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Journal Articles

Progress on the plant design concept of sodium-cooled fast reactor

Hishida, Masahiko*; Kubo, Shigenobu; Konomura, Mamoru; Toda, Mikio*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 44(3), p.303 - 308, 2007/03

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:74.96(Nuclear Science & Technology)

An innovative concept of sodium-cooled fast reactor, named JNC Sodium Cooled FR (JSFR) has been created and modified through the Feasibility Study on Commercialized FR Cycle System, aiming at full satisfaction of the development targets. A modified concept of JSFR applied double-wall straight tube type steam generator (SG) which is excelling in safety for sodium-water reaction has been developed. In addition, decay heat removal system suitable for the straight tube SG has been selected and in-service inspection and repair capabilities have been improved. As the result of this study, the potential to realize this plant concept has been obtained through evaluation concerning safety and economics.

JAEA Reports

Study of an electromagnetic pump in a sodium cooled reactor; Design study of secondary sodium main pumps (Joint research)

Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Kisohara, Naoyuki; Hishida, Masahiko; Fujii, Tadashi; Konomura, Mamoru; Ara, Kuniaki; Hori, Toru*; Uchida, Akihito*; Nishiguchi, Yohei*; Nibe, Nobuaki*

JAEA-Research 2006-049, 75 Pages, 2006/07

JAEA-Research-2006-049.pdf:4.55MB

In the feasibility study on commercialized fast breeder cycle system, a medium scale sodium cooled reactor with 750MW electricity has been designed. In this study, EMPs are applied to the secondary sodium main pump. The EMPs type is selected to be an annular linear induction pump (ALIP) type with double stators which is used in the 160m$$^3$$/min EMP demonstration test. The inner structure and electromagnetic features are decided reviewing the 160m$$^3$$/min EMP. Two dimensional electromagnetic fluid analyses by EAGLE code show that Rms (magnetic Reynolds number times slip) is evaluated to be 1.08 which is less than the stability limit 1.4 confirmed by the 160m$$^3$$/min EMP test, and the instability of the pump head is evaluated to be 3% of the normal operating pump head. Since the EMP stators are cooled by contacting coolant sodium duct, reliability of the inner structures are confirmed by temperature distribution and stator-duct contact pressure analyses. Besides, a power supply system, maintenance and repair feature and R&D plan of EMP are reported.

JAEA Reports

Design study on sodium-cooled reactor; Results of the studies in 2004 (Joint research)

Hishida, Masahiko; Murakami, Tsutomu*; Kisohara, Naoyuki; Fujii, Tadashi; Uchita, Masato*; Hayafune, Hiroki; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Usui, Shinichi; Ikeda, Hirotsugu; Uno, Osamu; et al.

JAEA-Research 2006-006, 125 Pages, 2006/03

JAEA-Research-2006-006.pdf:11.55MB

In Phase I of the "Feasibility Studies on Commercialized Fast Reactor Cycle Systems (F/S)", an advanced loop type reactor has been selected as a promising concept of sodium-cooled reactor, which has a possibility to fulfill the design requirements of the F/S. In Phase II, design improvement for further cost reduction and the establishment of the plant concept has been performed. In this study, reactor core design and large-scale plant design have been performed by adopting the modified fuel assembly with inner duct structure and double-wall straight tube steam generator (SG), which concepts were chosen at the interim review of FY 2003. For this SG, safety logics have been studied and the structural concept has been established. And the plant designs improving the in-service inspection (ISI) and repair capability have been performed. Furthermore, elaborate confirmation of the design has been performed reflecting the development of elemental technology, back-up concepts have been proposed. Besides, cost reduction measures have been studied by reducing reactor grade materials, introducing autonomous standardizations, simplifying the design due to deregulation and adopting systemized standards for BOP and NSSS. From now on, reflecting the results of elemental experiments, in-depth design studies and examination of critical issues will be carried out and the plant concept will accomplish in preparation for the final evaluation in Phase II.

Journal Articles

Progress on the plant design concept of sodium-cooled fast reactor

Hishida, Masahiko; Murakami, Tsutomu; Konomura, Mamoru; Toda, Mikio*

Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Energy System for Future Generation and Global Sustainability (GLOBAL 2005) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2005/10

An innovative concept of sodium-cooled fast reactor, named JNC Sodium Cooled FR (JSFR) has been created and modified through the Feasibility Study on Commercialized FR Cycle System, aiming at full satisfaction of the development targets. A modified concept of JSFR applied double-wall straight tube type steam generator (SG) which is excelling in safety for sodium-water reaction has been developed. In addition, decay heat removal system suitable for the straight tube SG has been selected and in-service inspection and repair capabilities have been improved. As the result of this study, the potential to realize this plant concept has been obtained through evaluation concerning safety and economics.

