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Journal Articles

Magnetic Bragg peak enhancement under ultrasound injection

Shamoto, Shinichi*; Akatsu, Mitsuhiro*; Matsuura, Masato*; Kawamura, Seiko; Harii, Kazuya*; Ono, Masao*; Chang, L.-J.*; Ito, Takashi; Nemoto, Yuichi*; Ieda, Junichi

Physical Review Research (Internet), 4(1), p.013245_1 - 013245_7, 2022/03

Ultrasound injection effect on a magnetic Bragg peak of yttrium iron garnet has been studied by quasielastic neutron scattering. The magnetic Bragg peak is vastly enhanced with decreasing temperature. The energy width increases proportionally to the square root of the sample temperature increase induced by the ultrasound injection. Because the magnetic Bragg peak is enhanced by the lattice vibration, the enhancement is expected to relate to the spin-lattice coupling closely. An observed sharp drop above 100 K in the longitudinal mode suggests the degradation of the spin-lattice coupling. It is consistent with the decline of spin Seebeck effect with increasing temperature above 100 K, proving the degradation mechanism by the spin-lattice coupling.

Journal Articles

Development of a supplementary outboard side thruster system for dynamic positioning control of autonomous surface vehicle

Kato, Tetsu*; Kawamura, Yamato*; Tahara, Junichiro*; Baba, Shoichiro*; Sanada, Yukihisa; Fujii, Shun*

International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering, 31(3), p.316 - 324, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:0

The development of a side thruster system (vehicle (ASV)) that can maintain the direction of travel on the autonomous surface will be explained. Currently, we are working on a mud radioactivity survey in collaboration with Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, and Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology. Deposited at the mouth of Fukushima Prefecture, Japan, the main purpose is to collect unmanned mud using ASV. The Mad Collection has developed a side thruster system and implemented it in ASV. We have confirmed the operation of the ASV with the joystick by using the thruster system for operating the ASV by one person using the joystick.

Journal Articles

Development of spin-contrast-variation neutron powder diffractometry for extracting the structure factor of hydrogen atoms

Miura, Daisuke*; Kumada, Takayuki; Sekine, Yurina; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Oba, Yojiro; Ohara, Takashi; Takata, Shinichi; Hiroi, Kosuke; Morikawa, Toshiaki*; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 54(2), p.454 - 460, 2021/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We developed a spin-contrast-variation neutron powder diffractometry technique that extracts the structure factor of hydrogen atoms, namely, the contribution of hydrogen atoms to a crystal structure factor. Crystals of L-glutamic acid were dispersed in a dpolystyrene matrix containing 4-methacryloyloxy-2,2,6,6,-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy (TEMPO methacrylate) to polarize their proton spins dynamically. The intensities of the diffraction peaks of the sample changed according to the proton polarization, and the structure factor of the hydrogen atoms was extracted from the proton-polarization dependent intensities. This technique is expected to enable analyses of the structures of hydrogen-containing materials that are difficult to determine with conventional powder diffractometry.

Journal Articles

Invention of automatic movement and dynamic positioning control method of unmanned vessel for mud mining

Fujii, Shun*; Kato, Tetsu*; Kawamura, Yamato*; Tahara, Junichiro*; Baba, Shoichiro*; Sanada, Yukihisa

Proceedings of 26th International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics (AROB 26th 2021), p.280 - 285, 2021/01

In recent years, autonomously navigating unmanned vessels have been actively studied, and many of these vessels are designed to perform unmanned operations such as observation and transportation. On the other hand, this study uses an unmanned ship with a moon pool that collects seabed mud, which is difficult for ordinary ships. Vessels used since the area are highly turbulent due to wind, so it is necessary to maintain a fixed point and orientation when removing mud. The ship is equipped with side thrusters to maintain a fixed point and bow direction. In this study, the control method was devised to maintain fixed point and orientation, and the control method is based on robust sliding mode control. The proposed control method was verified by simulation, and the desired behavior was confirmed.

