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Journal Articles

JENDL/ImPACT-2018; A New nuclear data library for innovative studies on transmutation of long-lived fission products

Kunieda, Satoshi; Furutachi, Naoya; Minato, Futoshi; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Iwamoto, Osamu; Nakayama, Shinsuke; Ebata, Shuichiro*; Yoshida, Toru*; Nishihara, Kenji; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(11), p.1073 - 1091, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:39.69(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A new nuclear data library, JENDL/ImPACT-2018, is developed for an innovative study on the transmutation of long-lived fission products. Nuclear reaction cross- sections are newly evaluated for incident neutrons and protons up to 200 MeV for 163 nuclides including long-lived nuclei such as $$^{79}$$Se, $$^{93}$$Zr, $$^{107}$$Pd and $$^{135}$$Cs. Our challenge is an evaluation of cross-sections for a number of unstable nuclei over a wide energy range where the experimental data are very scarce. We estimated cross- sections based on a nuclear model code CCONE that incorporates an advanced knowledge on the nuclear structure theory and a model-parameterization based on a new experimental cross-sections measured by the inverse kinematics. Through comparisons with available experimental data on the stable isotopes, it is found that the present data give predictions of cross-sections better than those in the existing libraries.

Journal Articles

Statistical properties of thermal neutron capture cross sections calculated with randomly generated resonance parameters

Furutachi, Naoya; Minato, Futoshi; Iwamoto, Osamu

Physical Review C, 100(1), p.014610_1 - 014610_7, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

We investigated the probability distribution of thermal neutron capture cross sections ($$sigma_{rm th}$$) deduced stochastically with the resonance parameters randomly sampled from Wigner and Porter-Thomas distributions. We found that the typical probability distribution has an asymmetric shape. While there is a long tail on the large $$sigma_{rm th}$$ side due to a resonance happening to be close to the thermal energy, the multiresonance contribution considerably reduces the probability on the small $$sigma_{rm th}$$ side. We also found that the probability distributions have a similar shape if nuclei have an average resonance spacing sufficiently larger than an average radiation width. We compared the typical probability distribution with the distribution of the experimental values of 193 nuclei and found a good agreement between them.

Journal Articles

Phenomenological level density model with hybrid parameterization of deformed and spherical state densities

Furutachi, Naoya*; Minato, Futoshi; Iwamoto, Osamu

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(5), p.412 - 424, 2019/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:39.69(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A phenomenological level density model that has different level density parameter sets for the state densities of the spherical and the deformed states, and the optimization of the parameters using the experimental data of the average s-wave neutron resonance spacing are presented. The transition to the spherical state from the deformed one is described using the parameters derived from a microscopic nuclear structure calculation. The nuclear reaction calculation has been performed by the statistical model using the present level density. Resulting cross sections for various reactions with the spherical, deformed and transitional target nuclei shows a fair agreement with the experimental data, which indicates the effectiveness of the present model. The role of the rotational collective enhancement in the calculations of those cross sections is also discussed.

Journal Articles

Role of breakup processes in deuteron-induced spallation reactions at 100-200 MeV/nucleon

Nakayama, Shinsuke; Furutachi, Naoya; Iwamoto, Osamu; Watanabe, Yukinobu*

Physical Review C, 98(4), p.044606_1 - 044606_8, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:23.36(Physics, Nuclear)

Use of deuteron-induced spallation reactions at intermediate energies has recently been proposed for transmutation of several long-lived fission products (LLFPs). In the design study of a transmutation system using a deuteron primary beam, accurate cross section data of deuteron-induced reactions on the LLFPs are indispensable. In the present study, production cross sections of residual nuclei in the deuteron-induced reactions on $$^{93}$$Zr and $$^{107}$$Pd at $$100-200$$ MeV/nucleon are analyzed using DEURACS, in which the breakup processes are explicitly taken into account. The calculated values reproduced the experimental data quantitatively well. From a component-by-component analysis, it was found that the components of nucleon absorption make the significant contributions to residual nuclei production. This result strongly indicates that consideration of the breakup processes is essentially important to predict production of residual nuclei in deuteron-induced reactions.

