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JAEA Reports

Fabrication and test results of testing equipment for remote-handling of MA fuel, 3; Testing equipment for fuel loading

Tazawa, Yujiro; Nishihara, Kenji; Sugawara, Takanori; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Sasa, Toshinobu; Eguchi, Yuta; Kikuchi, Masashi*; Inoue, Akira*

JAEA-Technology 2016-029, 52 Pages, 2016/12

JAEA-Technology-2016-029.pdf:5.34MB

Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P) planned in the J-PARC project uses minor actinide (MA) fuels in the experiments. These MA fuels are highly-radioactive, so the fuel handling equipment in TEF-P is necessary to be designed as remote-handling system. This report summarizes fabrication and test results of the testing equipment for fuel loading that is one of components of the testing equipment for remote-handling of MA fuels. The testing equipment which had a remote-handling system for fuel loading was fabricated. And the test in combination with the mock-up core was performed. Through the test, it was confirmed to load/take the dummy fuel pin to/from the mock-up core without failure. It was shown that the concept design of the fuel loading equipment of TEF-P was reasonable.

JAEA Reports

Fabrication and test results of testing equipment for remote-handling of MA fuel, 2; Evaluation of heat transfer parameter crossing rectangular lattice matrix

Eguchi, Yuta; Sugawara, Takanori; Nishihara, Kenji; Tazawa, Yujiro; Inoue, Akira; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi

JAEA-Technology 2015-052, 34 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-052.pdf:5.02MB

Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P) planned in the J-PARC project uses minor actinide (MA) fuel which has large decay heat. So it is necessary to consider the increase of the core temperature when the core cooling system is stopped. This change of the core temperature was evaluated by thermal conduction analysis. It was found that the impact of thermal insulation in the empty rectangular lattice matrix area was large. So it is necessary to verify reliability and accuracy of heat transfer effect used in this area. Testing equipment was fabricated to verify the accuracy of calculation model for the empty lattice matrix which was the free convection model of sealed fluid. By using this equipment, thermal distribution and one dimensional heat flow through the lattice were measured. It was observed that the actual equivalent thermal conductivity in the lattice was larger than the free convection model. It was also confirmed that the insertion of the aluminum block into the empty lattice could achieve the higher equivalent thermal conductivity. These results could be the useful data for the thermal conduction analysis.

JAEA Reports

Fabrication and test results of testing equipment for remote-handling of MA fuel, 1; Testing equipment for fuel cooling

Nishihara, Kenji; Tazawa, Yujiro; Inoue, Akira; Sugawara, Takanori; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Sasa, Toshinobu; Obayashi, Hironari; Yamaguchi, Kazushi; Kikuchi, Masashi*

JAEA-Technology 2015-051, 47 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-051.pdf:3.6MB

This report summarizes fabrication and test results of a testing equipment for fuel cooling that is a component of the testing equipment for remote-handling of highly-radioactive MA fuels in the transmutation physics experimental facility (TEF-P) planned in the J-PARC. Evaluation formula of pressure drop and temperature increase used in the design of TEF-P was validated by the test, and, feasibility of cooling concept was confirmed.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY 2012

Sumiya, Shuichi; Watanabe, Hitoshi; Miyagawa, Naoto; Nakano, Masanao; Nakada, Akira; Fujita, Hiroki; Takeyasu, Masanori; Isozaki, Tokuju; Morisawa, Masato; Mizutani, Tomoko; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-056, 181 Pages, 2014/03

JAEA-Review-2013-056.pdf:6.22MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2012 to March 2013. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant of Tokyo Electric Power Co. in March 2011.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY 2011

Sumiya, Shuichi; Watanabe, Hitoshi; Nakano, Masanao; Takeyasu, Masanori; Nakada, Akira; Fujita, Hiroki; Isozaki, Tokuju; Morisawa, Masato; Mizutani, Tomoko; Nagaoka, Mika; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-009, 195 Pages, 2013/06

JAEA-Review-2013-009.pdf:3.35MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2011 to March 2012. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant on Tokyo Electric Power Co. in March 2011.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY 2010

Sumiya, Shuichi; Watanabe, Hitoshi; Nakano, Masanao; Takeyasu, Masanori; Nakada, Akira; Fujita, Hiroki; Isozaki, Tokuju; Morisawa, Masato; Mizutani, Tomoko; Kokubun, Yuji; et al.

