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Journal Articles

Radiochemical research for the advancement of $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{rm 99m}$$Tc generator by (n,$$gamma$$) method, 2

Fujita, Yoshitaka; Seki, Misaki; Namekawa, Yoji*; Nishikata, Kaori; Kato, Yoshiaki; Sayato, Natsuki; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Sano, Tadafumi*; Fujihara, Yasuyuki*; Hori, Junichi*; et al.

KURNS Progress Report 2019, P. 157, 2020/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of ODS tempered martensitic steel for high burn up fuel cladding tube of SFR

Otsuka, Satoshi; Tanno, Takashi; Oka, Hiroshi; Yano, Yasuhide; Tachi, Yoshiaki; Kaito, Takeji; Hashidate, Ryuta; Kato, Shoichi; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Ito, Chikara; et al.

2018 GIF Symposium Proceedings (Internet), p.305 - 314, 2020/05

Oxide Dispersion Strengthened (ODS) steel has been developed worldwide as a high-strength and radiation-tolerant steel used for advanced nuclear system. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been developing ODS steel as the primary candidate material of Sodium cooled Fast Reactor (SFR) high burn-up fuel cladding tube. Application of high burn-up fuel to SFR core can contribute to improvement of economical performance of SFR in conjunction with volume and hazardousness reduction of radioactive waste. This paper described the current status and future prospects of ODS tempered martensitic steel development in JAEA for SFR fuel application.

Journal Articles

Development of multi-colored neutron talbot-lau interferometer with absorption grating fabricated by imprinting method of metallic glass

Seki, Yoshichika; Shinohara, Takenao; Parker, J. D.*; Yashiro, Wataru*; Momose, Atsushi*; Kato, Kosuke*; Kato, Hidemi*; Sadeghilaridjani, M.*; Otake, Yoshie*; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 86(4), p.044001_1 - 044001_5, 2017/03

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:19.41(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

For the effective phase imaging at pulsed neutron sources, we have designed and developed the multi-colored Talbot-Lau interferometer which works at several wavelengths. At the Energy Resolved Neutron Imaging System RADEN in J-PARC, we demonstrated its operation by observing the visibilities of moire fringes derived from different wavelengths (0.25, 0.50, and 0.75 nm). We also investigated the variation of moire fringes dependent on the wavelength resolution from 18% to 50% and showed the advantage of pulsed beams. At the central wavelength of 0.5 nm, we have succeeded in interferometric imaging for the samples of metal rods made of aluminum, lead, and copper. An absorption grating as an analyzer was fabricated by imprinting of metallic glass for the first time, and showed a clear moire fringe with the high visibility of 68% and a well-controlled shape in comparison with previous ones fabricated by oblique evaporation of gadolinium.

Journal Articles

Field test around Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant site using improved Ce:Gd$$_{3}$$(Al,Ga)$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$ scintillator Compton camera mounted on an unmanned helicopter

Shikaze, Yoshiaki; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Sanada, Yukihisa; Torii, Tatsuo; Jiang, J.*; Shimazoe, Kenji*; Takahashi, Hiroyuki*; Yoshino, Masao*; Ito, Shigeki*; Endo, Takanori*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(12), p.1907 - 1918, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:4.57(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The Compton camera was improved for use with the unmanned helicopter. Increase of the scintillator array from 4$$times$$4 to 8$$times$$8 and expanse of the distance between the two layers contributed to the improvements of detection efficiency and angular resolution, respectively. Measurements were performed over the riverbed of the Ukedo river of Namie town in Fukushima Prefecture. By programming of flight path and speed, the areas of 65 m $$times$$ 60 m and 65 m $$times$$ 180 m were measured during about 20 and 30 minutes, respectively. By the analysis the air dose rate maps at 1 m height were obtained precisely with the angular resolution corresponding to the position resolution of about 10 m from 10 m height. Hovering flights were executed over the hot spot areas for 10-20 minutes at 5-20 m height. By using the reconstruction software the $$gamma$$-ray images including the hot spots were obtained with the angular resolution same as that evaluated in the laboratory (about 10$$^{circ}$$).

