渡辺 証斗*; 湊 太志; 木村 真明*; 岩本 信之
JAEA-Conf 2022-001, p.103 - 108, 2022/11
We are working on a combination of nuclear reaction calculation code CCONE and machine learning libraries to generate nuclear data and improve their accuracy. The angular distributions of elastic and inelastic scatterings to the first excited state on Fe at several incident energies were calculated using CCONE, and the optical potential parameters were optimized to reproduce the experimental data by Bayesian optimization. The optimized parameters were the depth of the real volume and imaginary surface parts of the potential, their energy dependence, radius, and diffuseness. Using the obtained optical potential, we estimated the angular distributions at energies different from those used on the optimization, and found that the results were in good agreement with the experiment data. In this presentation, we will introduce these calculation results and future prospects.
渡辺 証斗*; 湊 太志; 木村 真明*; 岩本 信之
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(11), p.1399 - 1406, 2022/11
In order to increase the efficiency of nuclear data evaluation, we have tested a combination of a nuclear reaction model and machine learning algorithm. We calculated nucleon-nucleus elastic scattering angular distributions by using the nuclear reaction model code, and optimized the potential parameters of an optical model to reproduce experimental data by means of the Bayesian optimization. We present optimization cases with the single parameter and two or more parameters, and show that our framework gives the angular distributions which are in good agreement with the observed ones.
科学, 92(9), p.835 - 839, 2022/09
Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 片渕 竜也*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*; 佐藤 八起*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(5), p.647 - 655, 2022/05
Cr-filtered keV-neutron experiments were performed in the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) beamline in the Materials and Life Science (MLF) facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) to measure the neutron capture cross-section of Au. The energy range of the neutron filtering system at ANNRI was extended through the use of 15 cm of Cr as filter material to tailor quasi-monochromatic neutron peaks with averaged neutron energies of 133.4 and 45.0 keV. The performance of the Cr filter assembly was evaluated by means of experimental capture and transmission analyses, together with the use of Monte-Carlo simulations. The present Au neutron capture cross-section results provide agreement within uncertainties with the JENDL-4.0 standard evaluated library and the IAEA standard data library further demonstrating the capabilities of the neutron filtering system at ANNRI.
JAEA-Conf 2021-001, p.126 - 131, 2022/03
Cobalt (Co) is one of the structural materials in nuclear and accelerator facilities. It is contained in carbon steel and concrete as well as SUS304. Co is only stable isotope of Cobalt. The nuclear data of Co are considered to be important specifically for radioactivity estimation of Co related to decommissioning. JENDL-4.0 includes the nuclear data of Co, which based the evaluation in 1988. Major revision was carried out at the JENDL-3.3 evaluation in 2001, followed by the covariance estimation in 2002. After the release of JENDL-3.3, many measured data for capture, (n,2n), (n,p), and (n,) reactions have been published. Therefore, the reconsideration of nuclear data is required for JENDL-5. The evaluation of Co was divided into three energy regions: resolved resonance region, unresolved resonance region, and fast neutron energy region. In the resolved resonance region, the resonance parameters and scattering radius were taken from de Saussure et al. (1992). In the unresolved resonance region, the data of thick sample of de Saussure et al. were adopted, supplemented with the data of thin sample for large resonances. In the fast neutron energy region, the nuclear reaction model code CCONE was used to calculate cross sections, angular distributions and double differential cross sections. The evaluation was performed based on many types of measured data. The obtained results are in good agreement with the measured data and will be shown in the poster presentation.
遠藤 駿典; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; Rovira Leveroni, G.; 寺田 和司*; 明午 伸一郎; 藤 暢輔; 瀬川 麻里子; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(3), p.318 - 333, 2022/03
In order to improve the accuracy of the cross-section and the resonance parameters of Nb, neutron capture and total cross-sections were measured using the J-PARC MLF ANNRI. The thermal-neutron capture cross-section was deduced as 0.970.12 b. The resonance parameters of 11 resonances below 400 eV were determined from obtained capture cross-sections and transmission ratios by using the resonance analysis code, REFIT.
Rovira Leveroni, G.; 片渕 竜也*; 登坂 健一*; 松浦 翔太*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*; 岩本 修; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 岩本 信之
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(1), p.110 - 122, 2022/01
Neutron capture cross-section measurements for Np have been conducted with the Accurate Neutron Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) at the Materials and Life Science Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) using neutrons with energy ranging from thermal energy to 1 MeV. A Time of Flight (TOF) method using a NaI(Tl) detector was employed for these measurements and the data were analyzed based on the pulse-height weighting technique in order to derive the neutron capture cross-section. The absolute capture cross-section was determined using the whole shape of the first resonance from JENDL-4.0 together with the total neutron flux derived from a Au sample measurement in which the first resonance was completely saturated. Both normalization techniques present agreement within 2%. The present results are also compared evaluated data libraries. There is a discrepancy of 10-25% discrepancy from 0.5 to 20 keV with JENDL-4.0. Nonetheless, above this energy, the JENDL-4.0 seems to reproduce the present data better as the results agree within uncertainties up to 500 keV. The cross-section results contain errors below 4% from 0.5 to 30 keV. However, the total uncertainty increases to over 8% over that energy. Along with the cross section measurement, theoretical calculations were performed to reproduce the present results.
Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 片渕 竜也*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 11 Pages, 2022/00
The neutron capture cross-section of Am was measured in the keV neutron range using the recently implemented neutron filtering system of the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) beamline in the Materials and Life Science (MLF) facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). Filter arrays consisting of 20 cm of Fe and Si were employed in separate measurements to provide filtered neutron beams with averaged neutron energies of 23.5 (Fe), 51.5 and 127.7 (Si) keV. The present Am results were obtained relative to the Au neutron capture yield by applying the total energy detection principle together with the pulse-height weighting technique. The Am neutron capture cross section was determined as 2.72 0.29 b at 23.5 keV, 2.14 0.26 b at 51.5 keV and 1.32 0.10 b at 127.7 keV with total uncertainties in the range of 8 to 12, much lower in comparison to the latest time-of-flight experimental data available.
川端 方子*; 本石 章司*; 太田 朗生*; 本村 新*; 佐伯 秀也*; 塚田 和明; 橋本 慎太郎; 岩本 信之; 永井 泰樹*; 橋本 和幸*
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 330(3), p.913 - 922, 2021/12
児玉 有*; 片渕 竜也*; Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 信之; 岩本 修; 堀 順一*; 芝原 雄司*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(11), p.1159 - 1164, 2021/11
The neutron capture cross section of Am was measured with a pulsed neutron beam from a spallation neutron source of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. A Fe neutron beam filter was used to make the incident neutron beam mono-energetic around 23.5 keV. The neutron capture -rays were detected with a NaI(Tl) detector. The pulse height weighting technique was employed to derive the neutron capture cross section from the pulse height spectrum. The cross section was determined relative to the capture cross section of Au of JENDL-4.0. The neutron capture cross section of Am was determined with a smaller uncertainty than previous measurements. The previous measurements and the JENDL-4.0 cross sections were found to be lower than the present result.
川瀬 頌一郎*; 木村 敦; 原田 秀郎; 岩本 信之; 岩本 修; 中村 詔司; 瀬川 麻里子; 藤 暢輔
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(7), p.764 - 786, 2021/07
The neutron capture cross sections of Cm and Cm were measured for the neutron energy range of 1-1000 eV via the neutron time-of-flight method with ANNRI at MLF of the J-PARC. The world's most intense neutron pulses from the Japan Spallation Neutron Source enable the accurate measurement of neutron capture cross sections. Besides, single-bunched neutron pulses allow the analysis in a higher neutron energy region than the previous measurement at ANNRI. The resonance analyses were performed up to 1000 eV by using a resonance shape analysis code REFIT. The spectra of prompt gamma-rays from neutron capture reactions of Cm and Cm were also obtained, and 43 and 10 prompt gamma-ray peaks from Cm(n,) and Cm(n,) reactions were newly observed, respectively.
Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 片渕 竜也*; 寺田 和司*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1003, p.165318_1 - 165318_10, 2021/07
A neutron filtering system has been introduced in the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) beamline in the Material and Life Science (MLF) building of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (JPARC) in order to produce quasi-monoenergetic neutron beams. The filtered neutron spectrum by the filter assemblies was analyzed by means of capture and transmission measurements and also by Monte Carlo simulations using PHITS. The characteristics of the filtered neutron beam are discussed alongside its viability in future applications for neutron cross-section measurements in the fast neutron region.
早川 岳人*; 藤 暢輔; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 静間 俊行*; 岩本 信之; 千葉 敏*; 梶野 敏貴*
Physical Review C, 103(4), p.045801_1 - 045801_5, 2021/04
A -decay unstable isomer with a half-life of 14.1 y at 264 keV in Cd is a branching point in the process, from which a weak branch reaches to a rare tin isotope Sn whose astrophysical origin has been an open problem. We have measured rays decaying to the ground state or the isomer in the Cd()Cd reaction using high-energy resolution detectors in conjunction with a time-of-flight method. The relative production ratios of the isomer to the total following the neutron capture reactions on Cd have been evaluated in an energy region of up to 9 keV, and the spin and parity of several resonances have been assigned.
片渕 竜也*; 堀 順一*; 岩本 信之; 岩本 修; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 芝原 雄司*; 寺田 和司*; 登坂 健一*; 遠藤 駿典; et al.
