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Introduction to Neutron Radiography Facilities at the Japan Research Reactor-3

栗田 圭輔; 飯倉 寛; 土川 雄介; 甲斐 哲也; 篠原 武尚; 大平 直也*; 伊藤 大介*; 齊藤 泰司*; 松林 政仁

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2605, p.012005_1 - 012005_6, 2023/10

2021年2月26日にJapan Research Ractor-3(JRR-3)の運転が再開され、2021年7月には利用運転が再開された。JRR-3の運転再開に伴い、TNRFとCNRFと呼ばれる2つのイメージング施設も利用を再開している。本発表では、これら2つの中性子施設の詳細について報告する。


Measurements of gas-liquid two-phase flow dynamics using high-speed neutron imaging

伊藤 大介*; 大平 直也*; 伊藤 啓*; 齊藤 泰司*; 栗田 圭輔; 飯倉 寛

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2605, p.012024_1 - 012024_6, 2023/10



Development of tracer particles for thermal hydraulic experiment by neutron imaging

齊藤 泰司*; 伊藤 大介*; 大平 直也*; 栗田 圭輔; 飯倉 寛

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2605, p.012028_1 - 012028_6, 2023/10

中性子イメージングで流速分布を観察するためには、適切なトレーサーが必要である。その要件は、密度,視認性,濡れ性(液体金属に適用する場合)である。金カドミウムトレーサーは、Pb-Bi二相流に適用するために開発されたが、粒子径や測定システムによっては、可視性が検証されていない。トレーサー粒子の候補として、Ag, Cd, Au-Cd, Ag-Cdを組成と粒径を変えてテストした。その結果、1mm以上の粒子径であれば、十分な視認性が得られることがわかった。また、Cdトレーサー粒子を流動層に適用し、流動層材料として直径1mmのステンレス鋼製の金属粒子を用いた。Cdトレーサーの直径は約1.5mmである。中性子イメージングにより、トレーサーの視認性は流動層内の速度分布を測定するのに十分であることが確認された。


Non-stoichiometric $$fcc$$-base GdO$$_{x}$$ precipitations in a Mg-Zn-Gd alloy

伊東 祐斗*; 江草 大佑*; 山口 正剛; 阿部 英司*

Materials Transactions, 64(8), p.2022 - 2025, 2023/08

走査型透過電子顕微鏡によるその場観察で、Mg$$_{97}$$Zn$$_{1}$$Gd$$_{2}$$ (at.%)合金を623Kで加熱すると、面心立方($$fcc$$)系のGdナノ粒子がダイナミックに析出することを発見した。5.32${AA}$という観察された格子定数は、密度汎関数理論(DFT)計算による純粋な$$fcc$$-Gdの5.06${AA}$よりも大きいため、酸素原子が四面体の格子間サイトに部分的に挿入されているためである可能性が高いことがわかった。体系的なDFT計算により、四面体あるいは八面体の格子間サイトを占有することで、広い不定比性範囲を持つ$$fcc$$-Gd系酸化物相が出現する可能性があり、GdO$$_{x}$$として表現できることが分かった。


Heterogeneous aggregation of humic acids studied by small-angle neutron and X-ray scattering

斉藤 拓巳*; 元川 竜平; 大窪 貴洋*; 三浦 大輔*; 熊田 高之

Environmental Science & Technology, 57(26), p.9802 - 9810, 2023/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Engineering, Environmental)

Aggregation of humic acids (HAs) were studied by small-angle neutron and X-ray scattering techniques. The combination of these techniques enables us to examine aggregation structures of heterogeneous HA particles. Two HAs with distinctive compositions were examined; a commercial HA (PAHA) and a HA extracted from deep sedimentary groundwater (HHA). While macroscopic coagulation tests showed that these HAs were stable in solutions except for HHA at pH $$<$$ 6, small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) and X-ray scattering (SAXS) revealed that they formed aggregates with the sizes exceeding sub-micrometer length scale. The SAXS curves of PAHA remarkably varied with pD, whereas the SANS curves did not. With the help of theoretical fittings, it was revealed that PAHA aggregates consisted of two domains: poorly hydrated cores and well-hydrated proton-rich shells. The cores are (dis)aggregated with pD inside the aggregates of the shell. The SANS and SAXS curves of HHA resemble each other, and their intensities at low q increased with a decrease of pD, indicating the formation of homogeneous aggregates. This study revealed that distinctive aggregation behaviors exist in humic substances with heterogeneous structures like PAHA, which is invaluable for their roles in the fate of contaminants or nutrients in aqueous environments.


Spontaneous topological Hall effect induced by non-coplanar antiferromagnetic order in intercalated van der Waals materials

高木 寛貴*; 高木 里奈*; 見波 将*; 野本 拓也*; 大石 一城*; 鈴木 通人*; 柳 有起*; 平山 元昭*; Khanh, N.*; 軽部 皓介*; et al.