Journal Articles

Corrosion properties of Zircaloy-4 and M5 under simulated PWR water conditions

Shibata, Akira; Kato, Yoshiaki; Taguchi, Taketoshi; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Maekawa, Katsuhiro*

Nuclear Technology, 196(1), p.89 - 99, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:68.51(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Cladding material Zircaloy-4 is gradually replaced by M5 (Zr-Nb alloy) and other new Nb added Zirconium alloys which are expected to have long operating life. Corrosion tests on Zircaloy-4 and M5 were performed in various hydrogen concentrations in water to research corrosion properties of those alloys. Specimens were exposed under PWR conditions. Increase of oxide layer was analysed by weight gain and observation. Electro chemical impedance spectroscopy was performed to compare corrosion properties. And effect of dissolved hydrogen concentration on increase of oxide layer of M5 is smaller than that of Zircaloy-4. M5 is less affected by local uniformity of dissolved hydrogen concentration and is more suitable as PWR fuel cladding. Results of Electro chemical spectroscopy shows that structural significant difference existed in oxidizing reaction of Zircaloy-4 and M5.

Journal Articles

Neutron irradiation effect of high-density MoO$$_{3}$$ pellets for Mo-99 production, 3

Ishida, Takuya; Suzuki, Yoshitaka; Nishikata, Kaori; Yonekawa, Minoru; Kato, Yoshiaki; Shibata, Akira; Kimura, Akihiro; Matsui, Yoshinori; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Sano, Tadafumi*; et al.

KURRI Progress Report 2015, P. 64, 2016/08

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Performance tests of radiation detectors for inspection of $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{99m}$$Tc solution, 1

Suzuki, Yumi*; Nakano, Hiroko; Suzuki, Yoshitaka; Ishida, Takuya; Shibata, Akira; Kato, Yoshiaki; Kawamata, Kazuo; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

JAEA-Technology 2015-031, 58 Pages, 2015/11


Technetium-99m ($$^{99m}$$Tc) is one of the most commonly used radioisotopes in the field of nuclear medicine. In the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), the research and development (R&D) have been carried out for production of molybdenum-99 ($$^{99}$$Mo) by (n, $$gamma$$) method, a parent nuclide of $$^{99m}$$Tc, with the Japan Material Testing Reactor (JMTR). On the other hand, the new project as "Domestic Production of Medical Radioisotope (Technetium preparation) in Japan" was adopted in the Tsukuba International Strategic Zone on October, 2013 and the demonstration tests will be planned for the domestic production of $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{99m}$$Tc with the JMTR. Thus, new facilities and analysis devices were equipped in the JMTR hot laboratory in 2014 as the part of this project. As the part of the analytical device equipment, the $$gamma$$-TLC analyzer and the radiation detector connected with the High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) were installed for quality inspection of the $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{99m}$$Tc solution and the extracted $$^{99m}$$Tc solution in the JMTR hot laboratory. The performance tests of these devices such as detection sensitivity, resolution, linearity and selectivity of energy range were carried out with $$^{137}$$Cs and $$^{152}$$Eu as alternative radionuclides of $$^{99}$$Mo and $$^{99m}$$Tc, respectively. In the results, bright prospects were obtained concerning the quality inspection of the $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{99m}$$Tc and $$^{99m}$$Tc solutions using these devices. This report describes the results of those performance tests.

Journal Articles

Using LiF crystals for high-performance neutron imaging with micron-scale resolution

Faenov, A.*; Matsubayashi, Masahito; Pikuz, T.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Kando, Masaki; Yasuda, Ryo; Iikura, Hiroshi; Nojima, Takehiro; Sakai, Takuro; Shiozawa, Masahiro*; et al.

High Power Laser Science and Engineering, 3, p.e27_1 - e27_9, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:49.21(Optics)

Journal Articles

Soft X-ray laser observation of femtosecond-laser-driven ablation of tungsten

Nishikino, Masaharu; Hasegawa, Noboru; Ishino, Masahiko; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Yamagiwa, Mitsuru; Kato, Yoshiaki*

Chinese Optics Letters, 13(7), p.070002_1 - 070002_3, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:90.29(Optics)

Journal Articles

Neutron irradiation effect of high-density MoO$$_{3}$$ pellets for Mo-99 production, 2

Nishikata, Kaori; Ishida, Takuya; Yonekawa, Minoru; Kato, Yoshiaki; Kurosawa, Makoto; Kimura, Akihiro; Matsui, Yoshinori; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Sano, Tadafumi*; Fujihara, Yasuyuki*; et al.

