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Journal Articles

Implementation and performance evaluation of a communication-avoiding GMRES method for stencil-based code on GPU cluster

Matsumoto, Kazuya*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Ina, Takuya*; Mayumi, Akie; Yamada, Susumu

Journal of Supercomputing, 75(12), p.8115 - 8146, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:34.84(Computer Science, Hardware & Architecture)

A communication-avoiding generalized minimum residual method (CA-GMRES) is implemented on a hybrid CPU-GPU cluster, targeted for the performance acceleration of iterative linear system solver in the gyrokinetic toroidal five-dimensional Eulerian code GT5D. In addition to the CA-GMRES, we implement and evaluate a modified variant of CA-GMRES (M-CA-GMRES) proposed in our previous study to reduce the amount of floating-point calculations. This study demonstrates that beneficial features of the CA-GMRES are in its minimum number of collective communications and its highly efficient calculations based on dense matrix-matrix operations. The performance evaluation is conducted on the Reedbush-L GPU cluster, which contains four NVIDIA Tesla P100 GPUs per compute node. The evaluation results show that the M-CA-GMRES is 1.09x, 1.22x and 1.50x faster than the CA-GMRES, the generalized conjugate residual method (GCR), and the GMRES, respectively, when 64 GPUs are used.

Journal Articles

The Surface composition of asteroid 162173 Ryugu from Hayabusa2 near-infrared spectroscopy

Kitazato, Kohei*; Milliken, R. E.*; Iwata, Takahiro*; Abe, Masanao*; Otake, Makiko*; Matsuura, Shuji*; Arai, Takehiko*; Nakauchi, Yusuke*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Matsuoka, Moe*; et al.

Science, 364(6437), p.272 - 275, 2019/04

 Times Cited Count:170 Percentile:99.77(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

The near-Earth asteroid 162173 Ryugu, the target of Hayabusa2 sample return mission, is believed to be a primitive carbonaceous object. The Near Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) on Hayabusa2 acquired reflectance spectra of Ryugu's surface to provide direct measurements of the surface composition and geological context for the returned samples. A weak, narrow absorption feature centered at 2.72 micron was detected across the entire observed surface, indicating that hydroxyl (OH)-bearing minerals are ubiquitous there. The intensity of the OH feature and low albedo are similar to thermally- and/or shock-metamorphosed carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. There are few variations in the OH-band position, consistent with Ryugu being a compositionally homogeneous rubble-pile object generated from impact fragments of an undifferentiated aqueously altered parent body.

Journal Articles

Application of a communication-avoiding generalized minimal residual method to a gyrokinetic five dimensional Eulerian code on many core platforms

Idomura, Yasuhiro; Ina, Takuya*; Mayumi, Akie; Yamada, Susumu; Matsumoto, Kazuya*; Asahi, Yuichi*; Imamura, Toshiyuki*

Proceedings of 8th Workshop on Latest Advances in Scalable Algorithms for Large-Scale Systems (ScalA 2017), p.7_1 - 7_8, 2017/11

A communication-avoiding generalized minimal residual (CA-GMRES) method is applied to the gyrokinetic toroidal five dimensional Eulerian code GT5D, and its performance is compared against the original code with a generalized conjugate residual (GCR) method on the JAEA ICEX (Haswell), the Plasma Simulator (FX100), and the Oakforest-PACS (KNL). The CA-GMRES method has $$sim 3.8times$$ higher arithmetic intensity than the GCR method, and thus, is suitable for future Exa-scale architectures with limited memory and network bandwidths. In the performance evaluation, it is shown that compared with the GCR solver, its computing kernels are accelerated by $$1.47times sim 2.39times$$, and the cost of data reduction communication is reduced from $$5%sim 13%$$ to $$sim1%$$ of the total cost at 1,280 nodes.

