木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; Rovira Leveroni, G.; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 原田 秀郎; 片渕 竜也*; 寺田 和司*; 堀 順一*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(6), p.678 - 696, 2023/06
Neutron total and capture cross-section measurements of Gd and Gd were performed in the ANNRI at the MLF of the J-PARC. The neutron total cross sections were determined in the energy region from 5 to 100 meV. At the thermal neutron energy, the total cross sections were obtained to be 59.41.7 and 251.94.6 kilobarn for Gd and Gd, respectively. The neutron capture cross sections were determined in the energy region from 3.5 to 100 meV with an innovative method by taking the ratio of the detected capture event rate between thin and thick samples. At the thermal energy, the capture cross sections were obtained as 59.02.5 and 247.43.9 kilobarn for Gd and Gd, respectively. The present total and capture cross sections agree well within the standard deviations. The results for Gd were found to be consistent with the values in JENDL-4.0 and the experimental data given by Mastromarco et al. and Leinweber et al. within one standard deviation. Moreover, the present results for Gd agreed with the evaluated data in JENDL-4.0 and the experimental data by Mller et al. within one standard deviation and agreed with the data by Mastromarco et al. within 1.4 standard deviations. However, they disagree (11% larger) with the experimental result by Leinweber et al.
岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 国枝 賢; 湊 太志; 中山 梓介; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 長家 康展; 多田 健一; et al.
EPJ Web of Conferences, 284, p.14001_1 - 14001_7, 2023/05
Japanese Evaluated Nuclear Data Library version 5 (JENDL-5) was released in 2021. JENDL-5 is intended to extend its generality from JENDL-4.0 by covering a wide variety of nuclear data for applications not only to nuclear design and decommissioning, but also to radiation-related fields. Overview of JENDL-5 and a future plan for the next of JENDL-5 are presented. JENDL-5 includes up-to-date neutron reaction cross sections incorporating other various types of data such as newly evaluated nuclear decay, fission yield, and thermal neutron scattering law. The neutron induced reaction cross sections especially on minor actinides in the resonance regions are improved by the experimental data measured at ANNRI. The extensive benchmark analyses on neutron nuclear data were made and the performance of JENDL-5 was confirmed by benchmark tests of ICSBEP and IRPhEP as well as fast reactors, radiation shielding calculations, and so on. So far, several JENDL special-purpose files have been developed for various applications. The data cover neutron, charged particles, and photon induced reactions. As the neutron induced reaction files, two special purpose files of JENDL/AD-2017 and JENDL/ImPACT-2018 were released to meet needs of nuclear backend applications including activation evaluation for nuclear facilities and nuclear transmutations of high-level radioactive wastes of long-lived fission products, respectively. Furthermore, the photon, proton and deuteron data were released as JENDL/PD-2016.1, JENDL-4.0/HE and JENDL/DEU-2020, respectively, for accelerator applications. With updating the data, they were incorporated in JENDL-5 as sub-libraries for facilitation of usability of JENDL. As the next step of JENDL-5, provision of the proper and sufficient covariance will be a major challenge, where cross correlations across different reactions or data-types may play a significant role in connection with data assimilation for various applications.
大塚 直彦*; 岩本 修
EPJ Web of Conferences, 284, p.08011_1 - 08011_4, 2023/05
The fast neutron fission cross sections of U and Pu were evaluated for the JENDL-5 library up to 200 MeV. The experimental fission cross sections and their ratios in the EXFOR library were reviewed with the source articles. Additionally, Poenitz's data compiled in his GMA database were reviewed. We found about 0 datasets are archived with the uncertainty information sufficient for covariance matrix construction and converted them from EXFOR to an experimental database with their covariance matrices. When the uncertainty information in the source article is missing in the EXFOR entry, we updated the EXFOR entry. We minimized corrections to the experimental database to make our evaluation becomes traceable. The least-squares fitting was performed to the logarithms of the cross sections and their rations in the experimental database by using the simultaneous least-squares fitting code SOK. The best precisions of the group-wise cross sections were achieved around 2 to 3 MeV, where the external uncertainties are 1% (U), 1.5% (U, Pu) or 2.5% (Pu). Well documented experimental fission cross sections are desired for U between 100 and 300 keV and Pu in the whole energy range since the numbers of the usable experimental datasets are limited and it makes the uncertainties in our evaluation relatively high. The evaluated cross sections were also validated against the spectrum averaged fission cross sections measured under the Cf and - neutron fields, and we found the newly evaluated cross sections are consistent with the experimental spectrum averaged cross sections well except for U fission cross sections measured in the Cf neutron fields, which is underestimated by the newly evaluated cross sections as well as those in many other data libraries.
