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Journal Articles

Investigation of hydrogen gas generation by radiolysis for cement-solidified products of used adsorbents for water decontamination

Sato, Junya; Kikuchi, Hiroshi*; Kato, Jun; Sakakibara, Tetsuro; Matsushima, Ryotatsu; Sato, Fuminori; Kojima, Junji; Nakazawa, Osamu

QST-M-8; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2016, P. 62, 2018/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A Failure investigation of the beam collimator system in the J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron

Okabe, Kota; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kamiya, Junichiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Takeda, Osamu*; Horino, Koki*; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Yanagibashi, Toru*; et al.

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.853 - 857, 2017/12

The most important issue is to reduce the uncontrolled beam loss in the high intensity hadron accelerator such as J-PARC proton accelerators. The J-PARC 3 GeV Synchrotron (RCS) has a collimator system which narrows a high intensity beam in the RCS. After startup of RCS in 2007, the collimator system of the RCS worked well. However, in April 2016, vacuum leakage at the collimator system occurred during the maintenance operation. To investigate a cause of the failure, we took apart iron shields of the collimator reducing exposed dose of operators. As a result of inspection, we succeeded to identify the cause of the vacuum leakage failure. In this presentation, we report the failure investigation of the beam collimator system in the RCS.

JAEA Reports

The Catalog of solidification and volume reduction technologies for the treatment of radioactive waste generated by the decommissioning of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Kato, Jun; Nakagawa, Akinori; Taniguchi, Takumi; Sakakibara, Tetsuro; Nakazawa, Osamu; Meguro, Yoshihiro

JAEA-Review 2017-015, 173 Pages, 2017/07

JAEA-Review-2017-015.pdf:6.67MB

Various radioactive wastes have been generated at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (1F). To dispose of the wastes underground, it is necessary to make a suitable waste package by the volume reduction and solidification of the wastes. To plan the future decommissioning of 1F, it is also necessary to estimate feasibility of existing treatment technology for those wastes. Therefore the document survey has been performed about volume reduction and solidification technologies that have domestic or foreign experiences of practical treatment for radioactive wastes to assist selection of suitable treatment of the wastes. This report shows the arranged results. The 1F wastes are classified into two groups, homogeneous particulate and liquid wastes and heterogeneous solid wastes. The needful items for the feasibility study such as a technology name, a fundamental principle, treatment efficiency, and characteristic of solidified waste are summarized in each group.

Journal Articles

The Hydrogen gas generation by electron-beam irradiation from ALPS adsorbents solidified by several inorganic materials

Sato, Junya; Suzuki, Shinji*; Kato, Jun; Sakakibara, Tetsuro; Meguro, Yoshihiro; Nakazawa, Osamu

QST-M-2; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2015, P. 87, 2017/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The Hydrogen gas generation by gamma-ray irradiation from ALPS adsorbents solidified by several inorganic materials

Sato, Junya; Suzuki, Shinji*; Kato, Jun; Sakakibara, Tetsuro; Meguro, Yoshihiro; Nakazawa, Osamu

QST-M-2; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2015, P. 88, 2017/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Approaches of selection of adequate conditioning methods for various radioactive wastes in Fukushima Daiichi NPS

Meguro, Yoshihiro; Nakagawa, Akinori; Kato, Jun; Sato, Junya; Nakazawa, Osamu; Ashida, Takashi

Proceedings of International Conference on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management (Internet), p.139_1 - 139_4, 2016/11

A variety of radioactive wastes have been generated in decommissioning of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. It is necessary to evaluate feasibility of conditioning methods to these wastes, because the majority of such wastes have not been solidified in Japan. The authors investigated an approach for screening of conditioning methods for the Fukushima wastes on the basis of the findings of the existing methods and results of fundamental solidification tests using synthetic Fukushima wastes. Here five solidification methods were selected, and also 13 wastes with different chemical composition are solidified, and characteristics of the solidified form are studied. A screening flow was proposed, and evaluation criteria on each step in the flow was set up. In this presentation a trial result was opened for a waste and improvements of the screening flow found in the trial evaluation was described.

