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Journal Articles

Design and actual performance of J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron for high-intensity operation

Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu; Hayashi, Naoki; Saha, P. K.; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Tani, Norio; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Kamiya, Junichiro; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(9), p.1174 - 1205, 2022/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:62.84(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, the purpose of the 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) is to accelerate a 1 MW, high-intensity proton beam. To achieve beam operation at a repetition rate of 25 Hz at high intensities, the RCS was elaborately designed. After starting the RCS operation, we carefully verified the validity of its design and made certain improvements to establish a reliable operation at higher power as possible. Consequently, we demonstrated beam operation at a high power, namely, 1 MW. We then summarized the design, actual performance, and improvements of the RCS to achieve a 1 MW beam.

Journal Articles

Standardization of stepping motor control system in J-PARC Linac and RCS

Takahashi, Hiroki; Sawabe, Yuki; Suzuki, Yasuo*; Suzuki, Takahiro*; Kawase, Masato*

Proceedings of 15th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1105 - 1108, 2018/08

J-PARC Linac and RCS Profile Monitor and etc. are devices consisting of moving parts and driving part. In these devices, in order to move the movable part to an appropriate position without damaging it, proper control of the stepping motor used for the driving part is important. Many of the control system hardware of these drive units are used since the early days of J-PARC operation, and there is concern about malfunctions due to aging. In addition, since both VME and PLC are used as controllers, it is necessary to prepare spare parts of both control equipment in maintenance and management. Besides, the control logic differs depending on the kind of controller, VME or PLC. Therefore, maintainability of both hardware and software is an important issue. Then, we decided to proceed with updating the drive unit control system which standardized control system hardware and software. In this paper, the standardization of stepping motor control system in Linac and RCS is detailed.

Journal Articles

Improvement of motor control system in J-PARC linac and RCS

Takahashi, Hiroki; Miura, Akihiko; Sawabe, Yuki; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Suzuki, Takahiro*; Kawase, Masato*

Proceedings of 9th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '18) (Internet), p.2180 - 2182, 2018/06

The stepping motor control system used in the profile monitor and RCS collimator of J-PARC is configured by VME-based. Most of these pieces of control equipment are in use for more than 10 years. Therefore, countermeasures against aging of equipment are necessary. In addition, it is necessary to implement countermeasures against malfunction of the control system, which is thought to be caused by radiation. In 2016, a malfunction occurred in the motor control system of the RCS collimator. Taking this as a starting point, we began developing a motor control system that can ensure equipment safety even if a malfunction occurs. In this paper, we show the inference of the cause of this malfunction and present details of the developed high-safety motor control system.

Journal Articles

Supervision and alarm system for J-PARC Linac and RCS

Takahashi, Hiroki; Sawabe, Yuki; Watanabe, Kazuhiko*; Kawase, Masato*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1151 - 1154, 2017/12

The amount of monitor value tends to increase, because of the increase of accelerator components, or in order to realize the safety and the stable operation. Then, an enormous volume of operation data increases the possibility of occurrence of erroneous operation such as overlooking of monitor value and etc. Then, we started to develop a system to supervise the state of the accelerator and to inform operators of abnormality early. As an initial system, we developed a system to supervise the status of Linac DTQ power supplies and etc. In this initial system, first, the function was created to make the normal range (upper and lower limit values) with reference to the current setting value. Next, the function to inform the alarm condition when the monitor value becomes outside of the normal range was realized. This function is an important function in the initial system. By this realization, we obtained the prospect of development of supervision and alarm system.