JAEA Reports

Feasibility Study on Ultrasonic Flow Meter for Sodium-cooled FBR

Hishida, Masahiko; Murakami, Tsutomu; Konomura, Mamoru

JNC TN9400 2005-028, 71 Pages, 2005/06

JNC-TN9400-2005-028.pdf:4.8MB

In the "Feasibility Study on Commercialized Fast Reactor Cycle Systems", 12-chromium steel which has the magnetic property is adopted to the primary and secondary system piping of sodium-cooled reactor. Hence the studies on ultrasonic flow-meter for primary and secondary cooling system have been conducted. In this study, elementary tests in the air and in water were performed in order to select ultrasonic transducer and couplant which suit high temperature and exchange by remote control operation and to verify the ultrasonic propagation characteristic of the transducer and couplant (mainly sensitivity) and the measurement performance in large-scale pipe (mainly influence of attenuation of ultrasonic). Furthermore, for conducing to the setup of set points like "primary flow rate low" reactor trip signal detected by the ultrasonic flow-meter, the ultrasonic transducers for normal temperature were attached at the downstream in the elbow of the test facility which has been used for the water fluid and oscillation test for large diameter piping and fluctuation data from the ultrasonic transducers were acquired. The results are as follows: (1)As a result of investigating high temperature couplant, gold was selected since it was the most stable on all the temperature range containing high temperature among solid metal couplants and force required for the stability of the characteristic is expected to be small. (2)Signal level of ultrasonic transducer with the surface pressure of 1.45$$times$$10$$^{4}$$Pa (the force of 5kN) exceeds 50% of that with the couplant for normal temperature. In the transient temperature test, signal level of ultrasonic transducer became larger with a temperature rise and the fall of the signal level considered to originate in the fall of force was not appear. (3)S/N ratio of the signal exceeded 23dB in the elementaly test in water, and it was expected more than 18dB even if more attenuation of ultrasonic by the propagation longer distance ...

Journal Articles

Construction of Sodium-cooled Medium-scale Modular Reactor in Consideration of In-service Inspection and Repair

Hishida, Masahiko; Konomura, Mamoru; Uchita, Masato; Iitsuka, Toru*; Kamishima, Yoshio*

Proceedings of 2005 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP '05) (CD-ROM), P. 5112, 2005/05

An innovative concept of medium-scale sodium-cooled modular reactor, named M-JSFR, has been created as based on the large-scale advanced loop type fast reactor concept. M-JSFR employs other concepts such as standardization and learning effects by designing as a modular plant and reduction of secondary loop number for the purpose of dissolving the scale-demerit. On this M-JSFR, some improvements are performed to overcome the weak point (strong chemical activity of sodium) of a sodium-cooled reactor and to achieve in-service inspection (ISI) and repair as easily as in light water reactors. Based on the ISI guidelines for light water reactors, the ISI procedures are reviewed reflecting the characteristics of M-JSFR. A guideline for ISI with the same grade of that of the light water reactors is established and major components subjected to ISI are selected. Moreover, suitable ISI procedures for each selected major component are proposed, and a plant concept amenable to ISI is studied. As the result of these studies, the construction cost of ISI&R reinforcement M-JSFR increases about 3% mainly because of the diameter expansion of reactor vessel.

JAEA Reports

Design Study on Sodium-Cooled Large-Scale Reactor

Murakami, Tsutomu; Hishida, Masahiko; Kisohara, Naoyuki; Hayafune, Hiroki; Hori, Toru; Fujii, Tadashi; Uchita, Masato; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Uno, Osamu; Saigusa, Toshiie; et al.

JNC TY9400 2004-014, 78 Pages, 2004/07

JNC-TY9400-2004-014.pdf:7.97MB

This report summarizes the results of the design study on the sodium-cooled large-scale reactor performed in JFY2003, which is the third year of Phase 2. In the JFY2003 design study, critical subjects related to safety, structural integrity and thermal hydraulics which found in the last fiscal year has been examined and the plant concept has been modified. Furthermore, fundamental specifications of main systems and components have been set and economy has been evaluated. In addition, as the interim evaluation of the candidate concept of the FBR fuel cycle is to be conducted, cost effectiveness and achievability for the development goal were evaluated and the data of the three large-scale reactor candidate concepts were prepared.

JAEA Reports

Design Study on Sodium-Cooled Middle-Scale Modular Reactor

Hishida, Masahiko; Murakami, Tsutomu; Kisohara, Naoyuki; Fujii, Tadashi; Uchita, Masato; Hayafune, Hiroki; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Hori, Toru; Saigusa, Toshiie; Uno, Osamu; et al.