Journal Articles

Development of spin-contrast-variation neutron reflectometry

Kumada, Takayuki; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Oishi, Kazuki*; Morikawa, Toshiaki*; Kawamura, Yukihiko*; Sahara, Masae*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Miura, Daisuke*; Torikai, Naoya*

J-PARC 20-02, p.38 - 40, 2021/00

Journal Articles

Development of side thruster system for ASV

Kato, Tetsu*; Kawamura, Yamato*; Tahara, Junichiro*; Baba, Shoichiro*; Sanada, Yukihisa

Proceedings of the 30th (2020) International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference (ISOPE 2020) (USB Flash Drive), p.1255 - 1260, 2020/10

Journal Articles

Development of spin-contrast-variation neutron reflectometry for the structural analysis of multilayer films

Kumada, Takayuki; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Oishi, Kazuki*; Morikawa, Toshiaki*; Kawamura, Yukihiko*; Sahara, Masae*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Torikai, Naoya*

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 52(5), p.1054 - 1060, 2019/10

AA2018-0116.pdf:0.86MB

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:21.27(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We developed a technique of spin-contrast-variation neutron reflectometry (SCV-NR). Polarized-neutron reflectivity curves of film samples vary as a function of their proton-polarization P. The P-dependent reflectivity curves of a polystyrene film was precisely reproduced using a common set of structure parameters and the P-dependent neutron scattering length. The reflectivity curve of poly (styrene-block-isoprene) (PSPI) presented a shoulder attributed to holes with the depth corresponding to one period of periodic lamellae on the free surface only at a specific P. In this way, structural information about specific surfaces or interfaces can be obtained by controlling the P.

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 2; Neutron scattering instruments

Nakajima, Kenji; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*; Abe, Jun*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Endo, Hitoshi*; Fujita, Masaki*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Gong, W.*; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12

The neutron instruments suite, installed at the spallation neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reviewed. MLF has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments are in operation for user programs or are under commissioning. A unique and challenging instrumental suite in MLF has been realized via combination of a high-performance neutron source, optimized for neutron scattering, and unique instruments using cutting-edge technologies. All instruments are/will serve in world-leading investigations in a broad range of fields, from fundamental physics to industrial applications. In this review, overviews, characteristic features, and typical applications of the individual instruments are mentioned.

Journal Articles

Direct measurement of nanoscale lithium diffusion in solid battery materials using radioactive tracer of $$^{8}$$Li

Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Jeong, S.-C.*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Jung, H. S.*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Oyaizu, Mitsuhiro*; Osa, Akihiko; Otokawa, Yoshinori; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 376, p.379 - 381, 2016/06

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:61.4(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Nanoscale diffusion tracing by radioactive $$^{8}$$Li tracer

Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Jeong, S.-C.*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Oyaizu, Mitsuhiro*; Katayama, Ichiro*; Osa, Akihiko; Otokawa, Yoshinori; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 53(11), p.110303_1 - 110303_4, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:21.42(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Evaluation of selected grades of beryllium metal as reflector materials for extended lifetime performance

Dorn, C. K.*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Takemoto, Noriyuki; Ito, Masayasu; Hori, Junichi*; Chekushina, L.*; Hatano, Yuji*; Chakrov, P.*; Kawamura, Hiroshi

Proceedings of 6th International Symposium on Material Testing Reactors (ISMTR-6) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2013/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Orbital magnetism in Cd$$_2$$Os$$_2$$O$$_7$$ studied by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Her, J.-L.*; Michimura, Shinji*; Inami, Toshiya; Suzuki, Motohiro*; Kawamura, Naomi*; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; Kindo, Koichi*; Yamaura, Junichi*; Hiroi, Zenji*

