Refine your search:     
Report No.
Search Results: Records 1-20 displayed on this page of 121

Presentation/Publication Type

Initialising ...


Journal/Book Title

Initialising ...

Meeting title

Initialising ...

First Author

Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...

Publication Year

Initialising ...

Held year of conference

Initialising ...

Save select records

JAEA Reports

Analytical data on contaminated water, rubble and other collected at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Asami, Makoto*; Takahatake, Yoko; Myodo, Masato; Tobita, Takeshi; Kobayashi, Kiwami; Hayakawa, Misa; Usui, Yuka; Watahiki, Hiromi; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori; et al.

JAEA-Data/Code 2017-001, 78 Pages, 2017/03


At Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station owned by Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Incorporated (TEPCO), contaminated water (accumulated, treated) secondary waste from water treatment, rubble and soil were collected and analyzed. The data already opened to public was collected as this report. The analytical data reported by TEPCO, Japan Atomic Energy Agency and International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning until the end of March, 2016, was collected. Information on the samples and values of radioactive nuclide concentration and others were tabulated, besides figures, which show change in radioactive nuclide concentration for major nuclides, are contained. And, English translation and the collected data are provided as electric data.

JAEA Reports

Work and safety managements for on-site installation, commissioning, tests by EU of quench protection circuits for JT-60SA

Yamauchi, Kunihito; Okano, Jun; Shimada, Katsuhiro; Omori, Yoshikazu; Terakado, Tsunehisa; Matsukawa, Makoto; Koide, Yoshihiko; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Fukumoto, Masahiro; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2015-053, 36 Pages, 2016/03


The superconducting Satellite Tokamak machine "JT-60SA" under construction in Naka Fusion Institute is an international collaborative project between Japan (JA) and Europe (EU). The contributions for this project are based on the supply of components, and thus European manufacturer shall conduct the installation, commissioning and tests on Naka site. This means that Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) had a quite difficult issue to manage the works by European workers and their safety although there is no direct contract. This report describes the approaches for the work and safety managements, which were agreed with EU after the tough negotiation, and then the completed on-site works for Quench Protection Circuits (QPC) as the first experience for EU in JT-60SA project. With the help of these approaches by JAEA, the EU works for QPC were successfully completed with no accident, and a great achievement was made for both EU and JA.

Journal Articles

$$^{61}$$Ni synchrotron radiation-based M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy of nickel-based nanoparticles with hexagonal structure

Masuda, Ryo*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiro*; Kitao, Shinji*; Kurokuzu, Masayuki*; Saito, Makina*; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Mitsui, Takaya; Hosoi, Kohei*; Kobayashi, Hirokazu*; Kitagawa, Hiroshi*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.20861_1 - 20861_8, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:62.41(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Attempt to measure magnetic hyperfine fields in metallic thin wires under spin Hall conditions using synchrotron-radiation M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy

Mibu, Ko*; Mitsui, Takaya; Tanaka, Masaaki*; Masuda, Ryo*; Kitao, Shinji*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiro*; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Seto, Makoto*

Journal of Applied Physics, 117(17), p.17E126_1 - 17E126_4, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:86.82(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

NHEJ repair rather than HR repair is the primary function to target to enhance radiosensitization at high LET values

Takahashi, Akihisa*; Kubo, Makoto*; Igarashi, Chie*; Yoshida, Yukari*; Funayama, Tomoo; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Nakano, Takashi*

JAEA-Review 2014-050, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2013, P. 82, 2015/03

DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) induced by ionizing radiation pose a major threat to cell survival. The cell can respond to the presence of DSBs, through two major repair pathways: Homologous recombination (HR) and non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ). Higher levels of cell death are induced by high-LET radiation when compared to low-LET radiation, even at the same doses because of less effective or more inefficient DNA repair. In this study, we examine the effects of radiation with different LET values on DNA DSB repair and radiosensitivity. Wild-type cells and HR deficient (but NHEJ proficient) cells exhibited the high RBE values at LET values of 108 keV/$$mu$$ m. The RBE value for each cell type decreased with increasing LET values over 200 keV/$$mu$$m. Although NHEJ proficient cells had an almost constant SER value, NHEJ deficient cells showed a high SER value when compared to NHEJ proficient cells, even with increasing LET values.