Journal Articles

Nuclear data evaluation of long-lived fission products; Microscopic vs. phenomenological optical potentials

Minato, Futoshi; Iwamoto, Osamu; Minomo, Kosho*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Kunieda, Satoshi; Furutachi, Naoya

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 146, p.12032_1 - 12032_4, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:21.12

Phenomenological optical potential is known to be able to describe the elastic scattering process. It is applied widely to the nuclear data evaluation of the cross section. Many kinds of the optical potential have been studied so far. However, the parameters in the phenomenological optical potentials are determined so as to reproduce existing experimental data, so that use of it for unmeasured nuclei such as neutron-rich nuclei is not necessarily reliable. Recently, a new optical potential derived from the microscopic effective reaction theory (MERT) was proposed. Since the formulation of MERT is based on the NN effective interaction, any parameterizations in the optical potential aren't needed. Therefore, it is capable of calculating nuclei whose scattering cross section isn't measured. We incorporate the optical potentials of MERT in code CCONE and start nuclear data evaluation of several nuclei. In this work, we discuss difference of cross sections evaluated by MERT's optical potentials and conventional phenomenological ones.

Journal Articles

Microscopic nuclear structure calculation for nuclear data evaluation of various nuclei produced via nuclear transmutation of long-lived fission products

Furutachi, Naoya; Minato, Futoshi; Iwamoto, Osamu

JAEA-Conf 2016-004, p.93 - 98, 2016/09

To investigate feasibility of the nuclear transmutation of long-lived fission products (LLFPs), nuclear data used in the simulation calculation of transmutation system is essential. To improve the precision of simulation calculation, the nuclear data of various nuclei produced via nuclear transmutation of LLFPs involved in the simulation is also important. Since wide range of nuclei are expected to be produced depends on the method of transmutation, and there are no available experimental data for some of them, a systematic information based on a microscopic calculation is desirable. In this work, we have performed microscopic nuclear structure calculation to derive the structure parameters used in the nuclear data evaluation. We have calculated deformation parameters and ground-state spin and parities for Z = 30-55 medium nuclei including odd-even and odd-odd nuclei, expected to be produced via the transmutation of $$^{79}$$Se, $$^{93}$$Zr, $$^{107}$$Pd and $$^{135}$$Cs, using Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) theory. The calculation was done by HFBTHO code. The results are compared with the available experimental data, and reliability of the prediction with the present method is discussed.

Journal Articles

High temperature annealing effects on deep-level defects in a high purity semi-insulating 4H-SiC substrate

Iwamoto, Naoya*; Azarov, A.*; Oshima, Takeshi; Moe, A. M. M.*; Svensson, B. G.*

Journal of Applied Physics, 118(4), p.045705_1 - 045705_8, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:85.72(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Single-photon emitting diode in silicon carbide

Lohrmann, A.*; Iwamoto, Naoya*; Bodrog, Z.*; Castelletto, S.*; Oshima, Takeshi; Karle, T. J.*; Gali, A.*; Prawer, S.*; McCallum, J. C.*; Johnson, B. C.*

Nature Communications (Internet), 6, p.7783_1 - 7783_7, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:79 Percentile:3.37(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Development of diagnostic method for deep levels in semiconductors using charge induced by heavy ion microbeams

Kada, Wataru*; Kambayashi, Yuya*; Iwamoto, Naoya*; Onoda, Shinobu; Makino, Takahiro; Koka, Masashi; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Hoshino, Norihiro*; Tsuchida, Hidekazu*; Kojima, Kazutoshi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 348, p.240 - 245, 2015/04

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:51.14(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Radiation hardness of n-type SiC Schottky barrier diodes irradiated with MeV He ion microbeam

Pastuovi$'c$, $v{Z}$*; Capan, I.*; Cohen, D.*; Forneris, J.*; Iwamoto, Naoya*; Oshima, Takeshi; Siegele, R.*; Hoshino, Norihiro*; Tsuchida, Hidekazu*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 348, p.233 - 239, 2015/04

