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Journal Articles

Neutron resonance fission neutron analysis for nondestructive fissile material assay

Hironaka, Kota; Lee, J.; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Ito, Fumiaki*; Hori, Junichi*; Terada, Kazushi*; Sano, Tadafumi*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1054, p.168467_1 - 168467_5, 2023/09

Journal Articles

Laser-driven neutron generation realizing single-shot resonance spectroscopy

Yogo, Akifumi*; Lan, Z.*; Arikawa, Yasunobu*; Abe, Yuki*; Mirfayzi, S. R.*; Wei, T.*; Mori, Takato*; Golovin, D.*; Hayakawa, Takehito*; Iwata, Natsumi*; et al.

Physical Review X, 13(1), p.011011_1 - 011011_12, 2023/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:90.46(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Development of neutron resonance transmission analysis using a laser accelerator driven neutron source

Ito, Fumiaki*; Lee, J.; Hironaka, Kota; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Yogo, Akifumi*

Proceedings of 19th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.137 - 140, 2023/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Relationship between neutron moderator and time-dependent background for neutron time-of-flight measurement

Lee, J.; Hironaka, Kota; Ito, Fumiaki*; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Hori, Junichi*; Sano, Tadafumi*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 8 Pages, 2023/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Designs and neutronic characteristics of an epithermal neutron moderator at ambient temperature for neutron time-of-flight measurements

Lee, J.; Ito, Fumiaki*; Hironaka, Kota; Takahashi, Tone; Suzuki, Satoshi*; Koizumi, Mitsuo

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(12), p.1546 - 1557, 2022/12

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:86.35(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Response characteristics of a lithium glass scintillator for gamma-ray and neutron

Lee, J.; Ito, Fumiaki*; Hironaka, Kota; Takahashi, Tone; Suzuki, Satoshi*; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Hori, Junichi*; Terada, Kazushi*

Dai-43-Kai Nihon Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai Nenji Taikai Kaigi Rombunshu (Internet), 4 Pages, 2022/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of a neutron scintillator for a compact NRTA system, 2

Lee, J.; Hironaka, Kota; Ito, Fumiaki*; Takahashi, Tone; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Hori, Junichi*; Terada, Kazushi*

KURNS Progress Report 2021, P. 97, 2022/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Impact of post-nitridation annealing in CO$$_{2}$$ ambient on threshold voltage stability in 4H-SiC metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors

Hosoi, Takuji*; Osako, Momoe*; Moges, K.*; Ito, Koji*; Kimoto, Tsunenobu*; Sometani, Mitsuru*; Okamoto, Mitsuo*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Shimura, Takayoshi*; Watanabe, Heiji*

Applied Physics Express, 15(6), p.061003_1 - 061003_5, 2022/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:37.1(Physics, Applied)

The combination of NO annealing and subsequent post-nitridation annealing (PNA) in CO$$_{2}$$ ambient for SiO$$_{2}$$/SiC structures has been demonstrated to be effective in obtaining both high channel mobility and superior threshold voltage stability in SiC-based metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs). N atoms on the SiO$$_{2}$$ side of the SiO$$_{2}$$/SiC interface incorporated by NO annealing, which are plausible cause of charge trapping sites, could be selectively removed by CO$$_{2}$$-PNA at 1300$$^{circ}$$C without oxidizing the SiC. CO$$_{2}$$-PNA was also effective in compensating oxygen vacancies in SiO$$_{2}$$, resulting high immunity against both positive and negative bias-temperature stresses.

Journal Articles

Demonstration of a neutron resonance transmission analysis system using a laser-driven neutron source

Hironaka, Kota; Ito, Fumiaki*; Lee, J.; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Takahashi, Tone; Suzuki, Satoshi*; Yogo, Akifumi*; Arikawa, Yasunobu*; Abe, Yuki*

Dai-42-Kai Nihon Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai Nenji Taikai Kaigi Rombunshu (Internet), 4 Pages, 2021/11

Neutron resonance transmission analysis (NRTA) is a method for non-destructive measurement of nuclear material by using a time-of-flight (TOF) technique with a pulsed neutron source. For NRTA system to carry out the short-distance TOF measurements with high resolutions, a short-pulsed neutron source is required. Laser-driven neutron sources (LDNSs) is very suitable as such a neutron source because of its short pulse width. Moreover, the compactness of the laser system is also expected due to the remarkable development of laser technology in recent years. In the present study, we have developed a technology for applying LDNS to the NRTA system and conducted the demonstration experiment using the LFEX laser at Osaka University to investigate the feasibility of the system. In this experiment, we successfully observed the neutron resonance peaks of indium and silver samples.

