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Journal Articles

Modeling and simulation of atmospheric corrosion of carbon steel considering environmental factor

Igarashi, Takahiro; Komatsu, Atsushi; Kato, Chiaki; Sakairi, Masatoshi*

Tetsu To Hagane, 107(12), p.998 - 1003, 2021/12

In order to clarify the effect of environmental factors on the amount of atmospheric corrosion of steel, novel model for predicting the reduction of atmospheric corrosion considering relative humidity and rain falls was developed. We conducted a one-year calculation simulation of atmospheric corrosion in Miyakojima City, Choshi City, and Tsukuba City using the developed model. Corrosion weight loss by the simulation could reproduce the measured value well. Corrosion weight loss at each point was greatly affected by the amount of flying sea salt, relative humidity, and rain falls.

Journal Articles

Development of atmospheric corrosion model considering meteorological data and airborne sea salt

Igarashi, Takahiro; Komatsu, Atsushi; Kato, Chiaki; Sakairi, Masatoshi*

Bosei Kanri, 65(10), p.365 - 370, 2021/10

We have developed a new atmospheric simulation model considering important environmental factors such as airborne sea salt, temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall. The developed model was verified by comparing predicted values by the simulation and measured data for the weight loss by atmospheric corrosion. In addition, atmospheric corrosion simulations under open and sheltered exposure condition were conducted, and it was confirmed that the air corrosion weight loss was strongly suppressed by the surface cleaning effect due to rainfall.

Journal Articles

Hydrogen absorption mechanism into iron in aqueous solution including metal cations by laser ablation tests and first-principles calculations

Igarashi, Takahiro; Otani, Kyohei; Kato, Chiaki; Sakairi, Masatoshi*; Togashi, Yusuke*; Baba, Kazuhiko*; Takagi, Shusaku*

ISIJ International, 61(4), p.1085 - 1090, 2021/04

In order to clarify the effect of metal cations (Zn$$^{2+}$$, Mg$$^{2+}$$, Na$$^{+}$$) in aqueous solution on hydrogen permeation into iron, the amount of hydrogen permeation from iron surface was measured by electrochemical tests with a laser ablation. Moreover, in order to obtain the basic mechanism of hydrogen permeation with metal cation, first-principles calculations were used to acquire the adsorption potential of the metal cation and the electronic state around iron surface. By Zn$$^{2+}$$ in solution, anodic reaction on ablated surface by laser irradiation was suppressed. Also, by quantum analysis Zn atoms were chemically bonded stronger than Na and Mg atoms to iron surface. It was suggested that the dissolution reaction of iron was suppressed by the formation of the Zn layer, and that lead suppression of hydrogen permeation into iron.

Journal Articles

Pyroelectric power generation from the waste heat of automotive exhaust gas

Kim, J.*; Yamanaka, Satoru*; Murayama, Ichiro*; Kato, Takanori*; Sakamoto, Tomokazu*; Kawasaki, Takuro; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Sekino, Toru*; Nakayama, Tadachika*; Takeda, Masatoshi*; et al.

Sustainable Energy & Fuels (Internet), 4(3), p.1143 - 1149, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:51.8(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Electrical and crystallographic study of an electrothermodynamic cycle for a waste heat recovery

Kim, J.*; Yamanaka, Satoru*; Nakajima, Akira*; Kato, Takanori*; Kim, Y.*; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Yoshii, Kenji; Nishihata, Yasuo; Baba, Masaaki*; Takeda, Masatoshi*; et al.

Advanced Sustainable Systems (Internet), 2(11), p.1800067_1 - 1800067_8, 2018/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:11.84(Green & Sustainable Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Temperature stability of PIN-PMN-PT ternary ceramics during pyroelectric power generation

Moro, Takuya*; Kim, J.*; Yamanaka, Satoru*; Murayama, Ichiro*; Kato, Takanori*; Nakayama, Tadachika*; Takeda, Masatoshi*; Yamada, Noboru*; Nishihata, Yasuo; Fukuda, Tatsuo; et al.

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 768, p.22 - 27, 2018/11

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:66.99(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Effect of a raw material powder on sintered CeO$$_{2}$$ pellets by 28 GHz microwave irradiation

Akashi, Masatoshi; Matsumoto, Taku; Kato, Masato

Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 118, p.1391 - 1394, 2018/06

In this study, CeO$$_{2}$$ pellet sintering by irradiating microwave at a frequency of 28 GHz was carried out to investigate the effect of particle diameter of raw powder on the density of sintered pellet. The highest bulk density is 94.2 %T.D. under the condition of 30 min holding at 1473 K. The bulk density decreases with increasing the particle diameter of used raw powder. On the other hand, all of the apparent density of sintered pellet is more than 93.5 %T.D.. The difference between the bulk density and the apparent density is caused by the difference of open porosity for each sample pellet. It seems that the high density sintered pellets with porous structure are obtained because sample pellet is heated internally and uniformly in microwave sintering.