JNC TY9400 2004-012, 97 Pages, 2004/07

JNC-TY9400-2004-012.pdf:12.55MB

Based on the concept of a plant consisting of four modules with a capacity of 750 MWe each, which has been established by the end of FY2002, a concept of the entire plant was proposed, reflecting the modifications related to the high internal conversion type core, the double-wall straight tube steam generator (SG), and the fuel storage system. Concept studies were also performed to overcome the drawbacks of the sodium and to achieve in-service inspection and repair as easily as in light water reactor. Furthermore, feasibility studies were carried out to confirm the design, which included safety, thermal-hydraulics and the structures of the primary reactor auxiliary cooling system and the double-wall straight tube SG. A prospect for realization of this plant concept has been obtained through the evaluation results. In addition, as the interim evaluation of the candidate concepts of the FBR fuel cycle is to be conducted, cost effectiveness and achievability for the development goal were evaluated and the data of the three medium-scale reactor candidate concepts were prepared.

JAEA Reports

Feasibility Study on Commercialization of Fast Breeder Reactor Cycle Systems Interim Report of Phase II; Technical Study Report for Reactor Plant Systems

Konomura, Mamoru; Ogawa, Takashi; Okano, Yasushi; Yamaguchi, Hiroyuki; Murakami, Tsutomu; Takaki, Naoyuki; Nishiguchi, Youhei; Sugino, Kazuteru; Naganuma, Masayuki; Hishida, Masahiko; et al.

JNC TN9400 2004-035, 2071 Pages, 2004/06

JNC-TN9400-2004-035.pdf:76.42MB

The attractive concepts for Sodium-, lead-bismuth-, helium- and water-cooled FBRs have been created through using typical plant features and employing advanced technologies. Efforts on evaluating technological prospects of feasibility have been paid for these concepts. Also, it was comfirmed if these concepts satisfy design requierments of capability and performance presumed in the feasibilty study on commertialization of Fast Breeder Reactor Systems. As results, it was concluded that the selection of sodium-cooled reactor was most rational for practical use of FBR technologies in 2015.

JAEA Reports

Design Study on Sodium-Cooled Middle-Scale Modular Reactor

Kisohara, Naoyuki; Hishida, Masahiko; Nibe, Nobuaki; Hori, Toru; Fujii, Tadashi; Uchita, Masato; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Saigusa, Toshiie; Uno, Osamu; Soman, Yoshindo; et al.

JNC TY9400 2003-015, 103 Pages, 2003/09

JNC-TY9400-2003-015.pdf:6.39MB

In Phase I of the "Feasibility Study on Commercialized Fast Reactor Cycle Systems (F/S)", an advanced loop type reactor has been selected as a promising concept of sodium-cooled middle-scale modular reactor, which has a possibility to fulfill the design requirements of the F/S. This report summarizes the results of the design study on the sodium-cooled middle-scale modular reactor performed in JFY2002, which is the second year of Phase 2. The construction cost of the sodium-cooled middle-scale modular reactor, which has been constructed in JFY2002, was almost achieved the economical goal. But its achievability was not sufficient to accept the concept. In order to reduce the construction cost, the plant concept has been re-constructed based on the 50 MWe plant studied in JFY2002. After that, fundamental specifications of main systems and components for the new concept have been set, and critical subjects have been examined and evaluated. In addition, in order to achieve the further cost reduction, the plant with simplified secondary system, the plant with electric magnetic pump in secondary system, and the fuel handling system are examined and evaluated. As a result of this study, the plant concept of the sodium-cooled middle-scale modular reactor has been constructed, which has a prospect to satisfy the economic goal (construction cost: less than 200,000 yens/kWe, etc.) and has a prospect to solve the critical subjects. From now on, reflecting the results of elemental experiments, the preliminary conceptual design of this plant will be preceded toward the selection for narrowingdown candidate concepts at the end of Phase 2.

JAEA Reports

Design Study on Sodium-Cooled Large-Scale Reactor

Kisohara, Naoyuki; Hishida, Masahiko; Nibe, Nobuaki; Hori, Toru; Fujii, Tadashi; Uchita, Masato; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Saigusa, Toshiie; Uno, Osamu; Soman, Yoshindo; et al.

JNC TY9400 2003-014, 52 Pages, 2003/09

JNC-TY9400-2003-014.pdf:3.12MB

In Phase 2 of the F/S, it is planed to precede a preliminary conceptual design of a sodium-cooled large-scale reactor based on the design of the advanced loop type reactor. Through the design study, it is intended to construct such a plant concept that can show its attraction and competitiveness as a commercialized reactor. This report summarizes the results of the design study on the sodium-cooled large-scale reactor performed in JFY2002, which is the second year of Phase 2. In the JFY2002 design study, critical subjects related to safety, structural integrity and thermal hydraulics which found in the last fiscal year has been examined and the plant concept has been modified. Furthermore, fundamental specifications of main systems and components have been set and economy has been evaluated.As a result of this study, the plant concept of the sodium-cooled large-scale reactor has been constructed, which has a prospect to satisfy the economic goal (construction cost: less than 200,000yens/kWe, etc.) and has a prospect to solve the critical subjects.

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