Nature Physics, 19(7), p.961 - 968, 2023/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:95.71(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

In ferromagnets, electric current generally induces a transverse Hall voltage in proportion to the internal magnetization. This effect is frequently used for electrical readout of the spin up and down states. While these properties are usually not expected in antiferromagnets, recent theoretical studies predicted that non-coplanar antiferromagnetic order with finite scalar spin chirality - meaning a solid angle spanned by neighboring spins - can induce a large spontaneous Hall effect even without net magnetization or external magnetic field. This phenomenon, the spontaneous topological Hall effect, can potentially be used for the efficient electrical readout of the antiferromagnetic states, but it has not been experimentally verified due to a lack of appropriate materials hosting such magnetism. Here, we report the discovery of all-in-all-out type non-coplanar antiferromagnetic order in triangular lattice compounds CoTa$$_{3}$$S$$_{6}$$ and CoNb$$_{3}$$S$$_{6}$$. These compounds are reported to host unconventionally large spontaneous Hall effect despite their vanishingly small net magnetization, and our analysis reveals that it can be explained in terms of the topological Hall effect that originates from the fictitious magnetic field associated with scalar spin chirality. These results indicate that the scalar spin chirality mechanism offers a promising route to the realisation of giant spontaneous Hall response even in compensated antiferromagnets, and highlight intercalated van der Waals magnets as a promising quasi-two-dimensional material platform to enable various nontrivial ways of electrical reading and possible writing of non-coplanar antiferromagnetic domains.



山本 誠士郎*; 大平 直也*; 伊藤 大介*; 伊藤 啓*; 齊藤 泰司*; 今泉 悠也; 松場 賢一; 神山 健司

混相流, 37(1), p.79 - 85, 2023/03

In the safety study on a sodium-cooled fast reactor, it is assumed that the high temperature fuel debris are formed because of a core disruptive accident. During the cooling of the fuel debris, gas-liquid two-phase flow can be generated in the debris due to the coolant boiling. To improve the prediction accuracy of the flow characteristics, detailed measurement of the gas-liquid two-phase flow in the debris bed is required. In this study, gas-liquid two-phase flow in a quasi-two-dimensional sphere-packed bed, which simulates the debris bed, is visualized by using X-ray imaging. The experimental results show that the local void fraction increases near the splitting section in the packed bed and decreases near the coalescence section.


Lanthanide and actinide ion complexes containing organic ligands investigated by surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy

平田 早紀子*; 日下 良二; 明地 省吾*; 為国 誠太*; 奥寺 洸介*; 浜田 昇賢*; 坂本 知優*; 本田 匠*; 松下 高輔*; 村松 悟*; et al.

Inorganic Chemistry, 62(1), p.474 - 486, 2023/01

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

A new technique, surface-enhanced infrared absorption (SEIRA) spectroscopy, was used for the structural investigation of lanthanide (Ln) and actinide (An) complexes containing organic ligands. We synthesized thiol derivatives of organic ligands with coordination sites similar to those of diglycolamide (DGA), Cyanex-272, and $$N,N,N',N'$$-tetrakis(2-pyridinylmethyl)-1,2-ethanediamine (TPEN), which have been used for separating Ln and An through solvent extraction. These ligands were attached on a gold surface deposited on an Si prism through S-Au covalent bonds; the gold surface enhanced the IR absorption intensity of the ligands. Aqueous solutions of Ln (Eu$$^{3+}$$, Gd$$^{3+}$$, Tb$$^{3+}$$) and An (Am$$^{3+}$$) ions were loaded onto the gold surface to form ion complexes. The IR spectra of the ion complexes were obtained using FT-IR spectroscopy in the attenuated total reflection mode. In this study, we developed a new sample preparation method for SEIRA spectroscopy that enabled us to obtain the IR spectra of the complexes with a small amount of ion solution (5 $$mu$$L). This is a significant advantage for the IR measurement of radiotoxic Am$$^{3+}$$ complexes. In the IR spectra of DGA, the band attributed to C=O stretching vibrations at $$sim$$1630 cm$$^{-1}$$ shifted to a lower wavenumber by $$sim$$20 cm$$^{-1}$$ upon complexation with Ln and An ions. Moreover, the amount of the red-shift was inversely proportional to the extraction equilibrium constant reported in previous studies on solvent extraction. The coordination ability of DGA toward Ln and An ions could be assessed using the band position of the C=O band. The Cyanex-272- and TPEN-like ligands synthesized in this report also showed noticeable SEIRA signals for Ln and An complexes. This study indicates that SEIRA spectroscopy can be used for the structural investigation of ion complexes and provides a microscopic understanding of selective extraction of Ln and An.