JAEA-Review 2012-015, 166 Pages, 2012/05

JAEA-Review-2012-015.pdf:3.53MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2010 to March 2011. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant on Tokyo Electric Power Co. in 2011 March. Appendices present comprehensive information, such as monitoring program, monitoring methods, monitoring results and their trends, meteorological data and discharged radioactive wastes. In addition, the data exceeded the normal range of fluctuation by the accidental release was evaluated in the appendices.

Journal Articles

Understanding and modeling of chemical transition of nitrate accompanied with corrosion of carbon steel under hyper-alkaline and high nitrate concentration conditions

Honda, Akira; Masuda, Kaoru*; Tateishi, Tsuyoshi*; Kato, Osamu*; Inoue, Hiroyuki*

Zairyo To Kankyo, 60(12), p.541 - 552, 2011/12

Immersion tests and rest potential measurements under hyper-alkaline and high sodium nitrate concentrations were conducted to elucidate and improve model predictions of chemical interactions between carbon steel and nitrate ion in high concentrations of nitrate salt. The modified model can estimate the tendency of time dependent variation of chemical species and of rest potentials.

Journal Articles

Interlaboratory comparison of positron annihilation lifetime measurements

Ito, Kenji*; Oka, Toshitaka*; Kobayashi, Yoshinori*; Shirai, Yasuharu*; Wada, Kenichiro*; Matsumoto, Masataka*; Fujinami, Masanori*; Hirade, Tetsuya; Honda, Yoshihide*; Hosomi, Hiroyuki*; et al.

Materials Science Forum, 607, p.248 - 250, 2009/00

So far no standard procedure for the positron annihilation lifetime (PAL) technique has been established. A lack of the standards has led to difficulty in ensuring the equivalency and reliability of data from different laboratories. As a first, we conducted an interlaboratory comparison of PAL measurements for metal, polymer and silica glass with agreed procedures for data recording and analysis. The PAL data recorded at different laboratories were analyzed with a single lifetime component for the metal sample and with three components for the others, respectively. Based on the results of the reported positron and ortho-positronium lifetimes, the possible sources of the uncertainties in the PAL measurements are discussed. To reduce the effect of scattered $$gamma$$ rays, a lead shield was placed between the detectors. The uncertainty was significantly decreased, signifying that placing lead shields between the detectors effectively reduced the false signals due to the scattered $$gamma$$ rays.

Journal Articles

Flexible fuel cycle R&D for the smooth FBR deployment

Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; Yamashita, Junichi*; Hoshino, Kuniyoshi*; Sasahira, Akira*; Inoue, Tadashi*; Minato, Kazuo; Sato, Seichi*

Proceedings of 16th Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference (PBNC-16) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2008/10

Transition period from light water reactors (LWR) to fast breeder reactors (FBR) is quite important to achieve the future FBR cycle system. The transition scenarios were carefully studied and the Flexible Fuel Cycle Initiative (FFCI) was proposed in this study. FFCI carries out about 90% uranium (U) removal from LWR spent fuels (SF) at first and then recovers plutonium/uranium (Pu/U) from the remaining SF named "recycle material"(RM) (about 40% U, 15% Pu and 45% other nuclides) for FBR fresh fuel fabrication according to the FBR deployment status. The FFCI has some merits compared with ordinary system that carries out full reprocessing of LWR SF, that is volume reduction of LWR SF by its conversion to RM (proliferation resistant material), and storage and supply of high Pu density RM according to FBR deployment rate changes.

Journal Articles

Interlaboratory comparison of positron annihilation lifetime measurements for synthetic fused silica and polycarbonate

Ito, Kenji*; Oka, Toshitaka*; Kobayashi, Yoshinori*; Shirai, Yasuharu*; Wada, Kenichiro*; Matsumoto, Masataka*; Fujinami, Masanori*; Hirade, Tetsuya; Honda, Yoshihide*; Hosomi, Hiroyuki*; et al.

