Tang, T. L.*; Uesaka, Tomohiro*; Kawase, Shoichiro; Beaumel, D.*; Dozono, Masanori*; Fujii, Toshihiko*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Fukunaga, Taku*; Galindo-Uribarri. A.*; Hwang, S. H.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 124(21), p.212502_1 - 212502_6, 2020/05
The structure of a neutron-rich F nucleus is investigated by a quasifree () knockout reaction. The sum of spectroscopic factors of orbital is found to be 1.0 0.3. The result shows that the O core of F nucleus significantly differs from a free O nucleus, and the core consists of 35% O, and 65% excited O. The result shows that the O core of F nucleus significantly differs from a free O nucleus. The result may infer that the addition of the proton considerably changes the neutron structure in F from that in O, which could be a possible mechanism responsible for the oxygen dripline anomaly.
Sato, Yuki; Kawase, Keiichi; Iijima, Kazuki; Kobayashi, Takuya
Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 62(1), p.37 - 41, 2020/01
This series articles introduce JAEA R&D. This time, we will introduce about Fukushima Daiichi decommissioning and Fukushima remediation (2).
Miyahara, Kaname; Kawase, Keiichi
Genshiryoku No Ima To Ashita, p.159 - 167, 2019/03
This manuscript overviews lessons learned from decontamination pilot projects towards implementation of regional remediation after the environmental contamination due to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accidents.
Kono, Yuko; Ayame, Junko; Yoshida, Tomoo*; Ikuta, Yuko; Kawase, Keiichi; Yamashita, Kiyonobu
JAEA-Review 2018-007, 36 Pages, 2018/06
English translation of the material used at "Meeting to Answer Questions on Radiation" was made. "Meeting to Answer Questions on Radiation" was planned, just after the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident, by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) with the purpose of providing comprehensive knowledge of radiation to the public. A total of 220 meetings was carried out from July, 2011 to February, 2013 mainly in Fukushima prefecture. Since the material used in the meetings contains many charts and is easy to understand, it has drawn attention of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) who has in recent years actively supported outreach activities to disseminate knowledge on nuclear and radiation. At one of the IAEA meetings in May, 2017, Asian Network for Education in Nuclear Technology (ANENT), it was requested to make it for the usage of all. Providing IAEA and the member states with the English translation of the material will be a meaningful contribution sharing the outreach activity experiences in Japan.
Tanaka, Masaru*; Kawara, Osami*; Ishizaka, Kaoru*; Ohata, Yuki*; Fukuike, Iori*; Kawase, Keiichi; Tokizawa, Takayuki; Miyagawa, Hiroshi*; Ishimori, Yuu
JAEA-Research 2018-001, 98 Pages, 2018/06
In the 2016 fiscal year, communication cases on general waste disposal facility construction plans in recent years were surveyed. Results suggested as follows: (1) Existing long-term relationships or agreements in local area promote local accepting. (2) An operator needs to consider alternative plans and explain reasons for the decision making to local stakeholders. (3) Even after first announcement of a new plan, an operator needs to review the plan depending on local concerns. (4) Announcement of a new plan will activate communications on local development including the site redevelopment.
Tanaka, Masaru*; Aoyama, Isao*; Ishizaka, Kaoru*; Ohata, Yuki*; Fukuike, Iori*; Kawase, Keiichi; Watanabe, Masanori; Tokizawa, Takayuki; Miyagawa, Hiroshi*; Ishimori, Yuu
JAEA-Research 2017-003, 65 Pages, 2017/06
JAEA Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center and Fukushima Environmental Safety Center have same challenges in risk communication. As reference, similar domestic cases were investigated by our two Centers, and requirements for building long-term relationship were clarified. As follows; (1) Develop new relationship with various stakeholders in the region. (2) Make better use of existing resources (personnel, land and facilities, etc.). (3) Make a concerted effort to create new values with local stakeholders. (4) Make an opportunity which local stakeholders confirm safety and build confidence to the project. These efforts will enhance the opportunities for operators and residents to learn about environment management and environmental protection.
Kawase, Keiichi; Kitano, Mitsuaki; Watanabe, Masanori; Yoshimura, Shuichi; Kikuchi, Shiro; Nishino, Katsumi*
JAEA-Review 2017-006, 173 Pages, 2017/03
Survey of a transition of the air and surface dose rate was conducted for the area where the Cabinet Office decontamination model demonstration project was implemented. The area includes 15 districts in 9 municipalities identified by the Ministry of the Environment. We investigated 11 times from October, 2012 to October, 2015. Measurement of the air dose rate in this study was carried out in two methods using the fixed-point measurement and gamma plotter H using a NaI scintillation survey meter etc. As fixed-point measurement, set measurement point in the first survey for (fixed point), it was subjected to measurement of the surface dose rate to continue (1cm height) and space dose rate (1m height). In addition surface specific dose rate distribution measurement using a gamma plotter H (5cm and 1m height) was also performed together. As a result of the fixed-point measurement and gamma plotter H surface measurements, space dose rate from the first survey to the 11th survey shows the downward trend. We consider that there is no movement of radioactive pollutants from outside decontamination model project area into decontamination model project area.
