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Journal Articles

Upgrade of the 3-MeV linac for testing of accelerator components at J-PARC

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hirano, Koichiro; Ito, Takashi; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Kitamura, Ryo; Morishita, Takatoshi; Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Shinto, Katsuhiro; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012077_1 - 012077_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.07

We have upgraded a 3-MeV linac at J-PARC. The ion source is same as the J-PARC linac's, and the old 30-mA RFQ is replaced by a spare 50-mA RFQ, therefore, the beam energy is 3 MeV and the nominal beam current is 50 mA. The main purpose of this system is to test the spare RFQ, but also used for testing of various components required in order to keep the stable operation of the J-PARC accelerator. The accelerator has been already commissioned, and measurement programs have been started. In this paper, present status of this 3-MeV linac is presented.

JAEA Reports

Hydrochemical investigation at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory; Compilation of groundwater chemistry data in the Mizunami group and the Toki granite (fiscal year 2016)

Watanabe, Yusuke; Hayashida, Kazuki; Kato, Toshihiro; Kubota, Mitsuru; Aosai, Daisuke*; Kumamoto, Yoshiharu*; Iwatsuki, Teruki

JAEA-Data/Code 2018-002, 108 Pages, 2018/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2018-002.pdf:6.53MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been investigating groundwater chemistry to understand the effect of excavation and maintenance of underground facilities as part of the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in Mizunami, Gifu, Japan. In this report, we compiled data of groundwater chemistry and microbiology obtained at the MIU in the fiscal year 2016 and 2014 to 2016, respectively. In terms of ensuring traceability of data, basic information (e.g. sampling location, sampling time, sampling method and analytical method) and methodology for quality control are described.

Journal Articles

Permeability of granite including macro-fracture naturally filled with fine-grained minerals

Nara, Yoshitaka*; Kato, Masaji*; Niri, Ryuhei*; Kono, Masanori*; Sato, Toshinori; Fukuda, Daisuke*; Sato, Tsutomu*; Takahashi, Manabu*

Pure and Applied Geophysics, 175(3), p.917 - 927, 2018/03

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:55.03(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

Information on the permeability of rock is essential for various geoengineering projects. It is especially important to investigate how fractures and pores influence the physical and transport properties of rock. Infiltration of groundwater through the damage zone fills fractures in granite with fine-grained minerals. However, the permeability of rock possessing a fracture naturally filled with fine-grained mineral grains has yet to be investigated. In this study, the permeabilities of granite samples, including a macro-fracture filled with clay and a mineral vein, are investigated. The permeability of granite with a fine-grained mineral vein agrees well with that of the intact sample, whereas the permeability of granite possessing a macro-fracture filled with clay is lower than that of the macro-fractured sample. The decrease in the permeability is due to the filling of fine-grained minerals and clay in the macro-fracture. It is concluded that the permeability of granite increases due to the existence of the fractures, but decreases upon filling them with fine-grained minerals.

Journal Articles

Ecological and genomic profiling of anaerobic methane-oxidizing archaea in a deep granitic environment

Ino, Kohei*; Hernsdorf, A. W.*; Konno, Yuta*; Kozuka, Mariko*; Yanagawa, Katsunori*; Kato, Shingo*; Sunamura, Michinari*; Hirota, Akinari*; Togo, Yoko*; Ito, Kazumasa*; et al.

ISME Journal, 12(1), p.31 - 47, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:93.55(Ecology)

In this study, we found the dominance ofanaerobic methane-oxidizing archaea in groundwater enriched in sulfate and methane from a 300-m deep underground borehole in granitic rock.

JAEA Reports

Hydrochemical investigation at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory; Compilation of groundwater chemistry data in the Mizunami group and the Toki granite (fiscal year 2015)

Hayashida, Kazuki; Kato, Toshihiro; Munemoto, Takashi; Aosai, Daisuke*; Inui, Michiharu*; Kubota, Mitsuru; Iwatsuki, Teruki

JAEA-Data/Code 2017-008, 52 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2017-008.pdf:3.84MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been investigating groundwater chemistry to understand the effect on excavating and maintenance of underground facilities as part of the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in Mizunami, Gifu, Japan. In this report, we compiled data of groundwater chemistry obtained at the MIU in the fiscal year 2015. In terms of ensuring traceability of data, basic information (e.g. sampling location, sampling time, sampling method, analytical method) and methodology for quality control are described.

JAEA Reports

Case studies of radiation dose assessment in emergency situation of nuclear facilities

Kawasaki, Masatsugu; Nakajima, Junya; Yoshida, Keisuke; Kato, Saori; Nishino, Sho; Nozaki, Teo; Nakagawa, Masahiro; Tsunoda, Junichi; Sugaya, Yuki; Hasegawa, Rie; et al.