Journal Articles

Hydrogen isotope behavior on a water-metal boundary with simultaneous transfer from and to the metal surface

Hayashi, Takumi; Isobe, Kanetsugu; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; Oya, Yasuhisa*; Okuno, Kenji*; Oyaizu, Makoto; Edao, Yuki; Yamanishi, Toshihiko

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(7-8), p.1520 - 1523, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Tritium confinement is the most important safety issue in the fusion reactor. Tritium behavior on the water metal boundary is very important to design tritium plant with breading blanket system using cooling water. A series of tritium permeation experiment into pressurized water or water vapor jacket with He or Ar have been performed through pure iron piping with/without 7 micro-meter gold plating, which contained about 1 kPa of pure tritium gas at 423 K, with monitoring the chemical forms of tritium. Also, deuterium permeation experiments from heavy water vessel through various metal piping, such as pure iron (Fe), nickel (Ni), stainless steel (SS304), and pure iron with 10 micro-meter gold plating, were performed at 573 K and at 15 MPa. Recently, using the above heavy water system, we have succeeded to detect simultaneous hydrogen isotopes transfer from and to the metal surface by introducing H$$_{2}$$ gas to the metal piping after stabilized deuterium permeation was detected.

Journal Articles

Nonhomologous end-joining repair plays a more important role than homologous recombination repair in defining radiosensitivity after exposure to high-LET radiation

Takahashi, Akihisa*; Kubo, Makoto*; Ma, H.*; Nakagawa, Akiko*; Yoshida, Yukari*; Isono, Mayu*; Kanai, Tatsuaki*; Ono, Tatsuya*; Furusawa, Yoshiya*; Funayama, Tomoo; et al.

Radiation Research, 182(3), p.338 - 344, 2014/09

 Times Cited Count:31 Percentile:13.31(Biology)

To clarify whether high-LET radiation inhibits all repair pathways or specifically one repair pathway, studies were designed to examine the effects of radiation with different LET values on DNA DSB repair and radiosensitivity. Embryonic fibroblasts bearing repair gene KO were exposed to X rays, carbon-, iron-, neon- and argon-ion beams. Cell survival was measured with colony-forming assays. The sensitization enhancement ratio (SER) values were calculated using the 10% survival dose of wild-type cells and repair-deficient cells. Cellular radiosensitivity was listed in descending order: double-KO cells $$>$$ NHEJ-KO cells $$>$$ HR-KO cells $$>$$ wild-type cells. Although HR-KO cells had an almost constant SER value, NHEJ-KO cells showed a high-SER value when compared to HR-KO cells, even with increasing LET values. These results suggest that with carbon-ion therapy, targeting NHEJ repair yields higher radiosensitivity than targeting homologous recombination repair.

Journal Articles

Development of $$^{125}$$Te synchrotron-radiation-based M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy

Kurokuzu, Masayuki*; Kitao, Shinji*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiro*; Saito, Makina*; Masuda, Ryo*; Mitsui, Takaya; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Seto, Makoto*

Hyperfine Interactions, 226(1), p.687 - 691, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:35.46

Journal Articles

Development of extraction chromatographic adsorbent using alkylpyridinedicarboxyamides as extractant for separation of trivalent minor actinides from lanthanides; Stability and separation ability against nitric acid exposure and $$gamma$$-ray irradiation

Arisaka, Makoto; Watanabe, Masayuki; Sugo, Yumi; Kobayashi, Kumiko*; Kanao, Osamu*; Kimura, Takaumi

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 51(4), p.457 - 464, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:88(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Toward the development of a practical separation method for trivalent actinides and lanthanides, we used extraction chromatography with alkyl-pyridinedicarboxyamides as the extractant. The results confirmed that the performance degradation of the adsorbent caused by contact with HNO$$_{3}$$ and/or irradiation with $$gamma$$ rays would be very small during the operation of column chromatography. The optimal conditions for the column separation were also determined: eluent, 5M HNO$$_{3}$$; flow rate, 0.1 mL/min.

