Refine your search:     
Report No.
 - 
Search Results: Records 1-20 displayed on this page of 138

Presentation/Publication Type

Initialising ...

Refine

Journal/Book Title

Initialising ...

Meeting title

Initialising ...

First Author

Initialising ...

Keyword

Initialising ...

Language

Initialising ...

Publication Year

Initialising ...

Held year of conference

Initialising ...

Save select records

JAEA Reports

Report of the design examination and the installation work for the radiation shield at the beam injection area in the 3 GeV synchrotron

Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Kamiya, Junichiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Tani, Norio; Kotoku, Hirofumi*; Horino, Koki*; Yanagibashi, Toru*; Takeda, Osamu*; Yamamoto, Kazami

JAEA-Technology 2021-019, 105 Pages, 2021/11

JAEA-Technology-2021-019.pdf:10.25MB

Since a user operation startup, the 3 GeV synchrotron accelerator (Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron: RCS) gradually reinforced the beam power. As a result, the surface dose rate of the apparatus located at the beam injection area of the RCS, such as the magnet, vacuum chambers, beam monitors, etc., increases year by year. The beam injection area has many apparatuses which required manual maintenance, so reducing worker's dose is a serious issue. To solve this problem, we have organized a task force for the installation of the shield. The task force has aimed to optimize the structure of the radiation shield, construct the installation procedure with due consideration of the worker's dose suppression. As the examination result of the shield design, we have decided to adopt removal shielding that could be installed quickly and easily when needed. We carried out shield installation work during the 2020 summer maintenance period. The renewal work required to install the shielding has been carried out in a under high-dose environment. For this reason, reducing the dose of workers was an important issue. So, we carefully prepared the work plan and work procedure in advance. During the work period, we implemented various dose reduction measures and managed individual dose carefully. As a result, the dose of all workers could be kept below the predetermined management value. We had installed removal shielding at the beam injection area in the 2020 summer maintenance period. We confirmed that this shield can contribute to the reduction of the dose during work near the beam injection area. It was a large-scale work to occupy the beam injection area during almost of the summer maintenance period. However, it is considered very meaningful for dose suppression in future maintenance works.

JAEA Reports

Noise countermeasures for inverter-controlled multi-stage roots vacuum pumps in J-PARC LINAC L3BT

Takano, Kazuhiro; Kotoku, Hirofumi*; Kobayashi, Fuminori*; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Kamiya, Junichiro

JAEA-Technology 2021-017, 35 Pages, 2021/11

JAEA-Technology-2021-017.pdf:5.32MB

In J-PARC LINAC, the vacuum system of L3BT, which is a beam transport line connecting LINAC and 3GeV synchrotron, uses a turbo molecular pump and roots pump for rough exhaust and an ion pump for main exhaust. In addition, beam dumps are connected to the end of the L3BT at 0 degree, 30 degree, 90 degree, and 100 degree positions via vacuum partition windows. The roots pumps are used as the exhaust system for each beam dump. The roots pump controllers have been installed away from the pump in the accelerator tunnel to avoid radiation damages. Besides, the special controllers, which have no inverter circuit inside, have been used to reduce the electrical noise on the beam loss monitors nearby. However, using the special controller without inverters, several problems have occurred such as the instability or wide variability of the pumping speed. To solve such problems, the roots pump controller with the inverter circuit must be used after reducing the electrical noise. In this report, some countermeasures to reduce the electrical noise from the inverters were investigated. The noise reduction circuit was successfully optimized to the level where the beam loss monitors works unaffected.