Journal Articles

Baseline design of a proton linac for BNCT at OIST

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Higashi, Yasuo*; Sugawara, Hirotaka*; Yoshioka, Masakazu*; Kumada, Hiroaki*; Matsumoto, Hiroshi*; Naito, Fujio*; Kurokawa, Shinichi*

Proceedings of 7th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '16) (Internet), p.906 - 909, 2016/06

An accelerator based boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) facility is being planned at Okinawa institute of science and technology (OIST). The proton accelerator consists of a radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) linac and a drift tube linac (DTL). The required beam power is 60 kW. The present beam energy and current are 10 MeV and 30 mA, respectively. The pulse length is 3.3 ms and the repetition rate is 60 Hz, therefore, the duty factor is 20%. In this paper, present design of this compact, medium current, high duty proton linac is presented.

Journal Articles

X-ray absorption spectroscopy in the heavy Fermion compound $$alpha$$-YbAlB$$_4$$ at high magnetic fields

Terashima, Taku*; Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Kuga, Kentaro*; Suzuki, Shintaro*; Matsumoto, Yosuke*; Nakatsuji, Satoru*; Kondo, Akihiro*; Kindo, Koichi*; Kawamura, Naomi*; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 84(11), p.114715_1 - 114715_4, 2015/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:30.97(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Development of a proton accelerator for OIST BNCT

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Higashi, Yasuo*; Kumada, Hiroaki*; Kurokawa, Shinichi*; Matsumoto, Hiroshi*; Naito, Fujio*; Yoshioka, Masakazu*

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.948 - 950, 2015/09

An accelerator based boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) facility is being planned at Okinawa institute of science and technology (OIST). The proton accelerator consists of a radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) linac and a drift tube linac (DTL). The reqired beam power is 60 kW. The present beam energy and current are 10 MeV and 30 mA, respectively. The pulse length is 3.3 ms and the repetition rate is 60 Hz, therefore, the duty factor is 20%. In this paper, present designof this compact, midium current, high duty proton linac is presented.

Journal Articles

Synchrotron X-ray spectroscopy study on the valence state and magnetization in $$alpha$$-YbAl$$_{1-x}$$Fe$$_x$$B$$_4$$ ($$x=0.115$$) at low temperatures and high magnetic fields

Terashima, Taku*; Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Kuga, Kentaro*; Suzuki, Shintaro*; Matsumoto, Yosuke*; Nakatsuji, Satoru*; Kondo, Akihiro*; Kindo, Koichi*; Kawamura, Naomi*; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 592(1), p.012020_1 - 012020_6, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:45.56

Valence fluctuation phenomena in rare-earth intermetallic compounds have attracted attention because the quantum criticality of the valence transition has been proposed theoretically. Recently, it was found that $$beta$$-YbAlB$$_4$$ shows quantum criticality without tuning and has a strong mixed-valence state. In this study, we measured the magnetization curve and X-ray magnetoabsorption in $$alpha$$-YbAl$$_{1-x}$$Fe$$_x$$B$$_4$$ ($$x=0.115$$), which is a locally isostructural polymorph of $$beta$$-YbAlB$$_4$$. The magnetization and X-ray experiments were performed in fields up to 55 and 40 T, respectively. A small increase in the Yb valence was observed at fields where the magnetization curve exhibited a change in slope.

Journal Articles

R&D on major components of control system for ITER blanket maintenance equipment

Takeda, Nobukazu; Kakudate, Satoshi; Matsumoto, Yasuhiro; Kozaka, Hiroshi; Aburadani, Atsushi; Negishi, Yusuke; Nakahira, Masataka*; Tesini, A.*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 85(7-9), p.1190 - 1195, 2010/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:10.69(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Several R&Ds for the ITER blanket remote handling system had been performed from the Engineering Design Activity phase until now and only several technical issues regarding the control system remained such as noise caused by slip ring, control of cable handling system, signal transmission through very long cable and radiation-hard amplifier. This study concentrates on these issues. As a conclusion, major issues for the control system have been solved and the ITER blanket remote handling system becomes further feasible.