Spatial distribution and preferred orientation of crystalline microstructure of lead-bismuth eutectic

伊藤 大介*; 佐藤 博隆*; 大平 直也*; 齊藤 泰司*; Parker, J. D.*; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 及川 健一

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 569, p.153921_1 - 153921_6, 2022/10

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:33.72(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

To develop a lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) cooled nuclear reactor, phase transition phenomena of LBE are very important. In the solidification of LBE, the crystalline structure is varied with the cooling process. The volumetric expansion of LBE must be clarified for the safety of an LBE cooled nuclear reactor. The time dependence of the volumetric expansion depends on the crystalline microstructure. In this study, the crystalline microstructure of the LBE samples solidified with the different cooling processes was investigated by the neutron Bragg edge imaging technique. Spatially integrated and local microstructure characteristics of LBE samples were analyzed. Characteristics of preferred orientation of LBE microstructure were clarified.


Measurements of pressure drop and void fraction of air-water two-phase flow in a sphere-packed bed

山本 誠士郎*; 大平 直也*; 伊藤 大介*; 伊藤 啓*; 齊藤 泰司*; 今泉 悠也; 松場 賢一; 神山 健司

Proceedings of 12th Japan-Korea Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS12) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2022/10

To develop a microscopic pressure drop prediction model based on detailed measurement data of gas liquid two-phase flow, the pressure drop was measured in the vertical upward gas-liquid two-phase flow formed in quasi-2D test section. The measurement results showed that the pressure drop in the quasi-2D test section was much smaller than that in the ordinal packed bed system, which suggests that the pressure drop mechanism in the quasi-2D test section could be different from that in the ordinal packed bed system due to differences in two-phase flow characteristics in the two systems. The void fraction distribution was also measured in the quasi-2D test section by the X-ray imaging technique, which revealed that there was a local distribution of the void fraction in the channel unit structure of the closest packed bed.


A Storm-induced flood and associated nearshore dispersal of the river-derived suspended $$^{137}$$Cs

内山 雄介*; 徳永 夏樹*; 東 晃平*; 上平 雄基; 津旨 大輔*; 岩崎 理樹*; 山田 正俊*; 立田 穣*; 石丸 隆*; 伊藤 友加里*; et al.

Science of the Total Environment, 816, p.151573_1 - 151573_13, 2022/04

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:71.31(Environmental Sciences)




鳥川 智旦*; 大平 直也*; 伊藤 大介*; 伊藤 啓*; 齊藤 泰司*; 松下 健太郎; 江連 俊樹; 田中 正暁

混相流, 36(1), p.63 - 69, 2022/03



Improving the safety of the high temperature gas-cooled reactor "HTTR" based on Japan's new regulatory requirements

濱本 真平; 清水 厚志; 猪井 宏幸; 栃尾 大輔; 本間 史隆; 澤畑 洋明; 関田 健司; 渡辺 周二; 古澤 孝之; 飯垣 和彦; et al.

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 388, p.111642_1 - 111642_11, 2022/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:33.72(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Star-polymer-DNA gels showing highly predictable and tunable mechanical responses

大平 征史*; 片島 拓弥*; 内藤 瑞*; 青木 大輔*; 吉川 祐介*; 岩瀬 裕希*; 高田 慎一; 宮田 完二郎*; Chung, U.-I.*; 酒井 崇匡*; et al.

Advanced Materials, 34(13), p.2108818_1 - 2108818_9, 2022/01

DNA duplexes are ideal crosslinkers for building such gels because of their excellent sequence addressability and flexible tunability in bond energy. However, the mechanical responses of most DNA gels are complicated and unpredictable. The melting curve analysis of the DNA gels reveals the good correspondence between the thermodynamic potentials of the DNA crosslinkers and the presimulated values by DNA calculators. Stress-relaxation tests and dissociation kinetics measurements show that the macroscopic relaxation time of the DNA gels is approximately equal to the lifetime of the DNA crosslinkers over 4 orders of magnitude from 0.1-2000 s. Furthermore, a series of durability tests find the DNA gels are hysteresis-less and self-healable after the applications of repeated temperature and mechanical stimuli.



栃尾 大輔; 長住 達; 猪井 宏幸; 濱本 真平; 小野 正人; 小林 正一; 上坂 貴洋; 渡辺 周二; 齋藤 賢司

JAEA-Technology 2021-014, 80 Pages, 2021/09




Measurement of liquid metal flows with electro-magnetic probe

有吉 玄; 伊藤 大介*; 伊藤 啓*; 齊藤 泰司*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011044_1 - 011044_6, 2021/03

To clarify the flow characteristics of liquid metal flows has sufficient importance for safety measures of severe accident such as piping rupture accident of steam generator in an ADS since the core reactivity is affected by bubbles coming into sub-critical fuel region. LBE has been chosen as one of the candidates of a spallation target and a coolant for such a reactor due to its adequate physical properties. However, the flow characteristics of such liquid metal flows have been poorly understood since the measurement techniques for the liquid metal flows are not well established. Therefore, in this study, an electro-magnetic probe (EM probe) has been developed for obtaining fundamental flow characteristics e.g. local liquid velocity and turbulence intensity etc. As a result, the EM probe was successfully applied to liquid metal flows. Measurement results having measurement error less than 10% were obtained. Details of the measurement techniques and experimental results will be presented.