Journal Articles

Radiation shielding installation for beam injection section of 3GeV synchrotron

Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Kamiya, Junichiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Tani, Norio; Kotoku, Hirofumi*; Horino, Koki*; Yanagibashi, Toru*; Takeda, Osamu*; Yamamoto, Kazami

Proceedings of 18th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.238 - 242, 2021/10

Since a user operation startup, the 3GeV synchrotron accelerator (Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron: RCS) gradually reinforced the beam power. As a result, the surface dose rate of the apparatus located at the beam injection area of the RCS increases year by year. The beam injection area has many apparatuses which required manual maintenance, so reducing worker's dose is a serious issue. To solve this problem, we have decided to adopt removal shielding that could be installed quickly and easily when needed. We carried out shield installation work during the 2020 summer maintenance period. The installation work of the shield has been carried out in a under high-dose environment. For this reason, reducing the dose of workers was an important issue. So, we carefully prepared the work plan and work procedure in advance. During the work period, we implemented various dose reduction measures and managed individual dose carefully. As a result, the dose of all workers could be kept below the predetermined management value. We had installed removal shielding at the beam injection area in the 2020 summer maintenance period. We confirmed that this shield can contribute to the reduction of the dose during work near the beam injection area.

Journal Articles

Improved vacuum system for high-power proton beam operation of the rapid cycling synchrotron

Kamiya, Junichiro; Kotoku, Hirofumi*; Kurosawa, Shunta*; Takano, Kazuhiro; Yanagibashi, Toru*; Yamamoto, Kazami; Wada, Kaoru

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 24(8), p.083201_1 - 083201_23, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Physics, Nuclear)

Through the operation of the vacuum system in J-PARC, it becomes evident that the high-power beam has more powerful effects on the vacuum system than expected. Those effects are the malfunction of vacuum equipment and the large pressure rise. The former is the failure of the turbomolecular pump (TMP) controller. The TMP itself is also damaged by a bearing crush due to a touch-down. We have developed a TMP controller that can connect with long cables of more than 200 m lengths to install the controller in a control room where there is no radiation influence. The TMP with high-strength bearing has been also developed. The latter is an extreme pressure rise with increasing the beam power. It is indicated that the pressure rise mechanism is a result of ion-stimulated gas desorption. It is finally confirmed that the dynamic pressure during the high-power beam is effectually suppressed by additionally installing the NEG pumps.

Journal Articles

Some methods of making titanium vacuum chamber act as getter pump for UHV/XHV

Kamiya, Junichiro; Takano, Kazuhiro; Yuza, Hiromu*; Wada, Kaoru

Proceedings of 12th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC 21) (Internet), p.3471 - 3474, 2021/08

The NEG coating, which has been developed in CERN, is a revolutionary technique that can make a beam pipe act as a vacuum pump by coating the getter materials with the ability to adsorb/absorb gas molecules on the beam pipe surface. The NEG materials are alloys of titanium, zirconium, and vanadium. Titanium is one of the getter materials. In high-power beam accelerators, titanium has been used as the beam pipe chamber material due to its low radioactivation characteristics. The ordinal titanium surface has no getter function because it is covered with titanium-oxide film. The new technique, which removes the titanium-oxide surface by the sputtering and makes the titanium vacuum chamber itself the vacuum pump like NEG coated chamber, has been developed. After sputtering the inner surface of the titanium chamber, we obtained clear evidence that shows the chamber acts as a vacuum pump. We have also tried to make a titanium chamber with a getter function only by baking. Dependence of the getter characteristics on the baking temperature will also be reported.

Journal Articles

A Possible modification of ceramic chambers in the injection area at the RCS in J-PARC

Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Kamiya, Junichiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Horino, Koki*; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Yanagibashi, Toru*; Kotoku, Hirofumi*

Proceedings of 12th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC 21) (Internet), p.3205 - 3208, 2021/08

At the injection area of the RCS in J-PARC, the interaction between the copper stripes (RF-shields) on the ceramic chambers and the external magnetic fields modulatesthe magnetic fields in the chamber, causing beam losses for a special tune. A ceramic chamber spirally covered by the stripes is a candidate to mitigate the modulations. In this report, we numerically and experimentally investigate how the interaction is suppressed, while sustaining the beam impedance enhancement within tolerable at the RCS.