JAEA-Data/Code 2017-004, 57 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2017-004.pdf:2.34MB

In emergency situation of nuclear facilities, we need to estimate the radiation dose due to radiation and radioactivity to grasp the influence range of the accident in the early stage. Therefore, we prepare the case studies of dose assessment for public exposure dose and personal exposure dose and contribute them to emergency procedures. This document covers about accidents of nuclear facilities in Nuclear Science Research Institute and past accident of nuclear power plant, and it can be used for inheritance of techniques of emergency dose assessment.

Journal Articles

Development of a control system at a 3 MeV linac in J-PARC

Sawabe, Yuki*; Ishiyama, Tatsuya; Takahashi, Daisuke; Kato, Yuko; Suzuki, Takahiro*; Hirano, Koichiro; Takei, Hayanori; Meigo, Shinichiro; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Hayashi, Naoki

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.647 - 651, 2016/11

In the J-PARC, a 3 MeV linac has been developed for the tests of beam scraper irradiation and charge exchange by high-power laser. To accomplish tests efficiently and safely, the control system for 3 MeV was designed and developed, and this system consists of four subsystems, personal protection system, machine protection system, timing system, and remote control system using the EPICS. In this paper, the details of control system for a 3 MeV linac are presented.

Journal Articles

Importance of temperature control in surrounding environment during permeability test for measuring hydraulic constants of rock

Kato, Masaji*; Nara, Yoshitaka*; Fukuda, Daisuke*; Kono, Masanori*; Sato, Toshinori; Sato, Tsutomu*; Takahashi, Manabu*

Zairyo, 65(7), p.489 - 495, 2016/07

Rock masses serve a vital function as natural barriers for geological disposal of radioactive waste; therefore, information on rock permeability is essential. Highly accurate measurement of permeability requires understanding of how temperature changes in the surrounding environment influence measurement results. We performed permeability measurement under conditions with dramatic changes of temperature in the surrounding environment to investigate the influence of such changes on the experimental results. Measurement of permeability with no temperature change was also conducted as reference. All measurements were conducted using the transient pulse method, and the sample material used was Toki granite obtained from Gifu Prefecture in central Japan. We found that temperature changes in the surrounding environment remarkably affected the pressure in reservoirs upstream and downstream, the pressure difference between them, and the confining pressure; all increased when temperature increased for our experimental system. Notably, pressure difference was affected immediately. This difference directly relates to estimation of permeability.

JAEA Reports

Review to give the public clear information on near surface disposal project of low-level radioactive wastes generated from research, industrial and medical facilities

Shobu, Nobuhiro; Kato, Masatoshi*; Takao, Tomoe*; Terashima, Daisuke*; Tanaka, Yoshie*; Shirasu, Hisanori*; Amazawa, Hiroya; Koibuchi, Hiroto; Nakata, Hisakazu

JAEA-Review 2013-028, 175 Pages, 2013/12

JAEA-Review-2013-028.pdf:10.13MB

JAEA has promoted near surface disposal project for low-level radioactive wastes generated from research, industrial and medical facilities. JAEA has carried out public information about the project. When some town meetings are held toward mutual understanding with the public more detailed and clear explanations for safety management of the project are needed especially. Therefore, the information provision method to make the public understand should be reviewed. Moreover, a survey should be carried out in order to get a sense of what the public knows, what it values and where it stands on nuclear energy and radiation issues, because the social environment surrounding nuclear energy and radiation issues has changed as a result of the accident at the Fukushima on March 11, 2011. This review clarified the points to keep in mind about public information on the project, and that public recognition or understanding toward nuclear energy and radiation was changed before and after the accident.

Journal Articles

Occurrence and potential activity of denitrifiers and methanogens in groundwater at 140 m depth in Pliocene diatomaceous mudstone of northern Japan

Katsuyama, Chie*; Nashimoto, Hiroaki*; Nagaosa, Kazuyo*; Ishibashi, Tomotaka*; Furuta, Kazuki*; Kinoshita, Takeshi*; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Aoki, Kazuhiro; Asano, Takahiro*; Sasaki, Yoshito; et al.

FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 86(3), p.532 - 543, 2013/12

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:26.35(Microbiology)

Anaerobic microbial activity has a major influence on the subsurface environment, and should be considered in subsurface activities including the construction of radioactive waste repositories. We investigated denitrification and methanogenesis in anoxic groundwater from 140 m depth in two boreholes, where the redox potential fluctuated. The average maximum potential denitrification rates, measured under anaerobic conditions in the two boreholes using an $$^{15}$$N tracer. Methanogenesis candidates were detected by 16S rRNA gene analysis. Although the stable isotope signatures suggested that some of the dissolved methane was of biogenic origin, no potential for methane production was evident during the incubations. The groundwater at 140 m depth did not contain oxygen, had an Eh ranging from -144 to 6.8 mV, and was found to be a potential field for denitrification.

