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Journal Articles

Improving the safety of the high temperature gas-cooled reactor "HTTR" based on Japan's new regulatory requirements

Hamamoto, Shimpei; Shimizu, Atsushi; Inoi, Hiroyuki; Tochio, Daisuke; Homma, Fumitaka; Sawahata, Hiroaki; Sekita, Kenji; Watanabe, Shuji; Furusawa, Takayuki; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; et al.

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 388, p.111642_1 - 111642_11, 2022/03

Following the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident in 2011, the Japan Atomic Energy Agency adapted High-Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) to meet the new regulatory requirements that began in December 2013. The safety and seismic classifications of the existing structures, systems, and components were discussed to reflect insights regarding High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (HTGRs) that were acquired through various HTTR safety tests. Structures, systems, and components that are subject to protection have been defined, and countermeasures to manage internal and external hazards that affect safety functions have been strengthened. Additionally, measures are in place to control accidents that may cause large amounts of radioactive material to be released, as a beyond design based accident. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission rigorously and appropriately reviewed this approach for compliance with the new regulatory requirements. After nine amendments, the application to modify the HTTR's installation license that was submitted in November 2014 was approved in June 2020. This response shows that facilities can reasonably be designed to meet the enhanced regulatory requirements, if they reflect the characteristics of HTGRs. We believe that we have established a reference for future development of HTGR.

JAEA Reports

Investigation of simulated waste glass samples prepared from borosilicate glass frit including vanadium

Nagai, Takayuki; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Inose, Takehiko*; Sato, Seiichi*; Hatakeyama, Kiyoshi*; Hirono, Kazuya*; Homma, Masanobu*; Kobayashi, Hiromi*; Takahashi, Tomoe*; et al.

JAEA-Research 2018-007, 87 Pages, 2018/11

JAEA-Research-2018-007.pdf:61.21MB

To select the chemical composition of a glass frit which can increase the waste content, the simulated waste glass samples prepared from a borosilicate glass frit including vanadium (V) were investigated by using Laser Ablation (LA) ICP-AES analysis, Raman spectrometry, and synchrotron XAFS measurement in this study on foundation business of the Agency for Natural Resources and Energy.

Journal Articles

Operation and maintenance experience from the HTTR database

Shimizu, Atsushi; Furusawa, Takayuki; Homma, Fumitaka; Inoi, Hiroyuki; Umeda, Masayuki; Kondo, Masaaki; Isozaki, Minoru; Fujimoto, Nozomu; Iyoku, Tatsuo

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 51(11-12), p.1444 - 1451, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:10.7(Nuclear Science & Technology)

JAEA has kept up a data-base system of operation and maintenance experiences of the HTTR. The objective of this system is to share the information obtained operation and maintenance experiences and to make use of lessons learned and knowledge into a design, construction and operation managements of the future HTGR. More than one thousand records have been registered into the system between 1997 and 2012. This paper describes the status of the data-base system, and provides suggestions for improvement from four experiences: (1) performance degradation of helium compressors; (2) malfunction of reserved shutdown system in reactivity control system; (3) maintenance experiences of emergency gas turbine generators; and (4) experiences of the Great East Japan Earthquake. These experiences are extracted from the system as important lessons learned to be expected to apply for design, construction and operation managements of future HTGR.

Journal Articles

Development of the maintenance technologies for the future high-temperature gas cooled reactor (HTGR) using operating experiences acquired in high-temperature engineering test reactor (HTTR)

Shimazaki, Yosuke; Homma, Fumitaka; Sawahata, Hiroaki; Furusawa, Takayuki; Kondo, Masaaki

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 51(11-12), p.1413 - 1426, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:19.81(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Development of operation and maintenance technology for HTGRs by using HTTR (High Temperature engineering Test Reactor)

Shimizu, Atsushi; Kawamoto, Taiki; Tochio, Daisuke; Saito, Kenji; Sawahata, Hiroaki; Homma, Fumitaka; Furusawa, Takayuki; Saikusa, Akio; Takada, Shoji; Shinozaki, Masayuki

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 271, p.499 - 504, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:36.81(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The long term high temperature operation using HTTR was carried out to establish the technical basis of HTGR in the high temperature test operation mode during 50-day since January till March, 2010. It is necessary to demonstrate the stability of plant during long-term operation in order to attain the stable supply of the high temperature heat to the planned heat utilization system of HTTR. Test data obtained in the operation were evaluated for the technical issues which were extracted before the operation. As the results, Stability and reliability of the components and facility was demonstrated by evaluating the heat transfer performance of high temperature components, the performance of pressure control to compensate helium gas leak, the reliability of the dynamic components such as helium gas circulators, the performance of heat-up protection of radiation shielding. Through the operation, the technical basis for the operation and maintenance technology of HTGRs was established.