Journal Articles

High-intensity beam profile measurement using a gas sheet monitor by beam induced fluorescence detection

Yamada, Ippei; Wada, Motoi*; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Kamiya, Junichiro; Saha, P. K.; Kinsho, Michikazu

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 24(4), p.042801_1 - 042801_13, 2021/04

A transverse beam profile monitor that visualizes a two-dimensional beam-induced fluorescent image was developed. The monitor employs a sheet-shaped gas flow formed by a technique of rarefied gas dynamics. A simplified analysis method was developed to reconstruct the beam intensity profile from the obtained image. The developed profile monitor and the analysis method were applied to measure the J-PARC 3 MeV H$$^-$$ beam profile. The root mean square values of the profiles were consistent with the ones obtained by a wire-scanning-type beam profile monitor. The beam loss due to the gas sheet injection was measured as a beam-current reduction. The amount of the beam current decreased in proportion to the gas sheet flux and the reduction ranged from 0.004 to 2.5%. The assembled system was capable of reconstructing a beam profile from a single shot beam pulse (1.7$$times$$10$$^{13}$$ protons in 50 $$mu$$s).

Journal Articles

Recent status & improvements of the RCS vacuum system

Kamiya, Junichiro; Kotoku, Hirofumi; Hikichi, Yusuke*; Takahashi, Hiroki; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu; Wada, Kaoru*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011023_1 - 011023_6, 2021/03

The vacuum system is the key for the stable high power beam operation in J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS), because the gas molecules in the beam line make the beam loss due to the scattering. The more than 10 years operation of the RCS vacuum system showed that the ultra-high vacuum (UHV) has been stably maintained by the several developments. The challenges for lower beam line pressure will exist in a future operation with higher beam power. For such challenge, a TMP with a rotor of titanium alloy, which have much higher mechanical strength than aluminum allow for the normal rotter, has been developed. Overcoming the difficulties of the machining performance of the titanium alloy rotor was successfully manufactured. We will report the summary of the 10 years operation of the RCS vacuum system and the incoming developments towards the XHV.

Journal Articles

Results of 1-MW operation in J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron

Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Nomura, Masahiro; Suganuma, Kazuaki; Fujirai, Kosuke; Kamiya, Junichiro; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; et al.

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.209 - 213, 2020/09

The J-PARC 3GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) is aiming to provide the proton beam of very high power for neutron experiments and the main ring synchrotron. We have continued the beam commissioning and the output power from RCS have been increasing. In recent years, just before the summer shutdown period, we have been trying continuous supply of 1-MW high-intensity beam, which is the design value, to a neutron target. First trial was 1-hour continuous operation in July 2018, and second trial was 10-hours continuous in July 2019. In both cases, we achieved almost stable operation. Furthermore, in June 2020, we tried to operate continuously for over 40 hours. But in this case, some trouble occurred and the operation was frequently suspended. Through these continuous operation trials, we have identified issues for stable operation of 1 MW. In this presentation, we will report the results of 1-MW continuous operation and issues obtained from these results.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of 2-D transverse beam profile monitor using gas sheet at J-PARC LINAC

Kamiya, Junichiro; Okabe, Kota; Kinsho, Michikazu; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Yamada, Ippei; Ogiwara, Norio*; Hikichi, Yusuke*; Wada, K.*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012149_1 - 012149_6, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:84.98

To obtain a getter effect to titanium vacuum duct surface, the method to remove the oxide on the surface by sputtering with ionized molecules has been developed. In the method, a sheet-shaped gas distribution with a uniform and high density is generated through a narrow slit by a small amount of gas. In this report, the gas density distribution was calculated by the Monte Carlo simulation code. As a result, it was found that a gas injection from both directions was effective to generate uniform density distribution. Furthermore, the gas injection method was applied to a non-destructive beam profile monitor, that detects ions generated by the interaction between gas molecules and beam. In this monitor, dependence of the beam profile on the injected gas amount was measured. A small amount of injected gas was found to be ideal for the beam profile measurements in the unsaturated and a high S/N ratio region.