Journal Articles

Vacuum brazing of the new RFQ for the J-PARC linac

Morishita, Takatoshi; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Naito, Fujio*; Yoshioka, Masakazu*; Matsumoto, Hiroshi*; Hori, Yoichiro*; Kawamata, Hiroshi*; Saito, Yoshio*; Baba, Hiroshi*

Proceedings of 25th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2010) (CD-ROM), p.521 - 523, 2010/09

The fabrication of a new RFQ has been started as a backup machine for the J-PARC linac. The RFQ cavity is divided by three unit tanks in the longitudinal direction. The unit tank consists of two major vanes and two minor vanes, those are brazed together. A one-step vacuum brazing of a unit tank was adopted to unite these four vanes together with the flanges and ports. At the first tank brazing, the vacuum leak has been occurred due to the non-uniform temperature rise during the heating. Repair of this leakage and the results of the improved brazing of the second tank are reported.

Journal Articles

Vane machining by the ball-end-mill for the new RFQ in the J-PARC linac

Morishita, Takatoshi; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Kawamata, Hiroshi*; Naito, Fujio*; Yoshioka, Masakazu*; Matsumoto, Hiroshi*; Hori, Yoichiro*; Saito, Yoshio*; Baba, Hiroshi*

Proceedings of 25th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2010) (CD-ROM), p.518 - 520, 2010/09

The fabrication of a new RFQ has been started in the J-PARC linac. The RFQ cavity is divided by three unit tanks in the longitudinal direction. The unit tank consists of two major vanes and two minor vanes, those will be brazed together. To reduce the costs and periods to develop the special formed bite for the modulation machining, a numerical controlled machining using a conventional ball-end-mill was adopted for the vane modulation cutting instead of the wheel shape cutter. The dimension accuracy was confirmed by cutting test pieces. Moreover, the obtained surface seems smooth enough for the operation. Results of the ball-end-mill machining for the vanes are described.

Journal Articles

Monte-Carlo study based on real coordinates for perpendicularly injected high-energy ions in the LHD high-beta plasma

Seki, Ryosuke*; Matsumoto, Yutaka*; Suzuki, Yasuhiro*; Watanabe, Kiyomasa*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Itagaki, Masafumi*

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 5, p.014_1 - 014_3, 2010/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Status of the J-PARC RFQ

Hasegawa, Kazuo; Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Oguri, Hidetomo; Hori, Yoichiro*; Kubota, Chikashi*; Matsumoto, Hiroshi*; Naito, Fujio*; Yoshioka, Masakazu*

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.621 - 623, 2010/05

The J-PARC RFQ accelerates a negative hydrogen beam from 50 keV to 3 MeV. Beam commissioning of the J-PARC linac started in November 2006 and the linac has delivered beams to the 3 GeV synchrotron since September 2007. Trip rates of the RFQ, however, unexpectedly increased in September 2008. We tried to recover by tender conditioning, improvement of vacuum properties, etc. User operations for the Material and Life Experimental Facilities were successfully carried out at 20 kW in June 2009, and the beam power was increased to 120 kW in November. The high power operation at 300 kW for one hour was also demonstrated. Status and improvement of the J-PARC RFQ are presented.

Journal Articles

Thermal characteristics of a new RFQ for J-PARC

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Morishita, Takatoshi; Matsumoto, Hiroshi*; Naito, Fujio*

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.780 - 782, 2010/05

A new RFQ for the J-PARC linac is under construction for more stable operation. The requirement of this RFQ is almost same as the now-operating one; the resonant frequency is 324 MHz, the injection energy is 50 keV, the extraction energy is 3 MeV, peak beam current is 30 mA, and RF duty is 1.5%. The resonant frequency tuning during operation will be done by adjusting the temperatures of the cooling waters. We investigate with FEM model both cases; change vane water temperature and change cavity-wall water temperature. The frequency range was 0.35 MHz and 0.28 MHz, respectively. However in the transient analysis, the frequency change of the vane case was smaller than that of the cavity-call case. In this paper, thermal characteristics of this RFQ and control system of the cooling water temperature is described.

