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Journal Articles

SiO$$_{2}$$/AlON stacked gate dielectrics for AlGaN/GaN MOS heterojunction field-effect transistors

Watanabe, Kenta*; Terashima, Daiki*; Nozaki, Mikito*; Yamada, Takahiro*; Nakazawa, Satoshi*; Ishida, Masahiro*; Anda, Yoshiharu*; Ueda, Tetsuzo*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Hosoi, Takuji*; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 57(6S3), p.06KA03_1 - 06KA03_6, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:32.09(Physics, Applied)

The advantage of SiO$$_{2}$$/AlON stacked gate dielectrics over SiO$$_{2}$$, AlON and Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ single dielectric layers was demonstrated. Our systematic research revealed that the optimized stacked structure with 3.3-nm-thick AlON interlayer is beneficial in terms of superior interface quality, reduced gate leakage current and C-V hysteresis for next-generation high frequency and high power AlGaN/GaN MOS-HFETs.

Journal Articles

Application of topographical source model for air dose rates conversions in aerial radiation monitoring

Ishizaki, Azusa; Sanada, Yukihisa; Ishida, Mutsushi; Munakata, Masahiro

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 180, p.82 - 89, 2017/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:75.99(Environmental Sciences)

After the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS) accident in 2011, aerial radiation monitoring (ARM) using a manned helicopter was conducted to rapidly measure air dose rates and the deposition of radioactive nuclides over a large area. Typically, the air dose rate is obtained by conversion from the count rate using the conventional flat source model (FSM). The converted dose rate via aerial monitoring poorly matches the results of ground measurement in the mountain and forest areas because the FSM does not consider topographical effects. To improve the conversion accuracy, we developed new methods to analyze aerial monitoring data using the topographical source model (TSM) based on the analytical calculation of the $$gamma$$-ray flux. The ARM results converted using both the FSM as well as TSM were compared with ground measurement data obtained after the FDNPS accident. By using TSM, the conversion accuracy was improved.

Journal Articles

Design and control of interface reaction between Al-based dielectrics and AlGaN Layer in AlGaN/GaN metal-oxide-semiconductor structures

Watanabe, Kenta*; Nozaki, Mikito*; Yamada, Takahiro*; Nakazawa, Satoshi*; Anda, Yoshiharu*; Ishida, Masahiro*; Ueda, Tetsuzo*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Hosoi, Takuji*; Shimura, Takayoshi*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 111(4), p.042102_1 - 042102_5, 2017/07

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:22.28(Physics, Applied)

AlGaN/GaN HFET (hetero-junction field-effect transitor) has gained much attention as next-generation high frequency and high power devices. In this study, we systematically investigated the interface reaction between Al-based dielectrics (Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ and AlON) and AlGaN layer during deposition and post-deposition annealing (PDA), and revealed high thermal stability of AlON/AlGaN interface.

Journal Articles

Comprehensive study on initial thermal oxidation of GaN(0001) surface and subsequent oxide growth in dry oxygen ambient

Yamada, Takahiro*; Ito, Joyo*; Asahara, Ryohei*; Watanabe, Kenta*; Nozaki, Mikito*; Nakazawa, Satoshi*; Anda, Yoshiharu*; Ishida, Masahiro*; Ueda, Tetsuzo*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; et al.

Journal of Applied Physics, 121(3), p.035303_1 - 035303_9, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:5.61(Physics, Applied)

Initial oxidation of GaN(0001) epilayers and subsequent growth of thermal oxides in dry oxygen ambient were investigated by means of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, spectroscopic ellipsometry, atomic force microscopy and X-ray diffraction measurements. It was found that, whereas initial oxide formation tends to saturate at temperatures below 800$$^{circ}$$C, selective growth of small oxide grains proceeds at dislocations in the epilayers, followed by noticeable grain growth leading to rough surface morphology at higher oxidation temperatures. This indicates that oxide growth and its morphology are crucially dependent on the defect density in the GaN epilayers. Structural characterizations also revealed that polycrystalline $$alpha$$- and $$beta$$-phase Ga$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ grains in an epitaxial relation with the GaN substrate are formed from the initial stage of the oxide growth. On the basis of these experimental findings, we also developed a comprehensive model for GaN oxidation mediated by nitrogen removal and mass transport.

