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Journal Articles

Oxygen potential measurement of (U,Pu,Am)O$$_{2 pm x}$$ and (U,Pu,Am,Np)O$$_{2 pm x}$$

Hirooka, Shun; Matsumoto, Taku; Kato, Masato; Sunaoshi, Takeo*; Uno, Hiroki*; Yamada, Tadahisa*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 542, p.152424_1 - 152424_9, 2020/12

The measurement of oxygen potential was conducted at 1,673, 1,773, and 1,873 K for (U$$_{0.623}$$Pu$$_{0.350}$$Am$$_{0.027}$$)O$$_{2}$$ and at 1,873 and 1,923 K for (U$$_{0.553}$$Pu$$_{0.285}$$Am$$_{0.015}$$Np$$_{0.147}$$)O$$_{2}$$ by using a thermo-gravimeter and an oxygen sensor. Am inclusion in terms of substituting the U significantly increased the oxygen potential. Similarly, the inclusion of Np as a substitute for U increased the oxygen potential; however, the effect was not as large as that with the Pu or Am addition at the same rate. The results were analyzed via defect chemistry and certain defect formations were suggested in the reducing region and the near-stoichiometric region by plotting the relationship between PO$$_{2}$$ and the deviation from the stoichiometry. The equilibrium constants of the defect reactions were arranged to reproduce the experiment such that Am/Np contents were included in the entropy with coefficients fitting the experimental data.

Journal Articles

Physical properties of non-stoichiometric (U,Pu)O$$_{2}$$

Watanabe, Masashi; Matsumoto, Taku; Hirooka, Shun; Morimoto, Kyoichi; Kato, Masato

2018 GIF Symposium Proceedings (Internet), p.315 - 320, 2020/05

Recently, a research group studying at Plutonium Fuel Development Facility (PFDF) in Japan Atomic Energy Agency has systematically measured vast amounts of physical properties in the non-stoichiometric (U, Pu)O$$_{2}$$. Lattice parameter, elastic modulus, thermal expansion, oxygen potential, oxygen chemical diffusion coefficient and thermal conductivity were successfully measured as function of Pu content, O/M ratio and temperature, and the effects of Pu content and O/M ratio on their physical properties were evaluated. In this work, those experimental data are reviewed, and latest experimental data set on the non-stoichiometric (U, Pu)O$$_{2}$$ are presented. The data set would be available in development of a fuel performance code.

Journal Articles

Pulsed neutron imaging based crystallographic structure study of a Japanese sword made by Sukemasa in the Muromachi period

Oikawa, Kenichi; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; Sato, Hirotaka*; Omae, Kazuma*; Pham, A.*; Watanabe, Kenichi*; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro*; Shinohara, Takenao; Kai, Tetsuya; Harjo, S.; et al.

Materials Research Proceedings, Vol.15, p.207 - 213, 2020/02

Journal Articles

Advanced gel electrophoresis techniques reveal heterogeneity of humic acids based on molecular weight distributions of kinetically inert Cu$$^{2+}$$-humate complexes

Marumo, Kazuki*; Matsumoto, Atsumasa*; Nakano, Sumika*; Shibukawa, Masami*; Saito, Takumi*; Haraga, Tomoko; Saito, Shingo*

Environmental Science & Technology, 53(24), p.14507 - 14515, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Engineering, Environmental)

Humic acids (HA) are responsible for the fate of metal ions in the environment. We developed a polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) technique to investigate the MW distributions of metal ion (copper ion). Combining contaminant-metal-free and high-resolution PAGE systems for HA provided accurate MW distributions for the metal ions. Coupling this system with UV-Vis spectrometry and the excitation-emission matrix (EEM) spectrometry-parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC) method revealed new insights into metal-HA complex. Interestingly, the MW distributions of the three metal ions were entirely different, indicating that the presence of specific binding environments in HA for the metal ions depending its MW. The MW distributions of five fluorescent components were associated with the metal ion distributions. Our PAGE-based methodology suggests that metal binding sites and fluorescent components in HA exhibit heterogeneity in terms of metal binding affinity and MW.