Journal Articles

Development of a neutron sintillator for a compact NRTA system

Ito, Fumiaki*; Lee, J.; Hironaka, Kota; Takahashi, Tone; Suzuki, Satoshi*; Hori, Junichi*; Terada, Kazushi*; Koizumi, Mitsuo

KURNS Progress Report 2020, P. 98, 2021/08

A compact Nuclear Resonance Transmission Analysis (NRTA) system using a Laser Driven Neutron Source (LDNS) has been developed as a part of the development of nuclear non-proliferation technology supported by the MEXT. In NRTA, the neutron energy emitted from a pulsed neutron source is measured using the time-of-flight (TOF) method. LDNS is of interest because of its short pulse width, which is necessary for accurate TOF measurements over short flight distances. In the short-distance TOF measurement, there will be a large gamma-ray background event due to the coincidence of the timing of the arrival of 2.2 MeV gamma-rays due to neutron capture on hydrogen in the moderator and the timing of the arrival of neutrons around the resonance energy. Since the LDNS is still under development, the neutron flux is not sufficient and it is desirable to use a detector with high detection efficiency. For these reasons, we have developed a detector with low efficiency to gamma-rays and high efficiency to neutrons (multilayer neutron detector). As one of the results of this year's experiments, we confirmed that the multilayer neutron detector have low sensitivity to gamma-rays.

Journal Articles

Superdeformation in $$^{35}$$S

Go, Shintaro*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Yokoyama, Rin*; Kobayashi, Motoki*; Kisamori, Keiichi*; Takaki, Motonobu*; Miya, Hiroyuki*; Ota, Shinsuke*; Michimasa, Shinichiro*; Shimoura, Susumu*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 6, p.030005_1 - 030005_4, 2015/06

JAEA Reports

Dissolutions of oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic steels in various nitric acid solutions, 2; The Amount of the corrosion products in the dissolution process

Inoue, Masaki; Suto, Mitsuo; Koyama, Shinichi; Otsuka, Satoshi; Kaito, Takeji

JAEA-Research 2013-009, 78 Pages, 2013/10

JAEA-Research-2013-009.pdf:3.75MB

In order to exammine the applicability for advanced aqueous reprocessing system, the martensitic oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic steel (9Cr-ODS steel), which is the primary candidate material for high burnup fuel pin cladding tube in fast reactor cycle, was evaluated for the amount of corrosion products in the dissolution process. The quantity of corrosion products was calculated to investigate the influence of both various chemical processes and waste glass (vitrified high level radioactive wastes) by use of the results of a maximum cladding temperature fuel subassembly and the sum of all fuel subassemblies, respectively. The experimental results of immersion tests in flowing liquid sodium loops and fuel pin irradiation tests in fast reactors were reviewed to consider the effect of outer and inner corrosions in high burnup fuel pins on corrosion products. This work revealed that the sum of corrosion products depends largely on the mass transfer behavior in flowing liquid sodium.

Journal Articles

Application of glutathione to roots selectively inhibits cadmium transport from roots to shoots in oilseed rape

Nakamura, Shinichi*; Suzui, Nobuo; Nagasaka, Toshinori*; Komatsu, Fumiya*; Ishioka, Noriko; Ito, Sayuri*; Kawachi, Naoki; Rai, Hiroki*; Hattori, Hiroyuki*; Chino, Mitsuo*; et al.

Journal of Experimental Botany, 64(4), p.1073 - 1081, 2013/02

 Times Cited Count:55 Percentile:87.22(Plant Sciences)

JAEA Reports

A Study on the technology for reducing cement-type materials used for tunnel supports at high-level radioactive waste disposal sites (Joint research)

Hayashi, Katsuhiko; Noguchi, Akira; Kishi, Hirokazu; Kabayashi, Yasushi*; Nakama, Shigeo; Fujita, Tomoo; Naito, Morimasa; Tada, Hiroyuki*; Kumasaka, Hiroo*; Goke, Mitsuo*; et al.