Journal Articles

New design of vacuum chambers for radiation shield installation at beam injection area of J-PARC RCS

Kamiya, Junichiro; Kotoku, Hirofumi; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yanagibashi, Toru*; Horino, Koki*; Miki, Nobuharu*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012172_1 - 012172_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.07

One of the issues in the J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron is the high residual radiation dose around the beam injection point. A radiation shield is necessary to reduce radiation exposure of workers when maintenance is performed there. A space to install the radiation shield should be secured by newly designing a structure of the vacuum chamber at the injection point and the alumina ceramics beam pipes for the shift bump magnets. To make the space for the shield, the chamber is lengthened along the beam line and the cross-sectional shape is changed from circle to rectangle. The displacement and inner stress of the vacuum chamber due to atmospheric pressure were evaluated to be enough small by the calculation. For the ceramics beam pipe's rf-shield, the damping resistor was effective to reduce the induced modulation voltages by the pulsed magnetic field.

Journal Articles

Coupling impedance of the collimator without RF-Shields at the RCS in J-PARC

Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Okabe, Kota; Kamiya, Junichiro; Moriya, Katsuhiro

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012113_1 - 012113_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.07

All holes on the chamber walls of synchrotrons should be filled with the radiofrequency (RF)-shields to suppress coupling impedances that excite beam instabilities. In a synchrotron, titanium nitride (TiN)-coated RF-shields are installed with collimators. If the holes, through which the collimator jaw enters and exits the chamber, are filled with such RF-shields, the shields may break down as the dynamic coefficient of TiN increases in vacuum. At the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS), the RF-shields are eliminated from the collimator after demonstrating that the effect due to the RF-shields is negligible on the impedance at low frequencies.

Journal Articles

Turbomolecular pump as main pump in a high-power proton accelerator vacuum system

Kamiya, Junichiro; Kinsho, Michikazu; Ogiwara, Norio*; Sakurai, Mitsuru*; Mabuchi, Takuya*; Wada, Kaoru*

Vacuum and Surface Science, 62(8), p.476 - 485, 2019/08

J-PARC 3GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) is one of the highest beam power proton accelerators. Challenges for achieving low pressure region in ultra-high vacuum (UHV) in the beam line are the large outgassing source. We focused turbo molecular pumps (TMP) as maing pump because it can evacuate the continuous and additional outgassing with large pumping speed in wide pressure range. It is also possible to evacuate from low vacuum to UHV with only a few hours by using TMP, which ensures users' experimental time after vacuum device maintenance. During more than 10 years operation of the vacuum system, many experiences have been accumulated about the usage of TMP in RCS. In this presentation, we discussed about validity of TMP as main pump in high power proton beam accelerator by showing the performance of the beam line pressure during the beam operation. Further, in anticipation of upgrade higher beam power more than 1 MW, validity of a combination of TMP and NEG pump will be mentioned.

Journal Articles

Development of the new method to utilize the titanium vacuum chamber as a vacuum pump

Kamiya, Junichiro; Hikichi, Yusuke*; Wada, Kaoru*

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1189 - 1192, 2019/07

Non-evaporable getter (NEG) coating, which was developed at CERN, is the breakthrough method, which makes a beam pump a vacuum pump by coating a getter material on the beam pipe surface. The usage of the NEG coating has widely spread in the accelerators in recent years. On the other hand, J-PARC uses titanium, which is a low activation material, as a material for the beam pipe. If the titanium oxide on the surface can be removed, the titanium beam pip plays the role of the vacuum pump because the pure titanium is a getter material. In this presentation, we report on the method of oxide film removal by the sputtering method and vacuum performances of the titanium vacuum chamber as the getter pump.