中山 梓介; 岩本 修; Sublet, J.-Ch.*
EPJ Web of Conferences, 284, p.14011_1 - 14011_4, 2023/05
日本の評価済み核データライブラリの最新版であるJENDL-5には様々な応用に貢献するために複数のサブライブラリが含まれている。本論文では、主に加速器型中性子源の設計用に開発された重陽子反応サブライブラリと、主にバックエンド分野での使用を目的に開発されたアルファ粒子反応サブライブラリの評価と検証について概説する。重陽子サブライブラリについては、JENDL/DEU-2020のLi, Be, Cのデータを一部修正し、採用した。加速器構造材料として重要なAl, CuおよびNbの200MeVまでのデータは、DEURACSコードによる計算をもとに新たに評価した。アルファ粒子サブライブラリについては、LiからSi同位体までの18種類の軽核種について、入射エネルギー15MeVまでのデータをCCONEコードによる計算に基づいて評価した上で、中性子生成断面積のみをJENDL/AN-2005のデータで置き換えた。また、モンテカルロ輸送シミュレーションによる中性子収量に関する検証を両サブライブラリについて実施した。その結果、これらのライブラリに基づくシミュレーションは実験データと良い一致を示すことが確認された。
Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 片渕 竜也*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(5), p.489 - 499, 2023/05
The neutron capture cross-section of Am was measured in the keV neutron range using the recently implemented neutron filtering system of the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) beamline in the Materials and Life Science (MLF) facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). Filter arrays consisting of 20 cm of Fe and Si were employed in separate measurements to provide filtered neutron beams with averaged neutron energies of 23.5 (Fe), 51.5 and 127.7 (Si) keV. The present Am results were obtained relative to the Au neutron capture yield by applying the total energy detection principle together with the pulse-height weighting technique. The Am neutron capture cross section was determined as 2.72 0.29 b at 23.5 keV, 2.14 0.26 b at 51.5 keV and 1.32 0.10 b at 127.7 keV with total uncertainties in the range of 8 to 12, much lower in comparison to the latest time-of-flight experimental data available.
湊 太志; 内藤 智也*; 岩本 修
Physical Review C, 107(5), p.054314_1 - 054314_10, 2023/05
Muon captures on nuclei have provided us a plenty of knowledge of nuclear properties. Recently, this nature attracts attention again in electronics, because it is argued that charged particle emissions following muon capture on silicon triggers non-negligible soft errors in semiconductors. To investigate the particle emissions from nuclear physics point of view, we develop a new approach using a microscopic model of muon capture and an up-to-date particle emission models. We paid attention to the muon capture rates, the particle emission spectra, and the multiplicities that have a close interrelation with each other, and found that the nuclear many-body correlation including two-particle two-hole excitations is a key to explain them simultaneously.
EPJ Web of Conferences, 281, p.00009_1 - 00009_4, 2023/03
Evaluation of covariance data for JENDL virtually started after the release of JENDL-3.2. Covariance data were estimated for 16 nuclides in JENDL-3.2 and compiled as JENDL-3.2 Covariance File. For JENDL-4.0, covariance evaluation was much enhanced especially for actinides; the number of nuclides with covariance was 99. With the new evaluations for light nuclides and structure materials, the latest version JENDL-5 provides covariance data for 105 nuclides. The covariances in JENDL were basically evaluated with the least square method with available experimental data. Basic methods were developed at the time of JENDL-3.2 covariance evaluation. While the nuclear reaction modeling codes were changed from the JENDL-3.2 evaluation to the JENDL-4.0 or JENDL-5 evaluations, the covariance evaluation code has been continuously used for all of them. Overview of the covariance evaluation for JENDL will be presented.
遠藤 駿典; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; Rovira Leveroni, G.
EPJ Web of Conferences, 281, p.00012_1 - 00012_5, 2023/03
In resonance analysis, experimental uncertainties affect the accuracy of resonance parameters. A resonance analysis code REFIT can consider the statistical uncertainty of the experimental data in evaluation of the resonance parameter uncertainty. On the other hand, since the systematic uncertainties of the sample thickness and normalization, which is proportional to the cross-section, are not independent at each measurement point, they must be treated differently from the statistical uncertainty. However, their treatment has not been discussed in detail so far. In this study, we evaluated the effect of the systematic uncertainties of experimental data on deduced resonance parameters by varying sample-thickness values used for the REFIT code. Covariance of resonance parameters ascribed to systematic uncertainties were evaluated from the neutron transmission data of natural zinc measured at the J-PARC MLF ANNRI. We will introduce this evaluation method and discuss the feature of obtained correlations.