Physical Review B, 84(17), p.174431_1 - 174431_5, 2011/11

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:66.65(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) at the $$L$$$$_{2,3}$$-edge of Os has been investigated in the antiferromagneticphase of Cd$$_2$$Os$$_2$$O$$_7$$, which exhibits a metal-insulator transition around 227 K. According to the sum rule, the XMCD spectra at 10 and 37 T clearly show that the ratio between the orbital magnetic moment ($$m_{rm L}$$) and spinmagnetic moment ($$m_{rm S}$$) is $$m_{rm L}/m_{rm S} = 0.16 pm 0.02$$, and that $$m_{rm L}$$ and $$m_{rm S}$$ are coupled in parallel ($$m_{rm L}parallel m_{rm S}$$). These phenomena are unusual in that the expected ground state of Os$$^{5+}$$ (5$$d^3$$) is an orbital singlet in a cubic crystal field, and $$m_{rm L}$$and $$m_{rm S}$$ should be antiparallel for a less than half-filled system in accordance with Hund's third rule. It is likely that the spin-orbit coupling is important for explaining the observed orbital magnetism.

JAEA Reports

Continuous energy cross section library JAC08T1 based on JENDL/AC for MCNP calculation of irradiation field in JMTR

Takemoto, Noriyuki; Okumura, Keisuke; Katakura, Junichi; Nagao, Yoshiharu; Kawamura, Hiroshi

JAEA-Data/Code 2008-029, 24 Pages, 2009/02

JAEA-Data-Code-2008-029.pdf:2.73MB

The continuous energy cross section library for the Monte Carlo transport code MCNP, JAC08T1, has been generated from the latest version of Japanese evaluated nuclear data library JENDL/AC released in March, 2008. The latest version of NJOY (NJOY99.259), the evaluated nuclear data processing system, has been employed to produce the library after necessary modifications in order to process JENDL/AC.

Journal Articles

The H-Invitational Database (H-InvDB); A Comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts

Yamasaki, Chisato*; Murakami, Katsuhiko*; Fujii, Yasuyuki*; Sato, Yoshiharu*; Harada, Erimi*; Takeda, Junichi*; Taniya, Takayuki*; Sakate, Ryuichi*; Kikugawa, Shingo*; Shimada, Makoto*; et al.

Nucleic Acids Research, 36(Database), p.D793 - D799, 2008/01

 Times Cited Count:51 Percentile:74.53(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Here we report the new features and improvements in our latest release of the H-Invitational Database, a comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts. H-InvDB, originally developed as an integrated database of the human transcriptome based on extensive annotation of large sets of fulllength cDNA (FLcDNA) clones, now provides annotation for 120 558 human mRNAs extracted from the International Nucleotide Sequence Databases (INSD), in addition to 54 978 human FLcDNAs, in the latest release H-InvDB. We mapped those human transcripts onto the human genome sequences (NCBI build 36.1) and determined 34 699 human gene clusters, which could define 34 057 protein-coding and 642 non-protein-coding loci; 858 transcribed loci overlapped with predicted pseudogenes.

Journal Articles

X-ray induced photoelectrochemistry on TiO$$_{2}$$

Tamura, Kazuhisa; Oko, Yoshihisa*; Kawamura, Hiroyuki; Yoshikawa, Hideki*; Tatsuma, Tetsu*; Fujishima, Akira*; Mizuki, Junichiro

Electrochimica Acta, 52(24), p.6938 - 6942, 2007/08

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:45.86(Electrochemistry)

The electrochemical behaviour of TiO$$_{2}$$ under X-ray irradiation was studied. Under X-ray irradiation a current, a negative shift in the rest potential, and electrochemical oxidation and decomposition of [Fe$$^{rm II}$$(CN)$$_{6}$$]$$^{4-}$$ were clearly observed. The incident photon-current conversion efficiency and energy conversion efficiency was 400-2000% and 0.2-2%, respectively, depending on sample conditions. These results show that the photoelectrochemical reactions were promoted by X-rays with a high incident photon-current conversion efficiency. The photocurrent and photopotential were observed above 4.965 keV, which corresponds to the Ti-K edge, indicating that electron-hole pairs are formed during the relaxation process of the excited Ti atoms.