Journal of Applied Physics, 104(2), p.026102_1 - 026102_3, 2008/07

 Times Cited Count:37 Percentile:18.64(Physics, Applied)

Interlaboratory comparison of positron annihilation lifetime measurements using synthetic fused silica and polycarbonate was conducted with the participation of 12 laboratories. By regulating procedures for the measurement and data analysis the uncertainties of the positron lifetimes obtained at different laboratories were significantly reduced in comparison with those reported in the past.

Journal Articles

Uranium recovery in LWR reprocessing and plutonium/residual uranium conditioning in FBR reprocessing for the transition from LWR to FBR

Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; Yamashita, Junichi*; Hoshino, Kuniyoshi*; Sasahira, Akira*; Inoue, Tadashi*; Minato, Kazuo; Sato, Seichi*

Proceedings of 3rd International ATALANTE Conference (ATALANTE 2008) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2008/05

In order to flexibly manage the transition period from LWR to FBR, the authors investigated the transition scenario and proposed the Flexible Fuel Cycle Initiative (FFCI). In FFCI, LWR spent fuel reprocessing only carries out the removal of about 90% uranium that will be purified and utilized in LWR after re-enrichment. The residual material (40% U, 15% Pu and 45% other nuclides) is transferred to temporary storage and/or FBR spent fuel reprocessing to recover Pu/U followed by FBR fresh fuel fabrication depending on the FBR introduction status. The FFCI has some merits compared with ordinary system that consists of full reprocessing facilities for both LWR and FBR spent fuels, that is smaller LWR reprocessing facility, spent LWR fuel reduction, storage and supply of high proliferation resistant and high Pu density material that can flexibly respond to FBR introduction rate changes. The Pu balance was calculated under several cases, which revealed that the FFCI could supply enough Pu to FBR in any cases.

Journal Articles

Development of sheet-type hydrogen sensors

Takano, Katsuyoshi; Inoue, Aichi; Yamamoto, Shunya; Sugimoto, Masaki; Sugiyama, Akira; Yoshikawa, Masahito

Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan, 32(3), p.673 - 676, 2007/09

The deposition of tungsten oxide on the sheet of polyethylene terephthalate or polyvinylindene chloride was performed by sputtering method. It was found that the color of the sheets changes within few minuets to expose 0.1 vol.% diluted hydrogen, so as to be able to confirm the change by viewing. The sheets can be produced with low cost, and are useful as convenient sheet-type hydrogen sensors for the utilization of hydrogen in fuel cell as a clean energy source.

Journal Articles

Uptake of uranium by spinach grown in andosols accumulating trace amounts of fertilizer-derived uranium

Yamaguchi, Noriko*; Watanabe, Yoko; Kawasaki, Akira*; Inoue, Chiaki*

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis 3, p.52 - 57, 2007/00

Long-term agricultural practices result in the accumulation of uranium (U) in plowed soils, as phosphate fertilizers contain about 90$$sim$$740 mg/kg of uranium as impurity. It is difficult to evaluate whether or not fertilizer-derived U affect public dose of U through agricultural products because U is ubiquitous elements in the soil environment. However, chenopodiaceous plants such as spinach are known to uptake higher amounts of U than the other vegetables and crops. In order to assess the potential risks caused by trace U present in agricultural fields, we investigated U uptake by spinach grown in soil of elevated concentration of U possibly due to phosphorus fertilization.