Journal Articles

$$^{125}$$Te synchrotron-radiation-based M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy of Fe$$_{1.1}$$Te and FeTe$$_{0.5}$$Se

Kurokuzu, Masayuki*; Kitao, Shinji*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiro*; Saito, Makina*; Masuda, Ryo*; Mitsui, Takaya; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Seto, Makoto*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 83(4), p.044708_1 - 044708_4, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:85.59(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Monitoring of airborne $$^{14}$$C discharge at RI facilities; A Comparison of collection and oxidation methods

Ueno, Yumi; Koarashi, Jun; Iwai, Yasunori; Sato, Junya; Takahashi, Teruhiko; Sawahata, Katsunori; Sekita, Tsutomu; Kobayashi, Makoto; Tsunoda, Masahiko; Kikuchi, Masamitsu

Hoken Butsuri, 49(1), p.39 - 44, 2014/03

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency has conducted a monthly monitoring of airborne $$^{14}$$C discharge at the forth research building (RI facility) of the Tokai Research and Development Center. In the current monitoring, $$^{14}$$C, which exists in various chemical forms in airborne effluent, is converted into $$^{14}$$CO$$_{2}$$ with CuO catalyst and then collected using monoethanolamine (MEA) as CO$$_{2}$$ absorbent. However, this collection method has some issues on safety management because the CuO catalyst requires a high heating temperature (600$$^{circ}$$C) to ensure a high oxidation efficiency and the MEA is specified as a poisonous and deleterious substance. To establish a safer, manageable and reliable method for monitoring airborne $$^{14}$$C discharge, we examined collection methods that use different CO$$_{2}$$ absorbents (MEA and Carbo-Sorb E) and oxidation catalysts (CuO, Pt/Alumina and Pd/ZrO$$_{2}$$). The results showed 100% CO$$_{2}$$ collection efficiency of MEA during a 30-day sampling period under the condition tested. In contrast, Carbo-Sorb E was found to be unsuitable for the monthly-long CO$$_{2}$$ collection because of its high volatile nature. Among the oxidation catalysts, the Pd/ZrO$$_{2}$$ showed the highest oxidation efficiency for CH$$_{4}$$ at a lower temperature.

Journal Articles

Synchrotron radiation-based M$"o$ssbauer spectra of $$^{174}$$Yb measured with internal conversion electrons

Masuda, Ryo*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiro*; Kitao, Shinji*; Kurokuzu, Masayuki*; Saito, Makina*; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Mitsui, Takaya; Iga, Fumitoshi*; Seto, Makoto

Applied Physics Letters, 104(8), p.082411_1 - 082411_5, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:52.22(Physics, Applied)

A detection system for synchrotron-radiation (SR)-based M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy was developed to enhance the nuclear resonant scattering counting rate and thus increase the available nuclides. In the system, a windowless avalanche photodiode (APD) detector was combined with a vacuum cryostat to detect the internal conversion (IC) electrons and fluorescent X-rays accompanied by nuclear de-excitation. As a feasibility study, the SR-based M$"o$ssbauer spectrum using the 76.5 keV level of $$^{174}$$Yb was observed without $$^{174}$$Yb enrichment of the samples. The counting rate was five times higher than that of our previous system, and the spectrum was obtained within 10 h. This result shows that nuclear resonance events can be more efficiently detected by counting IC electrons for nuclides with high IC coefficients. Furthermore, the windowless detection system enables us to place the sample closer to the APD elements and is advantageous for nuclear resonant inelastic scattering measurements. Therefore, this detection system can not only increase the number of nuclides accessible in SR-based M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy but also allows the nuclear resonant inelastic scattering measurements of small single crystals or enzymes with dilute probe nuclides that are difficult to measure with the previous detection system.