Journal Articles

Study on irradiation-induced magnetic transition in FeRh alloys by means of Fe K-edge XMCD spectroscopy

Iwase, Akihiro*; Fukuzumi, Masafumi*; Zushi, Yoshihiro*; Suzuki, Motohiro*; Takagaki, Masafumi*; Kawamura, Naomi*; Chimi, Yasuhiro; Mizuki, Junichiro; Ishikawa, Norito; Ono, Fumihisa*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 256(1), p.429 - 433, 2007/01

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:76.46(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have studied the effects of swift heavy ion irradiation on the magnetic properties of Fe-Rh intermetallic compound by using Fe K-edge X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) at 20 K. For an unirrdaiated specimen, no signal of XMCD spectrum has been observed because Fe-Rh intermetallic compound is intrinsically anti-ferromagnetic below room temperature. For the specimens irradiated with 120-200 MeV Ni, Kr, Xe or Au ions, we have found XMCD spectra which are characterized by a dispersion-type profile with a positive peak and a negative peak near Fe K-edge. The intensity of XMCD spectra remarkably depends on ion-fluence and ion-mass. The experimental result implies that the ferromagnetic state is induced by the swift heavy ion irradiation. The change in magnetic state of Fe element is discussed in terms of energy deposition through the elastic and electronic processes.

Journal Articles

Coverage of the Cd underpotential deposited layer formed on an Au(111) substrate; Effect of the electrolytic condition

Kawamura, Hiroyuki; Takahashi, Masamitsu; Mizuki, Junichiro

Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 149(11), p.C586 - C591, 2002/11

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:46.22(Electrochemistry)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evidence for the diffusion of Au atoms into the Te UPD layer formed on a Au(111) substrate

Kawamura, Hiroyuki; Takahashi, Masamitsu; Hojo, Nobuhiko*; Miyake, Masao*; Murase, Kuniaki*; Tamura, Kazuhisa*; Uosaki, Kohei*; Awakura, Yasuhiro*; Mizuki, Junichiro; Matsubara, Eiichiro*

Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 149(2), p.C83 - C88, 2002/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:22.56(Electrochemistry)

The structure of a Te layer formed on a Au(111) substrate by underpotential deposition (UPD) in an electrolytic solution has been studied using in-situ surface X-ray diffraction technique. The measurements were carried out for a series of samples which were kept at UPD potential for 4 to 59 hours. The results revealed that the Te UPD layer is unstable. The top layer is analyzed to consist of the UPD Te atoms and Au atoms which diffuse from the Au(111) substrate. Also, the Te UPD layer does not have the structure with periodicity reported in previous works, such as ($$sqrt{3}$$$$times$$$$sqrt{3}$$) R30$$^{circ}$$ after ample time elapses. Stripping voltammetry for the Te UPD layer shows that the interaction between Te and Au increases with time, supporting the finding that the top layer is a mixture of Te and Au.

JAEA Reports

Development of thermocouple re-instrumentation technique for irradiated fuel rod; Techniques for making center hole into UO$$_{2}$$ pellets and thermocouple re-instrumentation to fuel rod

; Saito, Junichi; ; Endo, Yasuichi; ; Nakagawa, Tetsuya; ; Kawamata, Kazuo; ; Kawamura, Hiroshi; et al.

JAERI-Tech 95-037, 87 Pages, 1995/07

JAERI-Tech-95-037.pdf:5.14MB

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of flexible fuel cycle initiative, 1; General concept

Yamashita, Junichi*; Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; Kawamura, Fumio*; Hoshino, Kuniyoshi*; Sasahira, Akira*; Sato, Seichi*; Minato, Kazuo

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

40 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)