Journal Articles

Melting temperatures of the ZrO$$_{2}$$-MOX system

Uchida, Teppei; Hiroka, Shun; Sugata, Hiromasa*; Shibata, Katsuya*; Sato, Daisuke*; Kato, Masato; Morimoto, Kyoichi

Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference; Nuclear Energy at a Crossroads (GLOBAL 2013) (CD-ROM), p.1549 - 1553, 2013/09

Journal Articles

A Study of the regional stress and the stress state in the galleries of the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory

Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Tsusaka, Kimikazu; Tokiwa, Tetsuya; Kondo, Keiji; Inagaki, Daisuke; Kato, Harumi*

Proceedings of 6th International Symposium on In-situ Rock Stress (RS 2013) (CD-ROM), p.331 - 338, 2013/08

In a high-level radioactive waste disposal, initial stress state is important for designing support and layout of repository. Based on the background, objectives of this paper is to investigate the state of regional stress in detail and change of initial stress state along construction of the Underground Research Laboratory (URL). Hydraulic fracturing tests and observation of the borehole breakouts through borehole televiewer logging have been conducted in the boreholes around the Horonobe URL and in the galleries of the URL. As a result, the values of the stress measured in the boreholes around the URL increased along depth and the orientations of the maximum horizontal stress were different between a map scale fault. In addition, values of initial stresses measured in the galleries were less than those of boreholes around the URL and orientation of the maximum horizontal stress were different in each depth of the gallery. These results suggest that measurements of the stress in the galleries are important for modification of the layout designed before construction of the URL.

Journal Articles

Initial stress measurement by hydraulic fracturing method in diatomaceous mudstone in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory

Kondo, Keiji; Tsusaka, Kimikazu; Inagaki, Daisuke; Sugita, Yutaka; Kato, Harumi*; Niunoya, Sumio*

Dai-13-Kai Iwa No Rikigaku Kokunai Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu (CD-ROM), p.583 - 588, 2013/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Aspect-ratio-dependent phase transitions and concentration fluctuations in aqueous colloidal dispersions of charged platelike particles

Yamaguchi, Daisuke; Miyamoto, Nobuyoshi*; Fujita, Takako*; Nakato, Teruyuki*; Koizumi, Satoshi; Ota, Noboru*; Yagi, Naoto*; Hashimoto, Takeji

Physical Review E, 85(1), p.011403_1 - 011403_15, 2012/01

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:71.93(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Phase transition of aqueous colloidal dispersions of charged plate-like particles of niobate nanosheets were investigated as a function of the aspect ratio ($$r_{rm asp}$$) and particle volume concentration ($$theta$$$$_{rm P}$$) by small-angle neutron scattering and small-angle X-ray scattering. The results elucidated the following three pieces of evidence: (1) the macroscopic phase separation of the dispersions into an isotropic phase and a liquid crystalline phase (LC) under the condition of (a) varying $$r_{rm asp}$$ at a constant $$theta$$$$_{rm P}$$ = 0.01, and of (b) varying $$theta$$$$_{rm P}$$ (0.01 $$leq$$ $$theta$$$$_{rm P}$$ $$leq$$ 0.025) at a constant $$r_{rm asp}$$ = 2.5$$times$$10$$^{-3}$$. (2) the $$r_{rm asp}$$-induced phase transition of the LC phase from a nematic phase to a highly periodic layered phase upon increasing r under the condition (a). (3) the LC phase having remarkable concentration fluctuations of the particles which are totally unexpected for the conventional lyotropic molecular LC but which are anticipated to be general for the plate-like colloidal particles.

Journal Articles

Correlation between the averaged internal structure and the coercive force of neodymium-iron-boron (Nd-Fe-B) sintered magnets investigated by small-angle neutron scattering

Takeda, Masayasu; Suzuki, Junichi; Yamaguchi, Daisuke; Akiya, Takahiro*; Kato, Hiroaki*; Une, Yasuhiro*; Sagawa, Masato*

Proceedings of 21st International Workshop on Rare-Earth Permanent Magnets and their Applications (REPM 2010), p.161 - 164, 2010/08

We performed small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) measurements of Nd-Fe-B sintered magnets to get information on the averaged internal microstructure of Nd-Fe-B sintered magnets including the interfacial structure which is a key parameter to achieve a high-coercivity Dy-free Nd-Fe-B sintered magnet. SANS patterns from the Nd-Fe-B sintered magnets measured with a two-dimensional detector of a small-angle neutron scattering spectrometer SANS-J-II in the research reactor JRR-3 were sensitive to the sintering and annealing condition of the samples. These results indicate that the SANS measurement is a promising tool to investigate the correlation between the coercivity and the internal microstructure of Nd-Fe-B sintered magnets.