Journal Articles

Improvement of a timing system in J-PARC Linac/RCS

Sawabe, Yuki*; Takahashi, Hiroki; Ito, Yuichi*; Kawase, Masato*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1133 - 1136, 2017/12

In the timing system of J-PARC LINAC/RCS, the ring type Reflective Memory (RFM) network is adopted for data transfer. In June 2016, a data transfer failure occurred due to communication error on the RFM network, and it took a long time to recover. From this experience, we have created the environment to monitor of the RFM network status, and we duplicated the computer which manages the data transfer on the RFM network. In Addition, we have also created the syslog function as an environment to monitor each RFM even if data transfer failure occurs on the RFM network. After these improvements, a trouble occurred in the timing system VME. At the same time, the target device was immediately identified by these functions, and the timing system could be recovered quickly. In this paper, the details of improvement for stable operation in the timing system of J-PARC LINAC / RCS are presented.

Journal Articles

Stabilization of timing system operation of J-PARC Linac and RCS

Takahashi, Hiroki; Hayashi, Naoki; Ito, Yuichi*; Kawase, Masato*; Sawabe, Yuki*

Proceedings of 8th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '17) (Internet), p.4000 - 4002, 2017/06

The timing system data (delay value, status, etc.) of J-PARC Linac and rapid cycling synchrotron is managed by a computer. After updating this hardware, we encountered the problem of data corruption in the timing system. Therefore, we added a function to the software for the timing system VME and investigated the cause of the problem. The investigation results showed a problem with the network connected PCI-Express reflective memory. We implemented measures for stabilizing the timing system operation based on this result.

Journal Articles

Improvement of the IPM for the high-intensity beam profile measurement in the J-PARC RCS

Kato, Shinichi; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Kawase, Masato; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1089 - 1093, 2016/11

In the J-PARC RCS, the residual gas ionization profile monitor (IPM) is adopted for the nondestructive detection of the 1D transverse distribution of the circulating proton beam. The IPM mainly consists of the divided electrodes generating the external electric field and the detection unit. For the profile measurement, the residual gas ionized by the beam is transported to the detection unit by the external transverse electric field and amplified by the Multi-Channel Plate (MCP) as the electron. After that, these electrons are detected and the 1D distribution is reconstructed. To improve IPM performance, some updates have been performed continuously such as the optimization of the electric field potential and the introduction of the new MCP which has the gradual gain response to the applied voltage. As a result, the IPM shows intended performance in the beam commissioning with the low current condition. However, the distribution cannot be measured in the high current condition such as over 100 kW because the noise increases and hides the signal. To solve this problem, we investigated the source of this noise and examined measures. To compare the simulation and the noise measurement results, we identified the cause of the noise as the electric field from the beam. Therefore, we developed additional electrode component to shield that field based on the simulation result. This component will be installed in 2016 summer. It is expected that the noise is reduced to be 1/100 compared with present one by the new component and the distribution measurement can be performed in the high current condition.

Journal Articles

Application of Trigger counter board for synchronized data

Takahashi, Hiroki; Kawase, Masato; Ouchi, Nobuo

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.012020_1 - 012020_6, 2015/09

Journal Articles

Development of accelerator device control system using the machine model

Kawase, Masato; Takahashi, Hiroki

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.764 - 766, 2015/09

In most cases, the legacy method of the design and development of control systems starts after the production of devices. Therefore the control system design has been receiving a lower priority. And because constructing control processes unique for each device increases the number of types of the processes, such control systems lack maintainability, scalability and flexibility. To overcome these problems, the common control system using the model called "Machine Model" has been developed for the needs of constructing a unified control system. It also controls procedure-type processes for device status transitions. It allows us to unify control systems of different kinds of devices. In addition, because this method hides the procedural control of each device from upper application levels, it is possible to reduce the correction time of the application when it's modified or upgraded. This report is about development of the accelerator device control system using the machine model.