Journal Articles

Development of operation and maintenance technology of HTTR (High Temperature engineering Test Reactor)

Shimizu, Atsushi; Kawamoto, Taiki; Tochio, Daisuke; Saito, Kenji; Sawahata, Hiroaki; Homma, Fumitaka; Furusawa, Takayuki; Saikusa, Akio; Shinozaki, Masayuki

Proceedings of 6th International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology (HTR 2012) (USB Flash Drive), 8 Pages, 2012/10

To establish the technical basis of HTGR, the long term high temperature operation using HTTR was carried out during 50-day in 2010. It is necessary to demonstrate the stability of plant during long-term operation and the reliability of components and facilities special to HTGRs, in order to attain the stable supply of the high temperature heat to the planned hydrogen production system of HTTR. Test data obtained in the operation were evaluated for the technical issues which were extracted before the operation. As the results, stability and reliability of the components and facility special to HTGRs was demonstrated by evaluating the heat transfer performance of high temperature components, the helium gas leak tightness, the reliability of the dynamic components such as helium gas circulators, the performance of heat-up protection of radiation shielding. Through the operation, the technical basis for the operation and maintenance technology of HTGRs were established.

Journal Articles

Development of a sub-MeV X-ray source via Compton backscattering

Kawase, Keigo; Kando, Masaki; Hayakawa, Takehito; Daito, Izuru; Kondo, Shuji; Homma, Takayuki; Kameshima, Takashi*; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Chen, L. M.*; Fukuda, Yuji; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 637(1, Suppl.), p.S141 - S144, 2011/05

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:53.57(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We report the present status of the sub-MeV X-ray generation via Compton backscattering by using 150-MeV electron beam and the Nd:YAG laser. In particular, we show the result of the X-ray generation experiment and of the laser pulse compression for increasing the X-ray flux.

Journal Articles

Manipulation and electron-oscillation-measurement of laser accelerated electron beams

Kotaki, Hideyuki; Hayashi, Yukio; Kawase, Keigo; Mori, Michiaki; Kando, Masaki; Homma, Takayuki; Koga, J. K.; Daido, Hiroyuki; Bulanov, S. V.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 53(1), p.014009_1 - 014009_7, 2011/01

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:26.23(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Journal Articles

Intense and reproducible K$$_{alpha}$$ emissions from micron-sized Kr cluster target irradiated with intense femtosecond laser pulses

Hayashi, Yukio; Fukuda, Yuji; Faenov, A. Y.*; Kando, Masaki; Kawase, Keigo; Pikuz, T. A.*; Homma, Takayuki; Daido, Hiroyuki; Bulanov, S. V.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 49(12), p.126401_1 - 126401_3, 2010/12

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:43.19(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Control of the laser accelerated electron beam

Kotaki, Hideyuki; Hayashi, Yukio; Kawase, Keigo; Mori, Michiaki; Kando, Masaki; Homma, Takayuki; Bulanov, S. V.

JAEA-Conf 2010-002, p.99 - 102, 2010/06

Journal Articles

Improvement of SBS laser pulse compression system for the Compton backscattered X-ray source

Kawase, Keigo; Kando, Masaki; Hayakawa, Takehito; Daito, Izuru; Kondo, Shuji; Homma, Takayuki; Kameshima, Takashi*; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Chen, L. M.*; Fukuda, Yuji; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2010-002, p.95 - 98, 2010/06

At the previous symposium in Advanced Photon Research, we proposed and demonstrated the laser pulse compression via stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) for increasing the flux of the Compton backscattered X rays. After that, we improved the SBS pulse compression system by introducing the image relay in the laser transport line. As a result, we achieve the stably compressed laser pulse with a duration of 2.1 ns and with an energy of 0.84 J. By installing this system into the Compton backscattered X-ray source, the X-ray flux will be increased 3.2 times for the present system at the KPSI-JAEA.

