Nagao, Fumiya; Niizato, Tadafumi; Sasaki, Yoshito; Ito, Satomi; Watanabe, Takayoshi; Dohi, Terumi; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Sakuma, Kazuyuki; Hagiwara, Hiroki; Funaki, Hironori; et al.
JAEA-Research 2019-002, 235 Pages, 2019/08
The accident of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (hereinafter referred to 1F), Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. occurred due to the Great East Japan Earthquake, Sanriku offshore earthquake, of 9.0 magnitude and the accompanying tsunami. As a result, large amount of radioactive materials was released into the environment. Under these circumstances, JAEA has been conducting Long-term Environmental Dynamics Research concerning radioactive materials released in environment, especially migration behavior of radioactive cesium since November 2012. This report is a summary of the research results that have been obtained in environmental dynamics research conducted by JAEA in Fukushima Prefecture.
Tagomori, Hisaya; Dohi, Terumi; Ishii, Yasuo; Kanaizuka, Seiichi*; Fujiwara, Kenso; Iijima, Kazuki
JAEA-Technology 2019-001, 37 Pages, 2019/03
An efficient methodology for separating the radiocaesium-bearing micro particles (CsMPs) released by the TEPCO's Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station accident is required to investigate their spatial distribution and physicochemical properties. In this report we developed an efficiency separation method for CsMP from litters since the radiocaesium in litter may affect the radiocaesium cycling in forest ecosystem. One CsMP separation from litter containing lots of soil particles was attained within three days using electron microscopic analysis with digestion treatment of organic matter. This methodology is expected as CsMPs efficient separation method for not only forest floor litter but also barks and leaves of living tree, and other organic materials in the forested environment.
Watanabe, Takayoshi; Oyama, Takuya; Ishii, Yasuo; Niizato, Tadafumi; Abe, Hironobu; Mitachi, Katsuaki; Sasaki, Yoshito
KEK Proceedings 2017-6, p.122 - 126, 2017/11
no abstracts in English
Sasaki, Yoshito; Ishii, Yasuo; Abe, Hironobu; Mitachi, Katsuaki; Watanabe, Takayoshi; Niizato, Tadafumi
Horticulture Journal, 86(2), p.139 - 144, 2017/04
To examine the translocation of radiocesium (Cs) scattered by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident that occurred in March 2011 to the Japanese chestnut, we investigated the autoradiography and radiocesium concentration in each part of the Japanese chestnut. The Japanese chestnut fruit has a thin skin between the kernel (cotyledons) and shell; the kernel of the fruit is edible. Cs concentration in each part of the fruit was found to be almost the same at about 1.010 Bqkg. Radiocesium concentration in chestnut weevil larvae found on the fruit was approximately one-seventh of that in the kernel.
Sasaki, Yoshito; Abe, Hironobu; Mitachi, Katsuaki; Watanabe, Takayoshi; Ishii, Yasuo; Niizato, Tadafumi
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 161, p.58 - 65, 2016/09
We report the behavior of radiocesium on the tree bark and its transfer into the stemflow of chestnut in a forest in Fukushima. The radiocesium concentration is greatest in 2-cm stem, less in 5-mm stem, and least in the leaves. In the 2-cm stem, the radiocesium concentration of the bark was approximately 10 times that of wood. The average Cs-137 concentration of the dissolved fraction of stem flow was about 10 Bq/L; the pH was nearly constant at 5.8. A strong positive correlation was observed between the radiocesium concentration and the electrical conductivity of the dissolved fraction of stemflow; this result suggests that radiocesium and electrolytes have the same elution mechanism from the tree. Some of the particles in the particulate fraction of the stem flow was strongly adsorbed radiocesium.
Niizato, Tadafumi; Abe, Hironobu; Mitachi, Katsuaki; Sasaki, Yoshito; Ishii, Yasuo; Watanabe, Takayoshi
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 161, p.11 - 21, 2016/09
Estimations of radiocesium input and output budgets concerning the forest floor in a mountain forest region have been conducted in the north and central part of the Abukuma Mountains of Fukushima, after 2 to 3 year period following the TEPCO Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. The radiocesium input and output associated with surface washoff, throughfall, stemflow, and litterfall processes at the experimental plots have been monitored on a forest floor of evergreen Japanese cedar and deciduous Konara oak forests. The results at both monitoring locations show the radiocesium input to be 4-50 times higher than the output during the rainy season in Fukushima. These results indicate that the radiocesium tend to be preserved in the forest ecosystem due to extremely low output ratios. Thus, the associated fluxes throughout the circulation process are key issues for the projecting the environmental fate of the radiocesium levels.