Journal Articles

Fabrication of the new RFQ for the J-PARC linac

Morishita, Takatoshi; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Naito, Fujio*; Yoshioka, Masakazu*; Matsumoto, Hiroshi*; Hori, Yoichiro*; Kawamata, Hiroshi*; Saito, Yoshio*; Baba, Hiroshi*

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.783 - 785, 2010/05

The J-PARC RFQ (length 3.1 m, 4-vane type, 324 MHz) accelerates a negative hydrogen beam from 0.05 MeV to 3 MeV toward the following DTL. The stability of the operating RFQ decreased for a few months at the end of 2008, then, we started a preparation of a new RFQ as a backup machine in the case of RFQ problem. The beam dynamics design of the new RFQ is the same as the current cavity for a quick resumption of operation, however, the engineering and RF designs are changed to improve stability. The processes of the vane machining and the surface treatments have been carefully considered to reduce the discharge problem. The vacuum brazing technique has been chosen for vane jointing. The design of the new RFQ and the fabrication progress is descried in this proceeding.

Journal Articles

Engineering design of RFQ at J-PARC linac

Morishita, Takatoshi; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Naito, Fujio*; Yoshioka, Masakazu*; Matsumoto, Hiroshi*; Hori, Yoichiro*; Kawamata, Hiroshi*; Saito, Yoshio*; Baba, Hiroshi*; et al.

Proceedings of 6th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (CD-ROM), p.1047 - 1049, 2010/03

The beam commissioning of J-PARC linac has been started since November 2006. After the scheduled shutdown in summer 2007, the beam is successfully delivered from the linac to the RCS. Since then, a stable beam provision was emphasized. However, the trip in the RFQ was increased at the end of Sept. 2008, then, the stability of the beam operation decreased. To improve this situation, we started to prepare a new RFQ cavity as a backup machine. The basic concept of the engineering design is the simplicity and the effective vacuum pumping aiming at the stable operation. A 3m long cavity is divided into 3 modules longitudinally. A numerical control machining with ball-end mill is chosen for a vane machining. Four vanes are vacuum brazed each other after machining. Each modules are aligned on the platform using a linear motion guide. A basic design of the key components on machining and brazing are described in this proceeding.

Journal Articles

RF simulation for RFQ designing at J-PARC linac

Morishita, Takatoshi; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Naito, Fujio*; Matsumoto, Hiroshi*; Hori, Yoichiro*

Proceedings of 6th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (CD-ROM), p.1050 - 1052, 2010/03

The beam commissioning of J-PARC linac has been started since November 2006. After the scheduled shutdown in summer 2007, the beam is successfully delivered from the linac to the RCS. Since then, a stable beam provision to RCS was emphasized. However, the trip in the RFQ was increased at the end of Sept. 2008, then, the stability of the beam operation decreased. To improve this situation, we started to prepare a new RFQ cavity as a backup machine. The RF simulation is underway for the design of this backup RFQ. A basic estimation on the key components on RF properties such as a tuner, a dipole stabilizer, and a local field correction at the vacuum port are described in this proceeding.

Journal Articles

Status of the J-PARC RFQ

Hasegawa, Kazuo; Morishita, Takatoshi; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Oguri, Hidetomo; Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Naito, Fujio*; Yoshioka, Masakazu*; Matsumoto, Hiroshi*; Kawamata, Hiroshi*; Hori, Yoichiro*; et al.

