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論文

Experimental investigation on fiber-coupled Raman spectrometry in presence of aerosols; Application for reactor containment gas detection in severe accident conditions

孫 昊旻; Porcheron, E.*; Magne, S.*; Leroy, M.*; Dhote, J.*; Ruffien Ciszak, A.*; Bentaib, A.*

Proceedings of OECD/NEA Specialist Workshop on Advanced Measurement Method and Instrumentation for enhancing Severe Accident Management in an NPP addressing Emergency, Stabilization and Long-term Recovery Phases (SAMMI 2020) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2020/12

During a severe accident (SA), hydrogen may be generated. To avoid a hydrogen explosion, it is important to monitor gas concentrations of e.g. H$$_{2}$$, O$$_{2}$$, N$$_{2}$$, H$$_{2}$$O, CO and CO$$_{2}$$ in the containment during a SA. A spontaneous Raman spectrometry (SRS) associated with a fiber-coupled probe had been developed. Since the probe had been designed to be implemented in the reactor containment, the SRS was qualified experimentally with the probe being surrounded by aerosols. Particles attached on the probe optical components (contamination) due to a continuous aerosol exposure as well as those in the atmosphere (aerosol) can cause photon-particle interactions such as light scattering (Mie) and fluorescence which may influence the Raman spectrum (RS). In our experiment, the contamination effect and the aerosol effect on the RS were investigated separately. It was found both effects increase the spectrum counts in whole wavelength range. Elementary criterion for the onset of each effect was suggested.

論文

Containment atmosphere monitoring system for design and beyond design basis accident

Bentaib, A.*; Janin, T.*; Porcheron, E.*; Magne, S.*; Leroy, M.*; Dhote, J.*; Ruffien Ciszak, A.*; 孫 昊旻

Proceedings of OECD/NEA Specialist Workshop on Advanced Measurement Method and Instrumentation for enhancing Severe Accident Management in an NPP addressing Emergency, Stabilization and Long-term Recovery Phases (SAMMI 2020) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2020/12

To prevent hydrogen explosion hazard during a severe accident, dedicated mitigation strategies were adopted according to plants design and improved as results of stress tests after the Fukushima accident. The strategies commonly used combine the implementation of safety components, as the passive autocatalytic recombiners (PARs), and the definition of adequate SAMGs (Severe Accident Management Guidelines). Concerning French PWRs, SAMGs procedure relies on information provided by limited monitoring systems as pressure, core exit temperature and dose rate sensors. The containment atmosphere gaseous composition is not monitored and only PARs are equipped with thermocouples to detect hydrogen through the heat release of the exothermic recombination reaction. In the framework of the MITHYGENE project, a prototypic device had been developed based on Raman probes connected by optical fibers to a transportable unit. Several qualification campaigns had been conducted to check the effect of severe accident representative conditions, including radiation, on the device response. This paper aims to present an overview of the device development and qualification and presents its potential implementation inside the containment.

論文

Status of JT-60SA tokamak under the EU-JA broader approach agreement

松川 誠; 菊池 満; 藤井 常幸; 藤田 隆明; 林 孝夫; 東島 智; 細金 延幸; 池田 佳隆; 井手 俊介; 石田 真一; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 83(7-9), p.795 - 803, 2008/12

 被引用回数:16 パーセンタイル:74.57(Nuclear Science & Technology)

JT-60SAは、日欧の幅広いアプローチの下で建設する完全超伝導トカマク装置で、ITERや原型炉への貢献を目指している。2007年の両極の国会批准後、実質的には既に建設段階に移行している。JT-60SAは、既存の建屋,電源,プラズマ加熱装置,計測装置などの、JT-60U設備の最大限の有効利用が前提であり、完全に新作する主たる機器は本体装置のみである。最大プラズマは電流5.5MAで、プラズマ主半径3.06m,アスペクト比2.65,非円形度1.76,三確度0.36である。最大プラズマ加熱入力41MW,プラズマ電流のフラットトップ時間は100秒間である。本論文では、トカマク装置本体だけでなく、プラズマ加熱装置や遠隔保守装置の設計などについても言及するとともに、EUとの技術的な議論を踏まえて行った超伝導導体に関する最近の設計変更案などを紹介し、装置の全体像を明らかにする。

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