Tachi, Yukio; Suyama, Tadahiro; Yotsuji, Kenji; Ishii, Yasuo; Takahashi, Hiroaki*
CMS Workshop Lectures, Vol.21, p.241 - 250, 2016/00
Sorption and diffusion of radionuclides in argillaceous rocks are key processes in the safe geological disposal. The diffusion and sorption behavior of Ni(II), Am(III) and Se(IV) in mudstone from the Horonobe URL were investigated by experimental and modeling approaches. Effective diffusivities obtained by the through-diffusion experiments were in the sequence of Cs, Ni, HTO, I, Se(SeO), Am(Am(CO)) by comparison with the previous study. The distribution coefficient values were consistent with those obtained by batch sorption tests. These results were interpreted by the clay-based modeling approach coupling the thermodynamic sorption model assuming key contributions of clays (smectite and illite) and the diffusion model assuming the electrical double layer theory and the simplified pore model with size distribution. This clay-based model could provide reasonable account of observed trends and could be basically applicable for various radionuclides.
Makii, Hiroyuki; Ota, Shuya*; Ishii, Tetsuro; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Chiba, Satoshi; Igashira, Masayuki*; Czeszumska, A.*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 797, p.83 - 93, 2015/10
We have installed new experimental apparatus to measure rays from highly excited states populated by the multi-nucleon transfer reactions with heavy-ion projectiles to determine the () cross sections by means of the surrogate reaction method. Apparatus consists of two anti-Compton LaBr(Ce) spectrometers to measure the rays and a Si - detector system to detect outgoing projectile-like particles. Reactions of 153-MeV O beams with Gd and Gd targets were used to study the performance of apparatus. By using the LaBr(Ce) scintillators with relatively large volume (101.6 mm in diameter and 127 mm in length), we have successfully measured rays from the compound nuclei, which have excitation energy above neutron separation energy, populated by Gd(O, O)Gd and Gd(O, O)Gd two-neutron transfer reactions. The present study has demonstrated high capability of apparatus to measure the de-excitation rays in the compound nuclei produced by the multi-nucleon transfer reactions for determination of the () cross sections by using the surrogate reaction method.
Ishii, Yasuo; Abe, Hironobu; Niizato, Tadafumi
Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 3 Pages, 2015/05
As part of the project entitled "Long-Term Assessment of Transport of Radioactive Contaminant in the Environment of Fukushima" (F-TRACE project), JAEA has researched since November 2012 to predict the transport behavior of radioactive caesium, which now Cs-134 and Cs-137 are the main radiological contribution, from contaminated mountain forests to estuary and coast through dam, pond, river etc. based on their investigated data survey data in the Fukushima prefecture. In this study, we report characterization and radio assay of the surface run-off substances obtained (or collected) at the forest observation plots in the Ogi district of Kawauchi-mura and the Yamakiya district of Kawamata-machi, and at the soil-saving dam in the Ogaki district of Namie-machi, Fukishima prefecture, Japan.
Jarrige, I.*; Ishii, Kenji; Matsumura, Daiju; Nishihata, Yasuo; Yoshida, Masahiro*; Kishi, Hirofumi*; Taniguchi, Masashi*; Uenishi, Mari*; Tanaka, Hirohisa*; Kasai, Hideaki*; et al.
ACS Catalysis, 5(2), p.1112 - 1118, 2015/02
Makii, Hiroyuki; Ota, Shuya*; Ishii, Tetsuro; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Chiba, Satoshi*; Igashira, Masayuki*
Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.361 - 364, 2014/05
Anti-Compton LaBr(Ce) spectrometers have been installed at JAEA-Tokai tandem accelerator facility in order to measure the rays from the highly excited states produced by surrogate reactions. Each spectrometer consists of a central LaBr(Ce) detector with a diameter of 10.2 cm and a length of 12.7 cm, and an annular BGO detector with a thickness of 2.5 cm and a length of 25.4 cm. In this contribution, we will present the results of performance test using the standard ray source and high-energy rays from the Al(p,)Si reaction, and a measurement plan for (n,) cross sections using a surrogate reaction at JAEA-Tokai tandem accelerator facility.
Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sakama, Minoru*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; Ishii, Yasuo; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Ishii, Tetsuro; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; et al.
Physical Review C, 87(1), p.014332_1 - 014332_6, 2013/01
The spin-parity and neutron configuration of the ground state of No have been identified through -decay spectroscopy. The No is the nucleus with the largest neutron number whose spin-parities and single-particle configurations have ever been identified. The neutron 9/2 configuration was assigned to the ground state of No as well as to the 231.4 keV level in Fm. This allowed us to establish energy spacings and order of the neutron single-particle orbitals in such heaviest nuclear region. The appearance of the 9/2 ground state at =157 implies that the order of the neutron orbitals between the =152 and 162 deformed shell gaps should change considerably with increasing neutron number.