Journal Articles

Development of timing system for RF ion source & RFQ III test stand

Sawabe, Yuki; Ito, Yuichi; Kawase, Masato; Fukuta, Shimpei; Suzuki, Takahiro*; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Ouchi, Nobuo

Proceedings of 11th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.748 - 751, 2014/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Increment of the machine protection system in J-PARC rapid cycling synchrotron

Yamamoto, Kazami; Kawase, Masato; Iwama, Yuhei; Fukuta, Shimpei; Kato, Yuko; Ouchi, Nobuo; Meigo, Shinichiro; Oi, Motoki; Kamikubota, Norihiko*

Proceedings of 11th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.771 - 774, 2014/10

The radiation leak accident happened in the hadron experimental hall of J-PARC on May 23, 2013. The accident was caused by a target sublimation due to an unanticipated beam from the 50 GeV main ring (MR). To detect and prevent the radiation leakage in all facilities of J-PARC, we improve the machine protection system (MPS). In the J-PARC 3GeV synchrotron (Rapid Cycling Synchrotron, RCS), a monitoring system of an abnormal state of the extraction beam to the mercury target of material life science experiment facility (MLF) were prepared. The radiation level of the gas in the tunnel were able to always observed by connecting radiation safety system and accelerator control system. The dump temperature was included in the MPS. We also developed new interlock system that can stop the beam immediately when the beam current exceed the limit.

Journal Articles

Development of data synchronization system for the LINAC/RCS in J-PARC

Kawase, Masato*; Takahashi, Hiroki; Kato, Yuko; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Ouchi, Nobuo

Proceedings of 10th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.731 - 734, 2014/06

The data acquisition in J-PARC LINAC/RCS are two methods of data archiving of polling data via EPICS Channel Access and synchronized waveform data. The synchronized waveform data are collected by several Wave Endless Recorders (WER). The WER counts the trigger number and holds waveform data in a ring buffer memory. We developed a Trigger Counter in order to manage the trigger number of each WER and synchronize the trigger number of each WER via LAN. At present, in order to install the waveform data synchronization system, we carried out verification using the timing test bench. This report presents about the waveform data synchronization system and future plan of the data acquisition system.

Journal Articles

Construction of control system for J-PARC RF ion source & RFQ III test stand

Fukuta, Shimpei; Sawabe, Yuki; Suzuki, Takahiro*; Ishiyama, Tatsuya*; Kawase, Masato*; Ito, Yuichi; Kato, Yuko; Yoshii, Akinobu; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Ouchi, Nobuo

Proceedings of 10th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1122 - 1125, 2014/06

The installation of Cs-seeded RF-driven H$$^{-}$$ ion source (RF ion source) to J-PARC LINAC is scheduled in 2014. Similarly the replacement of RFQ III from RFQ is scheduled in 2014. The test stand of the cooperation of RF ion source & RFQ III is being made in the J-PARC LINAC building for the beam acceleration examination now. The J-PARC control group designed test stand control system by thinking that test stand control system had to be equal to J-PARC accelerator control system. Specifically, Introduction of MPS for protect an apparatus. Implementation of EPICS environment for remotely controlling the equipment. It is construction of the timing system for sending a timing signal to each accelerator component device. This report describes construction of the control system in a test stand.

Journal Articles

Design of control system for the 2nd and 3rd charge exchange system in J-PARC 3GeV RCS

Kawase, Masato; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Takeda, Osamu

Proceedings of 9th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.734 - 737, 2013/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Design study of J-PARC timing system for nuclear transmutation experimental facility

Ito, Yuichi; Kawase, Masato; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Ouchi, Nobuo

Proceedings of 9th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.738 - 740, 2013/08

A transmutation experimental facility (TEF) is planned in J-PARC 2nd construction phase. 400 MeV/250 kW of negative hydrogen ion beam will be delivered from LINAC to TEF. The LINAC is now operating in repetition of 25 Hz and LINAC should be operated in 50 Hz to keep beam power for existing experimental facilities. The timing system should also be operated in 50 Hz. However, some control subsystems and data acquisition subsystems are strongly optimized for 25 Hz operation especially in RCS. A design for J-PARC timing system to support TEF will be discussed in this report.