Journal Articles

Development of a gas distribution measuring system for 2-D beam profile monitor

Yamada, Ippei; Ogiwara, Norio*; Hikichi, Yusuke*; Kamiya, Junichiro; Kinsho, Michikazu

Vacuum and Surface Science, 62(7), p.400 - 405, 2019/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of a gas distribution measuring system for gas sheet beam profile monitor

Yamada, Ippei; Ogiwara, Norio*; Hikichi, Yusuke*; Kamiya, Junichiro; Kinsho, Michikazu

Proceedings of 10th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '19) (Internet), p.2567 - 2570, 2019/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Operation status of J-PARC rapid cycling synchrotron

Yamamoto, Kazami; Kamiya, Junichiro

Proceedings of 10th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '19) (Internet), p.2020 - 2023, 2019/06

The 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) provides more than 500 kW beams to the Material and Life Science Experimental Facility and Main Ring synchrotron. In such a high-intensity hadron accelerator, even losing less than 0.1% of the beam can cause many problems. Such lost protons can cause serious radio-activation and accelerator component malfunctions. Therefore, we have conducted a beam study to achieve high-power operation with less loss. In addition, we have also maintained the accelerator components to enable stable operation. This paper reports the status of the J-PARC RCS over the last japan fiscal year.

Journal Articles

Coupling impedance of the collimator without RF-Shields at the RCS in J-PARC

Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Okabe, Kota; Kamiya, Junichiro; Moriya, Katsuhiro

Proceedings of 10th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '19) (Internet), p.163 - 166, 2019/06

All holes on the chamber walls of synchrotrons should be filled with the radiofrequency (RF)-shields to suppress coupling impedances that excite beam instabilities. In a synchrotron, titanium nitride (TiN)-coated RF-shields are installed with collimators. If the holes, through which the collimator jaw enters and exits the chamber, are filled with such RF-shields, the shields may break down as the dynamic coefficient of TiN increases in vacuum. At the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS), the RF-shields are eliminated from the collimator after demonstrating that the effect due to the RF-shields is negligible on the impedance at low frequencies.

Journal Articles

Effect of nitric hydrofluoric acid treatment on brazing of alumina ceramics and pure titanium

Kinsho, Michikazu; Kamiya, Junichiro; Abe, Kazuhiko*; Nakamura, Tomaru*

Proceedings of 10th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '19) (Internet), p.4161 - 4163, 2019/06

Alumina ceramics vacuum chamber which is used for the 3GeV rapid-cycling synchrotron (RCS) in J-PARC is composed of alumina duct, titanium (Ti) flanges and Ti sleeves. Before brazing the alumina duct and the Ti sleeves, the Ti sleeves were treated with nitric hydrofluoric acid. The purpose of this study is to clear the effect of this treatment for titanium material. It was cleared by SEM observation that the roughness of the titanium material after the nitric hydrofluoric acid treatment becomes big. It was also measured that the thickness of oxide film on surface of the titanium material was 12.7 nm before treatment and 6.0 nm after treatment. It became clear that both the clearing of oxide layer on the alumina ceramics and the vacuum condition of the vacuum heating furnace were important for brazing between alumina ceramics and pure titanium.

Journal Articles

Technology of vacuum, Large vacuum system, J-PARC

Kamiya, Junichiro

Saishin Jikken Shinku Gijutsu Soran, p.908 - 917, 2019/02

Vacuum is a core technology in accelerators, and the latest accelerator is full of next generation vacuum technologies. In order to solve the problem at each stage of the high intensity proton accelerator, such as stable beam supply from the ion source, suppression of discharge in the acceleration cavity, reduction in beam loss, suppression of pressure increase due to particle desorption from the surface, the vacuum is a key technology. In this manuscript, we will explain the vacuum technology in the high-intensity proton accelerator with J-PARC Linac and 3 GeV synchrotron as examples.

138 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)