Journal Articles

Development of embedded Mach-Zehnder optical waveguide structures in polydimethylsiloxane thin films by proton beam writing

Kada, Wataru*; Miura, Kenta*; Kato, Hijiri*; Saruya, Ryota*; Kubota, Atsushi*; Sato, Takahiro; Koka, Masashi; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Nishikawa, Hiroyuki*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 348, p.218 - 222, 2015/04

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:54.79(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Expansion control for cementation of incinerated ash

Nakayama, Takuya; Suzuki, Shinji; Hanada, Keiji; Tomioka, Osamu; Sato, Junya; Irisawa, Keita; Kato, Jun; Kawato, Yoshimi; Meguro, Yoshihiro

Proceedings of 2nd International Symposium on Cement-based Materials for Nuclear Wastes (NUWCEM 2014) (CD-ROM), 12 Pages, 2014/06

Journal Articles

Use of ${it in-vitro}$ experimental results to model ${it in-situ}$ experiments; Bio-denitrification under geological disposal conditions

Masuda, Kaoru*; Murakami, Hiroshi*; Kurimoto, Noritaka*; Kato, Osamu*; Kato, Ko*; Honda, Akira

SpringerPlus (Internet), 2, p.339_1 - 339_13, 2013/07

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:7.15(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Some of the low level radioactive wastes from reprocessing of spent nuclear fuels contain nitrates. Nitrates can be present in the form of soluble salts and be reduced by microorganisms. In this study, ${it in-vitro}$ experiments of the nitrate reduction reaction were conducted using model organic materials purported to exist in underground conditions relevant to geological disposal. A reaction model was developed and verified by running simulations against data obtained from ${it in-situ}$ experiments using actual groundwaters and microorganisms. The simulation showed a good correlation with the experimental data and contributes to the understanding of microbially mediated denitrification in geological disposal systems.

Journal Articles

Identification of the cathode reaction accompanied with overpack corrosion

Otsuka, Ichiro*; Iida, Yoshihisa; Yamaguchi, Tetsuji; Kato, Osamu*; Tateishi, Tsuyoshi*; Tanaka, Tadao

Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol.1475, p.507 - 512, 2012/06

We conducted corrosion experiments of carbon wires to identify the cathode reaction with overpack corrosion. Carbon steel wires were immersed in selected aqueous solutions of distilled water, sodium hydrogen carbonate solution and sodium sulfate solution sealed in glass ampoules. The ampoules were kept at 60 $$^{circ}$$C for 150 days. Corrosion products, liquid phase and gas phases were analyzed. The results showed that hydrogen gas generation by reduction of hydrogen ions was dominant cathode reaction. Reduction of sulfate and carbonate anions was not observed. Amorphous ferrous hydroxide and/or iron oxides were identified in all the experiments as the corrosion products. Iron carbonate was also identified in the sodium hydrogen carbonate solution. This result indicates that the hydrogen generation reaction might be the dominant cathode reaction under geological disposal environment and that the Eh of the pore water would reach the equilibrium potential of the hydrogen generation reaction.

Journal Articles

Understanding and modeling of chemical transition of nitrate accompanied with corrosion of carbon steel under hyper-alkaline and high nitrate concentration conditions

Honda, Akira; Masuda, Kaoru*; Tateishi, Tsuyoshi*; Kato, Osamu*; Inoue, Hiroyuki*

Zairyo To Kankyo, 60(12), p.541 - 552, 2011/12

Immersion tests and rest potential measurements under hyper-alkaline and high sodium nitrate concentrations were conducted to elucidate and improve model predictions of chemical interactions between carbon steel and nitrate ion in high concentrations of nitrate salt. The modified model can estimate the tendency of time dependent variation of chemical species and of rest potentials.

Journal Articles

Modeling of chemical transition of nitrate accompanied with corrosion of carbon steel under alkaline conditions

Honda, Akira; Masuda, Kaoru*; Imakita, Tsuyoshi*; Kato, Osamu*; Nishimura, Tsutomu*

Zairyo To Kankyo, 58(5), p.182 - 189, 2009/05

Interaction between carbon steel and nitrate was modeled using the mixed potential concept. Carbon steel was selected as an example of metal components in the repository of radioactive waste. The nitrate reduction accompanied by the corrosion of carbon steel was modeled as a reaction series such as nitrate - nitrite - ammonia. The sum of the current of the reaction series of nitrate - nitrite - ammonia and that of water reduction was assumed to balance with the corrosion current of carbon steel. The input parameters for this kinetic model were determined by electrochemical measurement and immersion test. The results of the immersion test can be interpreted by the analyses of the model.

Journal Articles

Periodic flux jump in superconducting Pb networks as consequence of the extended Little-Parks effect

Ishida, Takekazu*; Matsushima, Yoshiaki*; Shimizu, Makoto*; Hayashi, Masahiko*; Ebisawa, Hiromichi*; Sato, Osamu*; Kato, Masaru*; Koyama, Tomio*; Machida, Masahiko; Sato, Kazuo*; et al.