JAEA Reports

User's manuals of probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis code for aged piping, PASCAL-SP

Ito, Hiroto; Kato, Daisuke*; Osakabe, Kazuya*; Nishikawa, Hiroyuki; Onizawa, Kunio

JAEA-Data/Code 2009-025, 135 Pages, 2010/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2009-025.pdf:17.49MB

As a part of the aging and structural integrity research for LWR components, new PFM (Probabilistic Fracture Mechanics) analysis code PASCAL-SP (PFM Analysis of Structural Components in Aging LWR - Stress Corrosion Cracking at Welded Joints of Piping) has been developed. This code evaluates the failure probabilities at welding lines of aged piping by a Monte Carlo method. PASCAL-SP treats stress corrosion cracking (SCC) in piping, including approaches of NISA and JSME FFS Code. The development of the code has been aimed to improve the accuracy and reliability of analysis by introducing new analysis methodologies and algorithms considering the latest knowledge in the SCC assessment and fracture criteria of piping. In addition, the accuracy of flaw detection and sizing at in-service inspection and residual stress distribution were modeled based on experimental data and introduced into PASCAL-SP. This report provides the user's manual and theoretical background of the code.

JAEA Reports

Handling of HTTR second driver fuel elements in assembling and storage working

Tomimoto, Hiroshi; Kato, Yasushi; Owada, Hiroyuki; Sato, Nao; Shimazaki, Yosuke; Kozawa, Takayuki; Shinohara, Masanori; Hamamoto, Shimpei; Tochio, Daisuke; Nojiri, Naoki; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2009-025, 29 Pages, 2009/06

JAEA-Technology-2009-025.pdf:21.78MB

The first driver fuel of the HTTR (High Temperature Engineering test Reactor) was loaded in 1998 and the HTTR reached first criticality state in the same year. The HTTR has been operated using the first driver fuel for a decade. In Fuel elements assembling, 4770 of fuel rods which consist of 12 kinds of enrichment uranium are loaded into 150 fuel graphite blocks for HTTR second driver fuel elements. Measures of prevention of fuel rod miss loading, are employed in fuel design. Additionally, precaution of fuel handling on assembling are considered. Reception of fuel rods, assembling of fuel elements and storage of second driver fuels in the fresh fuel storage rack in the HTTR were started since June, 2008. Assembling, storage and pre-service inspection were divided into three parts. The second driver fuel assembling was completed in September, 2008. This report describes concerns of fuel handling on assembling and storage work for the HTTR fuel elements.

Journal Articles

Hierarchical structure of niobate nanosheets in aqueous solution

Yamaguchi, Daisuke; Miyamoto, Nobuyoshi; Koizumi, Satoshi; Nakato, Teruyuki*; Hashimoto, Takeji

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 40(s1), p.s101 - s105, 2007/04

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:85.33(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

User's manual and analysis methodology of probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis code PASCAL Ver.2 for reactor pressure vessel

Osakabe, Kazuya; Kato, Daisuke*; Onizawa, Kunio; Shibata, Katsuyuki

JAEA-Data/Code 2006-020, 371 Pages, 2006/09

JAEA-Data-Code-2006-020.pdf:11.17MB

As a part of the aging structural integrity research for LWR components, the probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis code PASCAL has been developed in JAEA. This code evaluates the conditional probabilities of crack initiation and fracture of a reactor pressure vessel under transient conditions such as pressurized thermal shock. PASCAL Ver.1 has functions of optimized sampling in stratified Monte Carlo simulation and so on. Since then, under the contract between the Ministry of Economy, Trading and Industry of Japan and JAEA, we have continued to develop and introduce new functions into PASCAL Ver.2 such as the evaluation method for an embedded crack and others. A generalized analysis method is proposed based on the development of PASCAL Ver.2 and results of sensitivity analyses. Graphical user interface including a generalized method as default values has been also developed for PASCAL Ver.2. This report provides the user's manual and theoretical background of PASCAL Ver.2.

JAEA Reports

User's manual of PASCAL-EC for evaluating structural reliability of piping with wall thinning

Ito, Hiroto; Kato, Daisuke*; Onizawa, Kunio; Shibata, Katsuyuki

JAEA-Data/Code 2006-001, 33 Pages, 2006/02

JAEA-Data-Code-2006-001.pdf:1.33MB

As a part of the aging and structural integrity research for LWR components, new probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) analysis code PASCAL-EC (PFM Analysis of Structural Components in Aging LWR - Erosion/-Corrosion) has been developed. This code evaluates the failure probability of an aged piping with a wall thinning by Monte Carlo method. PASCAL-EC treats the wall thinning due to erosion/corrosion or flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) in piping. The development of this code has been aimed to improve the accuracy and reliability of analysis by introducing new analysis methodologies and algorithms considering the recent developments in the structural mechanics and aging researches. This report provides the user's manual and theoretical background of PASCAL-EC.

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