Ishii, Kenji; Tsutsui, Kenji; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Jarrige, I.; Mizuki, Junichiro; Hiraka, Haruhiro*; Yamada, Kazuyoshi*; Toyama, Takami*; Maekawa, Sadamichi; Endo, Yasuo*; et al.
Physical Review B, 85(10), p.104509_1 - 104509_5, 2012/03
Dobashi, Kunio*; Shimizu, Yasuo*; Matsuzaki, Shinichi*; Nagamine, Takeaki*; Sato, Takahiro; Okubo, Takeru; Yokoyama, Akihito; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Arakawa, Kazuo*; et al.
JAEA-Review 2011-043, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2010, P. 87, 2012/01
Ishii, Yasuo; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Li, Z.*; Nagame, Yuichiro; Miyashita, Sunao*; Mori, Tomotaka*; Suganuma, Hideo*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; et al.
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, 84(9), p.903 - 911, 2011/09
The cation-exchange behavior of element 104, rutherfordium (Rf), was investigated together with its lighter group-4 homologues Zr and Hf, and the tetravalent pseudo-homologue Th in HF/HNO mixed solution. The results demonstrate that distribution coefficients () of Rf in HF/0.10 M HNO decrease with increasing concentration of the fluoride ion [F], indicating the consecutive formation of fluorido complexes of Rf. We also measured the values of Rf and the homologues as a function of the hydrogen ion concentration [H]. The log values decrease linearly with an increase of log [H] with slopes between -2.1 and -2.5. This indicates that these elements are likely to form the same chemical compounds: mixture of [MF] and [MF] (M = Rf, Zr, Hf and Th) in the studied solution. It is also ascertained that sequence in the fluoride complex formation is Zr Hf Rf Th.
Ishii, Kenji; Ishihara, Sumio*; Murakami, Yoichi*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Kuzushita, Kaori*; Inami, Toshiya; Owada, Kenji; Yoshida, Masahiro; Jarrige, I.; Tatami, Naka*; et al.
Physical Review B, 83(24), p.241101_1 - 241101_4, 2011/06
Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ishii, Yasuo; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Ishii, Tetsuro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Kojima, Yasuaki*; et al.
Physical Review C, 83(1), p.014315_1 - 014315_12, 2011/01
Excited states in Fm populated via the decay of No are studied in detail through - coincidence and fine structure measurements. Spin-parities and neutron configurations of the excited states in Fm as well as the ground state of No are definitely identified on the basis of deduced internal conversion coefficients, lifetimes of transitions, rotational-band energies built on one-quasiparticle states, and hindrance factors of transitions. It is found that the excitation energy of the 1/2 state in =151 isotones increases with the atomic number, especially at 100, while that of the 1/2 state decreases at =100. Energy systematics of the one-quasiparticle states in the =151 isotones are discussed in terms of the evolution of nuclear deformation involving the hexadecapole and hexacontatetrapole deformations.
Ishii, Kenji; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Jarrige, I.; Mizuki, Junichiro; Hiraka, Haruhiro*; Yamada, Kazuyoshi*; Tsutsui, Kenji; Toyama, Takami*; Maekawa, Sadamichi*; Endo, Yasuo*; et al.
Physica C, 470(Suppl.1), p.S155 - S157, 2010/12
Yoshida, Masahiro; Ishii, Kenji; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Jarrige, I.; Murakami, Yoichi*; Mizuki, Junichiro; Tsutsui, Kenji; Toyama, Takami*; Maekawa, Sadamichi*; Kudo, Kazutaka*; et al.
Physica C, 470(Suppl.1), p.S145 - S146, 2010/12
Yoshii, Kenji; Hiramitsu, Yusuke*; Okajima, Yuka*; Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Nishihata, Yasuo; Mizuki, Junichiro; Nakamura, Akio; Shimojo, Yutaka; Ishii, Yoshinobu*; Morii, Yukio; et al.
Materials Research Bulletin, 45(11), p.1574 - 1580, 2010/10
Magnetic and dielectric properties of perovskite manganites RSrMnO (R = Gd, Tb and Dy) have been investigated. DC and AC magnetic measurements showed short-range glassy magnetic ordering at Tg about 40 K. Such ordering was observed by neutron diffraction and is ascribable to the size mismatch of R and Sr settled randomly at the same crystallographic site. Dielectric constants for each material were about 1000-10000 between about 50 K and 300 K and showed broad maximums above Tg. Dielectric dispersion showed poor coherency of the motion of polar regions, plausibly because of the size-mismatch effect; both the magnetic and dielectric properties of this system are governed by the randomness at the R/Sr site. The tan and EXAFS data suggest that the dielectric response is rooted in a transfer of the Mn-3d electrons.