Physica C, 468(7-10), p.576 - 580, 2008/04

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:18.17(Physics, Applied)

The extended Little-Parks effect of superconducting network is known as a periodic $$T$$$$_{rm c}$$ variation as a function of magnetic field. Superconducting Pb honeycomb networks of matching field 0.106 G and triangular microhole lattice of Pb of matching field 0.425 G have been fabricated by the combination of electron-beam lithography and a lift-off process of evaporated Pb films. The application of magnetic field corresponds to the vortex filling into superconducting networks. We measured the magnetization of the networks systematically by using a SQUID magnetometer. We found that flux jump appears rather periodically as a function of magnetic field. Flux jumps may be induced by a periodic decrease of the critical current density of the network. To the authors' knowledge, this is for the first time to observe the regular flux jumps due to the critical current modification coming from the extended Little-Parks effect of the superconducting networks.

Journal Articles

Stable measurement of redox potential of aqueous solution using platinum electrode with continuous polishing tool

Ioka, Seiichiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Kato, Osamu*; Imakita, Tsuyoshi*

Bunseki Kagaku, 55(10), p.793 - 797, 2006/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Analytical)

Performance test for redox potential measurement of solution was conducted using continuous polished and untreated Platinum working electrodes in under inert condition. The redox potential measured by polished electrode immediately shows steady value, and approximately coincides with the equilibrium value of redox reaction between HS$$^{-}$$ and S$$_{4}$$$$^{2-}$$. Then the redox potentials would be controlled by the equilibrium of the redox reaction. On the other hand, redox potential measured by untreated electrode was +0.2V higher than that measured by continuous polished electrode. The redox potential measured implies that the SO$$_{4}$$$$^{2-}$$ is dominant species in solution. Disagreement of redox potentials measured by polished and untreated electrodes may be caused by deactivation of platinum electrode of adsorption of sulfuric acid anions.

Journal Articles

Chemical transition of nitrate ions accompanied with corrosion of carbon steel under alkaline conditions

Honda, Akira; Kato, Takashi; Tateishi, Tsuyoshi*; Imakita, Tsuyoshi*; Masuda, Kaoru*; Kato, Osamu*; Nishimura, Tsutomu*

Zairyo To Kankyo, 55(10), p.458 - 465, 2006/10

Migration of radioactive material can be affected by the redox condition and the concentration of ligands in the repository of radioactive waste. It is possible that radioactive waste contains nitrate which can affect the migration behavior of radioactive nuclides by both changing the redox condition of the environment and acting as a ligand. On the other hand, several researchers observed the reduction of nitrate ions in ammonia due to the iron. Ammonia has a potential to ligand for radioactive nuclides. Nitrate can also affect the rate of hydrogen gas evolution accompanied by metal corrosion through changing the rest potential of metal by its oxidizing nature. Carbon steel was, therefore, immersed in an aqueous solution of sodium nitrate in a closed system for observing both the chemical interaction between metal and nitrate, and the effect of nitrate on the hydrogen gas evolution rate. The experimental pH range of the solution was 10.0-13.5 which corresponds to the pH range of pore fluid of cementitious material. The cathodic current density shows a Tafel equation type potential dependency in the aqueous solution containing nitrate or nitrite. In spite of the acceleration of cathodic reaction due to the existence of nitrate, the corrosion rates of carbon steel were not accelerated in the nitrate solutions. This fact suggests that the system is controlled by the anodic reaction. The nitrate reduction accompanied by the corrosion of carbon steel is considered to be a series reaction such as nitrate nitrite ammonia. The nitrate reduction reaction compete with the water reduction reaction within the anodic controlled condition, therefore nitrate strongly reduced the hydrogen evolution rate. The generation rates of ammonia were independent of the concentration of nitrate.

Journal Articles

Electrical conductivity increase of Al-doped ZnO films induced by high-energy-heavy ions

Sugai, Hiroyuki; Matsunami, Noriaki*; Fukuoka, Osamu*; Sataka, Masao; Kato, Teruo; Okayasu, Satoru; Shimura, Tetsuo*; Tazawa, Masato*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 250(1-2), p.291 - 294, 2006/09

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:73.49(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have investigated the effects on electrical properties of Al-doped ZnO (AZO) semiconductor films induced by high-energy heavy ion. The AZO films with c-axis on SiO$$_{2}$$ glass substrate were prepared by a RF-sputter-deposition method at 400 $$^{circ}$$C. Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy shows that the Al/Zn composition and the film thickness are 4 % and 0.3 $$mu$$m. We find that the conductivity monotonically increases from 1.5$$times$$10$$^{2}$$ to 8$$times$$10$$^{2}$$ S/cm with increasing the fluence up to 4$$times$$10$$^{13}$$/cm$$^{2}$$, as already been observed for 100 keV Ne irradiation. The fluence of 100 keV Ne at which the conductivity takes its maximum is 3$$times$$10$$^{16}$$/cm$$^{2}$$ (7 dpa). The dpa of 100 MeV Xe at 4$$times$$10$$^{13}$$/cm$$^{2}$$ is estimated as 0.008. Hence, the conductivity increase by 100 MeV Xe ion is ascribed to the electronic excitation effects.

