木戸 英治*; 稲倉 恒法*; 木村 真明*; 小林 信之*; 長瀧 重博*; 清水 則孝*; 民井 淳*; 宇都野 穣
Astroparticle Physics, 152, p.102866_1 - 102866_12, 2023/10
民井 淳*; Pellegri, L.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; Allard, D.*; Goriely, S.*; 稲倉 恒法*; Khan, E.*; 木戸 英治*; 木村 真明*; Litvinova, E.*; et al.
European Physical Journal A, 59(9), p.208_1 - 208_21, 2023/09
木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; Rovira Leveroni, G.; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 原田 秀郎; 片渕 竜也*; 寺田 和司*; 堀 順一*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(6), p.678 - 696, 2023/06
Neutron total and capture cross-section measurements of Gd and Gd were performed in the ANNRI at the MLF of the J-PARC. The neutron total cross sections were determined in the energy region from 5 to 100 meV. At the thermal neutron energy, the total cross sections were obtained to be 59.41.7 and 251.94.6 kilobarn for Gd and Gd, respectively. The neutron capture cross sections were determined in the energy region from 3.5 to 100 meV with an innovative method by taking the ratio of the detected capture event rate between thin and thick samples. At the thermal energy, the capture cross sections were obtained as 59.02.5 and 247.43.9 kilobarn for Gd and Gd, respectively. The present total and capture cross sections agree well within the standard deviations. The results for Gd were found to be consistent with the values in JENDL-4.0 and the experimental data given by Mastromarco et al. and Leinweber et al. within one standard deviation. Moreover, the present results for Gd agreed with the evaluated data in JENDL-4.0 and the experimental data by Mller et al. within one standard deviation and agreed with the data by Mastromarco et al. within 1.4 standard deviations. However, they disagree (11% larger) with the experimental result by Leinweber et al.
Goux, P.*; Glessgen, F.*; Gazzola, E.*; Singh Reen, M.*; Focillon, W.*; Gonin, M.*; 田中 智之*; 萩原 開人*; Ali, A.*; 須藤 高志*; et al.
Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2023(6), p.063H01_1 - 063H01_15, 2023/06
We investigated the angular correlation of two -rays emitted in neutron capture at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility of J-PARC. The 14 Ge crystals in a cluster detector and one coaxial Ge crystal were employed. We obtained angular correlation functions for two -rays emerging in the electromagnetic transitions of the capture reactions on Gd and Gd. We found mild angular correlations for the strong, but rare transitions from the resonance state to two excited levels with known spin and parities. In contrast, angular correlations was negligibly small for arbitrary pairs of two -rays produced in the majority of transitions in continuum states.
岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 国枝 賢; 湊 太志; 中山 梓介; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 長家 康展; 多田 健一; et al.
EPJ Web of Conferences, 284, p.14001_1 - 14001_7, 2023/05
Japanese Evaluated Nuclear Data Library version 5 (JENDL-5) was released in 2021. JENDL-5 is intended to extend its generality from JENDL-4.0 by covering a wide variety of nuclear data for applications not only to nuclear design and decommissioning, but also to radiation-related fields. Overview of JENDL-5 and a future plan for the next of JENDL-5 are presented. JENDL-5 includes up-to-date neutron reaction cross sections incorporating other various types of data such as newly evaluated nuclear decay, fission yield, and thermal neutron scattering law. The neutron induced reaction cross sections especially on minor actinides in the resonance regions are improved by the experimental data measured at ANNRI. The extensive benchmark analyses on neutron nuclear data were made and the performance of JENDL-5 was confirmed by benchmark tests of ICSBEP and IRPhEP as well as fast reactors, radiation shielding calculations, and so on. So far, several JENDL special-purpose files have been developed for various applications. The data cover neutron, charged particles, and photon induced reactions. As the neutron induced reaction files, two special purpose files of JENDL/AD-2017 and JENDL/ImPACT-2018 were released to meet needs of nuclear backend applications including activation evaluation for nuclear facilities and nuclear transmutations of high-level radioactive wastes of long-lived fission products, respectively. Furthermore, the photon, proton and deuteron data were released as JENDL/PD-2016.1, JENDL-4.0/HE and JENDL/DEU-2020, respectively, for accelerator applications. With updating the data, they were incorporated in JENDL-5 as sub-libraries for facilitation of usability of JENDL. As the next step of JENDL-5, provision of the proper and sufficient covariance will be a major challenge, where cross correlations across different reactions or data-types may play a significant role in connection with data assimilation for various applications.
Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 片渕 竜也*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(5), p.489 - 499, 2023/05
The neutron capture cross-section of Am was measured in the keV neutron range using the recently implemented neutron filtering system of the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) beamline in the Materials and Life Science (MLF) facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). Filter arrays consisting of 20 cm of Fe and Si were employed in separate measurements to provide filtered neutron beams with averaged neutron energies of 23.5 (Fe), 51.5 and 127.7 (Si) keV. The present Am results were obtained relative to the Au neutron capture yield by applying the total energy detection principle together with the pulse-height weighting technique. The Am neutron capture cross section was determined as 2.72 0.29 b at 23.5 keV, 2.14 0.26 b at 51.5 keV and 1.32 0.10 b at 127.7 keV with total uncertainties in the range of 8 to 12, much lower in comparison to the latest time-of-flight experimental data available.
遠藤 駿典; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; Rovira Leveroni, G.
EPJ Web of Conferences, 281, p.00012_1 - 00012_5, 2023/03
In resonance analysis, experimental uncertainties affect the accuracy of resonance parameters. A resonance analysis code REFIT can consider the statistical uncertainty of the experimental data in evaluation of the resonance parameter uncertainty. On the other hand, since the systematic uncertainties of the sample thickness and normalization, which is proportional to the cross-section, are not independent at each measurement point, they must be treated differently from the statistical uncertainty. However, their treatment has not been discussed in detail so far. In this study, we evaluated the effect of the systematic uncertainties of experimental data on deduced resonance parameters by varying sample-thickness values used for the REFIT code. Covariance of resonance parameters ascribed to systematic uncertainties were evaluated from the neutron transmission data of natural zinc measured at the J-PARC MLF ANNRI. We will introduce this evaluation method and discuss the feature of obtained correlations.
片渕 竜也*; 岩本 修; 堀 順一*; 木村 敦; 岩本 信之; 中村 詔司; Rovira Leveroni, G.; 遠藤 駿典; 芝原 雄司*; 寺田 和司*; et al.
EPJ Web of Conferences, 281, p.00014_1 - 00014_4, 2023/03
Long-lived minor actinides (MA) in nuclear waste from nuclear power plants are a long-standing issue to continue nuclear energy production. To solve the issue, researchers have suggested nuclear transmutation, in which long-lived radionuclides are transmuted into stable or shorter-life nuclides via neutron-induced nuclear reactions. Development of nuclear transmutation systems as an accelerator-driven system requires accurate neutron nuclear reaction data. The present research project entitled "Study on accuracy improvement of fast-neutron capture reaction data of long-lived MAs for development of nuclear transmutation systems" have been conducted as a joint collaboration, including Tokyo Tech, Japan Atomic Energy Agency and Kyoto University. This project focuses on the neutron capture reaction of MAs, especially Np, Am and Am, in the fast neutron energy region. The final goal of this project is to improve the accuracies of the neutron capture cross sections of Np, Am and Am employing a high-intensity neutron beam from a spallation source of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) that reduces uncertainties of measurement. To achieve the goal, a neutron beam filter system in J-PARC, sample characteristic assay, and theoretical reaction model study were developed. In this contribution, the overview and results of the project will be presented.
Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 片渕 竜也*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*; 佐藤 八起*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 19 Pages, 2023/00
The neutron capture cross-section of Am was measured from 10 meV to about 1 MeV using the NaI(Tl) spectrometer of the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) beamline in the Materials and Life Science (MLF) facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The total energy detection principle was applied in conjunction with the pulse-height weighting technique to derive the neutron capture yield. The present cross-section results were normalized using a Au sample measurement by applying the saturated resonance method. The thermal cross section was measured to be 708 22 b, in agreement within uncertainties to the present evaluation in JENDL-5 of 709 b. Moreover, the results of a shape resonance analysis of the resolved resonance region are also provided in the present dissertation.
Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 片渕 竜也*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*; 佐藤 八起*
JAEA-Conf 2022-001, p.91 - 96, 2022/11
Neutron capture cross section measurements were performed in the Accurate Neutron Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) at the Materials and Life Science Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The time-of-flight (TOF) methodology was employed in a non-filter condition experiment to determine the neutron capture cross section from thermal to about 100 eV. Moreover, experiments were performed using the neutron filtering system to determine the neutron capture cross section at the energy of 23.5 keV using Fe as filter material. In this study, the preliminary results of the Am neutron capture cross section from 10 meV to about 100 eV determined in TOF experiments and at 23.5 keV from Fe filter experiments are presented. In the TOF experiments, the Am neutron capture cross section was normalized by means of the saturated resonance method using a Au sample with a mass of 1.5 g. In addition, for the Fe filter experiments, the capture cross section of Am at the energy of 23.5 keV was determined relative to the Au yield obtained from a measurement using the same Au sample. Moreover, early-stage results of a resonance analysis of the Am capture resonances are also presented.
渡辺 証斗*; 湊 太志; 木村 真明*; 岩本 信之
JAEA-Conf 2022-001, p.103 - 108, 2022/11
We are working on a combination of nuclear reaction calculation code CCONE and machine learning libraries to generate nuclear data and improve their accuracy. The angular distributions of elastic and inelastic scatterings to the first excited state on Fe at several incident energies were calculated using CCONE, and the optical potential parameters were optimized to reproduce the experimental data by Bayesian optimization. The optimized parameters were the depth of the real volume and imaginary surface parts of the potential, their energy dependence, radius, and diffuseness. Using the obtained optical potential, we estimated the angular distributions at energies different from those used on the optimization, and found that the results were in good agreement with the experiment data. In this presentation, we will introduce these calculation results and future prospects.
渡辺 証斗*; 湊 太志; 木村 真明*; 岩本 信之
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(11), p.1399 - 1406, 2022/11
In order to increase the efficiency of nuclear data evaluation, we have tested a combination of a nuclear reaction model and machine learning algorithm. We calculated nucleon-nucleus elastic scattering angular distributions by using the nuclear reaction model code, and optimized the potential parameters of an optical model to reproduce experimental data by means of the Bayesian optimization. We present optimization cases with the single parameter and two or more parameters, and show that our framework gives the angular distributions which are in good agreement with the observed ones.
岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 木村 敦; 多田 健一; 菅原 隆徳; 横山 賢治
核データニュース(インターネット), (133), p.1 - 6, 2022/10
OECD/NEA/NSC主催のWPEC(Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation)の本会合及び関連するサブグループ(SG),専門家グループ(EG)会合が、2022年5月10日5月13日の日程で、パリのOECDカンファレンスセンターとWebでのハイブリッド形式によって実施された。WPEC本会合については、日本からの5名(岩本(修), 岩本(信), 木村, 多田, 東京工業大学・片渕氏)を含め、米国や欧州, 中国, IAEA, NEAから40名近い参加があった。アジアからの参加者はすべてオンラインであったが、米国からは現地での参加が多数あった。横山と菅原はSG-46会合へ参加した。本会合の概要を報告する。
Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 片渕 竜也*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*; 佐藤 八起*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(5), p.647 - 655, 2022/05
Cr-filtered keV-neutron experiments were performed in the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) beamline in the Materials and Life Science (MLF) facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) to measure the neutron capture cross-section of Au. The energy range of the neutron filtering system at ANNRI was extended through the use of 15 cm of Cr as filter material to tailor quasi-monochromatic neutron peaks with averaged neutron energies of 133.4 and 45.0 keV. The performance of the Cr filter assembly was evaluated by means of experimental capture and transmission analyses, together with the use of Monte-Carlo simulations. The present Au neutron capture cross-section results provide agreement within uncertainties with the JENDL-4.0 standard evaluated library and the IAEA standard data library further demonstrating the capabilities of the neutron filtering system at ANNRI.
Rovira Leveroni, G.; 岩本 修; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 岩本 信之; 遠藤 駿典; 片渕 竜也*; 寺田 和司*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*; et al.