Journal Articles

Temporal changes in radiocesium deposition on the Fukushima floodplain

Nakanishi, Takahiro; Sato, Seiji; Matsumoto, Takumi*

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 184(3-4), p.311 - 314, 2019/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:28.85(Environmental Sciences)

There has been significant concern about an increase of exposure dose in living sphere due to the accumulation of radiocesium discharged from contaminated mountainous forest in Fukushima. In this study, we investigated the history of radiocesium deposition on some floodplains in Fukushima. Radiocesium concentrations of river suspended particles and air dose rates at floodplains were also observed continuously. In many situations, annual sediment accumulation at floodplains was only several kg m$$^{-2}$$ and its radiocesium concentration was gradually decreasing in line with that of suspended particle. Simultaneously, air dose rates on floodplains were decreasing with time. In 2015 with heavy flood discharge, several hundred kg m$$^{-2}$$ of sediment accumulation and sharply decrease of air dose rate was observed at rivers without reservoir. Conversely, radiocesium accumulation at floodplain was significant reduced due to deposition on upstream reservoir.

Journal Articles

Degassing behavior of noble gases from groundwater during groundwater sampling

Nakata, Kotaro*; Hasegawa, Takuma*; Solomon, D. K.*; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Tomioka, Yuichi*; Ota, Tomoko*; Matsumoto, Takuya*; Hama, Katsuhiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Ono, Masahiko*; et al.

Applied Geochemistry, 104, p.60 - 70, 2019/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Recent progress on practical materials study by Bragg edge imaging at J-PARC

Oikawa, Kenichi; Su, Y.; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Kawasaki, Takuro; Shinohara, Takenao; Kai, Tetsuya; Hiroi, Kosuke; Harjo, S.; Parker, J. D.*; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro*; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.436 - 442, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:86.6(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Journal Articles

Effect of a raw material powder on sintered CeO$${2}$$ pellets by 28 GHz microwave irradiation

Akashi, Masatoshi; Matsumoto, Taku; Kato, Masato

Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 118, p.1391 - 1394, 2018/06

In this study, CeO$${2}$$ pellet sintering by irradiating microwave at a frequency of 28 GHz was carried out to investigate the effect of particle diameter of raw powder on the density of sintered pellet. The highest bulk density is 94.2 %T.D. under the condition of 30 min holding at 1473 K. The bulk density decreases with increasing the particle diameter of used raw powder. On the other hand, all of the apparent density of sintered pellet is more than 93.5 %T.D.. The difference between the bulk density and the apparent density is caused by the difference of open porosity for each sample pellet. It seems that the high density sintered pellets with porous structure are obtained because sample pellet is heated internally and uniformly in microwave sintering.

Journal Articles

Deformation analysis of reinforced concrete using neutron imaging technique

Koyama, Taku*; Ueno, Kazuki*; Sekine, Mariko*; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro*; Kai, Tetsuya; Shinohara, Takenao; Iikura, Hiroshi; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Kanematsu, Manabu*

Materials Research Proceedings, Vol.4, p.155 - 160, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

Journal Articles

Application of a communication-avoiding generalized minimal residual method to a gyrokinetic five dimensional Eulerian code on many core platforms

Idomura, Yasuhiro; Ina, Takuya*; Mayumi, Akie; Yamada, Susumu; Matsumoto, Kazuya*; Asahi, Yuichi*; Imamura, Toshiyuki*

Proceedings of 8th Workshop on Latest Advances in Scalable Algorithms for Large-Scale Systems (ScalA 2017), p.7_1 - 7_8, 2017/11

A communication-avoiding generalized minimal residual (CA-GMRES) method is applied to the gyrokinetic toroidal five dimensional Eulerian code GT5D, and its performance is compared against the original code with a generalized conjugate residual (GCR) method on the JAEA ICEX (Haswell), the Plasma Simulator (FX100), and the Oakforest-PACS (KNL). The CA-GMRES method has $$sim 3.8times$$ higher arithmetic intensity than the GCR method, and thus, is suitable for future Exa-scale architectures with limited memory and network bandwidths. In the performance evaluation, it is shown that compared with the GCR solver, its computing kernels are accelerated by $$1.47times sim 2.39times$$, and the cost of data reduction communication is reduced from $$5%sim 13%$$ to $$sim1%$$ of the total cost at 1,280 nodes.