JAEA-Research 2010-057, 101 Pages, 2011/03

JAEA-Research-2010-057.pdf:7.47MB

Cement-type materials that are used for supports or grouting at high-level radioactive waste disposal facilities leach into the groundwater and create a highly alkaline environment. Of concern in highly alkaline environments are the alteration of bentonite used as buffers or backfill materials, and of surrounding rock mass, and the increased uncertainty regarding the provision of performance of the disposal system over a long period of time. In this study, to reduce the quantity of cement-type materials that cause highly alkaline environments, technical feasibility of the support structure including the materials which considered the long-term performance of the HLW disposal system are discussed by using knowledge and technology accumulated in JAEA and Shimizu Construction. Moreover, based on the results, the problems remained in the application to the future HLW disposal institution are summarized.

Journal Articles

Visualization of $$^{107}$$Cd accumulation in oilseed rape plants treated with glutathione

Nakamura, Shinichi*; Suzui, Nobuo; Ito, Sayuri*; Kawachi, Naoki; Ishioka, Noriko; Rai, Hiroki*; Hattori, Hiroyuki*; Chino, Mitsuo*; Fujimaki, Shu

JAEA-Review 2010-065, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2009, P. 104, 2011/01

Journal Articles

In situ and time-resolved small-angle neutron scattering observation of star polymer formation via arm-linking reaction in ruthenium-catalyzed living radical polymerization

Terashima, Takaya*; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Koizumi, Satoshi*; Sawamoto, Mitsuo*; Kamigaito, Masami*; Ando, Tsuyoshi*; Hashimoto, Takeji*

Macromolecules, 43(19), p.8218 - 8232, 2010/10

 Times Cited Count:40 Percentile:77.56(Polymer Science)

Journal Articles

Local and electronic structure of Am$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ and AmO$$_{2}$$ with XAFS spectroscopy

Nishi, Tsuyoshi; Nakada, Masami; Suzuki, Chikashi; Shibata, Hiroki; Ito, Akinori; Akabori, Mitsuo; Hirata, Masaru

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 401(1-3), p.138 - 142, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:86.73(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

XAFS studies were performed in a study of americium sesquioxide (Am$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$) with A-type rare earth oxide structure and americium dioxide (AmO$$_{2}$$) with fluorite structure. EXAFS results for Am-L$$_{3}$$ absorption edge of Am$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ and AmO$$_{2}$$ were good agreement with the crystallographic data from X-ray diffraction analysis. In order to characterize XANES in aspect of the electronic states, the theoretical assignments for the Am$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ and AmO$$_{2}$$ were performed with the all-electron full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method. The theoretical XANES spectra of Am$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ and AmO$$_{2}$$ well reproduced the experimental ones. In addition, it was found that the white line peak was created due to the interaction between Am-d and O-p components, and the broad peak and the tail peak were created due to the interaction between Am-d and O-d component.

Journal Articles

Thermalconductivities of (Np,Am)N and (Pu,Am)N solid solutions

Nishi, Tsuyoshi; Takano, Masahide; Ito, Akinori; Miyata, Seiichi; Akabori, Mitsuo; Arai, Yasuo; Minato, Kazuo

IOP Conference Series; Materials Science and Engineering, 9, p.012017_1 - 012017_8, 2010/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:71.08

The thermal diffusivities and heat capacities of transuranium nitride solid solutions, (Np,Am)N and (Pu,Am)N, were measured by using a laser flash method and a drop calorimetry, respectively. The thermal conductivities of these samples were determined from the measured thermal diffusivities, heat capacities and bulk densities. The thermal conductivities of (Np,Am)N and (Pu,Am)N increased with temperature over the temperature range investigated. The increases in the thermal conductivities were probably due to the increase of electrical components. In addition, the thermal conductivities of (Np,Am)N and (Pu,Am)N decreased with increasing Am contents. It could be considered that the decreases in the thermal conductivities correspond to the lowering of electronic contribution.

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the energy recovery linac project in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05

Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.

Journal Articles

Tracing cadmium from culture to spikelet; Noninvasive imaging and quantitative characterization of absorption, transport, and accumulation of cadmium in an intact rice plant

Fujimaki, Shu; Suzui, Nobuo; Ishioka, Noriko; Kawachi, Naoki; Ito, Sayuri; Chino, Mitsuo*; Nakamura, Shinichi*

Plant Physiology, 152(4), p.1796 - 1806, 2010/02

 Times Cited Count:193 Percentile:98.05(Plant Sciences)

149 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)