Journal Articles

Pyroelectric power generation with ferroelectrics (1-x)PMN-xPT

Kim, J.*; Yamanaka, Satoru*; Nakajima, Akira*; Kato, Takanori*; Kim, Y.*; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Yoshii, Kenji; Nishihata, Yasuo; Baba, Masaaki*; Takeda, Masatoshi*; et al.

Ferroelectrics, 512(1), p.92 - 99, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:41.1(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Relationship between the material properties and pyroelectric-generating performance of PZTs

Yamanaka, Satoru*; Kim, J.*; Nakajima, Akira*; Kato, Takanori*; Kim, Y.*; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Yoshii, Kenji; Nishihata, Yasuo; Baba, Masaaki*; Yamada, Noboru*; et al.

Advanced Sustainable Systems (Internet), 1(3-4), p.1600020_1 - 1600020_6, 2017/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Oxygen potentials, oxygen diffusion coefficients and defect equilibria of nonstoichiometric (U,Pu)O$$_{2pm x}$$

Kato, Masato; Watanabe, Masashi; Matsumoto, Taku; Hiroka, Shun; Akashi, Masatoshi

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 487, p.424 - 432, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:58.67(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Oxygen potential of (U,Pu)O$$_{2pm x}$$ was evaluated based on defect chemistry using an updated experimental data set. The relationship between oxygen partial pressure and deviation $$x$$ in (U,Pu)O$$_{2pm x}$$ was analyzed, and equilibrium constants of defect formation were determined as functions of Pu content and temperature. Brouwer's diagrams were constructed using the determined equilibrium constants, and a relational equation to determine O/M ratio was derived as functions of O/M ratio, Pu content and temperature. In addition, relationship between oxygen potential and oxygen diffusion coefficients were described.

Journal Articles

Corrosion properties of Zircaloy-4 and M5 under simulated PWR water conditions

Shibata, Akira; Kato, Yoshiaki; Taguchi, Taketoshi; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Maekawa, Katsuhiro*

Nuclear Technology, 196(1), p.89 - 99, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:45.9(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Cladding material Zircaloy-4 is gradually replaced by M5 (Zr-Nb alloy) and other new Nb added Zirconium alloys which are expected to have long operating life. Corrosion tests on Zircaloy-4 and M5 were performed in various hydrogen concentrations in water to research corrosion properties of those alloys. Specimens were exposed under PWR conditions. Increase of oxide layer was analysed by weight gain and observation. Electro chemical impedance spectroscopy was performed to compare corrosion properties. And effect of dissolved hydrogen concentration on increase of oxide layer of M5 is smaller than that of Zircaloy-4. M5 is less affected by local uniformity of dissolved hydrogen concentration and is more suitable as PWR fuel cladding. Results of Electro chemical spectroscopy shows that structural significant difference existed in oxidizing reaction of Zircaloy-4 and M5.

Journal Articles

Development of science-based fuel technologies for Japan's Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactors

Kato, Masato; Hiroka, Shun; Ikusawa, Yoshihisa; Takeuchi, Kentaro; Akashi, Masatoshi; Maeda, Koji; Watanabe, Masashi; Komeno, Akira; Morimoto, Kyoichi

Proceedings of 19th Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference (PBNC 2014) (USB Flash Drive), 12 Pages, 2014/08

Uranium and plutonium mixed oxide (MOX) fuel has been developed for Japan sodium-cooled fast reactors. Science based fuel technologies have been developed to analyse behaviours of MOX pellets in the sintering process and irradiation conditions. The technologies can provide appropriate sintering conditions, irradiation behaviour analysis results and so on using mechanistic models which are derived based on theoretical equations to represent various properties.

JAEA Reports

Review to give the public clear information on near surface disposal project of low-level radioactive wastes generated from research, industrial and medical facilities

Shobu, Nobuhiro; Kato, Masatoshi*; Takao, Tomoe*; Terashima, Daisuke*; Tanaka, Yoshie*; Shirasu, Hisanori*; Amazawa, Hiroya; Koibuchi, Hiroto; Nakata, Hisakazu

JAEA-Review 2013-028, 175 Pages, 2013/12


JAEA has promoted near surface disposal project for low-level radioactive wastes generated from research, industrial and medical facilities. JAEA has carried out public information about the project. When some town meetings are held toward mutual understanding with the public more detailed and clear explanations for safety management of the project are needed especially. Therefore, the information provision method to make the public understand should be reviewed. Moreover, a survey should be carried out in order to get a sense of what the public knows, what it values and where it stands on nuclear energy and radiation issues, because the social environment surrounding nuclear energy and radiation issues has changed as a result of the accident at the Fukushima on March 11, 2011. This review clarified the points to keep in mind about public information on the project, and that public recognition or understanding toward nuclear energy and radiation was changed before and after the accident.