Journal Articles

Defect chemistry and basic properties of non-stoichiometric PuO$$_{2}$$

Kato, Masato; Nakamura, Hiroki; Watanabe, Masashi; Matsumoto, Taku; Machida, Masahiko

Defect and Diffusion Forum, 375, p.57 - 70, 2017/05

The basic properties of PuO$$_{2-x}$$ were reviewed, and the equilibrium defects in PuO$$_{2-x}$$ were evaluated from the experimental data of the oxygen potential and electrical conductivity as well as the Ab-initio calculation results. Consistency among various properties was confirmed, and the mechanistic models for thermal property representations were derived.

Journal Articles

Oxygen potentials, oxygen diffusion coefficients and defect equilibria of nonstoichiometric (U,Pu)O$$_{2pm x}$$

Kato, Masato; Watanabe, Masashi; Matsumoto, Taku; Hirooka, Shun; Akashi, Masatoshi

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 487, p.424 - 432, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:79.18(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Oxygen potential of (U,Pu)O$$_{2pm x}$$ was evaluated based on defect chemistry using an updated experimental data set. The relationship between oxygen partial pressure and deviation $$x$$ in (U,Pu)O$$_{2pm x}$$ was analyzed, and equilibrium constants of defect formation were determined as functions of Pu content and temperature. Brouwer's diagrams were constructed using the determined equilibrium constants, and a relational equation to determine O/M ratio was derived as functions of O/M ratio, Pu content and temperature. In addition, relationship between oxygen potential and oxygen diffusion coefficients were described.

Journal Articles

Second-order structural transition in (Ca$$_{0.5}$$Sr$$_{0.5}$$)$$_3$$Rh$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$

Cheung, Y. W.*; Hu, Y. J.*; Goh, S. K.*; Kaneko, Koji; Tsutsui, Satoshi; Logg, P. W.*; Grosche, F. M.*; Kanagawa, Hibiki*; Tanioku, Yasuaki*; Imai, Masaki*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 807(3), p.032002_1 - 032002_4, 2017/04

BB2016-0329.pdf:0.86MB

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:13.48

Journal Articles

X-ray absorption spectroscopy in the heavy Fermion compound $$alpha$$-YbAlB$$_4$$ at high magnetic fields

Terashima, Taku*; Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Kuga, Kentaro*; Suzuki, Shintaro*; Matsumoto, Yosuke*; Nakatsuji, Satoru*; Kondo, Akihiro*; Kindo, Koichi*; Kawamura, Naomi*; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 84(11), p.114715_1 - 114715_4, 2015/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:84.95(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Oxygen potential measurement of (Pu$$_{0.928}$$Am$$_{0.072}$$)O$$_{2-x}$$ at high temperatures

Matsumoto, Taku; Arima, Tatsumi*; Inagaki, Yaohiro*; Idemitsu, Kazuya*; Kato, Masato; Morimoto, Kyoichi; Sunaoshi, Takeo*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 52(10), p.1296 - 1302, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The oxygen potentials of (Pu$$_{0.928}$$Am$$_{0.072}$$)O$$_{2-x}$$ were measured at 1873K, 1773K and 1473K by gas equilibrium method. It was shown that following the reduction of Am at the O/M ratio above 1.96, Pu was reduced at the O/M ratio below 1.96.

