plasma active medium

Kim, C. M.*; Steil, H.*; Matou$v{s}$, B.*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Hasegawa, Noboru; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Tran, K. A.*; Janulewicz, K. A.*

Physical Review A, 92(4), p.043807_1 - 043807_7, 2015/10

AA2015-0690.pdf:0.77MB

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:22.81(Optics)

We present polarization measurement of a Ni-like Ag X-ray laser working in the transient collisional excitation scheme. A calibrated membrane multilayer beam splitter was used to determine the energies of two mutually perpendicular polarization components (s and p components). As a result, we observed a high degree of polarization that fluctuated from shot to shot. The dominant polarization component switched from s to p when pumping was made stronger. The measurement results are discussed from the point of view of the general polarization theory and supported by a numerical simulation based on Maxwell-Bloch equations.

Journal Articles

Temporal behavior of unresolved transition array emission in water window soft X-ray spectral region from multiply charged ions

Dinh, T.-H.*; Suzuki, Yuhei*; Arai, Goki*; Li, B.*; Dunne, P.*; O'Sullivan, G.*; Fujioka, Shinsuke*; Hasegawa, Noboru; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Nishikino, Masaharu; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 107(12), p.121101_1 - 121101_5, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:22.79(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Low electron temperature in ablating materials formed by picosecond soft X-ray laser pulses

Ishino, Masahiko; Hasegawa, Noboru; Nishikino, Masaharu; Pikuz, T.*; Skobelev, I. Y.*; Faenov, A.*; Inogamov, N.*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Yamagiwa, Mitsuru

X-Ray Lasers and Coherent X-Ray Sources; Development and Applications XI (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.9589), p.958904_1 - 958904_6, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:60.64

To study the ablation process induced by the soft X-ray laser pulse, we investigated the electron temperature of the ablating material. Focused soft X-ray laser pulses having a wavelength of 13.9 nm and duration of 7 ps were irradiated onto target surfaces, and we observed the optical emission from surfaces by use of an optical camera. On target surfaces, we could confirm damage structures, but no emission signal in the visible spectral range during ablation could be observed. Then, we estimated the electron temperature in the ablating matter, and we estimated the electron temperature to be lower than 1 eV and the process duration was shorter than 1000 ps. This result is in good accordance with the theoretical prediction. Our investigation implies that the spallative ablation occurs in the low electron temperature region of a non-equilibrium state of warm dense matter. We will present the current state of our eperimental results.

Journal Articles

Observation of dynamics and modification of solid surface using a picosecond soft X-ray laser

Nishikino, Masaharu; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Hasegawa, Noboru; Ishino, Masahiko; Minami, Yasuo*; Suemoto, Toru*; Onishi, Naofumi*; Ito, Atsushi*; Sato, Katsutoshi*; Faenov, A.*; et al.

X-Ray Lasers and Coherent X-Ray Sources; Development and Applications XI (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.9589), p.958902_1 - 958902_7, 2015/09

Journal Articles

The Observation of a transient surface morphology in the femtosecond laser ablation process by using the soft X-ray laser probe

Hasegawa, Noboru; Nishikino, Masaharu; Tomita, Takuro*; Onishi, Naofumi*; Ito, Atsushi*; Eyama, Tsuyoshi*; Kakimoto, Naoya*; Izutsu, Rui*; Minami, Yasuo*; Baba, Motoyoshi*; et al.

X-Ray Lasers and Coherent X-Ray Sources; Development and Applications XI (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.9589), p.95890A_1 - 95890A_8, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:60.64

We have improved a soft X-ray laser (SXRL) interferometer synchronized with a Ti:Sapphire laser pulse to observe the single-shot imaging of the nano-scaled structure dynamics of the laser induced materials. By the precise imaging optics and double time fiducial system having been installed, the lateral resolution on the sample surface and the precision of the temporal synchronization between the SXRL and Ti:Sapphire laser pulses were improved to be 700 nm and 2 ps, respectively. By using this system, the initial stage (before 200 ps) of the ablation process of the Pt surface pumped by 80 fs Ti:Sapphire laser pulse was observed by the comparison between the soft X-ray reflective image and interferogram. We have succeeded in the direct observation of the unique ablation process around the ablation threshold such as the rapid increase of the surface roughness and surface vibration.

Journal Articles

Output beam polarisation of X-ray lasers with transient inversion

Janulewicz, K. A.*; Kim, C. M.*; Steil, H.*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Nishikino, Masaharu; Hasegawa, Noboru

X-Ray Lasers and Coherent X-Ray Sources; Development and Applications XI (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.9589), p.95890N_1 - 95890N_7, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0

We describe measurement results on the polarization state of amplified spontaneous emission signal from a collisionally pumped Ni-like Ag soft X-ray laser with a transient inversion. The result obtained with a calibrated membrane beam splitter as a polarization state (P-state) selector shows that dominance one of the mutually perpendicular electric field components (p- or s-) in the output signal depends on the hydrodynamic state of the plasma medium. Two different hydrodynamic states were referred as a low gain and high gain regimes and the allocated P-states had dominant s- and p-component, respectively. It was also shown that due to correlations between p- and s-components in the process of coherent amplification of noise, correct description of the polarization state requires applying the generalized theory of polarization and formulated there the generalized degree of polarization.

Journal Articles

Soft X-ray laser observation of femtosecond-laser-driven ablation of tungsten

Nishikino, Masaharu; Hasegawa, Noboru; Ishino, Masahiko; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Yamagiwa, Mitsuru; Kato, Yoshiaki*

Chinese Optics Letters, 13(7), p.070002_1 - 070002_3, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:8.29(Optics)

Journal Articles

Observation of the dependence on the fluence and materials in femto-second laser ablation process by using the soft X-ray laser probe

Hasegawa, Noboru; Tomita, Takuro*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Eyama, Tsuyoshi*; Kakimoto, Naoya*; Minami, Yasuo*; Baba, Motoyoshi*; Onishi, Naofumi*; Ito, Atsushi*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2015-001, p.17 - 20, 2015/07

We have succeeded in simultaneous observation of the ablation front and the expansion front with thin filmy structure in the femto-second laser ablation process of a gold target by using the 13.9 nm soft X-ray probe (incident angle to the sample $$sim$$ 70 deg) with soft X-ray interferometer. The dependence on the laser local fluence and materials was obtained by the comparison between gold and tungsten.

Journal Articles

Hydrodynamics driven by ultrashort laser pulse; Simulations and the optical pump - X-ray probe experiment

Inogamov, N. A.*; Zhakhovsky, V. V.*; Hasegawa, Noboru; Nishikino, Masaharu; Yamagiwa, Mitsuru; Ishino, Masahiko; Agranat, M. B.*; Ashitkov, S. I.*; Faenov, A. Y.*; Khokhlov, V. A.*; et al.

Applied Physics B, 119(3), p.413 - 419, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:40.44(Optics)

Journal Articles

Observation of femtosecond laser ablation on Tungsten by using soft X-ray reflection and interference imaging

Nishikino, Masaharu; Hasegawa, Noboru; Tomita, Takuro*; Eyama, Tsuyoshi*; Kakimoto, Naoya*; Onishi, Naofumi*; Ito, Atsushi*; Baba, Motoyoshi*; Minami, Yasuo*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; et al.

Reza Gakkai Dai-471-Kai Kenkyukai Hokoku; Tanhacho Ryoshi Bimu Hassei To Sono Oyo, p.9 - 12, 2014/12

no abstracts in English

272 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)