Journal Articles

Effect of oxygen-to-metal ratio on properties of corium prepared from UO$$_{2}$$ and zircaloy-2

Hiroka, Shun; Kato, Masato; Morimoto, Kyoichi; Komeno, Akira; Uchida, Teppei; Akashi, Masatoshi

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 437(1-3), p.130 - 134, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:37.15(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Melting temperature and thermal conductivities of corium prepared from UO$$_{2}$$ and zircalloy-2

Kato, Masato; Uchida, Teppei; Hiroka, Shun; Akashi, Masatoshi; Komeno, Akira; Morimoto, Kyoichi

Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol.1444, p.91 - 96, 2012/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:60.76

Journal Articles

Thermal expansion of corium prepared from UO$$_2$$ and zircalloy-2

Hiroka, Shun; Akashi, Masatoshi; Uchida, Teppei; Morimoto, Kyoichi; Kato, Masato

Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol.1444, p.97 - 101, 2012/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.11

JAEA Reports

Conceptual design of multipurpose compact research reactor; Annual report FY2010 (Joint research)

Imaizumi, Tomomi; Miyauchi, Masaru; Ito, Masayasu; Watahiki, Shunsuke; Nagata, Hiroshi; Hanakawa, Hiroki; Naka, Michihiro; Kawamata, Kazuo; Yamaura, Takayuki; Ide, Hiroshi; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2011-031, 123 Pages, 2012/01


The number of research reactors in the world is decreasing because of their aging. However, the planning to introduce the nuclear power plants is increasing in Asian countries. In these Asian countries, the key issue is the human resource development for operation and management of nuclear power plants after constructed them, and also the necessity of research reactor, which is used for lifetime extension of LWRs, progress of the science and technology, expansion of industry use, human resources training and so on, is increasing. From above backgrounds, the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center began to discuss basic concept of a multipurpose low-power research reactor for education and training, etc. This design study is expected to contribute not only to design tool improvement and human resources development in the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center but also to maintain and upgrade the technology on research reactors in nuclear power-related companies. This report treats the activities of the working group from July 2010 to June 2011 on the multipurpose low-power research reactor in the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center and nuclear power-related companies.

Journal Articles

First neutron production utilizing J-PARC pulsed spallation neutron source JSNS and neutronic performance demonstrated

Maekawa, Fujio; Harada, Masahide; Oikawa, Kenichi; Teshigawara, Makoto; Kai, Tetsuya; Meigo, Shinichiro; Oi, Motoki; Sakamoto, Shinichi; Takada, Hiroshi; Futakawa, Masatoshi; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 620(2-3), p.159 - 165, 2010/08

 Times Cited Count:63 Percentile:97.68(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The J-PARC 1-MW pulsed spallation neutron source JSNS was successfully launched on 30th of May 2008. To demonstrate the unique features of the moderator design and the neutronic performance of JSNS the neutron spectral intensity, absolute neutron flux, and time structure of the neutron pulse shapes etc have been measured using several neutron instruments since then. The measured energy spectra clearly revealed the feature of the para-hydrogen, as expected when designing the moderator. The measured neutron flux below 0.4 eV agreed with the corresponding design value within $$pm$$20%, thus suggesting that the JSNS design calculations to have been reliable. World-class high-resolution diffraction data could be recorded due to the suitability of design of the moderators and the instruments. Another world-class high-intensity neutron flux was also capable of being demonstrated due to the unique design of the large cylindrical coupled moderator.

Journal Articles

Development of a thermal-hydraulics experimental system for high Tc superconductors cooled by liquid hydrogen

Tatsumoto, Hideki; Shirai, Yasuyuki*; Shiotsu, Masahiro*; Hata, Koichi*; Kobayashi, Hiroaki*; Naruo, Yoshihiro*; Inatani, Yoshifumi*; Kato, Takashi; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Kinoshita, Katsuhiro*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 234, p.032056_1 - 032056_9, 2010/07

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:96.77

A thermal-hydraulics experimental system of liquid hydrogen was developed in order to investigate the forced flow heat transfer characteristics in the various cooling channels for wide ranges of subcoolings, flow velocities, and pressures up to supercritical. Forced flow through the channel is produced by adjusting the pressure difference between the tanks and the valve opening. The mass flow rate is measured from the weight change of the main tank. For the explosion protection, electrical equipments are covered with a nitrogen gas blanket layer and a remote control system has been established. The first cryogenic performance tests have confirmed that the experimental system has satisfied with the required performances. The forced convection heat transfer characteristics have been successfully measured at the pressure of 0.7 MPa for various flow velocities.

Journal Articles

Forced convection heat transfer of subcooled liquid nitrogen in a vertical tube

Tatsumoto, Hideki; Shirai, Yasuyuki*; Hata, Koichi*; Kato, Takashi; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Shiotsu, Masahiro*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 234, p.032057_1 - 032057_8, 2010/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:60.61

Experimental research on forced convection heat transfer of subcooled liquid nitrogen ranging from the pressures of 0.3 MPa to its supercritical pressure is carried out for wide ranges of inlet temperature and flow velocity. The heat transfer coefficients in non-boiling region and the DNB heat fluxes are higher for higher flow velocity and higher subcooling. The heat transfer coefficients in the non-boiling region agree well with those by the Dittus-Boelter correlation, although they are unaffected by the flow velocity for $$Re$$ $$<$$ 8000. The lowest limits agree with those obtained for no forced flow. The correlation of DNB heat flux that can describe the experimental data is presented. The heat transfer characteristics of supercritical nitrogen can be predicted by authors'correlation.

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