Journal Articles

Investigation of snow cover effects and attenuation correction of $$gamma$$ ray in aerial radiation monitoring

Ishizaki, Azusa; Sanada, Yukihisa; Mori, Airi; Imura, Mitsuo; Ishida, Mutsushi; Munakata, Masahiro

Remote Sensing, 8(11), p.892_1 - 892_12, 2016/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:77(Remote Sensing)

In aerial radiation monitoring (ARM), the air dose rate cannot be appropriately estimated under snowy conditions due to attenuation of $$gamma$$ ray by the snow layer. A technique to address this issue is required for ARM to obtain enough signals for air dose rate. To develop this technique, we investigated the relationship between snow depth and ARM measurement results using ARM, laser imaging detection and ranging, and ground measurement before and after snowfall. From the measured data, the results obtained using three different correction factors were examined and compared. An appropriate correction improved the underestimation of the air dose rate. However, further improvement in the accuracy of the analysis require accurate estimation of the snow water equivalent.

JAEA Reports

Radiation monitoring using manned helicopter around the nuclear power station in the fiscal year 2015 (Contract research)

Sanada, Yukihisa; Munakata, Masahiro; Mori, Airi; Ishizaki, Azusa; Shimada, Kazumasa; Hirouchi, Jun; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Urabe, Yoshimi; Nakanishi, Chika*; Yamada, Tsutomu*; et al.

JAEA-Research 2016-016, 131 Pages, 2016/10

JAEA-Research-2016-016.pdf:20.59MB

By the nuclear disaster of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS), Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), caused by the East Japan earthquake and the following tsunami occurred on March 11, 2011, a large amount of radioactive materials was released from the NPS. After the nuclear disaster, airborne radiation monitoring using manned helicopter was conducted around FDNPS. In addition, background dose rate monitoring was conducted around Sendai Nuclear Power Station. These results of the aerial radiation monitoring using the manned helicopter in the fiscal 2015 were summarized in the report.

Journal Articles

Effect of nitrogen incorporation into Al-based gate insulators in AlON/AlGaN/GaN metal-oxide-semiconductor structures

Asahara, Ryohei*; Nozaki, Mikito*; Yamada, Takahiro*; Ito, Joyo*; Nakazawa, Satoshi*; Ishida, Masahiro*; Ueda, Tetsuzo*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Hosoi, Takuji*; Shimura, Takayoshi*; et al.

Applied Physics Express, 9(10), p.101002_1 - 101002_4, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:15.16(Physics, Applied)

The superior physical and electrical properties of AlON gate dielectrics on AlGaN/GaN substrates in terms of thermal stability, reliability, and interface quality were demonstrated by direct AlON deposition and subsequent annealing. Nitrogen incorporation into alumina was proven to be beneficial both for suppressing intermixing at the insulator/AlGaN interface and reducing the number of electrical defects in Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ films. Consequently, we achieved high-quality AlON/AlGaN/GaN metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitors with improved stability against charge injection and a reduced interface state density as low as 1.2$$times$$10$$^{11}$$ cm$$^{-2}$$eV$$^{-1}$$. The impact of nitrogen incorporation into the insulator was discussed on the basis of experimental findings.

Journal Articles

Synchrotron radiation X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of Ti/Al ohmic contacts to n-type GaN; Key role of Al capping layers in interface scavenging reactions

Nozaki, Mikito*; Ito, Joyo*; Asahara, Ryohei*; Nakazawa, Satoshi*; Ishida, Masahiro*; Ueda, Tetsuzo*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Hosoi, Takuji*; Shimura, Takayoshi*; Watanabe, Heiji*

Applied Physics Express, 9(10), p.105801_1 - 105801_4, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:62.06(Physics, Applied)

Interface reactions between Ti-based electrodes and n-type GaN epilayers were investigated by synchrotron radiation X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Metallic Ga and thin TiN alloys were formed at the interface by subsequently depositing Al capping layers on ultrathin Ti layers even at room temperature. By comparing results from stacked Ti/Al and single Ti electrodes, the essential role of Al capping layers serving as an oxygen-scavenging element to produce reactive Ti underlayers was demonstrated. Further growth of the metallic interlayer during annealing was observed. A strategy for achieving low-resistance ohmic contacts to n-GaN with low-thermal-budget processing is discussed.

JAEA Reports

Radiation monitoring using manned helicopter around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in the fiscal year 2014 (Contract research)

Sanada, Yukihisa; Mori, Airi; Ishizaki, Azusa; Munakata, Masahiro; Nakayama, Shinichi; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Urabe, Yoshimi; Nakanishi, Chika; Yamada, Tsutomu; Ishida, Mutsushi; et al.