Journal Articles

Metrology of wide field of view nano-thickness foils' homogeneity by conventional and phase contrast soft X-ray imaging

Faenov, A. Y.; Pikuz, T.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Kando, Masaki; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Homma, Takayuki; Kawase, Keigo; Skobelev, I.*; Gasilov, S.*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 49(6), p.06GK03_1 - 06GK03_5, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:36.82(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Control and pulsewidth-measurement of laser accelerated electron beams

Kotaki, Hideyuki; Hayashi, Yukio; Kawase, Keigo; Mori, Michiaki; Kando, Masaki; Homma, Takayuki; Koga, J. K.; Bulanov, S. V.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.3608 - 3610, 2010/05

Journal Articles

Measurement of the parametric X-rays with the rocking curve method

Hayashi, Yukio; Kando, Masaki; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Kawase, Keigo; Homma, Takayuki; Bulanov, S. V.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.208 - 210, 2010/05

Parametric X-ray generation is one of the ways to obtain a monochromatic X-ray. The X-ray is generated through the interaction between high energy electrons and a crystal. The relationship between an X-ray wavelength and an angle of emission is followed by the Bragg condition. Therefore the monochromatic energy of the X-ray can be varied continuously by rotating the crystal. This tunability of X-ray wavelength is suitable for various applications. Here, we have measured 10 keV parametric X-rays with applying a rocking curve method. In this scheme, a large number of parametric X-rays are detected simultaneously. This enables us to find and tune the parametric X-ray quickly. As a result, we could find the sharp peak from this method with the Microtron accelerator at JAEA and a Si crystal. Since the peak angle is consistent to the Bragg condition for the 10 keV parametric X-ray generation, we think 10 keV photons have been generated through the parametric X-ray mechanism.

Journal Articles

Method of observing the spot where full-power counter-propagating laser pulses collide in plasma media

Kawase, Keigo; Kando, Masaki; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Homma, Takayuki; Kameshima, Takashi*; Daito, Izuru; Hayashi, Yukio; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Fukuda, Yuji; Esirkepov, T. Z.; et al.

Applied Physics Express, 3, p.016101_1 - 016101_3, 2010/01

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:11.33(Physics, Applied)

A new observation method of providing a precise collision of two full-power counter-propagating laser pulses is proposed and demonstrated. The method is a combination of top-view imaging, side-view shadowgram, extra-ultraviolet (XUV) spectrograph, and returning pulse monitoring. This allows us to align two counter-propagating laser pulses at their colliding point in a real situation (full power laser operation in plasma). The achieved spatial resolution of the monitor in the plasma is 1.35 $$mu{rm m}$$ with the precision level of alignment better than 15 $$mu{rm m}$$ even when there is plasma present.

Journal Articles

Electron optical injection with head-on and countercrossing colliding laser pulses

Kotaki, Hideyuki; Daito, Izuru; Kando, Masaki; Hayashi, Yukio; Kawase, Keigo; Kameshima, Takashi*; Fukuda, Yuji; Homma, Takayuki; Ma, J.*; Chen, L. M.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 103(19), p.194803_1 - 194803_4, 2009/11

 Times Cited Count:52 Percentile:88.18(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Submicron ionography of nanostructures using a femtosecond- laser-driven-cluster-based source

Faenov, A. Y.; Pikuz, T. A.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Kando, Masaki; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Homma, Takayuki; Kawase, Keigo; Kameshima, Takashi*; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Yogo, Akifumi; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 95(10), p.101107_1 - 101107_3, 2009/09

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:73.46(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Generation of parametric X-rays by using electron accelerator

Hayashi, Yukio; Kando, Masaki; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Kawase, Keigo; Homma, Takayuki; Bulanov, S. V.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1153, p.223 - 229, 2009/07

We generate monochromatic X rays (10 keV) in a method called parametric X-ray emission. When relativistic electrons are injected into a crystal plane, monochromatic X rays are radiated toward the reflected direction of the crystal plane. A 150 MeV electron beam and a thin Si (111) crystal were used for this experiment. We measured the rocking curve of the crystal and found a clear peak around the Bragg angle. We conclude that this peak is due to the parametric X-ray radiation. In future, we will try parametric X-ray generation by using laser-plasma electrons, which is one of the useful applications for laser-plasma electrons.

Journal Articles

Contrast effect on the laser injected electron beam

Kotaki, Hideyuki; Kando, Masaki; Daito, Izuru; Homma, Takayuki; Kameshima, Takashi; Kawase, Keigo; Chen, L.-M.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Kondo, Shuji; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1153, p.176 - 181, 2009/07

Journal Articles

Demonstration of flying mirror with improved efficiency

Pirozhkov, A. S.; Kando, Masaki; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Fukuda, Yuji; Chen, L.-M.*; Daito, Izuru; Ogura, Koichi; Homma, Takayuki; Hayashi, Yukio; Kotaki, Hideyuki; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1153, p.274 - 284, 2009/07

120 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)