First isolation and analysis of caesium-bearing microparticles from marine samples in the Pacific coastal area near Fukushima Prefecture

三浦 輝*; 石丸 隆*; 伊藤 友加里*; 栗原 雄一; 乙坂 重嘉*; 坂口 綾*; 三角 和弘*; 津旨 大輔*; 久保 篤史*; 桧垣 正吾*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 11, p.5664_1 - 5664_11, 2021/03

 被引用回数:10 パーセンタイル:68.7(Multidisciplinary Sciences)



Insight into Kondo screening in the intermediate-valence compound SmOs$$_4$$Sb$$_{12}$$ uncovered by soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

斎藤 祐児; 藤原 秀紀*; 保井 晃*; 門野 利治*; 菅原 仁*; 菊地 大輔*; 佐藤 英行*; 菅 滋正*; 山崎 篤志*; 関山 明*; et al.

Physical Review B, 102(16), p.165152_1 - 165152_8, 2020/10

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:6.21(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Through a high-precision soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) study of the intermediate-valence compound SmOs$$_4$$Sb$$_{12}$$, we show our successful approach of revealing unprecedented details of Kondo screening below a characteristic temperature of $$ T_{0} sim$$ 20 K in the paramagnetic phase. The multiplet XMCD structure at the Sm $$M_{5}$$ edge sensitive to the 4$$f$$ configuration enabled us to observe a clear difference between the temperature evolution above and below $$T_{0}$$ with one- and two-component behavior, respectively. Our findings are in strong contrast to the conventional Kondo crossover that coincides with the valence transition, but are qualitatively accounted for by theoretical XMCD predictions combined with the two-fluid phenomenology recently proposed. This work contributes to the large context of Kondo physics that is closely related to quantum criticality in heavy fermion systems.


Image-based view selection for shape comparison of mode water regions in virtual reality spaces

矢野 緑里; 伊藤 貴之*; 田中 裕介*; 松岡 大祐*; 荒木 文明*; Czauderna, T.*; Stephens, K.*

Proceedings of Joint International Conference on Supercomputing in Nuclear Applications + Monte Carlo 2020 (SNA + MC 2020), p.201 - 208, 2020/10



An Experimental setup for creating and imaging $$^{4}$$He$$_{2}$$$$^{ast}$$ excimer cluster tracers in superfluid helium-4 via neutron-$$^{3}$$He absorption reaction

Sonnenschein, V.*; 辻 義之*; 國立 將真*; 久保 渉*; 鈴木 颯*; 富田 英生*; 鬼柳 善明*; 井口 哲夫*; 松下 琢*; 和田 信雄*; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 91(3), p.033318_1 - 033318_12, 2020/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Instruments & Instrumentation)

For the purpose of future visualization of the flow field in superfluid helium-4, clusters of the triplet state excimer $$^{4}$$He$$_{2}$$$$^{ast}$$ are generated along the micro-scale recoil tracks of the neutron-absorption reaction n + $$^{3}$$He $$rightarrow$$ $$^{3}$$T + p. This reaction is induced by neutron irradiation of the $$^{3}$$He fraction contained in natural isotopic abundance liquid helium with neutron beams either from the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (J-PARC)/Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility or from the Kyoto University Institute for Integrated Radiation and Nuclear Science. These $$^{4}$$He$$_{2}$$$$^{ast}$$ clusters are expected to be ideal tracers of the normal-fluid component in superfluid helium with several advantageous properties. Evidence of the excimer generation is inferred by detection of laser induced fluorescence emitted from the $$^{4}$$He$$_{2}$$$$^{ast}$$ clusters excited by a purpose-built short pulse gain-switched titanium:sapphire (Ti:sa) laser operating at a wavelength of 905 nm. The setup and performance characteristics of the laser system including the Ti:sa and two continuous wave re-pumping lasers are described. Detection at the fluorescence wavelength of 640 nm is performed by using optical bandpass filtered photomultiplier tubes (PMT). Electrical noise in the PMT acquisition traces could successfully be suppressed by post-processing with a simple algorithm. Despite other laser-related backgrounds, the excimer was clearly identified by its fluorescence decay characteristics. Production of the excimer was found to be proportional to the neutron flux, adjusted via insertion of different collimators into the neutron beam. These observations suggest that the apparatus we constructed does function in the expected manner and, therefore, has the potential for groundbreaking turbulence research with superfluid helium.

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