KURRI Progress Report 2014, P. 109, 2015/07

As one of effective applications of the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR), JAEA has a plan to produce $$^{99}$$Mo by (n,$$gamma$$) method ((n,$$gamma$$)$$^{99}$$Mo production), a parent nuclide of $$^{99m}$$Tc. In this study, preliminary irradiation test was carried out with the high-density molybdenum trioxide (MoO$$_{3}$$) pellets in the hydraulic conveyer (HYD) of the Kyoto University Research Reactor (KUR) and the $$^{99m}$$Tc solution extracted from $$^{99}$$Mo was evaluated. After the irradiation test of the high-density MoO$$_{3}$$ pellets in the KUR, $$^{99m}$$Tc was extracted from the Mo solution and the recovery rate of $$^{99m}$$Tc achieved the target values. The $$^{99m}$$Tc solution also got the value that satisfied the standard value for $$^{99m}$$Tc radiopharmaceutical products by the solvent extraction method.

Journal Articles

Current post irradiation examination techniques at the JMTR Hot laboratory

Shibata, Akira; Kato, Yoshiaki; Oishi, Makoto; Taguchi, Taketoshi; Ito, Masayasu; Yonekawa, Minoru; Kawamata, Kazuo

KAERI/GP-418/2015, p.151 - 165, 2015/05

The JMTR stopped its operation in 2006 for refurbishment. The reactor facilities have been refurbished from 2007. After refurbishment, JMTR Hot laboratory is expected to perform various post irradiation examinations. In this report, installations of experimental apparatuses and recent experimental method are introduced. (1) A nano-indenter with radius spherical indenter. Inverse analysis using FEM could presume material constants from load-depth curve of indentation. Mechanical properties of oxide layer of zirconium alloy and irradiated stainless steel will be analyzed. (2) Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM). TEM is capable of imaging at a significantly higher resolution than light microscopes or normal SEM. JAEA installed a TEM apparatus (JEOL JEM-2800) in JMTR Hot laboratory. The maximum magnification is 150,000,000 times. It can be operated from a remote location using a computer network. This contributes to the convenience of remote researchers and reducing the amount of exposure.

Journal Articles

High order harmonics from relativistic electron spikes

Pirozhkov, A. S.; Kando, Masaki; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Faenov, A. Y.*; Pikuz, T. A.*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Sagisaka, Akito; Koga, J. K.; Mori, Michiaki; Kawase, Keigo*; et al.

RAL-TR-2015-025, P. 22, 2015/00

Journal Articles

Neutron irradiation effect of high-density MoO$$_{3}$$ pellets for Mo-99 production

Nishikata, Kaori; Ishida, Takuya; Yonekawa, Minoru; Kato, Yoshiaki; Kurosawa, Makoto; Kimura, Akihiro; Matsui, Yoshinori; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Sano, Tadafumi*; Fujihara, Yasuyuki*; et al.

KURRI Progress Report 2013, P. 242, 2014/10

As one of effective applications of the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR), JAEA has a plan to produce Mo-99 ($$^{99}$$Mo) by (n,$$gamma$$) method ((n,$$gamma$$)$$^{99}$$Mo production), a parent nuclide of $$^{99m}$$Tc. In this study, preliminary irradiation tests were carried out with the high-density MoO$$_{3}$$ pellets in the KUR and the $$^{99}$$Mo production amount was evaluated between the calculation results and measurement results.

Journal Articles

High order harmonics from relativistic electron spikes

Pirozhkov, A. S.; Kando, Masaki; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Gallegos, P.*; Ahmed, H.*; Ragozin, E. N.*; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Pikuz, T. A.*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Sagisaka, Akito; et al.

New Journal of Physics (Internet), 16(9), p.093003_1 - 093003_30, 2014/09

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:19.8(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Renewal of monitoring boards in control room at the hot laboratory

Kurosawa, Makoto; Kato, Yoshiaki; Yonekawa, Minoru; Taguchi, Taketoshi

UTNL-R-0486, p.9_1 - 9_11, 2014/03

It has been irradiated in the concrete cell, the microscope lead cell, the lead cell for materials examinations and the iron cell and, in the JMTR hot laboratory facilities, examines it after the irradiation such as fuel and nuclear reactor structure materials. I install a monitoring board for a concrete cell, a microscope lead cell, a lead cell for materials examinations and iron cells in the control room I watch concentration such as the minus number pressure in these each cell, the air absorption dose rate in the cell, the cover door opening and shutting indication and to control it. As for these monitoring boards, about 30 through 40 or more passed after an in-service start, and high aging decided to update it in consideration of the driving of approximately 20 years after JMTR re-operation because trouble by becoming it and outbreak of the malfunction were concerned about.