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:42.92(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Continuous observation of polarization effects in thin SC-CVD diamond detector designed for heavy ion microbeam measurement

Kada, Wataru*; Iwamoto, Naoya; Sato, Takahiro; Onoda, Shinobu; Grilj, V.*; Skukan, N.*; Koka, Masashi; Oshima, Takeshi; Jak$v{s}$i$'c$, M.*; Kamiya, Tomihiro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 331, p.113 - 116, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:16.61(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Radiation-induced currents in 4H-SiC dosimeters for real-time $$gamma$$-ray dose rate monitoring

Fujita, Natsuko; Iwamoto, Naoya; Onoda, Shinobu; Makino, Takahiro; Oshima, Takeshi

Materials Science Forum, 778-780, p.1042 - 1045, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:34

A Silicon Carbide (SiC) dosimeter has been exposed to $$gamma$$-rays emitted from a $$^{60}$$Co source in order to test the response of radiation-induced current in the dose rate ranging from 0.4 Gy/h to 4 kGy/h. The SiC dosimeter in this study is a high purity semi-insulating 4H-SiC with nickel and aluminum electrode. The radiation-induced currents in the dosimeter show a linear relationship with the dose rate, and are repeatable and stable.

Journal Articles

Defect levels in high purity semi-insulating 4H-SiC studied by alpha particle induced charge transient spectroscopy

Iwamoto, Naoya; Onoda, Shinobu; Fujita, Natsuko; Makino, Takahiro; Oshima, Takeshi

Materials Science Forum, 778-780, p.289 - 292, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

Journal Articles

Heavy-ion induced anomalous charge collection from 4H-SiC Schottky barrier diodes

Makino, Takahiro; Deki, Manato; Iwamoto, Naoya; Onoda, Shinobu; Hoshino, Norihiro*; Tsuchida, Hidekazu*; Hirao, Toshio*; Oshima, Takeshi

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 60(4), p.2647 - 2650, 2013/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:58.22(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Heavy ion induced anomalous charge collection was observed from 4H-SiC Schottky barrier diodes. It is suggested that the incident ion range with suspect to the thickness of the epi-layer of the SBD in key to understanding these observation and the understanding mechanism.

Journal Articles

Focused microbeam irradiation effects in transmission CVD diamond film detectors

Kada, Wataru; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Iwamoto, Naoya; Onoda, Shinobu; Grilj, V.*; Skukan, N.*; Makino, Takahiro; Koka, Masashi; Sato, Takahiro; Jak$v{s}$i$'c$, M.*; et al.

Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan, 38(2), p.279 - 282, 2013/07

Diamond is interested by many researchers as an excellent candidate material with advantages in the radiation-hardness. For the time-resolved detection of single-ions with several hundred MeV, transmission E detector using thin film CVD diamond is now under investigation for the futuristic utilization in a microbeam line of the AVF cyclotron at JAEA/Takasaki TIARA facility as replacing materials of the beam extraction window. In this research, a Single Crystalline (SC) 50 m thick CVD diamond film ion detector was fabricated for the investigation of the responses and radiation hardness under the focused ion microbeam irradiation. Transient Ion Beam Induced Current (TIBIC) experiment was executed by single hit irradiation of 15 MeV O$$^{4+}$$ scanning area of 50 $$mu$$m$$^2$$ and the transient signals with time width of several nano-secounds were consecutively recorded by a high speed (15 GHz) Digital Storage Oscilloscope during the irradiation. The decreases in the individual pulse height was observed by increasing the total amount of the ion dose irradiated in the focused area. These changes were recovered in temporal conversion of applied bias voltages thus trend of decrease were able to be controlled by changing bias settings and irradiation conditions during the experiments.