Journal Articles

High sensitive gasochromic hydrogen sensors using tungsten oxide thin films

Takano, Katsuyoshi; Yamamoto, Shunya; Yoshikawa, Masahito; Inoue, Aichi; Sugiyama, Akira

Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan, 31(1), p.223 - 226, 2006/03

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Feasibility Study on Commercialization of Fast Breeder Reactor Cycle Systems, Interim Report of Phase2 -Technical Study Report for Nuclear Fuel Cycle Systems-

Sato, Koji; Koma, Yoshikazu; Inoue, Akira; Yonezawa, Shigeaki; Takata, Takeshi; Nakabayashi, Hiroki; Namekawa, Takashi; Kawaguchi, Koichi

JNC-TN9400 2004-036, 1051 Pages, 2004/06

JNC-TN9400-2004-036.pdf:90.95MB

The plant concept concerning the fuel cycle systems (combination of the reprocessing and the fuel fabrication )has been constructed to reduce their total cost by the introduction of various innovative techniques and to apply their utmost superior efficiency from such standpoints of a decrease in the environmental burden, better resource utilization and proliferation resistance improvement by the low decontamination transuranium element (TRU) recycle. For economical efficiency, less than 0.8 yen/kWh which is the demand value (total of the reprocessing expense and the fuel fabrication expense) of the fuel cycle expense satisfied each combination case at 200 tHM/y scale provisionally set for large-scale facilities. On the other hand, the combination case with a low breeder reactor core has satisfied the demand value, with improvement of the average burnup by the radial direction blanket fuel deletion contributing to the decrease of the fuel cycle expense at 50 tHM/y scale provisionally set for small-scale facilities.

Journal Articles

Application of diamond window for infrared laser diagnostics in a tokamak device

Kawano, Yasunori; Chiba, Shinichi; Inoue, Akira*

Review of Scientific Instruments, 75(1), p.279 - 280, 2004/01

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:45.85(Instruments & Instrumentation)

It has been successful to apply CVD diamond plate as the vacuum window for infrared CO$$_{2}$$ laser interferometry and polarimetry for electron density measurement in the JT-60U tokamak. In comparison with to use the conventional zinc-selenide windows, the Faraday rotation component at diamond windows was small as negligible. This resulted in the improvement of the Faraday rotation measurement for a tokamak plasma by polarimetry.

Journal Articles

Application of CVD diamond window in infrared laser diagnostics for fusion plasmas

Kawano, Yasunori; Chiba, Shinichi; Inoue, Akira*

Proceedings of 30th EPS Conference on Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics (CD-ROM), 4 Pages, 2003/00

It has been successful to apply CVD diamond plate as the vacuum window for infrared CO$$_{2}$$ laser interferometry and polarimetry for electron density measurement in the JT-60U tokamak. In comparison with using the conventional zinc-selenide windows, the Faraday rotation component at diamond windows was small as negligible. This resulted in the improvement of the Faraday rotation measurement for a tokamak plasma by polarimetry.

Journal Articles

Conceptual Design on Oxide Electrowinnig Method for FR Fuel Cycle

; Fujii, Keiji; Inoue, Akira; Namba, Takashi; Sato, Koji

Proceedings of GLOBAL2003, 0 Pages, 2003/00

The oxide electrowinning method is one of the non-aqueous reprocessing methods, and the construction of a compact, economical plant is expected in the combination with this reprocessing method and the fuel fabrication method utilizing the vibro-compaction process. For this reprocessing method, the rational process flow has been constructed on the basis of the existing technical information, from the viewpoint of the improvement of the economical efficiency. The conceptual design study of the main equipment concept and the equipment layout in main process cells on the basis of this process flow has been carried out from the viewpoint of the safety and operability. Then the number of equipments in this system and floor space of the process cells concerned with the economical efficiency have also been evaluated. In result, it has been seen that the capital cost by the future plant conceptual design study would be improved compared with the previous design, accordingly with the diminution

Journal Articles

ITER engineering design

Shimomura, Yasuo; Tsunematsu, Toshihide; Yamamoto, Shin; Maruyama, So; Mizoguchi, Tadanori*; Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Kitamura, Kazunori*; Ioki, Kimihiro*; Inoue, Takashi; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 78(Suppl.), 224 Pages, 2002/01

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Development of control and data processing system for CO$$_{2}$$ laser interferometer

Chiba, Shinichi; Kawano, Yasunori; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Inoue, Akira*

JAERI-Research 2001-050, 59 Pages, 2001/11

JAERI-Research-2001-050.pdf:15.28MB

no abstracts in English

32 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)