JAEA-Conf 2020-001, p.5 - 9, 2020/12
A research project entitled "Study on accuracy improvement of fast-neutron capture reaction data of long-lived MAs for development of nuclear transmutation systems" has been ongoing since 2017. The project aims at improving accuracy of neutron capture cross sections of long-lived minor actinides (MAs; Np and Am) in the fast neutron energy region which are very important for development of nuclear transmutation systems. In order to improve the capture reaction data of MAs, measurements using an intense pulsed neutron beam from a spallation neutron source of J-PARC are planned. The project consists of four parts: (1) development of neutron beam filter system, (2) cross section measurement, (3) sample characteristic assay, and (4) theoretical study. The filter system is designed to solve a double bunch issue in J-PARC. The sample characteristic assay lowers systematic uncertainties originating the samples. In the theoretical study, a nuclear reaction model is applied to analyzing cross sections and -ray spectra measured in experiments. The outline of the project and the current progress will be presented.
岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 木村 敦; 多田 健一
核データニュース(インターネット), (127), p.1 - 10, 2020/10
岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 柴田 恵一; 市原 晃; 国枝 賢; 湊 太志; 中山 梓介
EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.09002_1 - 09002_6, 2020/09
Recent progress and future plan of the JENDL project are presented. Two special purpose files were released recently. One is the JENDL Photonuclear Data File 2016 (JENDL/PD-2016) and the other one is the JENDL Activation Cross Section File for Nuclear Decommissioning 2017 (JENDL/AD-2017). Regarding the general-purpose file, we are planning to release a next version of JENDL-4.0 opened in 2010, which would be made available by 2022 as JENDL-5. New data evaluation and revision are in progress. The first test version of the JENDL-5 called JENDL-51 has been created by updating neutron reaction data for about 100 nuclides.
岩本 信之; 中村 詔司; 木村 敦; 片渕 竜也*; Rovira, G.*; 原 かおる*; 岩本 修
EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.17016_1 - 17016_4, 2020/09
Gamma-ray strength function (GSF) as well as nuclear level density is important ingredients to calculate neutron capture cross sections, since it gives energy-dependent transition strength of gamma-rays from a capture state and directly relates to spectrum of emitted gamma-rays. Therefore, the improvement of GSF is essential to enhance the reliability of neutron capture cross sections. The shape of GSF has been determined by experiments of neutron capture reactions, (p,p') reactions and nuclear resonance fluorescence. In addition, the use of the information of gamma-ray spectrum (i.e., pulse-height (PH) spectrum) measured by time-of-flight experiments is effective to evaluate the GSF. A lot of PH spectra have been measured by the Ge and NaI(Tl) detectors of the ANNRI installed at the Material and Life Science Experimental Facility in J-PARC. However, those spectra have not been actively used to extract the information of GSF so far. In the present study, we measured the PH spectrum of gold by using the NaI(Tl) detectors in ANNRI and used it for the evaluation of GSF. The gamma-ray spectrum for gold was calculated by a nuclear reaction model code CCONE. The obtained gamma-ray spectrum was applied to the Monte Carlo particle transport simulation code PHITS to derive PH spectrum comparable with the measured data. After this evaluation, we obtained GSF, reasonably explained the measured PH spectrum.
Dupont, E.*; Bossant, M.*; Capote, R.*; Carlson, A. D.*; Danon, Y.*; Fleming, M.*; Ge, Z.*; 原田 秀郎; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; et al.
EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.15005_1 - 15005_4, 2020/09
The OECD-NEA High Priority Request List (HPRL) is a point of reference to guide and stimulate the improvement of nuclear data for nuclear energy and other nuclear applications. The HPRL is application-driven and the requests are submitted by nuclear data users or representatives of the user's communities. A panel of international experts reviews and monitors the requests in the framework of an Expert Group mandated by the NEA Nuclear Science Committee Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC). After approval, individual requests are divided in two priority categories only, whereas a third category now includes groups of generic requests in a well-defined area (e.g., dosimetry, standard). The HPRL is hosted by the NEA in the form of a relational database publicly available on the web. This contribution provides an overview of HPRL entries, status and outlook. Examples of requests successfully completed will be given and new requests will be described with emphasis on updated nuclear data needs in the fields of nuclear energy, neutron standards, dosimetry, and medical applications.
片渕 竜也*; 岩本 修; 堀 順一*; 木村 敦; 岩本 信之; 中村 詔司; 芝原 雄司*; 寺田 和司*; Rovira, G.*; 松浦 翔太*
EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.01044_1 - 01044_4, 2020/09
In 2017, a research project entitled "Study on accuracy improvement of fast-neutron capture reaction data of long-lived MAs for development of nuclear transmutation systems" started as a joint collaboration, including Tokyo Tech, Japan Atomic Energy Agency and Kyoto University. This project focuses on neutron capture reaction of MAs, especially Np, Am and Am, in the fast neutron energy region. The final goal of this project is to improve the neutron capture cross sections of Np, Am and Am employing a high-intensity neutron beam from a spallation source of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) that reduces uncertainties of measurement. In this contribution, the overview of the project and the current progress will be presented.