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Journal Articles

Coherent eddies transporting passive scalars through the plant canopy revealed by Large-Eddy simulations using the lattice Boltzmann method

Watanabe, Tsutomu*; Takagi, Marie*; Shimoyama, Ko*; Kawashima, Masayuki*; Onodera, Naoyuki; Inagaki, Atsushi*

Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 181(1), p.39 - 71, 2021/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:52.56(Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences)

A double-distribution-function lattice Boltzmann model for large-eddy simulations of a passive scalar field is described within and above a plant canopy. For a top-down scalar, for which the plant canopy serves as a distributed sink, the flux of the scalar near the canopy top are predominantly determined by sweep motions originating far above the canopy. By contrast, scalar ejection events are induced by coherent eddies generated near the canopy top. In this paper, the generation of such eddies is triggered by the downward approach of massive sweep motions to existing wide regions of weak ejective motions from inside to above the canopy.

JAEA Reports

Fuel and core design studies on metal fuel sodium-cooled fast reactor (4), (5) and (6); Joint research report for JFY2009 - 2012

Uematsu, Mari Mariannu; Sugino, Kazuteru; Kawashima, Katsuyuki; Okano, Yasushi; Yamaji, Akifumi; Naganuma, Masayuki; Oki, Shigeo; Okubo, Tsutomu; Ota, Hirokazu*; Ogata, Takanari*; et al.

JAEA-Research 2012-041, 126 Pages, 2013/02


The characteristics of sodium-cooled metal fuel core compared to MOX fuel core are given by its higher heavy metal density and superior neutron economy. By taking advantage of these characteristics and allowing flexibility in metal fuel specification and core design conditions as sodium void reactivity and bundle pressure drop, core design with high burnup, high breeding ratio and low fuel inventory features will be achievable. On ground of the major achievements in metal fuels utilization as driver fuels in sodium fast reactors in U.S., the metal fuel core concept is selected as a possible alternative of MOX fuel core concept in FaCT project. This report describes the following items as a result of the joint study on "Reactor core and fuel design of metal fuel core of sodium-cooled fast reactor" conducted by JAEA and CRIEPI during 4 years from fiscal year 2009 to 2012.

Journal Articles

FBR core concepts in the "FaCT" Project in Japan

Oki, Shigeo; Ogawa, Takashi; Kobayashi, Noboru; Naganuma, Masayuki; Kawashima, Katsuyuki; Maruyama, Shuhei; Mizuno, Tomoyasu; Tanaka, Toshihiko*

Proceedings of International Conference on the Physics of Reactors, Nuclear Power; A Sustainable Resource (PHYSOR 2008) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2008/09

Conceptual design studies of sodium-cooled fast reactor core are performed in Fast Reactor Cycle Technology Development Project (FaCT Project) in Japan. The representative MOX fuel core and the metal fuel core exert excellent performances on safety and reliability, sustainability, economic competitiveness, and nuclear non-proliferation. This paper reviews their feature in terms of reactor physics, and describes recent progress in design studies. In the recent design studies, much interest has been taken in the fuel composition change in the transition stage from light water reactors to fast breeder reactors. The core flexibility is also shown to fulfil the refined objectives such as high breeding and an enhancement of non-proliferation property.

Journal Articles

Heating, current drive, and advanced plasma control in JFT-2M

Hoshino, Katsumichi; Yamamoto, Takumi; Tamai, Hiroshi; Oasa, Kazumi; Kawashima, Hisato; Miura, Yukitoshi; Ogawa, Toshihide; Shoji, Teruaki*; Shibata, Takatoshi; Kikuchi, Kazuo; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 49(2), p.139 - 167, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:17.58(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The main results obtained by the various heating and current drive systems, external coil system and divertor bias system are reviewed from the viewpoint of the advanced active control of the tokamak plasma. Also, the features of each system are described. The contribution of the JFT-2M in these areas are summarized.

Journal Articles

Impurity desorption behavior from low activation ferritic steel installed in the JFT-2M tokamak

Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro; Sato, Masayasu; Kawashima, Hisato; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Kimura, Haruyuki; Okano, Fuminori; Suzuki, Sadaaki; Komata, Masao; Sawahata, Masayuki; Shinohara, Koji; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 313-316, p.177 - 181, 2003/03

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:54.09(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Divertor biasing effects to reduce L/H power threshold in the JFT-2M tokamak

Miura, Yukitoshi; *; *; Hoshino, Katsumichi; *; *; Kasai, Satoshi; Kawakami, Tomohide; Kawashima, Hisato; Maeda, M.*; et al.

Fusion Energy 1996, p.167 - 175, 1997/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Investigation of causality in the H-L transition on the JFT-2M tokamak

*; *; *; *; *; *; *; Oikawa, Toshihiro; *; *; et al.

Fusion Energy 1996, p.885 - 890, 1997/05

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Chirped pulse amplification laser using Nd:glass zig-zag slab pumped by laser diodes

Sueda, Keiichi*; Kurita, Takashi*; Kawashima, Toshiyuki*; Yamakawa, Koichi; Kawanaka, Junji*; Sekine, Takashi*; Zhao, B.*; Jiang, Y.*; Matsumoto, Osamu*; Fujita, Masayuki*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

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