Journal Articles

HBC foil beam study and long-term observation at the 3-GeV RCS in J-PARC

Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Saha, P. K.; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Kawase, Masato; Saeki, Riuji; Hayashi, Naoki; Yamamoto, Kazami; Hotchi, Hideaki; Ishiyama, Tatsuya; Kinsho, Michikazu; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 417, p.012073_1 - 012073_6, 2013/03

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:76.94

The HBC foil are installed in the J-PARC RCS for the charge-exchange H$$^{-}$$ beam injection. In order to examine the characteristics of the HBC foils, beam studies for the HBC foil were carried out from the viewpoint of foil's life time and the beam survival rate due to foils. According to the compromise between charge-exchange efficiency and foil scattering beam loss, we optimized the foils thickness for user operation. The long-term observation during the user operation as well as the HBC foil endurance test for its life time evaluation was carried out. Even after one year was operation, there was no deterioration of the stripping foil.

Journal Articles

Beam position monitor system of J-PARC RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Kawase, Masato; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Hiroki, Seiji; Saeki, Riuji; Takahashi, Hiroki; Teruyama, Yuzo*; Toyokawa, Ryoji*; Arakawa, Dai*; Hiramatsu, Shigenori*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 677, p.94 - 106, 2012/06

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:62.15(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A beam position monitor (BPM) system at J-PARC RCS is described. The J-PARC RCS is a rapid-cycling proton synchrotron and its designed beam power is 1 MW. A diameter of the BPM detector is larger than 250 mm, however the system has to measure the beam position very accurately. The system should work not only for the high intensity but also for lower intensity. There are 54 BPM around the ring and most of them are placed inside steering magnets because of quite limited space. The BPM detector is an electro static type and it has four electrodes, and a pair of electrode gives a good linear response with diagonal cut shape to detect the charge center precisely. The signal processing unit, which is equipped with 14-bit 40 MSPS ADC and 600 MHz DSP, has been developed. They are controlled via shared memory space and EPICS. It is capable to record full 25 Hz pulse data for averaged mode and it could also store whole waveform data for further analysis, like turn-by-turn position calculation.

Journal Articles

Development of J-PARC LINAC/RCS MPS Sub System, 2

Suzuki, Takahiro; Ito, Yuichi; Ishiyama, Tatsuya; Maruta, Tomofumi; Kato, Yuko; Kawase, Masato; Fukuta, Shimpei; Sawabe, Yuki*; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro

Proceedings of 8th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.527 - 529, 2011/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Plan to develop overall-control system for 3GeV synchrotron accelerator

Kawase, Masato; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Kamikubota, Norihiko*; Yamamoto, Noboru

Proceedings of 8th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.574 - 578, 2011/08

J-PARC has been shifting to stable beam operation phase for the experimental facility, and the beam commissioning is going to be needed of 3 GeV Synchrotron Accelerator (RCS) after 400 MeV upgrade of Linear Accelerator (LINAC). In order to achieve more stable and safety beam commissioning, it is necessary to implement of control and monitor using machine interface for prevention of human error. We plan to develop the ideal application and high performance data acquisition system for the beam commissioning. This report shows problems of this control system and the required performance for overall-control system of RCS.

JAEA Reports

Formulation of EPICS record naming conventions in J-PARC Linac and RCS; Build process of unique and standardized name

Fukuta, Shimpei; Watanabe, Kazuhiko*; Sakaki, Hironao; Takahashi, Hiroki; Kawase, Masato; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro

JAEA-Testing 2010-004, 34 Pages, 2011/02


J-PARC accelerator devices are controlled by the use of the software called EPICS. The unique name called an EPICS record is given to a control signal and data acquisition, Accelerator device control are achieved using the EPICS record. The requirement for the EPICS record name is 2 points; (1) no overlap of the EPICS record name, (2) the control contents can be easily imagined from the EPICS record name. To manage the EPICS record using relational database for the information management of the accelerator device in J-PARC, it is required to compose that a mechanical process can be performed easily. It was necessary to standardize the EPICS record name and the EPICS record structure to achieve these requirements. Therefore, we have formulated a guideline called "EPICS record naming conventions" to decide to an EPICS record name uniquely and standardization.

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