JAEA-Research 2015-006, 81 Pages, 2015/07

JAEA-Research-2015-006.pdf:22.96MB

By the nuclear disaster of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (NPS), Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), caused by the East Japan earthquake and the following tsunami occurred on March 11, 2011, a large amount of radioactive materials was released from the NPP. These results of the aerial radiation monitoring using the manned helicopter in the fiscal 2014 were summarized in the report.

JAEA Reports

Analysis of FCA VIII-2 fuel slumping experiments by SIMMER-III and SIMMER-IV

Ishida, Shinya; Mizuno, Masahiro*

JAEA-Research 2015-002, 47 Pages, 2015/06

JAEA-Research-2015-002.pdf:7.22MB

An advanced safety analysis computer code, SIMMER-III and SIMMER-IV, has been developed to investigate the complex phenomena under the core disruptive accidents in LMFRs. Fuel slumping experiments performed in the Fast Critical Assembly (FCA) VIII-2 facility were analyzed by SIMMER-III (two dimensions) and SIMMER-IV (three dimensions) in order to validate the neutronics model of the code for the disrupted core analysis. The results of the SIMMER-III and SIMMER-IV analysis (70-group constants from the unified cross-section set ADJ2000R, multi-group transport approximation for the anisotropic scattering, S8 approximation for the discrete-ordinate order) indicated that the SIMMER-III and SIMMER-IV simulated the FCA VIII-2 experiments with sufficient precision. In addition, the parameter surveys showed that the simulation of the FCA VIII-2 experiments with sufficient precision can be performed with the 18-group constants and S4 approximation for the discrete-ordinate order.

JAEA Reports

Enhancement of the methodology of repository design and post-closure performance assessment for preliminary investigation stage, 3; Progress report on NUMO-JAEA collaborative research in FY2013 (Joint research)

Shibata, Masahiro; Sawada, Atsushi; Tachi, Yukio; Makino, Hitoshi; Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Mitsui, Seiichiro; Kitamura, Akira; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Oda, Chie; Ishidera, Takamitsu; et al.

JAEA-Research 2014-030, 457 Pages, 2015/03

JAEA-Research-2014-030.pdf:199.23MB

JAEA and NUMO have conducted a collaborative research work which is designed to enhance the methodology of repository design and post-closure performance assessment in preliminary investigation stage. With regard to (1) study on rock suitability in terms of hydrology, based on some examples of developing method of hydro-geological structure model, acquired knowledge are arranged using the tree diagram, and model uncertainty and its influence on the evaluation items were discussed. With regard to (2) study on scenario development, the developed approach for "defining conditions" has been reevaluated and improved from practical viewpoints. In addition, the uncertainty evaluation for the effect of use of cementitious material, as well as glass dissolution model, was conducted with analytical evaluation. With regard to (3) study on setting radionuclide migration parameters, based on survey of precedent procedures, multiple-approach for distribution coefficient of rocks was established, and the adequacy of the approach was confirmed though its application to sedimentary rock and granitic rock. Besides, an approach for solubility setting was developed including the procedure of selection of solubility limiting solid phase. The adequacy of the approach was confirmed though its application to key radionuclides.

Journal Articles

Analysis of radicals induced in irradiated amino acid using Pulse-ESR

Kishida, Keigo*; Kikuchi, Masahiro; Nakamura, Hideo*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Ukai, Mitsuko*

JAEA-Review 2014-050, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2013, P. 90, 2015/03

Journal Articles

Relaxation times of radicals induced in irradiated foods using pulse-ESR and CW-ESR

Kishida, Keigo*; Kawamura, Shoei*; Kikuchi, Masahiro; Nakamura, Hideo*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Ukai, Mitsuko*

JAEA-Review 2013-059, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2012, P. 86, 2014/03

Journal Articles

Studies on the relaxation time of radicals in irradiated foods using pulse-ESR and CW-ESR

Kishida, Keigo*; Kawamura, Shoei*; Kameya, Hiromi*; Nakamura, Hideo*; Kikuchi, Masahiro; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Ukai, Mitsuko*

Radioisotopes, 63(3), p.131 - 137, 2014/03

Using Pulse-Electron Spin Resonance (Pulse-ESR) spectroscopy and Continuous Wave-Electron Spin Resonance (CW-ESR) spectroscopy, we revealed the relaxation time (T$$_{1}$$, T$$_{2}$$) of radicals induced in irradiated foods. The relaxation time was directly analyzed by Pulse-ESR. Using CW-ESR, the relaxation time was calculated by the measured spectrum parameter indirectly. We succeeded in the detection of Pulse-ESR signal of irradiated hard wheat flour and irradiated black pepper. It was suggested that using CW-ESR T$$_{1}$$ and T$$_{2}$$ can be calculated effectively, but the value was tend to slightly lower due to the parameters for calculation are affected by the contents of food especially protein.