Global Environmental Research (Internet), 20(1&2), p.83 - 90, 2017/03
Major challenges to implementing full-scale environmental decontamination were the absence of real-world examples and also lack of experience in planning and implementing decontamination technology appropriate to the physical and social boundary conditions in both Japan and Fukushima. The Japan Atomic Energy Agency was thus charged with conducting a range of Decontamination Pilot Project to examine the applicability of decontamination technologies, with a special focus on reducing dose rates and thus allowing evacuees to return to re-establish their normal lifestyles as quickly as possible, whilst simultaneously maintaining worker safety. In this report, re-edit the report of the Decontamination Pilot Project (Nakayama et al.,2014), do the commentary for the decontamination technology.
Mikami, Satoshi; Matsuda, Norihiro; Ando, Masaki; Kinase, Sakae; Kitano, Mitsuaki; Kawase, Keiichi; Matsumoto, Shinichiro; Yamamoto, Hideaki; Saito, Kimiaki
Radioisotopes, 64(9), p.589 - 607, 2015/09
This article presents the features of regional distributions and temporal changes in air dose rate and radionuclide deposition densities in Fukushima on the basis of analyses on large-scale environmental monitoring results using diverse methods. The continuity of decontamination effects is discussed according to repeated monitoring data after the decontamination model project. Further, some examples are shown on the projection of air dose rates together with the ecological half lives for different land uses.
Hoshasei Busshitsu No Kyuchaku, Josen Oyobi Taihoshasen Gjutsu Ni Okeru Zairyo, Seko, Sokutei No Shin Gijutsu, p.600 - 612, 2014/11
Radioactive substances such as radioactive cesium are released into the environment due to the accident at the nuclear power plant caused by the 2011 Tohoku Region Pacific Offshore Earthquake that occurred on March 11, causing pollution of the environment. It was required to promptly reduce the influence of released radioactive substances on human health and living environment. In this report, we deal with notes on decontamination work to remove radioactive materials (nuclides) mainly radioactive cesium released into the environment from nuclear power plants from the living environment and to reduce residual radiation exposure, Based on the findings obtained at the site so far.
Watanabe, Masahisa; Tagawa, Akihiro; Umemiya, Noriko; Maruyama, Noboru; Yoshida, Mami; Kawase, Keiichi; Noguchi, Shinichi; Sakazume, Yoshinori; Watanabe, Masanori; Hiraga, Hayato; et al.
JAEA-Review 2014-028, 184 Pages, 2014/10
JAEA received technical proposals from private enterprise about techniques that can be used for decontamination work, and "Decontamination Technology Demonstrations Projects" was commissioned from the Ministry of the Environment to verifies the decontamination effect, economy feasibility, safety, and other factors. By the "FY 2013 Decontamination Technology Demonstrations Projects" JAEA carried out technical advice of demonstration test and evaluation of 11 technologies (e.g., decontamination of soils and green space and wastes and washing of fly ash).
Watanabe, Masahisa; Umemiya, Noriko; Tagawa, Akihiro; Kawase, Keiichi; Noguchi, Shinichi; Sakazume, Yoshinori; Watanabe, Masanori; Tokizawa, Takayuki
JAEA-Review 2013-052, 232 Pages, 2014/03
To discover technologies that can be utilized for decontamination work and verify their effects, economic feasibility, safety, and other factors, the Cabinet Office, Government of Japan launched the FY2012 Decontamination Technology Demonstrations Project to publicly solicit decontamination technologies that would be verified in demonstration tests and adopted 15 candidates. JAEA was commissioned by the Ministry of the Environment, Government of Japan to provide technical assistance related to these demonstrations. JAEA carried out technical advice of demonstration test and evaluation of 15 technologies (e.g., decontamination technology of Burned ash washing and Pond Dredging) to perform decontamination of the environment.
Torata, Shinichiro; Numata, Yoshiaki; Kawase, Keiichi; Manabe, Tatefumi
JAEA-Review 2009-024, 12 Pages, 2009/09
To continue utilizing nuclear energy in the future, a key issue still remains concerned with the public's perception of generating radioactive waste and its subsequent safe disposal. Despite undertaking long term research and development to implement a program of geological disposal of radioactive waste, the social recognition and public understanding is still insufficient. Consequently, JAEA has been trying to extend the public's scientific understanding by showing its research facilities. In this report, the content of more than 1000 answer sheets have been analyzed from members of the public who visited the JAEA research facilities. Several important findings were obtained, in particular, notable differences were found in the answers of those who had also visited an underground tunnel compared with those who had not. This and other findings are significant in promoting the social recognition of the ongoing research and development of the geological disposal of radioactive waste.
Kawase, Keiichi; Todaka, Norifumi; Sugihara, Kozo
Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu, 4(2), p.91 - 96, 1998/03
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Kitano, Mitsuaki; Sato, Takashi; Kawase, Keiichi
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Kawase, Keiichi; Kato, Mitsugu; Iijima, Kazuki; Mori, Hideharu; Umezawa, Katsuhiro; Tanabe, Tsutomu
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Kawase, Keiichi; Noguchi, Shinichi; Tokizawa, Takayuki
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Kawase, Keiichi; Saegusa, Hiromitsu
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