JAEA Reports

A Modeling study for the chemical evolution of nitrate accompanied with the corrosion of carbon steel

Honda, Akira; Masuda, Kaoru*; Kato, Osamu*; Nishimura, Tsutomu*; Tateishi, Tsuyoshi*; Imakita, Tsuyoshi*

JNC TN8400 2005-023, 40 Pages, 2005/09

JNC-TN8400-2005-023.pdf:1.15MB

Uranium and Plutonium are planed to be recovered from spent fuel by the reprocessing in Japan. PUREX method is internationally dominant among the commercial reprocessing plants. PUREX method has been also employed in Japan. The low level liquid waste from PUREX process would contain NO3- as forms of soluble salts, if the special process for decomposing NO3- were not adopted. The nitrate is possibly brought within the repository for TRU waste. The specie of NO3- is an oxidizing agent which can be reduced to NO2- and NH3/NH4+ by the coexistence of reducing materials such as metals.In order to estimate the safety of the repository for TRU waste, the impacts of nitrate on the disposal system for TRU waste have to be estimated. Especially, NH3 can elevate the solubility and reduce Rd value through the formation of ammine complexes. The quantitative information of chemical evolution of nitrate is necessary for evaluating the impact of nitrate and the chemical species arising from nitrate on the safety of the repository of TRU waste. The evolution of chemical form of NO3- by the reducing reaction accompanied with metal corrosion was experimentally examined. The reduction of NO3- was considered to be a serial reaction, that is, NO3- - NO2- - NH3. The rate equations of cathodic reactions (water reduction and reduction of nitrate and nitrite) were experimentally determined through the electrochemical measurements. The rate equation of metal dissolution (anodic reaction) which must be balanced to the cathodic reactions in charge transfer is determined from the results of immersion tests without nitrate. The combination of the rate equations forms an assessment model of chemical evolution of NO3-. The model provided the interpretation of the results of immersion tests with nitrate.

Journal Articles

Highly polarized electrons from GaAs-GaAsP and InGaAs-AlGaAs strained-layer superlattice photocathodes

Nishitani, Tomohiro; Nakanishi, Tsutomu*; Yamamoto, Masahiro*; Okumi, Shoji*; Furuta, Fumio*; Miyamoto, Masaharu*; Kuwahara, Makoto*; Yamamoto, Naoto*; Naniwa, Kenichi*; Watanabe, Osamu*; et al.

Journal of Applied Physics, 97(9), p.094907_1 - 094907_6, 2005/05

 Times Cited Count:58 Percentile:86.84(Physics, Applied)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Electrochemical behaviors of PuN and (U, Pu)N in LiCl-KCl eutectic melts

Shirai, Osamu; Kato, Tetsuya*; Iwai, Takashi; Arai, Yasuo; Yamashita, Toshiyuki

Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 66(2-4), p.456 - 460, 2005/02

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:38.49(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Electrochemical behaviors of PuN and (U, Pu)N in the LiCl-KCl eutectic melt containing UCl$$_{3}$$ and PuCl$$_{3}$$ at 773 K were investigated by cyclic voltammetry. The electrochemical dissolution of PuN and (U, Pu)N began nearly at -1.0 V vs. the Ag/AgCl reference electrode. The rest potentials of PuN and (U, Pu)N were observed at about 0.15 V more negative potential than that of UN since the equilibrium potential of UN is about 0.15 V more positive than that of PuN. In the cyclic voltammogram measured by using (U, Pu)N as the working electrode, a steep rise of the positive current was observed at more positive potential than -0.4 V in analogy with the cyclic voltammogram measured by using UN as the working electrode. In addition, there were two anodic current waves in the voltammogram with (U, Pu)N, though the wave form was not clear. This indicates that UN and PuN would be dissolved independently irrespective of formation of the solid solution, (U, Pu)N.

Journal Articles

None

Katsumi, Muto,; Koakutsu, Masayuki; Nakazawa, Osamu; Kato, Hiroshi; Ebashi, Takeshi

Saikuru Kiko Giho, (26), 119,133 Pages, 2005/00

None

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