Journal Articles

Investigation of advanced divertor magnetic configuration for DEMO tokamak reactor

Asakura, Nobuyuki; Shinya, Kichiro*; Tobita, Kenji; Hoshino, Kazuo; Shimizu, Katsuhiro; Uto, Hiroyasu; Someya, Yoji; Nakamura, Makoto; Ono, Noriyasu*; Kobayashi, Masahiro*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 63(1T), p.70 - 75, 2013/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Investigation of advanced divertor magnetic configuration for Demo tokamak reactor

Asakura, Nobuyuki; Shinya, Kichiro*; Tobita, Kenji; Hoshino, Kazuo; Shimizu, Katsuhiro; Uto, Hiroyasu; Someya, Yoji; Nakamura, Makoto; Ono, Noriyasu*; Kobayashi, Masahiro*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 63(1T), p.70 - 75, 2013/05

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:22.88(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Design study of poloidal field coil (PFC) locations and current distribution for the advanced divertor in the Demo tokamak reactor was presented. Concept of the super-X divertor (SXD) for Demo reactor has an outer divertor leg longer than the conventional divertor, and it extends outboard to increase both the target wetted area and connection length to the outer target ($$L_{//}$$). Equilibrium calculation code, TOSCA, was developed by introducing two parameters, i.e. super-X null radius ($$R_{SX}$$) and a ratio of the poloidal flux at the super-X null to that at the separatrix ($$f_{SX}$$). Some SXD magnetic configurations with minimal number of PFCs located outside toroidal field coil (TFC) were Demonstrated. Locations of the divertor target were also investigated. It was found that the flux expansion can be increased up to 4-10 depending on the target location and $$f_{SX}$$, and that SXD has an advantage to increase $$L_{//}$$ with $$f_{SX}$$. Thus, the divertor plasma temperature is expected to decrease at the same upstream plasma density. On the other hand, large currents for the divertor PFCs were necessary. Other arrangements of PFCs such as (1) larger $$R_{SX}$$ and (2) inside TFC, can reduce the PFC currents.

Journal Articles

Probing carbon edge exposure of iron phthalocyanine-based oxygen reduction catalysts by soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy

Niwa, Hideharu*; Saito, Makoto*; Kobayashi, Masaki*; Harada, Yoshihisa*; Oshima, Masaharu*; Moriya, Shogo*; Matsubayashi, Katsuyuki*; Nabae, Yuta*; Kuroki, Shigeki*; Ikeda, Takashi; et al.

Journal of Power Sources, 223, p.30 - 35, 2013/02

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:43.41(Chemistry, Physical)

To design non-platinum, inexpensive, but high performance carbon-based cathode catalysts for polymer electrolyte fuel cells, it is important to elucidate the active site for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). However, it is difficult to directly identify the active site by applying conventional structural or electronic probes to such complex systems. Here, we used C 1${it s}$ X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) to observe electronic structure of carbon in iron phthalocyanine-based catalysts, and found a signature of edge exposure below the $$pi^{ast}$$ edge, whose intensity is well correlated with the ORR activity. These results demonstrate that C 1${it s}$ XAS can be used to characterize the ORR activity of carbon-based cathode catalysts in terms of the edge exposure.