Journal Articles

Effects of radiation-induced defects on the charge collection efficiency of a silicon carbide particle detector

Iwamoto, Naoya; Onoda, Shinobu; Makino, Takahiro; Oshima, Takeshi; Kojima, Kazutoshi*; Nozaki, Shinji*

Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.8725 (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

Journal Articles

Breakdown voltage in silicon carbide metal-oxide-semiconductor devices induced by ion beams

Oshima, Takeshi; Deki, Manato; Makino, Takahiro; Iwamoto, Naoya; Onoda, Shinobu; Hirao, Toshio*; Kojima, Kazutoshi*; Tomita, Takuro*; Matsuo, Shigeki*; Hashimoto, Shuichi*

AIP Conference Proceedings 1525, p.654 - 658, 2013/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor (MOS) capacitors were fabricated on n-type 4H-SiC epitaxial layers, and the leakage current through the gate oxide during heavy ion irradiation was investigated in order to evaluate dielectric breakdown induced by heavy ions (Single Event Gate Rupture: SEGR). The gate oxide at thickness ranges between 60 and 80 nm was formed using pyrogenic oxidation at 1100 $$^{circ}$$C for 60 min. Circular electrodes with 180 $$mu$$ diameter were formed using Al evaporation and a lift-off technique. The leakage current observed through the gate oxide was monitored during 18 MeV oxygen (O) or nickel (Ni) ions. As a result, although no significant difference in the value of the electric field at the dielectric breakdown (around 8.2 MV/cm) was observed between non-irradiated and 18 MeV-O irradiated samples, the value decreased to be 7.3 MV/cm in the case of 18 MeV-Ni ion incidence. The Linier Energy Transfer (LET) for 18 MeV-O is 7 MeV cm$$^{2}$$/mg, and this value is smaller than that for 18 MeV-Ni (24 MeV cm$$^{2}$$/mg). Also, 18 MeV-Ni ions deposit energy in narrower regions than 18 MeV-O ions. Thus, it can be concluded that the high density of charge induced by 18 MeV-Ni ions triggers SEGR in SiC MOS capacitors.

Journal Articles

Defect-induced performance degradation of 4H-SiC Schottky barrier diode particle detectors

Iwamoto, Naoya; Johnson, B. C.; Hoshino, Norihiro*; Ito, Masahiko*; Tsuchida, Hidekazu*; Kojima, Kazutoshi*; Oshima, Takeshi

Journal of Applied Physics, 113(14), p.143714_1 - 143714_5, 2013/04

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:22.72(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

$$E_1/E_2$$ traps in 6H-SiC studied with Laplace deep level transient spectroscopy

Koizumi, Atsushi*; Markevich, V. P.*; Iwamoto, Naoya; Sasaki, Sho*; Oshima, Takeshi; Kojima, Kazutoshi*; Kimoto, Tsunenobu*; Uchida, Kazuo*; Nozaki, Shinji*; Hamilton, B.*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 102(3), p.032104_1 - 032104_4, 2013/01

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:60.92(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Microbeam irradiation effects on transmission diamond detector

Kada, Wataru; Sato, Takahiro; Iwamoto, Naoya; Onoda, Shinobu; Grilj, V.*; Skukan, N.*; Makino, Takahiro; Koka, Masashi; Jak$v{s}$i$'c$, M.*; Oshima, Takeshi; et al.

Proceedings of 10th International Workshop on Radiation Effects on Semiconductor Devices for Space Applications (RASEDA-10) (Internet), p.70 - 73, 2012/12

Thin film CVD diamond detector is now under investigation for the utilization as a transmission detector for ionized particle in single-ion-hit by replacing materials of the beam extraction window in a microbeam line of the AVF cyclotron at JAEA/Takasaki. In this research, a spectroscopy-grade 50 $$mu$$m thick-film Single Crystalline (SC) CVD diamond detector with size of 4.6 mm $$times$$ 4.6 mm was characterized using Ion Beam Induced Charge (IBIC) and Transient Ion Beam Induced Current (TIBIC) systems. The detector was irradiated with 1-3 MeV H$$^{+}$$ and 15 MeV O$$^{4+}$$ microbeams. Significant decrease of pulse height of IBIC signals was observed at 15 MeV O$$^{4+}$$ irradiation, however, this peak degradation easily recovered in a short time by release of bias voltages. This temporal degradation effect was enhanced in areas damaged by previous ion irradiation. Therefore, the temporal peak degradation seems to be caused by the polarization effect due to charge captured by defects in diamond or/and at the surface.

118 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)