Proceedings of 6th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (CD-ROM), p.693 - 695, 2010/03

The J-PARC RFQ (length 3.1m, 4-vane type, 324 MHz) accelerates a beam from the ion source to the DTL. The beam test of the linac was started in November 2006 and 181 MeV beam was successfully accelerated in January 2007. Since then, the linac has been delivered beams for commissioning of the linac itself, downstream accelerators and facilities. Trip rates of the RFQ, however, suddenly increased in Autumn 2008, and we are suffering from this issue for user run operation. We tried to recover by tender conditioning, modification of RF control, improvement of vacuum and so on. We manage to have beam operation. In this report, we describe the status of the RFQ.

Journal Articles

Design progress of the ITER blanket remote handling equipment

Nakahira, Masataka; Matsumoto, Yasuhiro; Kakudate, Satoshi; Takeda, Nobukazu; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Tesini, A.*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 84(7-11), p.1394 - 1398, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:79.82(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Invessel components of ITER have to be maintained by remote handling (RH) equipment due to high radiation level in the vacuum vessel (VV) after D-D operation. Blanket module (BM) is maintained by a manipulator mounted on a vehicle traveled through an articulated rail deployed inside the VV. Towards the construction, the BLRH equipment design has been improved and developed in more detail. The overview of design results are introduced in this paper. The design of rail deployment system of the BLRH has been updated to enable the rail connection in the transfer cask in order to minimize occupation space. For this purpose, design works have been performed for concept, sequence and typical simulation of BL replacement in the VV and rail deployment of the RH equipment in the cask, including cask docking. The technical issues of the rail connection in the cask are (1) tight tolerance of a pin at a hinge, (2) limited space of the connection inside a cask and (3) tight positioning accuracy. This paper summarizes the idea to solve these issues and a result of the design work. The paper also introduces a new cable handling equipment, rail support equipment and BL receiver/transporter.

Journal Articles

Mock-up test on key components of ITER blanket remote handling system

Takeda, Nobukazu; Kakudate, Satoshi; Nakahira, Masataka; Matsumoto, Yasuhiro; Taguchi, Ko; Kozaka, Hiroshi; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Tesini, A.*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 84(7-11), p.1813 - 1817, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:61.95(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The maintenance operation of the ITER in-vessel component, such as a blanket and divertor, must be executed by the remote equipment because of the high $$gamma$$-ray environment. During the Engineering Design Activity (EDA), the Japan Atomic Energy Agency had been fabricated the prototype of the vehicle manipulator system for the blanket remote handling and confirmed feasibility of this system including automatic positioning of the blanket and rail deployment procedure of the articulated rail. The JAEA is continuing several R&Ds so that the system can be procured smoothly to ITER. The residual key issues after the EDA are rail connection, cable handling and in-situ replacement of first wall. The last issue is newly raised and currently under the discussion. This presentation concentrates on the former two issues.

Journal Articles

Progress of R&D and design of blanket remote handling equipment for ITER

Kakudate, Satoshi; Takeda, Nobukazu; Nakahira, Masataka; Matsumoto, Yasuhiro; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Tesini, A.*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 83(10-12), p.1850 - 1855, 2008/12

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:66.68(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The design of in-vessel transporter (IVT) including vehicle manipulator has been updated according to the design changes such as blanket segmentation and structure, taking account of the interface between modules and vehicle manipulator. In particular, the updated design of the vehicle manipulator and rail has been carried out in order to avoid the interference between modules and vehicle manipulator. According to the updated design, the vehicle manipulator has been reduced by about 30%, compared with the reference design. In parallel with design activities, the R&D to clarify the specifications of the IVT design in detail is also performed, i.e., simulation system to provide the visual information during maintenance, dry lubricant to prevent the lubricant oil from spreading in the VV. The rail connection and cable handling in the transfer cask, which are critical issues for IVT system, are under preparation of the demonstration tests to finalize the design of the IVT system. Connection of the rail joint and cable handling test facilities are planned and under fabrication now. These test facility will be installed by the end of March 2008, and the performance tests will be carried out from April 2008.

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