片渕 竜也*; 岩本 修; 堀 順一*; 木村 敦; 岩本 信之; 中村 詔司; Rovira Leveroni, G.; 遠藤 駿典; 芝原 雄司*; 寺田 和司*; et al.
EPJ Web of Conferences, 281, p.00014_1 - 00014_4, 2023/03
Long-lived minor actinides (MA) in nuclear waste from nuclear power plants are a long-standing issue to continue nuclear energy production. To solve the issue, researchers have suggested nuclear transmutation, in which long-lived radionuclides are transmuted into stable or shorter-life nuclides via neutron-induced nuclear reactions. Development of nuclear transmutation systems as an accelerator-driven system requires accurate neutron nuclear reaction data. The present research project entitled "Study on accuracy improvement of fast-neutron capture reaction data of long-lived MAs for development of nuclear transmutation systems" have been conducted as a joint collaboration, including Tokyo Tech, Japan Atomic Energy Agency and Kyoto University. This project focuses on the neutron capture reaction of MAs, especially Np, Am and Am, in the fast neutron energy region. The final goal of this project is to improve the accuracies of the neutron capture cross sections of Np, Am and Am employing a high-intensity neutron beam from a spallation source of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) that reduces uncertainties of measurement. To achieve the goal, a neutron beam filter system in J-PARC, sample characteristic assay, and theoretical reaction model study were developed. In this contribution, the overview and results of the project will be presented.
核データニュース(インターネット), (134), p.32 - 33, 2023/02
国枝 賢; 岩本 修; 深堀 智生; 千葉 敏*
European Physical Journal A, 59(1), p.2_1 - 2_8, 2023/01
国枝 賢; 山本 和喜; 今野 力; 岩元 洋介; 岩本 修; 若林 泰生*; 池田 裕二郎*
Journal of Neutron Research, 24(3-4), p.329 - 335, 2023/01
岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 国枝 賢; 湊 太志; 中山 梓介; 安部 豊*; 椿原 康介*; 奥村 森*; 石塚 知香子*; 吉田 正*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(1), p.1 - 60, 2023/01
The fifth version of Japanese Evaluated Nuclear Data Library, JENDL-5, was developed. JENDL-5 aimed to meet a variety of needs not only from nuclear reactors but also from other applications such as accelerators. Most of the JENDL special purpose files published so far were integrated into JENDL-5 with revisions. JENDL-5 consists of 11 sublibraries: (1) Neutron, (2) Thermal scattering law, (3) Fission product yield, (4) Decay data, (5) Proton, (6) Deuteron, (7) Alpha-particle, (8) Photonuclear, (9) Photo-atomic, (10) Electro-atomic, and (11) Atomic relaxation. The neutron reaction data for a large number of nuclei in JENDL-4.0 were updated ranging from light to heavy ones, including major and minor actinides which affect nuclear reactor calculations. In addition, the number of nuclei of neutron reaction data stored in JENDL-5 was largely increased; the neutron data covered not only all of naturally existing nuclei but also their neighbor ones with half-lives longer than 1 day. JENDL-5 included the originally evaluated data of thermal scattering law and fission product yield for the first time. Light charged-particle and photon induced reaction data were also included for the first time as the JENDL general purpose file.
Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 片渕 竜也*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*; 佐藤 八起*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 19 Pages, 2023/00
The neutron capture cross-section of Am was measured from 10 meV to about 1 MeV using the NaI(Tl) spectrometer of the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) beamline in the Materials and Life Science (MLF) facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The total energy detection principle was applied in conjunction with the pulse-height weighting technique to derive the neutron capture yield. The present cross-section results were normalized using a Au sample measurement by applying the saturated resonance method. The thermal cross section was measured to be 708 22 b, in agreement within uncertainties to the present evaluation in JENDL-5 of 709 b. Moreover, the results of a shape resonance analysis of the resolved resonance region are also provided in the present dissertation.
Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 片渕 竜也*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*; 佐藤 八起*
JAEA-Conf 2022-001, p.91 - 96, 2022/11
Neutron capture cross section measurements were performed in the Accurate Neutron Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) at the Materials and Life Science Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The time-of-flight (TOF) methodology was employed in a non-filter condition experiment to determine the neutron capture cross section from thermal to about 100 eV. Moreover, experiments were performed using the neutron filtering system to determine the neutron capture cross section at the energy of 23.5 keV using Fe as filter material. In this study, the preliminary results of the Am neutron capture cross section from 10 meV to about 100 eV determined in TOF experiments and at 23.5 keV from Fe filter experiments are presented. In the TOF experiments, the Am neutron capture cross section was normalized by means of the saturated resonance method using a Au sample with a mass of 1.5 g. In addition, for the Fe filter experiments, the capture cross section of Am at the energy of 23.5 keV was determined relative to the Au yield obtained from a measurement using the same Au sample. Moreover, early-stage results of a resonance analysis of the Am capture resonances are also presented.
JAEA-Conf 2022-001, p.21 - 26, 2022/11
The next version of JENDL general purpose library, JENDL-5, is almost ready to be released. JENDL-5 increases variety and amount of data from the current version JENDL-4.0. Regarding the neutron induced reaction data, which is the most important for reactor applications, the number of the stored nuclides will be around 800, which is almost double of 406 as of JENDL-4.0. They cover not only all stable isotopes but also a large number of unstable isotopes that are much enough for various applications of radiation simulations. The data from light to heavy nuclides have been revised reflecting up-to-date experimental knowledge such as new measurements of cross sections by ANNRI at J-PARC. Fission yield and decay data are also revised with new experimental and theoretical knowledge. New evaluations of thermal scattering law data based on molecular dynamics are adopted for many of materials in JENDL-5 including light and heavy water. The data of other incident particles than neutron that have been developed as special-purpose files are integrated into JENDL-5. For proton, deuteron, alpha-particle and photon induced reactions, the data of JENDL-4.0/HE, JENDL/ImPACT-2018, JENDL/DEU-2020, JENDL/AN-2005, JENDL/PD-2016.1 are adopted. Since JENDL/AN-2005 contains only neutron-emission related data, date needed for radiation transportation codes are complemented. Regarding neutron induced reaction, the data of high energy reaction above 20 MeV and activation cross section are also integrated from JENDL-4.0/HE, JENDL/ImPACT-2018 and JENDL/AD-2017.
大塚 直彦*; 岩本 修
JAEA-Data/Code 2022-005, 102 Pages, 2022/10
UとPuの10keVから200MeVの中性子入射核分裂断面積、およびUとPuの100keVから200MeVまでの中性子入射核反応断面積をJENDL-5のために同時評価した。実験断面積とその比の対数をシュミットロスの屋根関数(Schmittroth's roof function)の線形結合で表現し、その係数を最小二乗法により決定した。同時評価コードSOKを規格化が任意の実験値に拡張したものを本評価に用いた。本報告書は(1)実験データベースの構築、(2)ドレスデン工科大学(TUD)・ラジウム研究所(KRI)の共同測定で得られたデータの選定、(3)本評価で得られた断面積の最近の主なライブラリとの比較、(4)1970年代に測定された235Uデータの影響、について述べる。
Isotope News, (783), p.2 - 5, 2022/10
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(10), p.1232 - 1241, 2022/10
Application of Monte Carlo method was proposed for the calculations of recoil nucleus spectra on high energy nuclear reactions, in which velocity distributions were integrated over 3 dimensional space with taking into account multi-particle emissions. It was implemented on a nuclear reaction model code CCONE. The results of double differential cross sections of recoil nuclei from a proton induced reaction on C were compared with the experimental data and the results of a Monte Carlo simulation code PHITS. It was found that the present results show reasonably good agreements with the experimental data for almost all measured recoil nuclei. The results are also compared with the data of evaluated nuclear data libraries of ENDF/B-VIII.0 and TENDL-2017. While the average energies of the recoil nuclei are similar, significant differences are observed in the energy distributions.
岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 木村 敦; 多田 健一; 菅原 隆徳; 横山 賢治
核データニュース(インターネット), (133), p.1 - 6, 2022/10
OECD/NEA/NSC主催のWPEC(Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation)の本会合及び関連するサブグループ(SG),専門家グループ(EG)会合が、2022年5月10日5月13日の日程で、パリのOECDカンファレンスセンターとWebでのハイブリッド形式によって実施された。WPEC本会合については、日本からの5名(岩本(修), 岩本(信), 木村, 多田, 東京工業大学・片渕氏)を含め、米国や欧州, 中国, IAEA, NEAから40名近い参加があった。アジアからの参加者はすべてオンラインであったが、米国からは現地での参加が多数あった。横山と菅原はSG-46会合へ参加した。本会合の概要を報告する。