JAEA Reports

Conceptual design of multipurpose compact research reactor; Annual report FY2011

Watahiki, Shunsuke; Hanakawa, Hiroki; Imaizumi, Tomomi; Nagata, Hiroshi; Ide, Hiroshi; Komukai, Bunsaku; Kimura, Nobuaki; Miyauchi, Masaru; Ito, Masayasu; Nishikata, Kaori; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2013-021, 43 Pages, 2013/07


The number of research reactors in the world is decreasing because of their aging. On the other hand, the necessity of research reactor, which is used for human resources development, progress of the science and technology, industrial use and safety research is increasing for the countries which are planning to introduce the nuclear power plants. From above background, the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center began to discuss a basic concept of Multipurpose Compact Research Reactor (MCRR) for education and training, etc., on 2010 to 2012. This activity is also expected to contribute to design tool improvement and human resource development in the center. In 2011, design study of reactor core, irradiation facilities with high versatility and practicality, and hot laboratory equipment for the production of Mo-99 was carried out. As the result of design study of reactor core, subcriticality and operation time of the reactor in consideration of an irradiation capsule, and about the transient response of the reactor to the reactivity disturbance during automatic control operation, it was possible to do automatic operation of MCRR, was confirmed. As the result of design study of irradiation facilities, it was confirmed that the implementation of an efficient mass production radioisotope Mo-99 can be expected. As the result of design study with hot laboratory facilities, Mo-99 production, RI export devised considered cell and facilities for exporting the specimens quickly was designed.

Journal Articles

Observation and theory of X-ray mirages

Magnitskiy, S.*; Nagorskiy, N.*; Faenov, A.*; Pikuz, T.; Tanaka, Momoko; Ishino, Masahiko; Nishikino, Masaharu; Fukuda, Yuji; Kando, Masaki; Kawachi, Tetsuya; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 4, p.1936_1 - 1936_7, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:70.21(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Advent of plasma-based transient collisional excitation X-ray lasers allowed us to realize compact coherent X-ray sources, thus opening the way to a wide range of applications. Here we report the observation of unexpected concentric rings in the far-field beam profile at the output of a two-stage plasma-based X-ray laser developed in Japan Atomic Energy Agency, which can be considered as the first manifestation of a mirage phenomenon in X-rays. We have developed a method of solving the Maxwell-Bloch equations, which has allowed to find that the observed phenomenon is due to the emergence in the plasma-amplifier of X-ray mirage in the form of the phase matched coherent virtual point source. The obtained results bring a new insight into physical nature of amplification of X-ray radiation in laser-induced plasma amplifiers and open new opportunities for X-ray plasma diagnostics and extreme UV lithography.

Journal Articles

On extreme field limits in high power laser matter interactions; Radiation dominant regimes in high intensity electromagnetic wave interaction with electrons

Bulanov, S. V.; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Kando, Masaki; Koga, J. K.; Nakamura, Tatsufumi; Bulanov, S. S.*; Zhidkov, A.*; Kato, Yoshiaki; Korn, G.*

High-Power, High-Energy, and High-Intensity Laser Technology; and Research Using Extreme Light: Entering New Frontiers with Petawatt-Class Lasers (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.8780), p.878015_1 - 878015_15, 2013/05

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:2.86

Journal Articles

Development of post-irradiation test facility for domestic production of $$^{99}$$Mo

Taguchi, Taketoshi; Yonekawa, Minoru; Kato, Yoshiaki; Kurosawa, Makoto; Nishikata, Kaori; Ishida, Takuya; Kawamata, Kazuo

UTNL-R-0483, p.10_5_1 - 10_5_13, 2013/03

JMTR focus on the activation method. By carrying out the preliminary tests using irradiation facilities existing, and verification tests using the irradiation facility that has developed in the cutting-edge research and development strategic strengthening business, as irradiation tests towards the production of $$^{99}$$Mo, we have been conducting research and development that can contribute to supply about 25% for $$^{99}$$Mo demand in Japan and the stable supply of radiopharmaceutical. This report describes a summary of the status of the preliminary tests for the production of $$^{99}$$Mo: Maintenance of test equipment in the facility in JMTR hot laboratory in preparation for research and development for the production of $$^{99}$$Mo in JMTR and using MoO$$_{3}$$ pellet irradiated at Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute (KUR).

Journal Articles

X-ray spectroscopy diagnoses of clusters surviving under prepulses of ultra-intense femtosecond laser pulse irradiation

Faenov, A. Ya.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Pikuz, T.; Pikuz, S. A.*; Fortov, V. E.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Hayashi, Yukio; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Shimomura, Takuya; et al.

Laser and Particle Beams, 30(3), p.481 - 488, 2012/09

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:63.61(Physics, Applied)

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