Journal Articles

Hydrogen isotope permeation from cooling water through various metal piping

Hayashi, Takumi; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Isobe, Kanetsugu; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; Oyaizu, Makoto; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Oya, Yasuhisa*; Okuno, Kenji*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 87(7-8), p.1333 - 1337, 2012/08

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:42.93(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In order to investigate the behavior of hydrogen isotope on the water-metal boundary, deuterium permeation experiments from heavy water vessel through various metal piping, such as pure iron (Fe), nickel (Ni), stainless steel (SS304), and pure iron with 10 $$mu$$m gold plating, were performed at 573 K and at 15 MPa. During the experiment, surfaces of metal piping except gold plating one were oxidized at the heavy water boundary and then deuterium would generate by the oxidation reactions. This deuterium could be detected by mass spectrometer, which monitored the inside gases of the piping under vacuum. The result showed clearly that the deuterium permeated through Fe, Ni, and SS304 piping was detected as deuterium gas (D$$_{2}$$) under vacuum, though that through gold plating one could not be detected effectively. The D$$_{2}$$ permeation rate through Fe, Ni, and SS304 piping reached some stabilized value. This paper summarizes the above experimental results and discusses the mechanism of deuterium behavior on the water metal boundary.

Journal Articles

Indirect contribution of transition metal towards oxygen reduction reaction activity in iron phthalocyanine-based carbon catalysts for polymer electrolyte fuel cells

Kobayashi, Masaki*; Niwa, Hideharu*; Saito, Makoto*; Harada, Yoshihisa*; Oshima, Masaharu*; Ofuchi, Hironori*; Terakura, Kiyoyuki*; Ikeda, Takashi; Koshigoe, Yuka*; Ozaki, Junichi*; et al.

Electrochimica Acta, 74, p.254 - 259, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:45 Percentile:16.06(Electrochemistry)

The electronic structure of the residual metal atoms in FePc-based carbon catalysts, prepared by pyrolyzing a mixture of FePc and phenolic resin polymer at 800$$^{circ}$$C, before and after acid washing have been investigated using XAFS spectroscopy to clarify the role of Fe in the ORR activity. The decomposition analyses for the XAFS spectra reveal that the composition ratio of each Fe component is unaltered by the acid washing, indicating that the residual Fe components were removed by the acid washing irrespective of their chemical states. Because the oxygen reduction potential was approximately unchanged by the acid washing, the residual Fe itself does not seem to contribute directly to the ORR activity. The residual Fe can act as a catalyst to accelerate the growth of the sp$$^{2}$$ carbon network during pyrolysis. The results imply that light elements are components of the ORR active sites in the FePc-based carbon catalysts.

Journal Articles

M$"{o}$ssbauer study on the SmFe$$_2$$ hydride through $$^{149}$$Sm and $$^{57}$$Fe

Masuda, Ryo; Mitsui, Takaya; Ito, Keiji*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiro*; Kitao, Shinji*; Seto, Makoto

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81(3), p.034714_1 - 034714_6, 2012/03

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:77.8(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Hydrogen isotope behavior transferring through water metal boundary

Hayashi, Takumi; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Isobe, Kanetsugu; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; Oyaizu, Makoto; Oya, Yasuhisa*; Okuno, Kenji*; Yamanishi, Toshihiko

Fusion Science and Technology, 60(1), p.369 - 372, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:78.02(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Dynamic behaviors of deuterium retained in SS-316 oxidized at various temperatures

Kobayashi, Makoto*; Wang, W.*; Kurata, Rie; Matsuyama, Masao*; Hayashi, Takumi; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Asakura, Yamato*; Oya, Yasuhisa*; Okuno, Kenji*

Fusion Science and Technology, 60(1), p.403 - 406, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The trapping and release mechanisms of hydrogen isotopes for the stainless steel (SS) oxidized at various temperatures were investigated. The oxide layer was mainly consisted of iron oxides (Fe$$_{x}$$O$$_{y}$$) and its decomposition temperature was almost consistent with the release temperature of deuterium, where major chemical form was a molecular deuterium (D$$_{2}$$). The deuterium retention was increased as the oxidation temperature increased. It was considered that the thickness of oxide layer would make a large influence on the retention of hydrogen isotopes. On the other hand, the amount of released deuterium as heavy water (D$$_{2}$$O) was independent with oxidation temperature. It was considered that the formation of hydrogen isotope as water form was depended on the amount of Fe$$_{x}$$O$$_{y}$$ on the top most surface layer of SS.

121 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)