JAEA Reports

Enhancement of the methodology of repository design and post-closure performance assessment for preliminary investigation stage, 2; Progress report on NUMO-JAEA collaborative research in FY2012 (Joint research)

Shibata, Masahiro; Sawada, Atsushi; Tachi, Yukio; Hayano, Akira; Makino, Hitoshi; Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Mitsui, Seiichiro; Oda, Chie; Kitamura, Akira; Osawa, Hideaki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2013-037, 455 Pages, 2013/12

JAEA-Research-2013-037.pdf:42.0MB

Following FY2011, JAEA and NUMO have conducted a collaborative research work which is designed to enhance the methodology of repository design and performance assessment in preliminary investigation stage. With regard to (1) study on rock suitability in terms of hydrology, the tree diagram of methodology of groundwater travel time has been extended for crystalline rock, in addition, tree diagram for sedimentary rock newly has been organized. With regard to (2) study on scenario development, the existing approach has been improved in terms of a practical task, and applied and tested for near field focusing on the buffer. In addition, the uncertainty of some important processes and its impact on safety functions are discussed though analysis. With regard to (3) study on setting radionuclide migration parameters, the approaches for parameter setting have been developed for sorption for rocks and solubility, and applied and tested through parameter setting exercises for key radionuclides.

Journal Articles

Analysis of radicals induced in irradiated cereal flour using ESR

Kawamura, Shoei*; Kishida, Keigo*; Kikuchi, Masahiro; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Ukai, Mitsuko*

Shokuhin Shosha, 48(1), p.3 - 10, 2013/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Analysis of decay of radicals induced in irradiated foods during long storage

Kishida, Keigo*; Kawamura, Shoei*; Nakamura, Hideo*; Kikuchi, Masahiro; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Ukai, Mitsuko*

Shokuhin Shosha, 48(1), p.11 - 18, 2013/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

ESR studies on decay of radicals induced in irradiated foods

Kaimori, Yoshihiko; Sakamoto, Yuki*; Kawamura, Shoei*; Kishida, Keigo*; Kikuchi, Masahiro; Nakamura, Hideo*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Ukai, Mitsuko*

JAEA-Review 2012-046, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2011, P. 79, 2013/01

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Enhancement of the methodology of repository design and post-closure performance assessment for preliminary investigation stage; Progress report on NUMO-JAEA collaborative research in FY2011 (Joint research)

Shibata, Masahiro; Sawada, Atsushi; Tachi, Yukio; Makino, Hitoshi; Hayano, Akira; Mitsui, Seiichiro; Taniguchi, Naoki; Oda, Chie; Kitamura, Akira; Osawa, Hideaki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2012-032, 298 Pages, 2012/09

JAEA-Research-2012-032.pdf:33.68MB

JAEA and NUMO have conducted a collaborative research work which is designed to enhance the methodology of repository design and performance assessment in preliminary investigation phase. The topics and the conducted research are follows; (1) Study on selection of host rock: in terms of hydraulic properties, items for assessing rock property, and assessment methodology of groundwater travel time has been organized with interaction from site investigation. (2) Study on development of scenario: the existing approach has been embodied, in addition, the phenomenological understanding regarding dissolution of and nuclide release from vitrified waste, corrosion of the overpack, long-term performance of the buffer are summarized. (3) Study on setting nuclide migration parameters: the approach for parameter setting has been improved for sorption and diffusion coefficient of buffer/rock, and applied and tested for parameter setting of key radionuclides. (4) Study on ensuring quality of knowledge: framework for ensuring quality of knowledge has been studied and examined aimed at the likely disposal facility condition.

Journal Articles

Analysis of radicals induced in irradiated foods

Kishida, Keigo*; Kaimori, Yoshihiko*; Kawamura, Shoei*; Sakamoto, Yuki*; Nakamura, Hideo*; Kikuchi, Masahiro; Shimoyama, Yuhei; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Ukai, Mitsuko*

Shokuhin Shosha, 47(1), p.1 - 5, 2012/09

no abstracts in English

74 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)