Journal Articles

Oxygen chemical diffusion coefficients of (Pu,Am)O$$_{2}$$ fuels

Watanabe, Masashi; Matsumoto, Taku*; Kato, Masato

NEA/NSC/R(2015)2 (Internet), p.376 - 380, 2015/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Thermal and mechanical properties of UO$$_{2}$$ and PuO$$_{2}$$

Kato, Masato; Matsumoto, Taku

NEA/NSC/R(2015)2 (Internet), p.162 - 167, 2015/06

Uranium and plutonium mixed oxide is base material for minor actinide (MA)-bearing MOX fuels. It is important to evaluate basic properties of UO$$_{2}$$ and PuO$$_{2}$$ as fundamental aspects of MA-bearing MOX fuel development. Especially, heat capacity and thermal conductivity of UO$$_{2}$$ and PuO$$_{2}$$ are important data to analyze thermal behaviors depending on Pu content. However, the data of PuO$$_{2}$$ is limited, and it is difficult to understand the mechanism of temperature dependence on their properties. The (Cv+Cd) of UO$$_{2}$$ and PuO$$_{2}$$ is almost same. The analysis results showed that the Schottky term of PuO$$_{2}$$ is 1.5 times as larger as that of UO$$_{2}$$. The thermal conductivity was analyzed by Slack equation. The calculation results showed that the thermal conductivity of PuO$$_{2}$$ was higher than that of UO$$_{2}$$. The relationship between mechanical and thermal properties was described, and the heat capacity and thermal conductivity were analyzed.

Journal Articles

Synchrotron X-ray spectroscopy study on the valence state and magnetization in $$alpha$$-YbAl$$_{1-x}$$Fe$$_x$$B$$_4$$ ($$x=0.115$$) at low temperatures and high magnetic fields

Terashima, Taku*; Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Kuga, Kentaro*; Suzuki, Shintaro*; Matsumoto, Yosuke*; Nakatsuji, Satoru*; Kondo, Akihiro*; Kindo, Koichi*; Kawamura, Naomi*; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 592(1), p.012020_1 - 012020_6, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:49.71

Valence fluctuation phenomena in rare-earth intermetallic compounds have attracted attention because the quantum criticality of the valence transition has been proposed theoretically. Recently, it was found that $$beta$$-YbAlB$$_4$$ shows quantum criticality without tuning and has a strong mixed-valence state. In this study, we measured the magnetization curve and X-ray magnetoabsorption in $$alpha$$-YbAl$$_{1-x}$$Fe$$_x$$B$$_4$$ ($$x=0.115$$), which is a locally isostructural polymorph of $$beta$$-YbAlB$$_4$$. The magnetization and X-ray experiments were performed in fields up to 55 and 40 T, respectively. A small increase in the Yb valence was observed at fields where the magnetization curve exhibited a change in slope.

Journal Articles

Giant cadherins Fat and Dachsous self-bend to organize properly spaced intercellular junctions

Tsukasaki, Yoshikazu*; Miyazaki, Naoyuki*; Matsumoto, Atsushi; Nagae, Shigenori*; Yonemura, Shigenobu*; Tanoue, Takuji*; Iwasaki, Kenji*; Takeichi, Masatoshi*

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(45), p.16011 - 16016, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:35.51(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Thermal expansion measurement and heat capacity evaluation of hypo-stoichiometric PuO$$_{2.00}$$

Kato, Masato; Uchida, Teppei; Matsumoto, Taku; Sunaoshi, Takeo*; Nakamura, Hiroki; Machida, Masahiko

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 451(1-3), p.78 - 81, 2014/08

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:38.6(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Linear thermal expansion of PuO$$_{2-x}$$ was measured by dilatometry in an oxygen partial pressure-controlled atmosphere. The measured data of PuO$$_{2-x}$$ slightly increased with deviation $$x$$. The linear thermal expansion of PuO$$_{2-x}$$ was determined as a function of temperature and O/M ratio, and the equation for the thermal expansion coefficient was derived. Heat capacity of PuO$$_{2-x}$$ was evaluated using this equation. The effect of O/M ratio on heat capacity was small. In addition to the vibration and dilatational terms, it is important to analyze the Schottky term in evaluating heat capacity of PuO$$_{2}$$.

112 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)