JAEA-Conf 2021-001, p.156 - 161, 2022/03
A neutron filtering system has been designed in order to bypass the double-timed structure of the beam. Filter materials were introduced into the rotary collimator of the ANNRI beamline in order to produce quasi-monoenergetic neutron filtered beams. Filter assemblies consisting of Fe with a thickness of 20 cm, and Si with thicknesses of 20 cm and 30 cm of Si were used separately to produce filtered neutron peaks with energies of 24 keV (Fe) and of 54 and 144 (Si). In this study, the characteristics and performance of the neutron filtering system at ANNRI using Fe and Si determined from both measurements and simulations are presented. The incident neutron flux was tested and analyzed by means of transmission and capture experiments. Moreover, simulations using the PHITS code were performed in order to determine the energy distribution of the integrated filtered peaks and assess the reliability of experimental results. Finally, preliminary results of the capture cross section of Au at the filtered energies of 24, 54 and 144 keV are also presented using the NaI(Tl) spectrometer alongside the neutron filtering system.
遠藤 駿典; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; Rovira Leveroni, G.; 寺田 和司*; 明午 伸一郎; 藤 暢輔; 瀬川 麻里子; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(3), p.318 - 333, 2022/03
In order to improve the accuracy of the cross-section and the resonance parameters of Nb, neutron capture and total cross-sections were measured using the J-PARC MLF ANNRI. The thermal-neutron capture cross-section was deduced as 0.970.12 b. The resonance parameters of 11 resonances below 400 eV were determined from obtained capture cross-sections and transmission ratios by using the resonance analysis code, REFIT.
Rovira Leveroni, G.; 片渕 竜也*; 登坂 健一*; 松浦 翔太*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*; 岩本 修; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 岩本 信之
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(1), p.110 - 122, 2022/01
Neutron capture cross-section measurements for Np have been conducted with the Accurate Neutron Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) at the Materials and Life Science Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) using neutrons with energy ranging from thermal energy to 1 MeV. A Time of Flight (TOF) method using a NaI(Tl) detector was employed for these measurements and the data were analyzed based on the pulse-height weighting technique in order to derive the neutron capture cross-section. The absolute capture cross-section was determined using the whole shape of the first resonance from JENDL-4.0 together with the total neutron flux derived from a Au sample measurement in which the first resonance was completely saturated. Both normalization techniques present agreement within 2%. The present results are also compared evaluated data libraries. There is a discrepancy of 10-25% discrepancy from 0.5 to 20 keV with JENDL-4.0. Nonetheless, above this energy, the JENDL-4.0 seems to reproduce the present data better as the results agree within uncertainties up to 500 keV. The cross-section results contain errors below 4% from 0.5 to 30 keV. However, the total uncertainty increases to over 8% over that energy. Along with the cross section measurement, theoretical calculations were performed to reproduce the present results.
児玉 有*; 片渕 竜也*; Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 信之; 岩本 修; 堀 順一*; 芝原 雄司*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(11), p.1159 - 1164, 2021/11
The neutron capture cross section of Am was measured with a pulsed neutron beam from a spallation neutron source of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. A Fe neutron beam filter was used to make the incident neutron beam mono-energetic around 23.5 keV. The neutron capture -rays were detected with a NaI(Tl) detector. The pulse height weighting technique was employed to derive the neutron capture cross section from the pulse height spectrum. The cross section was determined relative to the capture cross section of Au of JENDL-4.0. The neutron capture cross section of Am was determined with a smaller uncertainty than previous measurements. The previous measurements and the JENDL-4.0 cross sections were found to be lower than the present result.
岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 木村 敦; 多田 健一
核データニュース(インターネット), (130), p.9 - 15, 2021/10
川瀬 頌一郎*; 木村 敦; 原田 秀郎; 岩本 信之; 岩本 修; 中村 詔司; 瀬川 麻里子; 藤 暢輔
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(7), p.764 - 786, 2021/07
The neutron capture cross sections of Cm and Cm were measured for the neutron energy range of 1-1000 eV via the neutron time-of-flight method with ANNRI at MLF of the J-PARC. The world's most intense neutron pulses from the Japan Spallation Neutron Source enable the accurate measurement of neutron capture cross sections. Besides, single-bunched neutron pulses allow the analysis in a higher neutron energy region than the previous measurement at ANNRI. The resonance analyses were performed up to 1000 eV by using a resonance shape analysis code REFIT. The spectra of prompt gamma-rays from neutron capture reactions of Cm and Cm were also obtained, and 43 and 10 prompt gamma-ray peaks from Cm(n,) and Cm(n,) reactions were newly observed, respectively.